Impact of Smartphone Addiction on Neck Pain and Disability in University StudentsCorrespondence Address :
Garden City University,16th KM Old Madras Road, Virgonagr PO Bangalore-560046, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: In the present era, the use of smartphones for teaching learning and communication in education in India has raised manyfold. The increasing use of smartphones in our daily life has brought about numerous musculoskeletal problems. Impairments in the neck is the most common when compared to other parts of the body.
Aim: To find out the impact of smartphone addiction on neck pain and disability.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on students from Garden City University aged between 18-25 years through non probability sampling technique. The data was collected from August to September 2019. The addiction level to a smartphone was measured using Smartphone Addiction Scale Short Version (SAS-SV) and the Neck disability was measured using the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and were circulated. The questionnaires were shared to the students through electronic media and 108 subjects participated in it. The data were analysed using IBM SPSS 20.0 statistical software to correlate smartphone addiction scale and NDI. Spearman’s correlation test was performed to analyse the relationship between smartphone assessment scale-short version and NDI
Results: The Spearman correlation analysis clearly showed that there was a moderate positive correlation (r=0.682) between smartphone addiction and neck pain and neck disability in university students and the level of significance was (p<0.01).
Conclusion: This study concluded that longer the use of smartphones would result in significant neck pain and disability. The students who were under the category of addiction to smartphone would require ergonomic advice and education about the ill-effects of smartphone and the various musculoskeletal problems that may arise due to overuse.
Forward head posture, Musculoskeletal disorders, Neck disability index, Smartphone addiction scale-short version
Date of Submission: Mar 07, 2021
Date of Peer Review: Mar 25, 2021
Date of Acceptance: May 07, 2021
Date of Publishing: Jun 01, 2021
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Mar 10, 2021
• Manual Googling: Apr 28, 2021
• iThenticate Software: May 20, 2021 (22%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)