Correlation between Occurrence of Psychosomatic Disorders and Age during COVID-19 LockdownCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Hetvi Bharatbhai Jethloja,
Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: The Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) has caused a serious threat to peopleâ€™s mental health causing psychosomatic disorders such as panic disorder, anxiety, and depression.
Aim: To find out the correlation between the occurrence of psychosomatic disorders and age during the COVID-19 lockdown phase.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, observational study was conducted in Department of Physiotherapy at RK University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India. Males and females of age ≥21 years, with an ability to understand and fill Google form were recruited for the study. The subjects were divided into four groups according to age 21-34 years, 35-54 years, 55-64 years, and 65 years and older. There were 250 participants in each group. The subjects were asked to fill the COVID-19 Peritraumatic Distress Index (CPDI). Data were analysed by using software Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) version 20. The normality of data was checked by the Shapiro Wilk test. Data followed parametric type so; Pearson correlation test was applied to find out the correlation between age and CPDI score.
Results: The mean age of the population was 49.24±18.14 years. The mean CPDI scale scores were 27.572, 31.948, 31.364, and 35.328, respectively from groups 1 to 4. There was a significant positive correlation (p-value=0.031) in group 4, while no significance was found in group 1 (p-value=0.074), group 2 (p-value=0.067), and group 3 (p-value=0.062)
Conclusion: There was a significant positive correlation between age and psychosomatic disorder occurrence in the geriatric age group (65 years and older) in the Rajkot city
Anxiety, Coronavirus disease-2019, COVID-19 peritraumatic distress index, Depression, Pandemic, Stress
Date of Submission: Sep 12, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Oct 20, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Mar 30, 2021
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2021
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? NA
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? NA
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Sep 15, 2021
• Manual Googling: Mar 03, 2021
• iThenticate Software: May 28, 2021 (18%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)