Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
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I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Short Communication
Year : 2022 | Month : October | Volume : 16 | Issue : 10 | Page : YM01 - YM03 Full Version

A Rapid Review on Nordic Walking as a Novel Approach to Rehabilitation- Exercise or Sport?

Published: October 1, 2022 | DOI:
Pallavi Rajeshwar Bhakaney, Vishnurajeshwar Vardhan

1. Resident, Department of Cardiorespiratory Physiotherapy, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India. 2. Professor and Head, Department of Cardiorespiratory Physiotherapy, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Vishnurajeshwar Vardhan,
Meghdoot Apartment, Sawangi (M), Maharashtra, India.


Nordic Walking (NW) is an advanced walking technique that combines walking with the use of poles, to build core as well as upper body conditioning. This review was documented to focus on the literature regarding the use of NW in rehabilitation. A thorough search of articles from databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Pedro, Cinhal, EBSCO) was conducted to identify randomised control trials done on NW. Ten randomised control trials were found and discussed in this review. The trials discussed the efficacy of NW on functional capacity, quality of life, gait patterns, balance strength, weight, ejection fraction, psychological parameters, and blood composition in various populations such as patients with Parkinson’s disease, elderly women, post menopausal women, lung transplants. The results of the study prove that NW can be used as a safe and efficient method of rehabilitating patients.


Aerobic training, Exercise tolerance, Physiotherapy, Power poles

Nordic Walking (NW) is being promoted worldwide by International Nordic Federation; founded in 2000. NW involves walking, using the poles, increases the use of muscles in addition to the speed of walking, both the factors contributing to an increase in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2) and lactate (1). NW involves use of specifically made poles which helps performing aerobic training outdoor. Nordic walking is done with power poles, which are made of light-weight aluminium and weigh around 440 grams a piece (2). The pole’s body is designed to compress when it first makes contact with the ground, then spring back to its original length during the push-off part of the walking stride (3). Furthermore, the body of the poles is designed to adapt to the user’s height. The pole’s tip is composed entirely of rubber and is meant to be shock-absorbing and is non slip. The power poles’ handles are anatomically engineered to accommodate one’s hand (4). Because of the use of the traditional NW poles, it improves the workout intensity of walking. When compared to walking without poles, it increases maximal oxygen consumption and heart rate by 20% on average in healthy people (5).

The most important benefit of NW is that, it takes less time in performing the same amount of conventional walking along with additional resistance training sessions (6). NW improves resting heart rate, blood pressure, exercise capacity, maximal oxygen consumption, and quality of life in patients with diabetes, obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and Parkinson’s disease, among other conditions (7).

The aim of this review was to comprehensively describe, examine, and interpret the health advantages of NW generally, taking into account its impacts on functional ability, quality of life, and other health-related parameters.


The review was based on the articles from PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Pedro, Cinhal, and EBSCO. The available literature in English language on NW between 2018 and 2022 was analysed. The key terms used to find the articles were “Nordic Walking poles”, and “Nordic Walking”. Only the randomised control trials were included and systematic reviews and meta-analysis studies were excluded. A total of 52 articles met the criteria, out of which 10 research papers were finalised. Rest of the articles did not apply a proper NW technique and were not used in rehabilitation (Table/Fig 1) (8),(9),(10),(11),(12),(13),(14),(15),(16),(17).


Nordic walking is being considered as a novel regime or technique in the world of rehabilitation due to its uniqueness and popularity. Studies have been done in the past few years to explore the effectiveness of NW in a wide variety of population involving coronary diseases, Parkinsonism, osteoarthritis. Researchers have been delved into various aspects such as functional capacity, cognitive function, quality of life, gait training, muscle strength etc. into which NW can be proven effective.

Evidences has shown that NW has imposed a positive effect on several aspects which are relevant for human bodily functioning such as heart rate, functional capacity, health-related and overall quality of life in wide variety of populations. The randomised control trials included in this review has compared the potential benefits of NW with that of various training programs on the grounds of responses of the body. The older adults are proven to be benefited excessively, when the studies were analysed, in terms of balance control, flexibility, strength, and movement coordination when compared to no intervention given, owing to the benefit of usage of poles, in turn, more usage of muscle mass (9). Additionally, positive effects has been seen in the mood of the patients, those having possible risks of depression (14). In patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), NW leads to improved patient’s physical and mental health when compared with High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). Further, enhanced exercise capacity lowers the risk of cardiovascular events (17).

A small number of trials has shown the effectiveness of NW in neurodegenerative disorder such as Parkinson’s disease. Patients are seen to be benefited in terms of quality of gait, control of balance and quality of life (12). Trials on obese younger adults has shown a strong motivational component to lose extra body weight and significantly boost functional and psychological aspects in them (8). NW is widely recognised in the literature as a safe, pragmatic, and easily accessible kind of endurance exercise training that has a variety of positive impacts on both healthy individuals and persons with a variety of disorders. Therefore, NW might be suggested to those who want to enhance their daily physical activity as part of primary or secondary prevention with a comprehensive cardiorespiratory training programme.


Nordic walking is being adapted as a new form of physical activity amongst various population. NW is proven to be an effective and interesting type of aerobic training approach used in rehabilitation. However, most researches are still required in respiratory conditions, related to rehabilitation. The 10 trials, compiled in the review, has shown beneficial effects of NW as a safe, effective, and feasible form of aerobic training in a large number of diseased population and the healthy ones too. However, further trails needs to be done in the population with respiratory conditions and cardiovascular conditions. Additionally, those who want to enhance their physical activity as a component of preventive might use NW as a training program.


Breyer MK, Breyer-Kohansal R, Funk GC, Dornhofer N, Spruit MA, Wouters EF, et al. Nordic walking improves daily physical activities in COPD: A randomised controlled trial. Respir Res. 2010;11(1):112. [crossref] [PubMed]
Zoffoli L, Lucertini F, Federici A, Ditroilo M. Upper and lower body impacts during walking and nordic walking performed at different speeds and grades. 2015. [crossref] [PubMed]
Morgulec-Adamowicz N, Marszalek J, Jagustyn P. Nordic Walking - A new form of adapted physical activity (a literature review). Human Movement. 2011;12. [crossref]
Turk Z, Vidensek S, Micetic Turk D. Nordic walking: A new form of physical activity in the elderly. Acta Med Croatica. 2007;61(Suppl 1):33-36.
Figard-Fabre H, Fabre N, Leonardi A, Schena F. Physiological and perceptual responses to Nordic walking in obese middle-aged women in comparison with the normal walk. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;108(6):1141-51. [crossref] [PubMed]
Tschentscher M, Niederseer D, Niebauer J. Health benefits of nordic walking: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2013;44(1):76-84. [crossref] [PubMed]
Oakley C, Zwierska I, Tew G, Beard JD, Saxton JM. Nordic poles immediately improve walking distance in patients with intermittent claudication. Eur J VascEndovasc Surg. 2008;36(6):689-94; discussion 695-96. [crossref] [PubMed]
Runenko SD, Achkasov EE, Volodina KA, Zhukovskaya AV, Mushkambarov NN, Butko DY. Nordic walking as an effective physical activity for weight loss among overweight young adults in high schools. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2020;60(2):294-101. [crossref] [PubMed]
Panou H, Giovanis V, Tsougos E, Angelidis G. Influence of the nordic walking intervention program on the improvement of functional parameters in older women. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation. 2019;35(2):129-33. [crossref]
Rossi AP, Muollo V, Fantin F, Masciocchi E, Urbani S, Taylor M, et al. Effects of diet combined with nordic walking or walking programme on weight loss and arterial stiffness in postmenopausal overweight and obese women: The walking and Aging Verona pilot study. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. 2020;27(19):2208-11. [crossref] [PubMed]
Nagyova I, Jendrichovsky M, Kucinsky R, Lachytova M, Rus V. Effects of nordic walking on cardiovascular performance and quality of life in coronary artery disease. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2020;56(5):616-24. [crossref] [PubMed]
Szefler-Derela J, Arkuszewski M, Knapik A, Wasiuk-Zowada D, Gorzkowska A, Krzystanek E. Effectiveness of 6-week nordic walking training on functional performance, gait quality, and quality of life in parkinson’s disease. Medicina (Kaunas). 2020;56(7). [crossref] [PubMed]
Monteiro DP, Ribeiro-Samora GA, Britto RR, Pereira DAG. Effects of modified aerobic training on muscle metabolism in individuals with peripheral arterial disease: A randomised clinical trial. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):15966. [crossref] [PubMed]
An TG, Lee HS, Park SW, Seon HC. Effect of nordic walking on depression and physical function in the elderly with high-risk of depression. Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine. 2020;15(4):11-20. [crossref]
Micielska K, Flis M, Kortas JA, Rodziewicz-Flis E, Antosiewicz J, Wochna K, et al. Nordic walking rather than high intensity interval training reduced myostatin concentration more effectively in elderly subjects and the range of this drop was modified by metabolites of vitamin D. Nutrients. 2021;13(12):4393. [crossref] [PubMed]
Witkowska A, Grabara M, Kopec´ D, Nowak Z. The effects of nordic walking compared to conventional walking on aerobic capacity and lipid profile in women over 55 years of age. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2021;18(6):669-76. [crossref] [PubMed]
Reed JL, Terada T, Cotie LM, Tulloch HE, Leenen FH, Mistura M, et al. The effects of high-intensity interval training, nordic walking and moderate-to-vigorous intensity continuous training on functional capacity, depression and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation: A randomised controlled trial (CRX study). Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. 2022;70:73-83. [crossref] [PubMed]

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2022/58665.17025

Date of Submission: Jun 25, 2022
Date of Peer Review: Aug 10, 2022
Date of Acceptance: Aug 29, 2022
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2022

• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA

• Plagiarism X-checker: Jun 27, 2022
• Manual Googling: Aug 25, 2022
• iThenticate Software: Aug 27, 2022 (5%)

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