Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

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Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
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Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

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Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
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Professor and Head
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Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

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Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
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Best regards,
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Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Original article / research
Year : 2022 | Month : November | Volume : 16 | Issue : 11 | Page : LC29 - LC32 Full Version

Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Career Choice among Medical Postgraduate Aspirants in Chennai: A Cross-sectional Study

Published: November 1, 2022 | DOI:
Raghul Saravanan, NB Swetha, Stephen Thatiparthi, VM Anantha Eashwar

1. Postgraduate Student, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Raghul Saravanan,
No. 7, Works Road, Chromepet, Chennai-600044, Tamil Nadu, India.


Introduction: Many frontline workers including doctors and nurses have succumbed to the Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic. In the COVID-19 pandemic, medical postgraduate (PG) aspirants had to deal with a variety of problems, including an increased workload, delay in National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) PG test and counselling.

Aim: To assess the effect of COVID-19 pandemic and various factors influencing career choice among medical PG aspirants in Chennai.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted in the Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India from August 2021 to September 2021 among 272 medical Postgraduate (PG) aspirants. A Google form questionnaire was sent to students who were in an internship in the past six months or had completed their internship in the past one year. There were 28 multiple choice questions comprising of socio-demographic details (with exception of age) and various factors related to career choice. Five questions were scored yes/no, and 15 questions were scored using 5-point Likert scale.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 24.41±1.81 years and there were 129 males and 143 females in total among the study participants. Change in career choice was observed in 39.33% of the participants. The top two choices prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic was General Surgery and General Medicine. Among the participants who had a change in career choice, the mean score of four questions in COVID-19 pandemic domain was higher when compared with participants who had no change.

Conclusion: Most of the participants believed that the COVID-19 pandemic limited the learning opportunities for postgraduates and the violence against doctors had an impact on their decision to pursue a particular career. Due to the present pandemic, participants interest in community medicine and infectious diseases has increased.


Coronavirus disease-19, Decision-making, Education, General surgery

Coronavirus Disease-2019 [COVID-19] is contagious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) (1). This disease has claimed lives of many since its emergence, including the frontline workers like doctors and nurses. According to Indian Medical Association [IMA], 1,492 doctors have succumbed due to COVID-19 during the pandemic (2). Also, the fear of contracting COVID-19 disease has caused anxiety and panic among them (3).

As the case load increased, there was a deficit of health professionals during the first and second wave and they had overworked and exhausted (4). In the COVID-19 pandemic overall patient outcomes may be improved by allowing medical students to work in clinical settings. Such involvement has occurred in the past. Medical students at the University of Pennsylvania treated patients as doctors during the Spanish flu epidemic of 1918. Medical schools in the United States, Italy and the United Kingdom have allowed students to graduate early, under the condition to work as frontline clinicians during the current pandemic. The medical system should not wait until it is in crisis before asking medical students to volunteer. Allowing them to work may enhance patient care and may even assist prevent such crises from happening (5).

The Government of India declared that final year Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) students might be used to provide services like teleconsultation and monitoring moderate COVID-19 cases after receiving proper training from faculty (6). In Tamil Nadu, some of them were retained for duties as the next batch had not arrived for internship (7). Neither their mental preparedness nor their willingness to work was taken into consideration. So, in this situation many budding young doctors might have regretted their choice of taking MBBS. And this issue might also influence their decision of choosing their specialty for postgraduation.

In a study done in Bangladesh, it was found that the COVID-19 pandemic has made the healthcare professionals experience higher workload, psychological distress and stigmatisation (8). In study done by Bandyopadhyay S et al., the majority of healthcare worker deaths due to COVID-19 was in the 50-59 age group, with the lowest number occurring in the 18-29 age group (9). Majority of the doctors have dealt with some form of verbal/physical violence from the patients or their attenders. During the pandemic despite increased work load, there was violence against doctors and even few doctors faced physical assaults by patient attenders which is a highly condemnable act. Due to all these difficulties during the pandemic, some of the medical professionals did not show willingness to work in the situation (10).

Medical students who have completed their internship during the COVID-19 pandemic had a long wait to write the entrance exam for postgraduation. After working so hard for exams, they were facing many challenges. The National Entrance cum Eligibility Test (NEET) PG 2021 which was supposed to be conducted on 18 April 2021 was postponed to 11 September 2021 (11). There was a national wide protest and residents were asked to withdraw from outpatient service from November 27 by the Federation of Resident Doctors Association (FORDA) (12). The Postgraduate (PG) counselling was postponed for five months after results. After the 1st and 2nd round counselling, to complete the mop-up round there was another delay of nearly two months to join college. Finally, after writing the exam on September 2021, students joined their respective course by April 2022 (13).

According to a study done by Yang G et al., a minority of healthcare professionals regretted their career choices during the COVID-19 outbreak (14). In study done by Byrnes YM et al., it was reported that 20.2% of medical students had a change in career perception due to COVID-19 pandemic (15). These instances would affect the medical doctor to change their career choice. There were few studies which were conducted to assess the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on career choice among medical students in China but in India no such study has been done so far (15),(16). With this background, current study was planned with an aim to assess the effect of COVID-19 pandemic and various factors on career choice of medical PG aspirants in Chennai.

Material and Methods

This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study carried out in the Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India from August 2021 to September 2021 among 272 medical interns and postinterns. The study was performed after obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee (Ref. No. 002/SBMC/IHEC/2021/1636).

Sample size calculation: Byrnes YM et al., reported that the percentage of medical students who had change in career perception due to COVID-19 pandemic was 20.2% (15). The following formula was used for sample size estimation n=Z2pq/e2, where Z is 1.96, at 95% confidence level, p is 20.2%, q is 100-p=79.8, and e is allowable error (5% the sample size). The required sample size was 248. Attrition rate of 10% was considered, and the sample size was rounded off to 272.

Inclusion criteria: Medical PG aspirants who were currently undergoing internship or completed internship and preparing for NEET PG exam gave consent to participate in the study were included in the study.

Exclusion criteria: Non consenting students were excluded from the study.

Data Collection

The present study adopted a quantitative approach using a cross-sectional design. A Google form questionnaire was sent to the selected students through their mobile number via Whatsapp. The contact numbers were obtained through the college office. About 300 students completed internship in the past one year and about 250 students were doing internship in the past six months. All students were sent an email, out of which 400 responded. At the beginning of the form participants were asked if they were PG aspirants, if they answered ‘yes’ they were further entered into the study. Finally, 272 participants completed the Google form.


The pretested semi-structured questionnaire consisted of three parts:

• Part one consisting of socio-demographic details
• Part two had questions related to the choice of career before and during COVID-19 pandemic
• Part three consisted of questions to assess factors influencing career choice

The third part of the questionnaire had a total of 20 questions, which were categorised into 4

• Domain 1 contained questions related to impact of COVID-19 pandemic in career choice.
• Domain 2 contained questions related to needs of the individual related to the personal growth in career choice.
• Domain 3 contained questions related to the professional growth in career choice.
• Domain 4 contained questions related to the personal satisfaction he/she expects from chosen career choice.

The internal consistency of the questionnaire was checked and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.784, 0.802, 0.754, 0.746 for the domains 1 through 4.

• For the domain 1, the options were yes/no, option ‘no’ was given a score of 1 and option ‘yes’ was given a score of 2.
• For the other three domains, scoring was done using 5-point Likert scale,

Score 1: Option ‘not important’
Score 2: Option ‘slightly important’
Score 3: Option ‘moderately important’
Score 4: Option ‘important’
Score 5: Option ‘very important’

Statistical Analysis

Data was entered in Microsoft (MS) Excel and analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 21.0. Frequencies and independent samples t-test was used to analyse the data. Results were presented as tables. The p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant at 95% confidence interval.


A total of 272 participants were included in the study. The mean±Standard Deviation (SD) age of the participants was 24.41±1.81 years with a range of 21-27 years (Table/Fig 1).

Participants were asked their career choice while studying MBBS and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The top two preferred specialties were General Surgery and General Medicine during both the times, but the number of participants choosing these subjects were higher than the time after pandemic. There was an increase in preference to course like Biochemistry, Microbiology, Pathology during COVID-19 pandemic (Table/Fig 2).

Change in career choice among PG aspirants was observed in 39.33% of the study participants. Four questions in COVID-19 domain had a higher mean score in those who had a change in career choice when compared to those who did not have change in career choice, out of which three were statistically significant. All the five questions in personal growth, personal satisfaction domain had a higher mean score in those who had a change in career choice when compared to those who did not have change in career choice. Among the five questions, three showed statistically significant difference. Three questions in the professional growth had a higher mean score in those who did not have a change in choice in comparison to those who had career choice in which only one was statistically significant. Those who considered their professional growth as prime importance, had a lesser change in career choice when compared to other factors (Table/Fig 3).


Working in the field of healthcare can be emotionally taxing, and the COVID-19 pandemic has only helped to highlight this. The numerous difficulties that come with working in the medical field are primarily caused by dealing with those who are most vulnerable. These circumstances could have an emotional impact on the medical students (17). Violence against doctors may significantly lower productivity and job satisfaction, lead to early burnout and lost work days and negatively affect the overall healthcare system as a whole. The attitude of doctors toward their jobs may be significantly impacted by these violent incidents.

This study was done to assess the effect of COVID-19 pandemic and various factors influencing career choice among medical PG aspirants. A change in career choice was observed in 39.33% of the study participants. This was higher than the study findings of Byrnes YM et al., which can be because their study was done at very early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic, whereas the present study was done after more than a year of onset of COVID-19 pandemic (15).

The mean score for the domains: COVID-19 pandemic, personal growth and personal satisfaction was higher among people who had changed their career choice compared to participants who had not. There was a statistical significance in mean difference in three or more questions in the domains: COVID-19 pandemic, personal growth, professional satisfaction, which shows these domains had an influence in career choice in PG aspirants. From this study the top two preferred specialties were General Surgery and General Medicine. Medicine, which was similar to studies done by Sharma D and Pattnaik S and, Kar SS et al., (18),(19). Though the top preferred specialty has not changed in the past few years, the percentage of students has dropped slightly. There was a 4-fold increase among participants who chose Community Medicine as career during the COVID pandemic. This can be attributed to the reasons like flexible working hours, less exposure to stress and lower rate of transmission of infections.

In this study, the proportion of participants willing to do postgraduation abroad was slightly lower when compared to study by Anand R and Sankaran PS. There was a contrast noticed in the preference to work in urban and rural localities between this study and that by Anand R et al., In the present study the preference to work in rural areas was twice when compared to study by Anand R and Sankaran PS, and there was also slightly lower preference to work in urban locality (20).

The drop in PG aspirants to study in abroad and rise in preference to practice medicine in rural area could be attributed to COVID-19 pandemic which had strict immigration and travel restrictions during the lockdown. About 91.5% of the participants agreed that COVID-19 pandemic had effected learning opportunity for PG in their respective specialty. Family responsibilities, opportunities for higher studies or further specialisation, opportunity to be involved in patient care were the most important decisive factors influencing career choice among PG aspirants in the present study and likewise less duration of working hours, opportunity to perform research, opportunity to teach were the less important factors effecting career choice.

In this study, it was found that career choice was slightly more influenced by factors like financial prospects, perceived status of the field in the society, and less duration of work hours than the findings by a study done by Subba SH et al., (21). The reason for this result may be due to change in lifestyle in the past decade. Opportunity for research as a factor influencing career choice was similar to what was found in the study findings of Hayes BW and Shakya R, (22). Over a period of years, the zeal and opportunity of research interests has not much changed among PG aspirants.


The study was done in a single medical college. The confidence of the results can be increased by including students from multiple medical college from different regions. A follow-up component added to this study can be more precise in assessing the changes in perceptions of career choice over time.


The subject a doctor chooses after graduation is important because it will shape the next 50 years of their life. But this decision was drastically affected due to COVID-19 pandemic. The significant factors influencing the career choice are stress, anxiety and increased violence on doctors. These factors can only be addressed by increasing safety measures for doctors in the hospital and creating a stress-free environment. The top preferred specialty remains the same in the past few years. Participants’ preference of non clinical subjects was less when compared to clinical subjects. In this current competitive world, these subjects could be in demand in the near future. This problem can be dealt by increasing career opportunities for doctors in the non clinical departments. Authors also suggest that there is an urgent need for sensitisation about career guidance among medical students and thereby preventing future saturation of job opportunities in few specialties.


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DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2022/58305.17160

Date of Submission: Jun 07, 2022
Date of Peer Review: Aug 05, 2022
Date of Acceptance: Sep 06, 2022
Date of Publishing: Nov 01, 2022

• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA

• Plagiarism X-checker: Jun 12, 2022
• Manual Googling: Aug 30, 2022
• iThenticate Software: Sep 03, 2022 (4%)

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