Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
Bengaluru.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
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Consultant
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Aug 2018




Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

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Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
E-mail: drrajendrak1@rediffmail.com
On May 11,2011




Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."



Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
E-mail: ravi.dr.shankar@gmail.com
On April 2011
Anuradha

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.


Dr. Anuradha
E-mail: anuradha2nittur@gmail.com
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Original article / research
Year : 2023 | Month : June | Volume : 17 | Issue : 6 | Page : ZC15 - ZC18 Full Version

Assessment of Knowledge of the DCI Point System among Orthodontists associated with a Dental College to Develop a Colour-coded Guide of Orthodontics Journals


Published: June 1, 2023 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2023/60270.18052
Anoosha Manda, Tivanani Venkata Durga Mahendra, K Pradeep, N Hari Babu, Sai Keerthi Velagala

1. Reader, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India. 3. Reader, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India. 5. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Correspondence Address :
Tivanani Venkata Durga Mahendra,
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram-534202, Andhra Pradesh, India.
E-mail: dr.mahendramds@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: The credibility of the published scientific literature is dependent on various dynamic factors like the type of research, type of journal, journal indexing, impact factor which are subjected to constant changes. Calculating publication points, as a form of performance measure to award promotions for postgraduate faculty is used in many developing and in some developed countries.

Aim: To determine the knowledge of the Dental Council of India (DCI) point system among orthodontists associated with a Dental College and to develop a colour-coded guide of Orthodontics journals.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Orthodontics, of an Educational Institution from July 2021 to December 2021, and a structured questionnaire was self-designed and made available in Google forms. This cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted among the orthodontic faculty. A total of 428 complete responses were obtained and all the responses were evaluated using one way analysis of variance with Tukey’s Post-hoc tests and Independent sample t-test. A survey of all the journals that were related to the field of orthodontics was performed in various databases. Journals that are included in the DCI categories were listed and colour-coded.

Results: Majority of study participants in this study were professors (53.3%) followed by readers and senior lecturers (15.9% each). Significant differences (p-value=0.021) were noted in participants’ knowledge on the DCI points system based on designation. Almost all the respondents reported indexing of the journal to be the basis for selecting a journal. Only 8.4% responded that, they were not aware of the DCI’s points system for publications. Subjects with self-reported awareness on the DCI points system showed a significantly higher mean knowledge score compared to their counterparts.

Conclusion: Subjects with self-reported awareness on the DCI points system showed a significantly higher mean (2.412±0.793) knowledge score compared to their counterparts. A colour-coded guide was developed to eliminate the bias in point calculation completely and help academicians select a journal suitable for academic promotions.

Keywords

Abstracting, Dental council of India, Faculty, Guidelines, Indexing, Journal article, Publications

With notable increase in research, the importance of publications in researcher’s life particularly academician goes beyond providing a means of communication and knowledge exchange. In this competitive era, promotions for academicians are decided largely based on the number of publications entitled their name as well as the journal where they appear. However, the credibility of the published scientific literature is dependent on various dynamic factors like the type of research, type of journal, journal indexing, impact factor which are subjected to constant changes (1). Simon S and Philip B reported that most of professors (70.5%) in India had little awareness about the indexing with a mean score in the range of 0-5 (2). They suggested that although majority of faculty members engage in research and publication but end up compromising on the quality of journals. However, the results may not be applied to general population as the sample size is quite low. Keeping in view of this, the governing body for Dental Education, DCI has devised a broad point system for postgraduate faculty promotions in 2017 September in Indian Gazette like Medical Council of India (2016). DCI mainly divided journals into three broad categories Category-I: 1) Journals Indexed to Pubmed/Medline; 2) Journals published by Indian/International Dental Speciality Associations approved by DCI. Category-II: 1) Medical/Dental Journals published by Government Health Universities awarding dental degree or Government Universities awarding dental degree; 2) Original research/study approved by Indian Council for medical research/similar Government Bodies; 3) Author of text/reference book concerned to respective specialty; 4) PhD or any other similar additional qualification after Master of Dental Surgery (MDS). Category-III: 1) Journals published by Deemed Universities/Dental Institutions/Indian Dental Association; 2) Contribution of Chapters in the textbook (3),(4).

Since then, every academician had been striving to publish his/her ideas and work in a journal with good indexing and falls under Category-I, II or III. In the due purpose, they spend most of their treasured time searching for a journal that fits the criteria as there is no clear mention of specific journals that come under each category. This is particularly true for Category-III as one must know the various universities that provide dental degrees. Despite the available data, there seems to be lack of clarity, leading to confusion among academicians even today during calculation of publication points (5).

Another aspect that adds to this is the number of publications. Most senior academicians have many publications to their name. There is a possibility that some of the journal publications are overlooked leading to miscalculation of publication points. So, it becomes imperative to have a quick guide that provides the necessary information instantly. Thus, the aim was to determine the knowledge of the DCI point system among orthodontist associated with a dental college and to develop a colour-coded guide of orthodontics journals.

Material and Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Orthodontics, of an Educational Institution from July 2021 to December 2021. Ethical clearance was obtained from the ethical committee with reference number IEC VDC/2021/UG02/ODFO/Q/69. An informed consent was obtained from the participants prior to the study.

Inclusion criteria:

• Faculty working in educational Institutions on a full-time basis.
• Faculty with minimum of three publications.
• Faculty with minimum experience of two years.
• Faculty of orthodontic speciality.

Exclusion criteria:

• Newly joined Faculty
• Faculty of other specialities
• Part time academicians.
• Orthodontists not associated with colleges.

Sample size calculation: The sample size was calculated using G power software. The calculation were based on 95% confidence level, 80% power and expected α value of about 5%. The anticipated sample size was 384. The distribution of the samples based on designation.

Study Procedure

A self-designed structured Questionnaire was developed and made available in Google forms. The questionnaire was subjected to validation by sending the Google forms total group of orthodontists whose experience is more than 10 years in academics in the field of orthodontics and their responses along with feedback were taken into consideration and made the required changes in the final questionnaire.

An Email was sent to all the Orthodontists working in various Institutes across India. A total of 428 complete responses were obtained. The questionnaire contained 11 knowledge questions on the DCI points system. Besides providing descriptive statistics for participants’ responses to individual questions, the study also quantified the knowledge score by assigning a score of one to a correct answer. Thus, the knowledge score ranged between 0 and 11.

Search strategy for colour-coded guide: The search strategy was based on the journals that were included/indexed in Pubmed/ Pubmed central, Medline, Institutional affiliated by DCI, Deemed universities, Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR), Government bodies, Indian Dental Association etc. A first survey of all the journals that related to the field of orthodontics was performed by using the following databases: Pubmed, Google Scholar, Institutional journals, university journals. An electronic search conducted for Pubmed was according to Cochrane collaboration guidelines using the MESH terms “Orthodontia”, “Orthodontics”, “Dentofacial orthopaedics”, “Craniofacial” and Orthodontic journals etc., and the journals that were not indexed Pubmed/Medline in Category-I were excluded. (https://www.cochranelibrary.com/advanced-search/mesh)

Similar search was conducted for the other databases using the same MESH terms and later exclusion criteria was added such that journals that were not affiliated to DCI or any Indian institutional universities, Journals whose preference for publishing manuscripts not in English were excluded from Category-II and III. Two authors screened the journals independently and assessed the eligibility of the journals to be included in the categories and were colour-coded into Blue, Red, Green for Category-I, II, III, respectively. As per the revised guidelines of DCI point system, the scores can be calculated based on the type of research study, position of the author and category of the journal. In case of any disagreement, third author judgment was considered.

Statistical Analysis

The differences in knowledge score based on designation and self-reported awareness on DCI points system were evaluated using one way analysis of variance with Tukey’s Post-hoc tests and Independent sample t-test, respectively. IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 20.0 software (IBM SPSS, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) was used for data analysis.

Results

Majority of study participants in the present study were professors (53.3%) followed by readers and senior lecturers (15.9% each) (Table/Fig 1). Almost all the respondents reported indexing of the journal to be the basis for selecting a journal. Only 8.4% responded that they were not aware of the DCI’s points system for publications (Table/Fig 2). there was significant difference in knowledge on DCI points system based on self-reported awareness on DCI points system (p-value=0.001) (Table/Fig 3).

(Table/Fig 4) provides a detailed account of participants’ responses to each of the 11 knowledge questions on the DCI points system. Highest percentage of participants had chosen the correct answer for all the knowledge questions, except for the two questions on 50% of points being awarded for second author in all categories and the category under which ICMR approved studies fall. (Table/Fig 5) presents an overview of the dichotomisation of participants’ responses to each individual question as ‘correct’ and ‘incorrect’. Significant differences were noted in participants’ knowledge on the DCI points system based on designation (Table/Fig 6). Associate professors demonstrated the highest mean knowledge scores (8±2.129) followed by professors (6.98±2.303). Senior lecturers had the least mean scores (5.59±2.093). (Table/Fig 7) presents the box plot showing differences in participants’ knowledge on the DCI points system based on designation. In multiple pairwise comparisons using Tukey’s post-hoc tests, significant differences were noted, exclusively between associate professors and senior lecturers (Table/Fig 8).

The list of all journals in all categories has been illustrated in (Table/Fig 9) and a colour-coded guide of orthodontics journals has been given in (Table/Fig 10).

Discussion

The work nature in all Dental colleges in India predominantly involves research and teaching. Despite the dual nature of the job, career advancements and promotions chiefly depend on research performance. A widely accepted convention holds that the best research achievements are published in the most prestigious scientific journals and have a high impact, while lower quality achievements are published in less prestigious journals and have a low impact, according to a study done by Harvey EC et al., 2010 (6). It is noteworthy that, with respect to research, the same performance measures (e.g publications, citations, and grants) can be meaningfully applied at the organisational and individual levels. Keeping in view of this, DCI has laid certain guidelines with a point system in 2016 for promotions (3). In 2017, DCI made a few amendments to the existing points table (3). However, there is an extension to the revised point system given by DCI in 2019 with elaborations (7).

In recent years, the work flow in Dental Institutes has become dynamic with growing opportunities for young orthodontists to join as academicians. These young people being enthusiastic and highly motivated seem to incline towards research. For, most of them rely on DCI points to choose the type of study they wish to undertake, journal and impact factor. On the contrary, they do not have enough experience to select appropriate journals for publication and often find it difficult to understand which category a journal fits in. So, the authors initially assessed the awareness regarding the DCI point system among all academicians pertaining to the speciality of Orthodontics. Based on the results, this is the first study of its kind in the literature on Orthodontics and dentistry, but the authors felt the need to create an index that aspires to make the work of all academicians easier while calculating the points awarded by assessing the faculty members’ comprehension and raising awareness with the aid of this guide. The study’s constraint is the absence of a uniform sample distribution and the absence of analysis of publications in national and international journals, books, and chapters.

Limitation(s)

The present study did not included journals which publish orthodontic article, but don’t have the MeSH keywords in their title.

Conclusion

The study’s findings showed that Professors and Associate Professors had better knowledge compared to senior lecturers. The findings of the study indicate a need for faculty development programs that enable young orthodontists to gain a deeper grasp of selecting high-quality journals and authoring high-quality articles. The flip side is that the time spent on research might take teachers away from teaching or clinical duties, particularly in under-staffed speciality departments.

References

1.
Rawat S, Meena S. Publish or perish: Where are we heading? J Res Med Sci. 2014;19(2):87-89.
2.
Simon S, Philip B. Academic journal indexing: A review of the awareness among faculty members in India. Kristu Jayanti J Human and Soc Sci (KJHSS). 2021;20:10-18. [crossref]
3.
Shamim T. The point system of the DCI for publications by faculty. Natl Med J India. 2016;29:312.
4.
Dental Council of India MDS Course Regulations, 2017. Available from: http:// www.dciindia.org.in/Rule_Regulation/MDS_Course_Regulations_2017.pdf.
5.
Aggarwal R, Gogtay N, Kumar R, Sahni P. The revised guidelines of the Medical Council of India for academic promotions: Need for a rethink. Natl Med J India. 2016;29:01 05. [crossref][PubMed]
6.
Harvey EC, Morris H, Kelly A, Rowlinson M. Academic Journal Quality Guide. (2010).
7.
Shamim T. Revised point system of the Dental Council of India for publications by faculty. J Family Med Prim Care. 2021;10:578.[crossref][PubMed]

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2023/60270.18052

Date of Submission: Sep 17, 2022
Date of Peer Review: Dec 02, 2022
Date of Acceptance: Feb 28, 2023
Date of Publishing: Jun 01, 2023

AUTHOR DECLARATION:
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA

PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Sep 28, 2022
• Manual Googling: Jan 20, 2023
• iThenticate Software: Feb 27, 2023 (10%)

ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin

EMENDATIONS: 8

JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
  • Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • Embase
  • EBSCOhost
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Google
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)
  • www.omnimedicalsearch.com