Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

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Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018




Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."



Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018




Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."



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Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018




Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
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Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
Lucknow
On Sep 2018




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"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
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It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."



Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata




Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
Muzaffarnagar.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".



Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
Bengaluru.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".



Dr. Mamta Gupta
Consultant
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018




Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.


Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."



Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
E-mail: drrajendrak1@rediffmail.com
On May 11,2011




Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."



Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
E-mail: ravi.dr.shankar@gmail.com
On April 2011
Anuradha

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.


Dr. Anuradha
E-mail: anuradha2nittur@gmail.com
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Case report
Year : 2023 | Month : June | Volume : 17 | Issue : 6 | Page : ZD01 - ZD04 Full Version

Full Mouth Rehabilitation of a Post COVID-19 Mucormycosis Treated Patient using Bar- Retained Prosthesis: A Case Report


Published: June 1, 2023 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2023/64110.18011
Archit Kapadia, Sattyam Wankhade, Arun Khalikar, Suryakant Deogade, Samiksha Lalsare

1. Postgraduate Student, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. 3. Professor and Head, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. 4. Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. 5. Postgraduate Student, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Correspondence Address :
Archit Kapadia,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, Medical Chowk, Nagpur-440009, Maharashtra, India.
E-mail: kapadiaarchit58@gmail.com

Abstract

During the second wave of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19), the Indian subcontinent witnessed a steep rise in post-COVID mucormycosis cases, with an alarming rate of about 70 times higher than the rest of the world. Maxillofacial defects amounted to various post-surgical hindrances such as difficulty in mastication, impaired speech, nasal regurgitation, mental despair and socially awkward situations. Dentists worldwide faced the challenge of fabricating a well-retained and functionally comfortable prosthesis to improve the condition of physiologically debilitating and psychologically impaired patient. In this case report, the authors present the full mouth rehabilitation of a 65-year-old male patient who had been treated for post-COVID mucormycosis. A bar-retained prosthesis was delivered, which was non-invasive, highly retentive, and pocket-friendly for the patient. This case report also shows that through meticulous planning and execution of the treatment plan, one can achieve the desired results and meet the patient’s expectations.

Keywords

Aesthetic correction, Andrew’s bridge, Coronavirus disease-2019, Definitive obturator, Hader bar clips, Psychological health, Speech improvement

Case Report

A 65-year-old male patient reported to the Department of Prosthodontics with a chief complaint of impaired facial appearance with difficulty in chewing food and altered speech after the surgical excision of the infected area both in the maxillary and mandibular arch. The patient gave a medical history of being COVID-19 positive ten months back for which he was under intensive care. Three months after testing positive, he underwent surgical debridement of rhinocerebral mucormycosis involving a part of maxilla and mandible following which he was given a delayed surgical obturator which he used for six months.

Extraorally, there was loss of lip support because of the surgical debridement of anterior part of maxilla (Table/Fig 1). Intraoral clinical examination revealed that there was a either well healed maxillary arch defect which was classified as Aramany’s Class-IV (1) and a completely well healed mandibular defect which was classified as Cantor and Curtis class V (Table/Fig 2) (2). Teeth present in the maxillary arch according to Fédération Dentaire Internationale (FDI) system were 26 and 28 and in the mandibular arch were 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 48 and a bridge connecting 45 and 47. The patient was not willing to undergo an implant-retained fixed prosthesis and hence a bar-retained removable prosthesis was planned for both the arches. The retention was obtained from the bar and undercuts of the defect.

Some of the technical difficulties faced included achieving retention for the maxillary prosthesis due to only two periodontally sound teeth being present, achieving a harmonious occlusal plane, restoring the excessive vertical restorative space with a shallow vestibule in the mandibular arch, achieving an ideal path of insertion for easy insertion and removal of the prosthesis, improving aesthetics, and maintaining oral hygiene.

To begin with, primary impressions were made using irreversible hydrocolloid (Vignette chromatic; Dentsply) and primary casts were poured using Type-III dental stone (Kalstone; Kalabhai) (Table/Fig 3). Facebow record was made and mounted indirectly on a Hanau wide view semi-adjustable articulator. To check for the aesthetics and phonetics, anterior teeth arrangement was done. This was also helpful for the determination of canine position which was required for establishing a proper plane following the curve of spee (Table/Fig 4). Mandibular posteriors were ink-stained and a modified customised occlusal plane analyser was used to grind the cast occlusally till both the canine tips and the distobuccal cusps of the first molars contacted the plane analyser simultaneously. This helped to determine which tooth needed enameloplasty and which tooth required a crown (Table/Fig 5). A putty index was used to transfer the corrected occlusal plane intraorally. The occlusal interferences were removed and tooth preparation was done. A two-stage putty light body impression (Zhermack Elite HD+) was made and master cast was poured in Type-IV die stone (Ultrastone; Kalabhai). Wax pattern followed by casting of the Andrew’s bridge with Hader bar and preci- horix attachment (Ceka Preci-Horix) was done. The bar was kept 2 mm away from the ridge to maintain proper hygiene (Table/Fig 6). Metal framework was tried in the patient’s mouth to check for proper marginal fit, occlusal plane and arch form. This was followed by bisque trial along with the clip attachment incorporated in the denture (Table/Fig 7).

Before the final fabrication of lower denture was carried out, the two periodontally sound maxillary teeth were prepared and a definitive impression of teeth along with the defect was recorded using customised single tray technique (Table/Fig 8). The master cast was poured and jaw relation was recorded which was then indirectly mounted on the semi-adjustable articulator (Table/Fig 9). Maxillary teeth arrangement along with the wax pattern trial with bar and preci-horix attachment was done intraorally. The bar attachment was then casted and in the final teeth arrangement, a tooth was added over the bar attachment (Table/Fig 10). The final try-in along with the casted bar attachment was done to check for occlusion, lip support and aesthetics (Table/Fig 11).

Acrylisation of the mandibular and maxillary denture was done using compression moulding technique. Hollowing of the maxillary denture was done using the lost salt technique and an aluminium mesh was adapted over the master cast to reinforce the denture (Table/Fig 12). The final prosthesis was delivered by following a certain protocol of cementing the bar attachment followed by clipping of the polished dentures upon them [Table/Fig-13,14]. This case was followed-up for six months to check for the wear of any attachments, fracture in the prosthesis and the oral hygiene maintenance by the patient. The patient was able to insert and remove the prosthesis easily and above all was able to maintain oral hygiene. There were no issues with the attachments and the prosthesis was nicely retained in the oral cavity. There was no problem in mastication, there was a drastic change in his speech, no fluid leaking into the nasal cavity and was more than satisfied with the final aesthetics as well (Table/Fig 15).

Discussion

There was a steep rise in patients infected by the opportunistic fungal infection of mucormycosis in the second wave of COVID-19 which had imposed an immense physiological and psychosocial burden on the patients affected by it (3),(4). The in-ordinate use of corticosteroids to suppress the cytokine storm had paved way for opportunistic infections like mucormycosis across India (5). The surgical resection of such extensive infection led to the formation of a multitude of acquired maxillofacial defects which posed a number of challenges for the clinicians to rehabilitate the same.

In central India, the most common extent of the defect site was Aramany’s class 1 (46%) in the maxillary arch with only 24% of the cases having Class-IV defect whereas the mandibular arch was rarely infected (6). Use of implants for support or retention of the prosthesis is one of the most promising options for rehabilitating such patients. Nonetheless, the financial burden on the patients with mucormycosis was massive in India wherein not all could afford such treatment options and not everyone had a positive mindset of undergoing a second surgery (7).

This case report describes one such case wherein a full mouth rehabilitation of a patient who was surgically treated for post-COVID mucormycosis both in the maxillary and mandibular arch was done following which he was prosthetically rehabilitated using a bar-retained prosthesis.

In patients who have undergone resective surgeries for post-COVID- 19 mucormycosis, an early and appropriate prosthetic rehabilitative effort is essential for the physical, social and psychological well-being. Hypernasal speech, fluid leakage into the nasal cavity, impaired masticatory function and varying degrees of cosmetic deformities are the post-surgical defects these patients are predisposed to (8). The prescribed prosthetic rehabilitative options usually range from heat-cure acrylic surgical obturators to implant-supported definitive obturators. The final prosthesis depends upon the extent of defect, healing phase, patient’s choice and economic conditions (9).

Use of a hader bar with preci-horix attachment improved the retention of maxillary and mandibular prosthesis. Use of a self-grinding occlusal plane template to modify the uneven mandibular occlusal plane before providing the definitive restorations was useful to achieve the harmonious occlusal plane (10). The occlusal surface was kept in metal since it was opposed by acrylic teeth and hence this reduced the wear of the acrylic teeth. The bar was kept 2 mm above the vestibule for easy cleaning and maintaining the oral hygiene. The maxillary prosthesis was reinforced with aluminium mesh to prevent fracture of the prosthesis. The defect area recorded was made hollow by using the lost salt technique which made the prosthesis light in weight (11). The normal contour of patient’s upper lip that was compromised due to maxillectomy was restored by adding adequate permissible bulk to anterior region of the maxillary prosthesis that acted as a lip plumper (12).

Novel methods to rehabilitate post-COVID mucormycosis surgically treated patients using Patient Specific Implants (PSI) also represent a valid alternative for the same (13). But not all patients are willing for a second surgery and not all patients can afford them. The patient in the current case report was not willing for a surgical re-entry and hence the described method being non-invasive, unlike in cases of implant-supported prosthesis, cost-effectiveness had a positive psychological effect on the patient’s mind. Nevertheless, the attachments need to be changed in the future due to wear as the prosthesis is inserted and removed daily.

Conclusion

This case report describes the rehabilitation of post COVID-19 mucormycosis affected maxillary and mandibular arches wherein the affected parts were surgically excised. The patient had been explained about all the possible prosthetic rehabilitation options from an implant-supported fixed prosthesis to a removable heat cure prosthesis retained by clasps. The patient was not ready for a surgical re-entry and hence, keeping in mind the patient’s choice of treatment of being non-invasive and at the same time being economical, the following prosthetic treatment was planned. The patient was satisfied with the aesthetics and the phonetics also improved drastically. Therefore, implant is not the only available option for rehabilitating such cases. With proper planning, a wellfitted and a physiologically comfortable prosthesis can be fabricated.

References

1.
Aramany MA. Basic principles of obturator design for partially edentulous patients. Part I: classification. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 1978;40(5):554-57. [crossref][PubMed]
2.
Cantor R, Curtis TA. Prosthetic management of edentulous mandibulectomy patients. Part I. Anatomic, physiologic, and psychologic considerations. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 1971;25(4):446-57. [crossref][PubMed]
3.
Singh AK, Singh R, Joshi SR, Misra A. Mucormycosis in COVID 19: A systematic review of cases reported worldwide and in India. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2021;15(4):102146. [crossref][PubMed]
4.
Kapadia A, Wate SR, Wankhade S, Khalikar A, Deogade S. Prosthetic rehabilitation of a post-COVID mucormycosis exenterated orbital defect with a two-piece hollow orbital prosthesis. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ. 2022;17:S67-72. Doi: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_38_22. [crossref]
5.
Nambiar M, Varma SR, Damdoum M. Post-Covid alliancemucormycosis, a fatal sequel to the pandemic in India. Saudi J Biol Sci. 2021;28:6461-64. Doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.07.004. [crossref][PubMed]
6.
Kapadia A, Wankhade S, Khalikar A. Impact of oral rehabilitation on patients with post-COVID-19 mucormycosis using liverpool oral rehabilitation questionnaire in Central India: Qualitative study. World J Dent. 2022;13:460-64. https:// creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/. [crossref]
7.
Padma Srivastava MV, Vishnu VY, Pandit AK. Mucormycosis epidemic and stroke in India during the COVID-19 pandemic. Stroke. 2021;52(10):e622-23. [crossref][PubMed]
8.
Beumer, John III, Thomas A Curtis, David N Fritell. Maxillofacial rehabilitation prosthodontic and surgical considerations. St Louis: CV Mosby. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1979:130-56. ISBN: 978-0-86715-498-6; 9780867154986.
9.
Barman J, Chakraborty D, Nath S. Mucormycosis: An insight into its early diagnosis and prosthodontic rehabilitation. International Journal of Oral Care and Research. 2022;10:37. https://lww.com/pages/default.aspx. [crossref]
10.
Patil PG, Nimbalkar S. A self-grinding occlusal plane template to help modify an uneven occlusal plane before providing definitive restorations. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2021;125(3):551-53. [crossref][PubMed]
11.
Aggarwal H, Jurel SK, Singh RD, Chand P, Kumar P. Lost salt technique for severely resorbed alveolar ridges: An innovative approach. Contemporary Clinical Dentistry. 2012;3(3):352. [crossref][PubMed]
12.
Mukohyama H, Kadota C, Ohyama T, Taniguchi H. Lip plumper prosthesis for a patient with a marginal mandibulectomy: A clinical report. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2004;92(1):23-26. [crossref][PubMed]
13.
Patel N, Mel A, Patel P, Fakkhruddin A, Gupta S. A novel method to rehabilitate post-mucormycosis maxillectomy defect by using patient-specific zygoma implant. Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery. 2023;22(Suppl 1):118-23.[crossref][PubMed]

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2023/64110.18011

Date of Submission: Mar 17, 2023
Date of Peer Review: Apr 22, 2023
Date of Acceptance: May 02, 2023
Date of Publishing: Jun 01, 2023

AUTHOR DECLARATION:
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes

PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Mar 28, 2023
• Manual Googling: Apr 26, 2023
• iThenticate Software: May 01, 2023 (5%)

ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin

JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
  • Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • Embase
  • EBSCOhost
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Google
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)
  • www.omnimedicalsearch.com