Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Issue Statistics View issue wise statistics
Table of Contents - Year : 2018 | Month : August | Volume : 12 | Issue : 8


Sternalis -An Accessory Muscle of Thoracic Wall

Virendra Budhiraja, Swati Bansal, Rakhi Rastogi, Shveta Swami, Rimpi Gupta
4557 696 694

Two Trunked Brachial Plexus: Multiple Variations in Formation, Course and Distribution

Pooja Singh, Manisha B. Sinha
3287 616 614

Ruptured and Inflamed Epidermal Inclusion Cyst of Tongue- A Case Report

Nishant Sagar, Prerna Arora, Nita Khurana, JC Passey
3568 608 606

Massive Lymphocytic Infiltration in the Uterus Mimicking Lymphoma-A Potential Diagnostic Challenge

Shailaja Shukla, Shivali Sehgal
3574 605 603

A Rare Case of Poorly-Differentiated Sertoli Leydig Cell Tumour of Ovary with Mesenchymal Heterology

Rahul Pandey, Yasmeen Khatib, Vinita Pandey, Archana Khade, Manisha Khare
3743 616 613

Giant Cell Reparative Granuloma of Proximal phalanx of 4th Toe-A Rare Case Report

Divya Prafulla Yerraguntla, Sachin Shivaji Kapse, Disha B. Shankar, Surekha U. Arakeri, Parth Avinash Vaishnav
3457 613 611

Isolated Renal Hydatid Disease-A Cytohistological Diagnosis

K Mamatha, M H Karigoudar, K V Sathyashree, Anil Reddy Konduru, Balasaheb R Yelikar
3274 648 646

Varied Orbital Inflammations in Diabetics

Sumana J Kamath, Bindu Kolavala, Vasuraj Saini
4751 624 622

All Mycobacteria are not Tubercular: A Case Report

Laxma S Reddy, K Bhaskar, N Prashanth, Narendra Kumar Narahari, GK Paramjyothi
3718 589 587

Second Degree Mobitz Type 1 Block in Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever: A Rare Manifestation

Harpreet Singh, Gagan Deep Sukhija, Saroj Bala, Ruchi, Harveen Sodhi
3296 609 607

Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Caused by E.Coli and Candida Albicans with Oral Candidiasis and Herpes Genitalis: A Dreaded Infection

Shyam Lal, Ankit Kaura, Pradhuman Yadav, Isha
3817 593 591

Vesicourachal Diverticulum: A Rare Entity

Partha Pratim Deb, Amarendra Nath Sarkar, Dawood Khan, Supriya Basu
3843 730 728

Massive Pyonephrosis Presenting as a Mammoth Tumour in Pregnancy: A Case Report

Shubha Rao, Shyamala Guruvare, Rajagopal Kadavigere, PS Roopa
3718 601 598

Gestational Gigantomastia: Challenges in Management and Follow-up

Vidyashree Ganesh Poojari, Rekha Upadhya, Muralidhar V Pai, L Ramachandra, Vidya Monappa
7057 633 631

Posterior Tibial Artery Injury with Intact Posterior Tibial Pulse: A Case Report

Kamalakumar Karuppasamy, Natarajan Shanmugam, Gunalan Kannaiyya Naidu, Surya Rao Rao Venkata Mahipathy, Narayanamurthy Sundaramurthy
3160 637 635

Bilateral Unicondylar Hoffa Fracture Along with Tibial Spine Avulsion Injury in a Patient: Case Report

Sumit Gupta, Jaswant Kumar
4662 651 649

Double Perineal Ani with Duplication of External Genitalia in a Septicemic Neonate: A Case Report

Bismay Das, C Mohanty, Rajniti Prasad, Braj Kishore Das
3192 560 558

Schimke Immuno-Osseous Dysplasia with Growth Retardation- A Case Report

Elham Hashemi Dehkordi, Payam Samei, Neda Mostofizadeh, Mahin Hashemipour, Mohammad Zolfaghari
3797 669 667

Double Barrel Oesophagus- A Case Report

Gulam Mohiuddin Marfani, Shivali Vaibhav Kashikar, Shraddha Singhania
3451 653 651

Sesamoid Bones in the Soft Tissue of Neck as Incidental Finding on Multidetector Computed Tomography

Gitanjali Khorwal, Rahul Dev, Pankaj Sharma
3820 606 603

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumour of the Ovary

Dileep Damodaran, Mayank Gupta, Nobin Babu Kalappurayil, Kavitha KP, Prashanth Parameswaran
3289 594 591

Socket Preservation using Platelet Rich Fibrin for Pink Aesthetics- A Case Report

Rajendran Maheaswari, Kaliaperumal Poorana, Sathiyamurthy Bhuvaneswari, Nallasivam Lavanya
3502 660 658

Angulated Custom Cast Post and Core Restoration for Traumatised Anterior Tooth-“Not as Straight as an Arrow”

Apra Butail, Parminder Dua, Ritu Mangla, Ananya Chauhan
4160 644 641

Marsupialization of Inflammatory Dentigerous Cyst Associated with Pulpotomised Primary Second Molar-A Case Report

Ranu Bhandari, Seema Thakur, Parul Singhal, Deepak Chauhan, Cheranjeevi Jayam
3729 571 569

Fabrication of Conventional Complete Denture in Resorbed Mandibular Ridge with Deficient Keratinized Mucosa Using Free Gingival Graft

Monika Malik Vigarniya, Shagun Gulia, Vidushi Sheokand, Nupur Dabas
4577 640 638


Fistulotomy Around The Sphincter (FATS) Procedure: A Simple New Sphincter-Sparing Concept to Treat High Fistula-In-Ano

Pankaj Garg
3595 610 608


Retroperitoneal Teratoma Mimicking Renal Calculus

Debansu Sarkar, Arun Kumar Maurya, Debasish Chakraborty, Dilip Kumar Pal
3425 589 587

Double Teeth in Deciduous Maxillary Incisor Region: A Rare Anomaly

Khushboo Singh, Anshul Mahajan, Sunita Gupta, Jatinder Kaur
3066 632 630


Jategaonkar’s Modification of Brooke’s End-Ileostomy

Priyadarshan Anand Jategaonkar, Smita Priyadarshan Jategaonkar, Sudeep Pradeep Yadav
3859 606 604


Role of TNF- α on the Function of Erythropoietin and Haematological Profile in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients

Harish Bhat, Jeevan G Ambekar, Anand Kumar Harwalkar, Nilima Dongre, Kusal K Das
3567 633 631

Reliability of Beta-Human Chorionic Gonadotropin in Ectopic Pregnancy

Sathya Selvarajan, Jothimalar Ramalingam
3549 575 573

Age, Sex and Seasonal Variations of Vitamin D Level in Children of Jammu Region

Rachna Sabharwal, Pallavi Mahajan
3336 591 588

Oxidised LDL and Serum Paraoxanase Activity in Ischemic Stroke Patients: A Case Control Study

Poornima Bijumon, Geetha Ananthashenoyi, Thomas Iype
3373 596 594

A Study on Association of Antioxidant Status of Red Blood Cells with Type 2 Diabetes

Shabari Mangalore Shenoy, Ullal Harshini Devi, Suchetha N Kumari, Chethan Subramanya
3625 583 581

Serum 25-hydroxy Vitamin D levels as an Indicator of Bone Mineral Density in Osteoporosis

P Modagan, Santhi Silambanan, Gopinath Menon, P Arunalatha
3526 588 585

Elevated MDA Level Correlates with Insulin Resistance in Prediabetes

Kaushik Kar, Agnihotri Bhattacharyya, Baishakhi Paria
4172 710 708

N-Terminal-pro Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Assessing the Severity of Stable Coronary Artery Disease

Vijetha Shenoy Belle, RV Krishnananda Prabhu, Ranjan K Shetty, Rajaram Prasad, Pragna Rao, Asha Kamath, Kriti Singh, Priyanka Datta
3517 640 638

Comparative Study of Knowledge and Awareness about Leprosy among Medical College Students Pre and Post State Leprosy Sensitisation Program in Mewat, Haryana, India

Abhishek Sharma, Gini Garima, Nidhi Sharma, Sudhanshu Sharma, Nikita Singh, Prakriti Vohra, Sangeeta Singh
3620 622 620

Enhancing Knowledge Integration in Biochemistry among Undergraduate Medical Students through Active Learning Strategy

Chandrika D Nayak
3380 614 612

To Study the Association between Duration of Sleep and BMI in Young Indian Adults

Shilpa Khullar, Jaswant Singh, Mitasha Singh, Harpreet Kaur
3618 612 610

Are Automated Blood Pressure Apparatus Reliable? Automated versus Manual Measurement of Blood Pressure

K Madhan Srinivasan, K Senthil Kumar, I Saraswathi, A Lokeshwar Raaju, B Vishwanatha Rao
4772 667 665

The Effect of Vitamin D3 on Depression in Iranian Women

Zeinab Mehrabani Far, Mehdi Rahnema, Hussein Qafelehbashi
3469 628 626

Impact of Long versus Short Duration Diabetes on Sensory Nerve Conduction Velocity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Amina Sultan Zaidi, PN Singh, Meenakshi Gupta, Sheelu Shafiq Siddiqi, Abeer Masood
4227 734 730

Effect of Yoga on Cardio-Respiratory Health Markers: Physical Fitness Index and Maximum Oxygen Consumption (VO2 Max)

Vishnu D Udhan, Sharadchandra G Wankhede, Sangita R Phatale
4661 663 660

Effect of Obesity on Pulmonary Functions among the Adolescent Students of a Private University in Malaysia

Aniruddha Bhattacharjee, Tabarak Malik, Aye Aye Myat, Rajeev Sharma, VT Shakunthala
4229 636 634

Capsular Serotyping and Antimicrobial Drug Resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae Strains Isolated from a Tertiary Care Hospital, Southern India

Lathamani Kotekani, Subbannayya Kotigadde, Bhaskaran Thulicheri Nair
3916 617 611

Fungal Peritonitis in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) Patients

Anju Verma, Praveen Nalla Mothu, Usha Kalawat, Siva Kumar Vishnubhotla
3178 631 629

Validation of a Rapid Stool Antigen Test for the Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Dyspeptic Patients-A Study from Central Kerala

Suryakala Ravi Nair, Prithi Nair Kannambra, Saji K Sebastian
3862 656 654

Evaluation of Performance Characteristics of Enzyme Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (ECLIA) and Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) for HBV, HIV and HCV Infections

Dipmala Das, Sudipta Roy, Suman Mondal
3667 621 619

Vaccine Therapy in Chronic Hepatitis B Carriers: A Randomised Double-Blind Controlled Trial

Behnaz khodabakhshi, Gholamreza Roshandel, Aabdollah Abbasi, Aida Hashemifard, Sima Besharat, Fatemeh Ghasemi Kebria, Aabdolvahab Moradi
3906 617 614

Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Arnebia Euchroma on the Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

Roham Borazjani, Shiva Aminnia, Mohammad Rastegarian, Mahnaz Hosseini, Zahra Ghanbarinasab, Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Bahador Sarkari
3653 592 590

Evaluation of Immunological and Molecular Methods for Rapid Diagnosis of Herpes Simplex Type-1 Encephalitis

Preethi Venkatesan, Maanasa M Bhaskar, Sujatha Sistla, Badrinath S, Sunil K Narayan
3437 633 631

Clinical Significance of Non-candidal Yeast like Genera with Special Reference to Trichosporon and Malassezia

Nageswari Rajesh Gandham, Savita Vivekanad Jadhav, Rabindra Nath Misra, Chanda Virendra Vyawahare, Neetu Satish Gupta
3367 634 632

Correlation of Cytological Grading in Lymphocytic Thyroiditis with Thyroid Hormones and Antibodies - A Retrospective Study in the Era of Bethesda System of Thyroid Reporting

Supreetha Megalamane, Hemalatha Anantharamaiah, Shashidhar Nagaraj Kurpad
8961 622 620

Does GLUT-1 have a Role in Prognosis of Breast Carcinoma of Egyptian Patients?

Mohammed Abo El-fotoh Shehata, Nanis Shawky Holah, Suzan El-hassanin, Suzy Gohar, Yaser Helmy
3444 641 639

Lipoma of the Parotid Gland-A Rare Entity

Mona Bargotya, Kiran Agarwal, AS Saumya, Nitin Sood
3623 674 672

Anti-hypertriglyceridemic Activity of Cornus Mas in Diabetic Rats

Sajedeh Gholipour, Tahoora Shomali, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
3828 665 662

Efficacy and Adverse Effects of Topical Latanoprost with Respect to Preservative in Patients of POAG

Gyanendra Kumar, Rakesh C Chaurasia, SP Singh
3873 587 585

Screening and Assessment of Polyneuropathy in Diabetic Patients and the Effect of Vitamin B12 Administration on the Course of Neuropathy

Alpesh Chauhan, Ashwini Patil, Uma Bhosale, Shreepad Bhat
3288 608 605

Mapping the Healthcare Service Quality Domain: A Bibliometric Analysis

Alejandro Valencia-Arias, Lemy Bran Piedrahita, Alejandra Botero Zapata, Martha Benjumea, Lucia Palacios Moya
5700 632 630

Study of Awareness of Patients’ Rights among Undergraduate Medical Students

Ramnika Aggarwal, Sumita Sethi, Renu Garg, Rajesh Kumar
3758 622 620

A 12-Week “Silver Yoga” Program Enhances Lung Function in Elderly Women Residents of a Hospice

Meena Ramanathan, Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani
4016 605 603

Relationship between Demographic Characteristics and Ethical Reasoning of Nurses Working in Medical Wards

Firouzeh Safavi, Hossein Ebrahimi, Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Esmail Khodadadi, Marjaneh Fooladi
3836 619 617

The Relation of Social Happiness and Adjustment with Vandalistic Behaviour of the Children and Young Adults in the Families under Supervision of Welfare Office

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan, Alireza Abdi, Behnam Masmouei, Esmaeil Kavi, Narjes Abshorshori, Leila Akbari, Zohre Faramarzian, Marzyeh Zakeri
4205 619 617

Histogram Based Synovitis Scoring System using Ultrasound Images of Rheumatoid Arthritis

RJ Hemalatha, V Vijayabaskarin
3694 606 604

Vaccination Coverage and Perceived Barriers to Immunization as Identified by Mothers of Under Five Children in Rural Areas of Udupi District, Karnataka, India

Anusha, YN Shashidhara, K Jeyalakshmi
11038 689 687

Awareness of Yemeni Paediatricians and Other Physicians about the International Malaria Management Guidelines in the Major Public Hospitals in Sanaa, Yemen

Muna Abdo Mohammed Elnemr, FarouK Abdolrahman Al-Qadasi, Mohammed Ali Saeed Al-Shehab
3746 635 633

Road Traffic Injuries among Drivers and Pillion Riders using Two-Wheeler Motorized Vehicle in Western Uttar Pradesh

Urfi, Ali Amir, Salman Khalil, Mohd. Fakhrul Huda
3432 625 623

Study of Pupil Dilatation Characteristics in Patients from Southern India with a Single Drop of Topical Tropicamide-Phenylephrine

Anupriya Arthur, Satheesh Solomon T Selvin, Haseena Abdulla, Shreya Elsa Regi, Bijesh Yadav, Thomas Kuriakose
3413 658 656

Evaluation of Retinal Thickness in Neurodegenerative Diseases using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

Bindu Madhavi Manapragada, Shobha G Pai, Susan D Souza, Madhurima K Nayak
3709 632 630

Female Care Givers of Children with Cerebral Palsy: Quality of Life, Knowledge and Practice Regarding Ophthalmic Evaluation – A Study from Coastal Town of Southern India

Vidya Hegde, Rashmi Jain, Anupama Bappal, Rashmi Shambu, Himani Kotian
3453 586 584

Bouveret’s Syndrome: A Rare Case Presentation

Sucharita Das, Vijay Pai, Jayaram Shetty, Hrishikesh Amin, Subrahmanya Bhat K, Vasanthi Kotian
3456 633 631

Evaluation of Correlation between Serum Levels of Vitamin D and Coronary Artery Disease: An Existing Debate

Morteza Safi, Isa Khaheshi, Shadab Jafarzadeh, Mohammadreza Naderian, Mohammadali Akbarzadeh, Farbod Zahedi Tajrishi
3527 616 614

Impact of Metered Dose Inhaler Technique Education in a Medical Out Patient Department

Tom Jose Kakkanattu, Siddharth Jain, Umang Arora, Soham Banarjee, Manish Soneja, Neeraj Nischal, Achintya Singh
3616 629 627

Clinical Predictors of Outcome in Buerger’s Disease using BVAS and DEI.Tak Scoring Systems

Prasanta Padhan, Sunil Agarwal, Debashish Danda
3400 640 638

Assessment of Glycaemic Status of Physicians in a Diabetes Conference in India

Prabhat Kumar Agrawal, Vivek Kumar Verma, Sudhir Kumar Yadav, Dheeraj Kela
3303 609 607

Clinical Profile, Neuroimaging Features and Aetiology of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in a Tertiary Care Centre in Southern India

Joe James, Sajeeth Kumar Keeriyatt Govindan, James Jose
3356 582 580

Correlation between Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Cardiovascular Abnormality: A Cross-sectional Study

Sudarsan Pothal, Paul Dani, Rekha Manjhi, Pravati Dutta, Bhabani Shankar Behera, Aurobindo Behera
7730 629 627

Aortic Knob Width as an Indicator of Cardiovascular Risk in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

Jerin J Ovett, Ajay N Bhat, Venkatraya Prabhu
3502 575 573

Decompressive Hemicraniectomy versus Intensive Medical Management in Patients with Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction

Madhavarao Veeramalla, Bhuma Vengamma, Dusyanth Babu Jasti
3356 623 621

A Prospective Study on the Prevalence of Pulmonary Artery Hypertension in Thyroid Dysfunction

Sunita Aggarwal, Vivek Chaturvedi, Sandeep Garg, Mradul Kumar Daga, Shraddha Sharma, Jahnvi Dhar
3560 619 617

Hyponatremia in Patients Admitted with Stroke

Sivakumar Karunanandham, Thamarai Rajappa, Kalavathy Selvaraju
3951 651 649

Role of Sonourethrogram in Evaluation of Anterior Urethral Stricture and its Correlation with Retrograde Urethrogram and Intraoperative Findings-A Prospective Study

Srinivas Kalabhavi, Srinivas Jayaram, NH Nagaraja, Ramalingaiah, R Keshavmurthy, CS Manohar, Sumith, Sampath
4056 645 643

Effect of Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody on Pregnancy Outcome among Hypothyroid Women

Shashikala Bhat, AP Ashwini, AP Suma, Shashikiran Umakanth
3701 668 665

Prevalence of Gestational Glucose Intolerance and Gestational Diabetes in a Tertiary Care Centre in Northern India

Smriti Agrawal, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Amita Pandey, Namrata
4764 597 595

Comparing the Effects of Hot Shower and Intravenous Injection of Hyoscine on the Pain Intensity and Duration of Active Phase of Labour in Nulliparous Women

Safa Maddady Maddady, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Fahimeh Sehhatti Shafaei, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
3848 620 618

Unipolar Austin Moore’s Prosthesis versus Cemented Bipolar Arthroplasty in Displaced Neck of Femur Fracture, in Elderly Patients

Balaji Zacharia, Jojo Inassi, Dhiyaneswaran Subramaniyan, Sandesh Pacha
4037 618 616

Child Sexual Abuse-Perceptions among Health Professionals in a Tertiary Setting

Simi Mohan Jayamohana Sumam, Kochuthresiamma Thomas, Baburaj Stephenson, Sherlin Victor
3626 647 645

Role of CSF C-Reactive Protein for Rapid Diagnosis and Differentiation of Different Forms of Meningitis in Children

Nihar Ranjan Mishra, Bijay Kumar Sahoo, Rashmi Ranjan Das
3558 625 622

Comparison of Continuous Flush with Pulse Flush Technique in Clearing Blood Contamination of Small Bore Intra Vascular Catheter: A Randomized Control Trial

Deepti Thandaveshwara, Vani Krishnamurthy, HV Prajwala
3552 573 571

Incidence and Risk Factors for Prolonged Stay in Children Hospitalised with Pneumonia

Nirmal Kumar Mohakud, Madhusmita Mishra, Ratikanta Tripathy, Manas Ranjan Mishra
3550 620 618

Effect of Magnesium Sulphate and Dexmedetomidine on Blood Loss during Lumbar Spinal Fusion Surgeries

Titu George Oommen, Sivakumar Segaran, Mamie Zachariah, RV Ranjan, Anil Radhakrishnan Pillai, Sunilkumar Valasareddy, Nagalakshmi
3667 597 595

Comparative Evaluation of Two Different Doses of Dexmedetomidine for Tympanoplasty under Monitored Anaesthesia Care

Hemlata, Jyotsana Agarwal, Sunil Kumar Tripathi, Rajni Kapoor, Shobhana Jafa, Anita Malik, Rita Wahal, Asha Awasthi
3367 638 636

A Clinical Audit on Technical Difficulties during Epidural Catheter Placement

Nitin Choudhary, Anju Bhalotra, Kavita Rani Sharma, Gunjan Manchanda
3637 632 630

Screening for Postpartum Depression in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Postnatal Ward with Its Impact on Newborn Care Practices: A Hospital Based Survey

Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Jaishree Deepak Ganjiwale, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Nikhil M Kharod
4395 631 629

Effect of Residential Yoga Camp on Psychological Fitness of Adolescents: A Cohort Study

Astha Choukse, Amritanshu Ram, HR Nagendra
4432 649 647

Relationship between Disability and Psychopathology Severity in Subjects having Acute Exacerbation of Schizophrenia on Treatment over three Month’s Duration

Praveen Arathil, Podila Satya Venkata Narasimha Sharma
3500 593 591

Social and Psychological Safety of Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities in Special and Inclusive Schools of Russia

Pavel Aleksandrovich Kislyakov, Elena Aleksandrovna Shmeleva, Lyudmila Fedorovna Luneva, Anna Igorevna Rybakova, Vasily Nikolaevich Feofanov
3603 589 587

Psychiatric Counsellors Experience of Caring for Schizophrenic Patients at Psychiatric Nursing Home

Sheetal Bhaurao Barde, Sheela Upendra, Seeta Devi, Kalpana Sawane
3294 614 612

Self-Image and Quality of Life among Head and Neck Cancer Patients

Shalini G. Nayak, Mamatha Shivananda Pai, Linu Sara George
3650 576 574

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of XRCC1 and the Risk of Head and Neck Cancer

VV Narayana Rao, Sailaja Boddikuri, Vishnuvardhan Zakkula, Madan Ranjith Pusapati, Kereena Chukka
3503 544 542

Effect of an Abdominal Muscle Strengthening Program on Blood Glucose Levels in Persons with Type II Diabetes Mellitus

Sunderasion George Sudhan, Santhakumar Haripriya, Balasubramaniam Arun, Jacob Mercy Jency, Chinnusamy Sivakumar
3570 628 626

Comparative Efficiency of Muscle Energy Technique and Static Stretching in Enhancing Triceps Surae Flexibility

Govindaraj Mohan Kumar, Vishwanathan Rajalaxmi, Celambakkam Veeraraghavan Senthil Nathan, Sivagnanam Ramachandran, Veena Kirthika, Selvaraj Sudhakar, Kuppusamy Padmanabhan, Gopinath Yuvarani
4481 667 665

Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Reliability of the Lower Extremity Functional Scale into a Gujarati Version and Validation

Bhoomika Gunvantbhai Brahmbhatt, Megha Sandip Sheth
4244 685 683

Validation of Gujarati Translated Version of Stroke Impact Scale

Shraddha Jasmin Diwan, Zarna Ronak Shah, Pranav Bhanubhai Joshi
3606 582 580

Diagnostic Accuracy and Reliability of Sonographic Evaluation in Overhead Athletes with Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Saurabh Sharma, M Ejaz Hussain, Abhinav Jain, Jamal Ali Moiz
4095 581 579

Shear Bond Strength Evaluation of Composite Resin Bonded to Nickel Chromium Alloy

S Mohammed Sheik, Rathakrishnan Mensudar, Vridhachalam Ganapathy Sukumaran, Venkatachalam Prakash, Arumugam Karthick, Arunajatesan Subbiya
3734 638 636

Role of Salivary Electrolytes in Prevalence of Dental Caries among Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Adults

UK Ambikathanaya, Usha Hegde, Tippeswamy, Mohamad Ayas
3588 571 569

Comparison of Parental Satisfaction and Clinical Evaluation of KIDS Strip Crown versus 3M ESPE Crown in Primary Anterior Teeth-An in vivo Study

Divya Subramanyam, Ganesh Jeevanandan
3411 559 557

Versatility of Transconjunctival Approach in Maxillofacial Trauma-A Prospective Study and Review of Literature

MVS Sudhir, G Rajasekhar, Erugula Sridhar Reddy, Govada Jesudass, Chandrika Santoshi Laxmi, Pamidi Chandra Babu, Badari Ramakrishna, KTSS Rajajee
3362 568 565

Effect of Subgingival Irrigation with Natural Products as an Adjunct to Scaling and Root Planing in the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis- A Systematic Review

Sudharsana Anandakumar, Sankari Malaiappan
4392 589 587


The Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infections in Iranian Children: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

Salehoddin Bouya, Maryam Koochakzai, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Abbas Balouchi, Mehran Hesaraki
3886 596 594

A Review on Newer Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors and their Uses

Nithu M Kumar, Meenu Mathew, KN Anila, S Priyanka
3767 632 630

Comprehensive Classification System for Furcation Involvement – Incorporating Additional Variables

Natasha Gev Pajnigara, Abhay Pandurang Kolte, Rajashri Abhay Kolte, Nilufer Gev Pajnigara, Charu Ram Ahuja
6633 681 679

Information and Consent in Dentistry

Massimo Niola, Pierpaolo Di Lorenzo, Emanuele Capasso, Domenico Dalessandri, Adelaide Conti
3837 602 600

Prevalence of Dental Caries in India among the WHO Index Age Groups: A Meta-Analysis

Chandrashekar Janakiram, Bobby Antony, Joe Joseph, Venkitachalam Ramanarayanan
6853 630 628


Standardization and Quality Improvement of Laboratory Services in India: Need and Challenges

Ajay Gajanan Phatak, Pradnya Ajay Phatak
3512 666 664


Retroperitoneal Multicystic Mesothelioma in a Young Male

Anshul Singh, Mamta Bhatt, Preeti Singh, Vatsala Misra
3260 587 585


Correction :2017 Jan: 11(1): BC05–BC08

2659 595 593
Last Updated : 02 Jan 2016
First Published : 5 Feb 2007