Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Issue Statistics View issue wise statistics
Table of Contents - Year : 2023 | Month : October | Volume : 17 | Issue : 10


Sphingobacterium multivorum Meningitis in an Immunocompetent Patient with Pituitary Macroadenoma Apoplexy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Akanksha Dubey, Chinmoy Sahu, Shailesh Sengar, Mitra Kar
411 76 76

Meningitis in a Neonate Caused by Salmonella enterica Subspecies Enterica: A Case Report

Aarthi Sundaresan, Srujana Prabhala, Ami Yeshwant Varaiya, Avinash Walawalkar
431 65 65

Pilomatricoma with Osseous Metaplasia in the Shoulder Joint: A Common Lesion with Rare Differentiation

Khan Sanober Muzammil Mir, Bharat Sonwane, Vijaya Wane
256 53 53

Conservative Management of Osteoarthritis with Hypertension and Ischaemic Heart Disease through Ayurvedic Treatment: A Case Report

Satyajit Pandurang Kulkarni, Pallavi Satyajit Kulkarni
491 67 67

Disseminated Tuberculosis Presenting Primarily as Amenorrhoea- A Case Report

Mrinmayee Vijay Mayekar, Pankaj Wagh, Babaji Ghewade, Ulhas Jadhav
432 86 86

A Case Report of Diabetic Striatopathy: Rare and Unusual Complication of Hyperglycaemia

Mary Jacob, Karthik Reddy
685 80 80

Mediastinal Pseudocyst in a Case of Chronic Pancreatitis: A Rare Presentation

Arjun Heda, Ruchita Kabra, Sourya Acharya, Shaina Dutta
656 79 79

Death due to Dengue Encephalitis: A Rare Case Report

Aniket Kurhade
915 74 74

Pancreatic Malignancy Masquerading as a Splenic Lesion: A Case Report

PS Sreejith, Saravanan Janakiraman, T Selvaraj, S Jeswanth, KA Siva Subramanian
564 79 79

Gastric Candidiasis Leading to Gastric Perforation: A Case Report

Mareedu Sri Hari Rao, Himanish Sen, Mareedu Radhika Rani, Mareedu Suhas
326 54 54

Chronic Ectopic Pregnancy Masquerading as Ovarian Cystadenoma: A Case Report

Lucky Srivani Reddy, Arpita Jaiswal, Surekha Tayade, Sakshi Sharma, Drashti Patel
510 93 93

Novel STXBP2 Mutation Causing Familial Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Type 5 in a Preterm Neonate with Fatal Outcome: A Case Report

Laxman Basany, Vinay Batthula, Priyanka Naga Gandrakota, Navya Mamidi, Upparpally Pooja Reddy
450 81 81

Fibrolipomatous Hamartoma of the Median Nerve: A Case Report

Chandrasekhar Patil, Srilakshmi Tirumalgari, KS Prashanth Kumar, N Manender Reddy
444 77 77

Multiple Penile and Pelvic Schwannomas in an Adult Male: A Case Report

Sweta Swaika, Udit Mishra, Sanjay Parashar
413 80 80

Hypoglycaemic Encephalopathy following Coronavirus Disease in a Six-month-old Infant: A Rare Case Report

Yuganshu Bisen, Sauvik Vardhan, Ghrunanshu Bisen, Ketki Ambildhuke, Harshith Gowda
607 89 89

Acute Unilateral Parotid Gland Swelling following General Anaesthesia for Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery: A Case Report

Saiesh Narayan Raut Dessai, Sanjot Ninave, Amol Bele
481 77 77

Cutaneous Horn Arising from an Inverted Follicular Keratosis: A Rare Case Report

K Manoharan, S Gayathri, Sivaramakrishnan Sangaiah, Aswin Senthilvel
378 51 51

An Innovative Approach in the Fabrication of a Hollow Vaginal Stent using Ice in a Gender Dysphoria Patient: A Case Report

Sheetal Rameshlal Khubchandani, Anjali Bhoyar, Seema Sathe, Ekta Kanojiya, Ankita Pathak
613 91 91

Surgical Success in Peri-implantitis Management using Guided Bone Regeneration: A Case Report with 2-Year Follow-up

Baskaran Shivakumar, Kulandaivelu Gayathri, Arumuganainar Deepavalli
469 81 81

A Simplified Technique to Treat Bimaxillary Protrusion using Micro-osteoperforation: A Case Report

Anjali Sudhakar Kathade, Shruti Rathi, Rizwan Gilani, Ranjit Kamble
401 82 82

Giant Cell Fibroma of the Tongue: A Rare Entity

Darshan Shriprasad Wable, Sanjay Satappa Byakodi, Neha Prakash More, Amit Ashok Basannavar
635 86 86

Non-Surgical Treatment of Class II Division 1 Malocclusion in an Adult Patient with a Missing Lower Lateral Incisor Tooth: A Case Report

Mohsin Aslam Wani, Ram Autar, Shiraz Siddiqui, Mohd Amir, Shashank Trivedi
461 59 59

Three Dimensional Analysis of Root Development and Bone Formation in an Immature Non Vital Permanent Molar using Regenerative Endodontic Procedure: A Case Report

Shivani Gupta, Shalini Garg, Preeti Mittal, Vishal Sharma, Sumit Garg
358 51 51


“Detubularised Non Augmented Urethroplasty”- A Promising Option for Pananterior Urethral Stricture: A Case Series

Rahul Roy, Anupam Anand, Tapan Kumar Mandal, Uday Sankar Chatterjee, Manas Sasmal, Sauvik Debnath
560 79 79

Spectrum of Growth Hormone Disorders in Children: A Case Series of 5 Cases

Anshuman, Amit Kumar, Rakesh Kumar, Rizwan Ahmar, Jayant Prakash
576 79 79

Clinical, Laboratory, and Radiological Findings in Acute Necrotising Encephalopathy of Childhood: A Case Series

RN Karthik, K Vidya, K Pushpalatha, S Lavanya
576 78 78

Role of Interventional Radiology in the Management of Vascular Lesions around the Knee Joint: A Series of Four Cases

Vishal Nandkishor Bakare, Pratiksha Yadav, Ravi Arya, Ritesh Sahu
282 51 51

Various Anaesthetic Techniques used in the Management of Traumatic Diaphragmatic Hernia: A Series of Three Cases

Geetha Soundarya Udayakumar, Haanah Mounika Nunna
485 76 76

Pyogenic Granuloma Treated with Topical Timolol: A Case Series

Manjeet Naresh Ramteke, Usha Naraindas Khemani
561 80 80

A Case Series of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Progressing to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in a Lightning Phase

Rajkumar Kannan, Parimalam Kumar, Samuel Jeyaraj Daniel, Mayuri Chandrasekhar
464 76 76


Steamed Whole Potato as an Oesophageal Foreign Body

S Ravi, T Chandramohan, S Parthasarathy
722 78 78

Unusual Presentation of Multifocal Tubercular Osteomyelitis

Linnet Prabakaran, Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, Harshika Mittal
356 76 76

Rehabilitation of a Patient with Combined Hemimaxillectomy-hemimandibulectomy Defect using Unilateral Implant-supported Magnet-retained Prosthesis: A 3-year Follow-up

Ramya Srinivasan, Saumyendra Vikram Singh, Deeksha Arya, R Rohini, Mayank Singh
402 50 50


A Conversation with ChatGPT about the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Amir Mikhael
925 95 95

Reply to “Letter to the Editor: Coronal Microleakage of Resilon and Gutta-Percha Obturation Materials with Epiphany SE Sealer: An In-vitro Study”

Arwa Ahmed Al-Maswary, Hatem Abdel Hameed Alhadainy, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri
497 99 99


Morphometric analysis of the Proximal End of the Dry Adult Tibia : A Cross-sectional Study from Eastern India

Rashmi Rani Pradhan, Sushma Korukonda, Gopal Chandra Patro, Jami Sagar Prusti
2527 306 304

p16INK4a and γ-H2AX as Biomarkers of Senescence in Skin Tissue: A Cadaveric Cross-sectional Study at a Tertiary Care Centre in Punjab, India

Richa Gupta, Anjali Aggarwal, Tulika Gupta, Chiman Kumari
382 58 58

Diagnostic Tests for Confirmation of Mating in Adult Female Wistar Rats: An Experimental Study

Kesavamoorthy Yugesh, Senthil Kumar Sampath Kumar, P Kalaivani
322 54 54

Altered Liver Function Test in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Subjects and its Association with Dyslipidaemia and Fasting Blood Sugar: A Cross-sectional Study

S Ramya, S Sindu Priya, Arun Kannan Selvaraju
1660 134 132

Evaluation of Serum Creatinine and Serum Uric Acid in Hypothyroid Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Hajfa Eranhikkal, E Asha, Neethi R Krishnan, Arun Mathew Chacko, AK Dhanya, Maekha JU Nath, AK Raseema
713 82 82

Comparison of Serum Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc amongst Preeclampsia and Normotensive Pregnant Women attending a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tripura, Northeast India

Dipanwita Roy, Sutapa Das, Jayanta Ray, Partha Sarathi Pal
502 95 95

Pooled Sera as an Alternative to Commercial Internal Quality Control in Clinical Laboratories

Anita Devi, Anjana Negi
601 83 83

Estimation of Lipid Profile, Hepatic Enzymes, Malondialdehyde, and Uric Acid in Preeclampsia: Implications for Early Intervention

Prem Kumar Gera, Pothala Persis, Sesha Saila Battula, Taposhi Bera, Sandhya Saripalli
406 63 63

Comparison of Levels of Telomerase, Oxidative Stress, Adiponectin, Leptin, and Interleukin-6 in First Degree Relatives of Diabetics, Prediabetics, and Diabetics: A Cross-sectional Study

Rajathi Rajendran, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Kolar Vishwanath Vinod, Ramesh Ananthakrishnan, Hanumanthappa Nandeesha, Senthil Kumar Subramanian
558 86 86

Knowledge, Attitude, Symptoms, and Management Practices among Middle-aged Menopausal Women: A Cross-sectional Study

Vijaya S Dandannavar, Seem Doe, Harpreet Kour, Mubhashir Angolkar
602 81 81

Effect of Body Fat and BMI on Muscle Strength and Endurance in Young Adults: A Cross-sectional Study

Dipak Kumar Dhar, Brijesh Purwar
646 88 88

Perceived Stress and Sleep Quality among Medical Students and their Relationship with Body Mass Index and Body Fat: A Cross-sectional Study

Yusra Amin, Sonia Mushtaq, Rukhsana Taj, Sunil Sachdev, Sami Manzoor Magray
1051 66 66

Assessment of Cardiac Autonomic Functions in Prehypertensive Individuals with and without a Family History of Hypertension: A Cross-sectional Study

K Vanathy, IJV Pradeep Vaiz, A Parthiban Prashanth
421 69 69

Effect of Fragrance on Electroencephalographic Waves and Blood Pressure during Problem-solving Activity among Healthy College Students: A Cross-sectional Study

Rahul S Jain, D Rekha, Subhasis Das
613 65 65

Clinicomicrobiological Profile and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Burkholderia cepacia Complex Isolates from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India: A Cross-sectional Study

Suja Star Padma, B Appalaraju, R Someshwaran
684 85 85

A Study on Subsite-specific Prevalence of Candidiasis in Head and Neck Cancer Patients and its Antifungal Susceptibility Pattern: A Cross-sectional Study

Neethu Babu, Chitralekha Saikumar, Jomon Raphael Chalissery
1584 200 200

Clinicoepidemiological Profile and Diagnosis of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 and Influenza Viruses in Patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Illness by Real-time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction: A Cross-sectional Study

Maasha, Shailpreet Kaur Sidhu, Kanwardeep Singh, Satpal Aloona, Loveena Oberoi
563 79 79

Characterisation of Anaerobes Isolated from Various Clinical Samples: A Cross-sectional Study

Zobiakhlui Chhakchhuak, Rakesh Kumar Mahajan
561 64 64

Assessment of Tumour Budding in Colorectal Carcinoma and its Correlation with Pathological Staging among Patients undergoing Resection at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kerala, India

Neha Mohan, KV Kalaranjini, Limi Mohandas
625 82 82

Utility of Prospective Step Sections followed by Reverse Embedding Technique in Increasing Diagnostic Accuracy of Skin Biopsies

HK Manjunath, M Bhargavi, VC Dharani, MJ Thej, M Lakshmidevi, BM Mythri, K Vinitra, B Akshatha
907 83 83

Histomorphological Spectrum of Various Systems in Sudden Deaths: An Autopsy Study at a Tertiary Care Centre in Gujarat, India

Sheetal Yogeshbhai Gujarati, Pinal Chintan Shah, Kavita Vitthalbhai Vaghasiya, Kajal Chandrakantbhai Tandel
661 78 78

Cytohistopathological Association and the Use of a Dual Immunohistochemical Regimen in the Diagnosis of Lung Malignancies: A Cross-sectional Study

Uma Balasundararajan, Jaison Jacob John, Sithy Athiya Munavarah
470 75 75

Clinical and Prognostic Significance of PD-L1, Beclin 1 and Fascin 1 Immunohistochemical Expression in Colorectal Carcinoma

Sabah Mohamed Hanafy, Heba Mohammed Rashad, Adel Bakry, Asmaa A Mahmoud, Mahmoud Abdou Yassin, Mostafa M Elaidy, Mai M Abdelwahab
357 54 54

Evaluation of Adverse Drug Reactions Due to Fixed-dose Combinations at a Tertiary Care Hospital: An Observational Retrospective Study

Samiksha Sonar, Samidh Pradipkumar Shah, Jigar R Panchal, Hetvi Bachani, Chetna K Desai
825 78 78

A Cross-sectional Survey of SWOT Analysis on Online Teaching Methodology during COVID-19 Pandemic among Undergraduate Students at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

P Kala, B Kiran, R Jamuna Rani, Jerin James
514 84 84

Opioid Dependence Syndrome and Quality of Life: A Facility-based Exploratory Study among Drug Addicts at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata, India

Manika Pal, Dipendra Narayan Goswami, Madhumita Dobe
517 79 79

Potential Determinants of Mass Shooting Perpetration and Casualties: A Systematic Review

Wit Wichaidit
1174 80 80

Online Learning Self-Efficacy during an Emergent Transition: A Cross-sectional Survey among Undergraduate Students in Saudi Arabia

Mathar Mohideen Nagoor Thangam, Ahlam Alatawi, Ahoud Albalawi, Ashjan Aljuhani, Eman Albalawi, Taif Albalawi
440 77 76

Assessment of Responsibilities of Parents and Healthcare Workers in Routine Immunisation Practices: A Community-based Cross-sectional Study

HL Prashanth, K Anupama, SV Chandrashekar, Raghavendraswamy Koppad, N Praveen Kumar, OPK Aseeba, M Chandana, R Revathy
653 79 79

Stress, Anxiety, and Depression among Nursing Students at a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Karnataka, India: A Cross-sectional Study

Rachana K Nair, Mansoor Ahmed
755 67 67

Effectiveness of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 Vaccine against Laboratory-confirmed Cases of COVID-19: A Test-negative Case-control Study from Central Kerala, India

Geethadevi Madhavikutty, Ajith Raveendran, Ronnie Thomas, Asha Joan Murali, Anju Chempakasseril Mathew, Anupa Lucas, Sobha Akshayakumar
533 68 68

A Cross-sectional Observational Study to Assess the Influence of 1% Cyclopentolate and 1% Tropicamide on Intraocular Pressure in Children Undergoing Cycloplegic Refraction at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India

Bhagyajyothi B Khanagavi, Sneha Pakhake, Zeel Dineshbhai Prajapati, Shivanand C Bubanale, Smitha Prabhu, Chethana Warad, Pragya Porwal, Dhruv Goyal
449 79 79

Evaluation of Ocular Perfusion Pressure in Migraine Patients: A Case-control Study

S Rashmi, KS Divyalakshmi, K Soujanya, B Anupama, H Pavithra
336 61 61

Clinical, Biochemical, and Outcome Profile of Hyponatremia in Geriatric and Non-geriatric Individuals Admitted to a Tertiary Care Centre: A Prospective Cohort Study

Swati K Ashok, Bhargav Kiran Gaddam, Tumbanatham Appikatla, S Sumathi
607 81 81

Double J Stent an Indispensable Device in Modern Urology Practice-Timely Removal Prevents Catastrophic Complications: A Retrospective Observational Study

Harjinder Singh, Harbhupinder Singh, Tejinderpal Kaur Grewal, Savleen Kaur, Anoopinder Kaur Sandhu
426 61 61

Role of Platelet to Lymphocyte Ratio, Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Lymphocyte to Monocyte Ratio in Acute Ischaemic Stroke Severity: A Prospective Cohort Study

Shifa Prabhu, L Harshavardhan
360 57 57

Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction in Patients with Gallstone Disease: A Cross-sectional Study

Chinmay Dangi, Nilesh Mehta, Mitkumar V Patel, Urmilkumar Labana, Yashasvi Patel, Darshit Dineshbhai Patel, Mohit Bimalbhai Goswami, Ajay Chauhan
588 85 85

Versatility of Radial Forearm Free Flap in Reconstruction of Different Defects: A Cross-sectional Study

Rojalin Mishra, Rasmi Ranjan Mohanty, Bibhuti Bhusan Nayak
771 77 77

Active Drainage versus Passive Drainage after Modified Radical Mastectomy in Patients with Breast Carcinoma: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Mahesh Daima, Himanshu Agrawal, Raghav Yelamanchi, Nikhil Gupta, Arun Kumar Gupta, Himanshu Tanwar, GS Divya, CK Durga
744 62 62

Harmonic Scalpel versus Electrocautery and its Outcome in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Interventional Study

M Sai Manoj, PK Debata, Ipsita Debata, Sushanta Kumar Das
425 64 64

Persistent Bowel Loop in the Left Upper Quadrant: An Indication for Relaparotomy in Paediatric Adhesive Intestinal Obstruction: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Jagadeesh Nelluvayil Puthenvariath, Sarath Kumar Narayanan
380 53 53

Nutritional Status’ Impact on the Management of Vesical Calculi: A Systematic Review of a Twenty-Two-Year Database

Harshal Madavi, Hemant Chaudhari
275 50 50

Comparison of Postoperative Outcomes of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with or without Abdominal Prophylactic Drainage: A Prospective Interventional Study

Naveen Kumar Maurya, Osman Musa Hingora, Manish Kumar, Ashish Katiyar
303 56 56

Analysis of Risk Factors and Outcomes of Fontan Procedure in Single Ventricular Repair: A Retrospective Observational Study

Gradlin Roy Justin, Revanth Maramreddy, Sirisha Peesapati, Sachin Mahajan
321 54 54

Management of Dermoid Cysts in Pregnancy at a Tertiary Care Centre: A Retrospective Observational Study

Tamma Anusha Reddy, SL Arathy RaJ, Minakshi Kumari, Swati Rathore, K Beena
458 77 77

Fetomaternal Outcome of Referred Obstetric Patients in a Tertiary Centre in North East India: A Cross-sectional Study

PM Vandhana, Farzana Zahir, Dhurjyoti Nandan Das, Rajlakhi Khattiya Deori
547 85 85

Role of Serum β-hCG and First Trimester Ultrasonographic Parameters in Predicting Mid-trimester Pregnancy Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study

Shanmuga Priya Rajamnickam, Sajeethakumari Raveendran, Saswati Tripathy, Anuradha Murugesan, Deboral Panneerselvam
593 76 76

Maternal and Foetal Blood Analysis in Term Pregnancies with and without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective Cohort Study

Krishnaveni Bandi, Mamatha Shivanagappa, C Chaithra
427 60 60

Prevalence of HIV Infection among Pregnant Women attending Antenatal Clinics at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Hardoi, Uttar Pradesh: A Retrospective Observational Study

Madhulika Shukla, Saurabh Shukla
481 72 72

Inflammatory Marker Levels in Preeclampsia versus Normal Pregnancies and Prediction of Preeclampsia Occurrence: A Prospective Mixed Methods Study

John Osaigbovoh Imaralu, Oladapo Walker, Inyang Franklin Ani, Isaac Adediji, Adebayo Adekunle Akadri, Ayodele Adelakun
426 68 68

Foetomaternal Outcomes of Jaundice in Pregnancy at a Tertiary Care Centre: A Prospective Cohort Study

Hasibul Hasan Shirazee, Firoza Yasmin, Faruk Hassan, Suvasmita Saha, Aparna Khan Mandal
455 65 65

Impact of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Outcome in the First Wave, Second Wave, and Third Wave of the Pandemic at a Tertiary Care Centre Mysuru, Karnataka, India: A Prospective Cohort Study

BA Anupama Marnal, MS Sumuk, Virupakshi Ajjamanavar, Soumya R Patil, M Poornima, K Sowmya
351 71 71

Analysis of Achievement of Radiological Parameters in Uncemented Total Hip Replacement: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Narendra Singh Kushwaha, Mayank Mahendra, Arpit Singh, Ash AR Reza, Sanjiv Kumar, Dharmendra Kumar
371 63 63

Profile of Acute Poisoning in Adolescents from Southern India: A Prospective Cohort Study

MR Bhanuprakash, K Shruthi, V Sivakumar, Sushma Veeranna Sajjan, M Lakshmi, Mallesh Kariyappa
518 80 80

Efficacy of Oral Doxycycline versus Intravenous Doxycycline for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Scrub Typhus in Children: A Prospective Interventional Study

BSK Chandra Deve Varma, Vineela Dantuluri, Karri Sai Guru Premamrutha, Rajeev Dabbadi
475 76 76

Utility of the Modified Sick Neonatal Score to Predict the Mortality in Outborn Neonates: A Cohort Study

Rajkumar Motiram Meshram, Saira Merchant
567 67 67

Assessment of Indices of Vascular Involvement in Children with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome: A Case-control Study

Alok Khanna, Mukesh Saini, Ashuma Sachdeva, Jyotsna Sen, Kapil Bhalla, Animesh Debbarma, Yogesh Verma, Preet Lamba
415 62 62

Association between Migraine Patterns and White Matter Hyperintensities in MRI Brain: A Cross-sectional Analytical Study

Jibin Antony, Athul Damodaran Namboothiri, Lenythomas Mathew
373 106 106

Evaluation of Haemodynamic Changes in Patients undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty under Regional Anaesthesia: A Prospective Observational Study

Manju Bala, Susheela Taxak, Paras Bajaj, Monica Chhikara, Mangal Ahlawat, Ashwini Zokarkar
528 81 81

Postoperative Assessment of Cognitive Dysfunction in Patients Undergoing Transurethral resection of the Prostate under Spinal Anaesthesia: A Prospective Cohort Study

Hassaan Muhammed, K Rameshwara Reddy, T Chandra Sekhar, Karanam Sandhya, Nukala Dinesh, A Siva Prasad, Deshavath Manesh Naik, P Greeshma Teja
479 80 80

Comparison of Recovery Profile and Cost-effectiveness of Sevoflurane and Desflurane using Low Flow Anaesthesia in Adults: A Randomised Clinical Study

Aparna Rao, Shweta Konnur, Abhay Sancheti
530 85 85

Practice of Intraoperative Fluid Administration during Major Abdominal Surgeries: A Retrospective Cohort Study at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India

Gincy Ann Lukachan, Anita Mathew, Deepak Varughese, Ashu Sara Mathai
448 84 84

Evaluation of Gastric Contents and Volume After Ingestion of Apple Juice versus Pure Complex Carbohydrate Using Gastric Ultrasonography: A Randomised Clinical Study

Ashritha Kumary Shetty, Aabidhussain Jangi, Madhuri S Kurdi, L Yashaswini
449 70 70

Effect of Preoperative Counselling on Intraoperative and Postoperative Satisfaction among Pregnant Women Undergoing LSCS in a Tertiary Care Centre in Manipur, India: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Sowrirajan Lakshminarayanan, Sinam Neetu Devi, Okram Rubina, Bishwalata Rajkumari, Rakesh Nongthombam, Kabilan Nallathambi, Divyabharathi Srinivasan, Pangeijam Radium Devi
385 68 68

Role of Prophylactic Intramuscular Glycopyrrolate in Preventing Hypotension and Bradycardia in Patients Undergoing Elective Lower Limb Surgeries under Spinal Anaesthesia: A Randomised Placebo-controlled Study

Souvik Choudhury, Sudeshna Bhar Kundu, Mausumi Niyogi
426 65 65

Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation on Depression, Anxiety, and Stress among Undergraduate Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study

Ajantha Antony, C Viji Prasad
1036 87 87

Correlation of Global DNA Methylation with Symptom Severity in Drug-Naïve Bipolar Disorder Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Deepak Kumar Rout, Mihir Ranjan Nayak, Roma Rattan, Snigdha Awasthi
652 67 67

Evaluation of Late Toxicities in Postoperative Cases of Oral Cavity Cancer Treated by Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT): A Retrospective Cohort Study

Himanshu Mishra, Ankita Pandey, Ritusha Mishra, Shreya Singh, Abhijit Mandal, Tej Bali Singh, Chandra Prakash
470 80 80

Effect of Ice Pack on Pain and Activities of Daily Living after Episiotomy: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Raksha Raju Suvarna, Purusotham Chippala
462 69 69

Effects of Resistance Exercise Using Thera-band with Weighted Cuff Resistance on Fall Risk and Balance among the Geriatric Population: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Ghazala Khan, Meena Gupta, Altaf Hussain Mir
599 84 84

Comparison of Vantej and Dente 91 Toothpastes in the Management of Dentin Hypersensitivity: A Randomised Clinical Trial

Ramesh Nagarajappa, Priyanca Panigrahi, Dharmashree Satyarup, Jagruti Nanda, Radha Prasanna Dalai, Sourav Chandra Bidysagar Bal, Sashikant Sethi
921 79 79

Comparison of the Retention Rates of Pit and Fissure Sealants Placed on First Permanent Molars Treated with Air Abrasion and Acid Etching: A Split-mouth Randomised Clinical Trial

Bodike Deepika, C Vinay, KS Uloopi, Kakarla Sri Rojaramya, Penmatsa Chaitanya, MV Ramesh
986 77 77

p63 as an Ideal Diagnostic Marker for Pleomorphic Adenoma: An Immunohistochemical Study

Anju Devi, Anjali Narwal, Mala Kamboj, Shruti Gupta, Deepak Pandiar
401 86 86

Evaluation of Protein Adsorption and Osseointegration Potential of Polyetheretherketone versus Titanium Dental Implants: A Systematic Review

Seema Patil, Paresh Gandhi, Aditi Kanitkar, Rupali Patil, Bhagyashree Kalsekar
467 74 74

Comparison of Mechanical, Antibacterial and Morphological Properties of Silk Sutures Coated with Silver Nanoparticles and Aloe Vera Herbal Extract: An In-vitro Study

Saathvika Ramani, Surthi Senthil, Vijayalakshmi Rajaram, Burnice Nalina Kumari, Nikita Ravi, Jaideep Mahendra, Ambalavanan Namasivayam
533 69 69

Evaluation of Intracanal Smear Layer Removal after Passive Microvolume Irrigation with Sodium Hypochlorite and Rotary Nickel-Titanium Instruments: An In-vitro Study

MS Priyadarshini, K Madhu Varma, R Kalyan Satish, Indukuri Sai Lakshmi Durga, Dalavai Praveen, M Sowmya
394 60 60

Effect of Electromagnetic Radiation on the Mechanical Properties of Orthodontic Elastics: A Preliminary In-vitro Study

Niharika Bhatia, Saravana Dinesh, Shweta Nagesh
458 62 62

Evaluation of the Fracture Resistance Offered by Three Different Intraorifice Barriers on Obturated Teeth: An In-vitro Study

Sonam Mangaonkar, Federico Foschi, Kristlee Sabrin Fernandes, Paul Chalakkal, Nilesh Kadam, Rajan Lambor
436 60 60

Evaluation of Root Dentin Removal and Apical Debris Extrusion during Root Canal Preparation Related to the Different Endodontic Access Cavities: An In-vitro Study

Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Aashray Patel, Ankita Khunt, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala
667 54 54

Gingival Depigmentation by Application of Diode Laser at 810 nm (Denlase) and 470 nm (Bluelase) Wavelengths: A Split-mouth Randomised Clinical Trial

Gautami S Penmetsa, Lahari Karuturi, GNVS Sruthima, AV Ramaraju, Rajyalakshmi Mikkili, Mohana Kondapalli, Srividya Inti, Sravanthi Vundavalli
611 59 59

Exploring the Staining Potential of Zingiber Officinale Extracts (Ginger) as a Natural Alternative to Eosin in Haematoxylin & Eosin Staining: A Cross-sectional Study

Mitulkumar Rameshbhai Prajapati, Prakhar Agarwal, Bhoomika Jadav
485 51 51

Epidemiology of Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of Minor Salivary Glands: A Single-Institution Experience in Mumbai, Maharashtra over 20 Years

Nivedhitha Maraimalai, Renju Kanakamma, Tabita Joy Chettiankandy, Manisha Ahire Sardar, Akshay C Trimukhe, Salma Tadvi, Shrijha Ganesan, Harsha Karwa
305 53 53

Prevalence of Different Attachment Styles in 9 to 12 years old School Children: A Cross-sectional Study

Supriya Thambireddy, SVSG Nirmala, Sivakumar Nuvvula
377 53 53

Predictability of Proximal Enamel Thickness Assessment using Intraoral Periapical Radiographs: A Cross-sectional Study

Nisshitha Rao Setvaji, Ravindra Kumar Jain
381 53 53

Comparative Evaluation of the Accuracy, Operator Comfort and Time Taken for Implant Placement among Different Practitioners under Dynamic Navigation

Sahana Selvaganesh, Thiyaneswaran Nesappan
476 60 60


Foetal Kidney Length as a Criterion for Gestational Age Estimation

Dharmesh Patel, Kamlesh Chaudhari, Nainita Patel, Aishwarya Gupta, Jyotsna Garapati
491 81 81


Analysis of BRAF V600E in Precancerous and Cancerous Lesions of Colorectum by Immunohistochemistry: A Research Protocol

Shreya Giri Goswami, Arvind Bhake, Sunita Vagha
698 96 96

Effect of Cyriax Manipulation on Individuals with Text Neck Syndrome: A Research Protocol for Quasi-experimental Study

Rahul Kumar, Sunita Sharma, Kunal Setia
817 78 78

Effect of Continuous Training versus Interval Training on Functional Parameters of Stage-1 Hypertensive Patients: A Randomised Clinical Study

Akansha Ajay Gajbhiye, Vishnu Vardhan
765 79 79


Internal Assessment in Phase I of Medical Undergraduates as per the New Competency-based Medical Education Curriculum

Nitin Agrawal, Harshita Bhardwaj
412 55 55

Immune System and Malnutrition: The Inseparable Duo in Managing HIV: A Narrative Review

Priyanka Nitin, R Shashidara, Usha Hegde, HP Jaishankar, HS Sreeshyla
525 85 85

Robotic-assisted Surgery and its Impact on Patient Outcomes: A Narrative Review

Simran Chauhan, Raju K Shinde, Yashraj Jain
529 81 81

Metabolomics: A Pioneering Technology for Periodontal Research and Personalised Medicine

Leya Mathews, Devapriya Appukuttan, Dhayanand John Victor, PSG Prakash, Sangeetha Subramanian
481 95 95

To Refer or Not to Refer Periodontally Compromised Patients- What Does Literature Suggest?

Laboni Ghorai
384 80 80

Efficacy of Various Lavaging Agents and Intra-articular Injections in Temporomandibular Joint Arthrocentesis: A Narrative Review

Preeti Yadav, V Raj Kumar, Priya Yadav
352 57 57


Impact of Physical Inactivity Following the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Overall Quality of Life among Cancer Patients

Mansi Jain, Sakshi Vats, Aksh Chahal, Himani Kaushik, Kamran Ali
645 88 88


Indiscriminate Nodule Sampling in Goitre: A Series of 5 Cases of Thyroid Microcarcinoma

Sharon Roshin Reginald, Sharath Soman, P Rajkumar, Sivakumar Ponmudi, M Elancheran
296 55 55


High-performance Liquid Chromatography based Methods for Determination of Antitubercular Drugs in Urine Samples: A Scoping Review

Shilpa Manish Upadhyay, Archana Dhok, Zahiruddin Syed Quazi
496 95 95


Correction: 2022 Feb,Vol-16(2): NC19 - NC22

309 68 68

Correction: 2017 Mar,Vol-11(3): NC09 - NC13

521 68 68
Last Updated : 02 Jan 2016
First Published : 5 Feb 2007