Multiple Case Scenarios Based Integrated Teaching among First Year Medical Students- A Cross-sectional Study JC01-JC05
Dr. Vanitha Gowda,
Professor and Head, Department of Biochemistry, Ramaiah Medical College, Mathikere, Msr Nagar, Bangalore-560054, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Integrated teaching helps the students to understand the concepts well and conceptualise the subject well. Clinical cases introduced in the first year are interesting and stimulative for the student but may overwhelm and confuse the student.
Aim: To know the perception and acceptance of integrated teaching among the first year MBBS students which include multiple case scenarios.
Materials and Methods: This educational research is a cross-sectional observational study involving first year medical students in Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore. Study was conducted for a period of one year (August 2018 to June 2019). Horizontal integration of a system in the first year MBBS subjects were done. This was followed by an interactive session conducted by a Clinician basically comprising of multiple case scenarios on the particular system. The sessions focussed on integration of basic medical science subjects and their application in the case scenarios. Six organ-systems were similarly covered. The integrated sessions involved in-class discussions of the clinical cases and were designed, implemented and moderated by two faculties (clinicians and basic science faculty). Collected data were entered into MS Excel, and analysis was done using SPSS software. The students’ feedback regarding the perception of integrated teaching was collected on the Five point likerts scale using a validated questionnaire and analysed.
Results: The number of students included in the study was 140. About 135 (96.4%) of the students felt that integrated teaching using multiple case scenarios motivates them to learn in a better way. About 133 (95%) of students felt that integrated teaching helps them to understand concepts well, stimulates the critical thinking. About 136 (97.14%) of students felt that integrated teaching helped them to understand the topic in a holistic way.
Conclusion: The students felt that the integrated teaching using multiple case scenarios enhanced their perception and comprehension of the diseases and helped them to understand the relevance of application of pre-clinical knowledge in clinical practise.