Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2014 | Month : November | Volume : 8 | Issue : 11 XML
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (148)

Comparison of the Volar and Medial Approach in Peripheral Block of Ulnar Nerve at the Wrist – A Cadaveric Study AC01-AC04

Ivan James Prithishkumar, Praisy Joy, Cephas Satyanandan

Study of Variations in the Branching Pattern of Lower Subscapular Nerve AC05-AC07

Santosh Manohar Bhosale, Pavan Prahlad Havaldar

Prevalence and Mophometry of Os Peroneum amongst Central Indians AC08-AC10

Pragati S. Mittal, Sharda S. Joshi, Rupapa Chhaparwal, Subhash D. Joshi

Morphometry, Asymmetry and Variations of the Sylvian Fissure and Sulci Bordering and Within the Pars Triangularis and Pars Operculum: An Autopsy Study AC11-AC14

Olufemi Emmanuel Idowu, Sunday Soyemi, Kazeem Atobatele

Unusual Infra–Clavicular Venous Circle – A Case Report AD01-AD02

Satheesha Nayak B, Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla, Ashwini Aithal P, Anitha Guru, Sudarshan S

Assessment of Lung Function by Spirometry and Diffusion Study and Effect of Glycemic Control on Pulmonary Function in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients of the Eastern India BC01-BC04

Salim Uz-Zaman, Joyashree Banerjee, Anilbaran Singhamahapatra, Pranab Kumar Dey, Anindya Roy, Kaushik Roy, Kakali Roy (Basu)

Study of Effect of Age and Gender Related Differences on Common Paper and Pencil Neurocognitive Tests in Adolescents BC05-BC10

Vivek Kumar Sharma, Senthil Kumar Subramanian, Vinayathan A, Sarah R, Balasubramaniam SR, Velkumary S

Normal Pregnancy- A State of Insulin Resistance CC01-CC03

Amit D. Sonagra, Shivaleela M. Biradar, Dattatreya K., Jayaprakash Murthy D.S.

Zinc Status in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: Relation to the Progression of Diabetic Nephropathy CC04-CC06

Dhia J. Al-Timimi, Dhia M. Sulieman, Kajeen R. Hussen

Study of Serum Sodium and Potassium in Acute Myocardial Infarction CC07-CC09

Vinod Wali, Singi Yatiraj

Diagnostic Utility of Heat Stable Alkaline Phosphatase in Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy CC10-CC13

Reeta Rajagambeeram, Srinivasan Abu Raghavan, Seethesh Ghosh, Sharbari Basu, Ramesh Ramasamy, Sathish babu Murugaiyan

The Serum Levels of Malondialdehyde, Vitamin E and Erythrocyte Catalase Activity in Psoriasis Patients CC14-CC16

Vijaykumar M. Pujari, Shankargouda Ireddy, Inderraj Itagi, Siddesh Kumar H.

XRCC-1 Gene Polymorphism (Arg399Gln) and Susceptibility to Development of Lung Cancer in Cohort of North Indian Population: A Pilot Study CC17-CC20

Vibha Uppal, Mohit Mehndiratta, Debabratta Mohapatra, Rajesh K Grover, Dinesh Puri

Detection of Salmonella in Blood by PCR using iroB gene DC01-DC03

Vithiya Ganesan, Belgode Narasimha Harish, Godfred Menezes, Subash Chandra Parija

A Comparison of Microscopy and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Diagnosis of Giardia Lamblia in Human Faecal Specimens DC04-DC06

Noor Jahan, Razia Khatoon, Siraj Ahmad

Comparison of ELISA and Microscopy for detection of Cryptosporidium in stool DC07-DC08

Seema Mittal, Madhu Sharma, Uma Chaudhary, Aparna Yadav

Mix-infection of S. Typhi and ParaTyphi A in Typhoid Fever and Chronic Typhoid Carriers: A Nested PCR Based Study in North India DC09-DC14

Chandra Bhan Pratap, Gopal Kumar, Saurabh Kumar Patel, Vijay K Shukla, Kailash Kumar, Tej Bali Singh, Gopal Nath

Comparison Between Virulence Factors of Candida albicans and Non-Albicans Species of Candida Isolated from Genitourinary Tract DC15-DC17

Udayalaxmi, Shani Jacob, Diney D’Souza

Comparison of Various Methods Used to Detect Biofilm Production of Candida Species DC18-DC20

Rahul P. Dhale, M. V. Ghorpade, C. A. Dharmadhikari

Antimicrobial Activity and Stability of Electron Beam Irradiated Dental Irrigants DC21-DC24

A. Veena Shetty, A Geethashri, K.J. Palaksha, K. R. Sridhar, Ganesh Sanjeev

Evaluation of Chromogenic Media in Detection of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci DC25-DC27

Vijaya D., Vijaya S., Santhya S.T., Yashaswini M.K., Megha S.

A Fatal Case of Fungal Empyema Due to Candida Krusei and Candida Tropicalis: A Rare Occurrence with an Atypical Presentation DD01-DD02

Venkatesh Karkada Srinivasnakshatri, Parimala Subramani, Kanak Narayan Venkateshwaraprasad, Puneet Varma

Neonatal Septicaemia Caused by Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus Faecium-A Case Report DD03-DD04

Shantala GB, Nagarathnamma T, Pooja DR, Harsha TR, Karthik R

Isolation, Identification and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Anaerobic Bacteria: A Study Re-emphasizing Its Role DL01-DL02

Ritu Garg, Neelam Kaistha, Varsha Gupta, Jagdish Chander

Prevalence of Carbapenemases and Metallo- Ăź-lactamases in Clinical Isolates of Enterobacter Cloacae DM01-DM02

Priyanka Banerjee, Tavleen Jaggi, Mehvash Haider, Bibhabati Mishra, Archana thakur

Value of Bone Marrow Imprint Smears in Early Diagnosis Of Bone Marrow Pathologies FC01-FC03

Vijai Tilak, Subhajit Das, Soobashchan Bundhun

Clinico-Pathological Study of Space Occupying Lesions of Nasal Cavity, Paranasal Sinuses and Nasopharynx FC04-FC07

Dinesh Garg, Kusum Mathur

Colorectal Cancer: A Study of Risk Factors in a Tertiary Care Hospital of North Bengal FC08-FC10

Sumanta Bhattacharya, Saikat Bhattacharya, Rivu Basu, Pranati Bera, Aniket Halder

To Evaluate the Role of Bone Marrow Aspiration and Bone Marrow Biopsy in Pancytopenia FC11-FC15

Melina Desalphine, Permeet Kaur Bagga, Parmod Kumar Gupta, Amarjit Singh Kataria

Evaluation of Pre-Malignant and Malignant Lesions in Cervico Vaginal (Pap ) Smears by Nuclear Morphometry FC16-FC19

Divya Rani M.N, Aparna Narasimha, Harendra Kumar ML, Sheela SR

Primary MPNST in Childhood- A Rare Case Report FD01-FD02

Sandip Kudesia, Aparna Bhardwaj, Brijesh Thakur, Sanjeev Kishore, Neelima Bahal

Mixed Malignant Germ Cell Tumour of Third Ventricle with Hydrocephalus: A Rare Case with Recurrence FD03-FD05

Manjari Kishore, Vidya Monappa, Lakshmi Rao, Ranjini Kudva

Extra- Adrenal Silent Retroperitoneal Paraganglioma: Report of a Rare Case FD06-FD07

Hemalatha. A. L, Avadhani Geeta K, Anoosha. K, Ashok. K.P, M. Rajani Deepa

Fibromatosis Colli - A Rare Cytological Diagnosis In Infantile Neck Swellings FD08-FD09

Sabina Khan, Sujata Jetley, Zeeba Jairajpuri, Musharraf Husain

Waldenstroms Macroglobulinemia Patient Presenting with Rare ‘lytic’ Lesions and Hypercalcemia: A Diagnostic Dilemma FD10-FD11

Khalid Mehmood, Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Syed Raza Shah, Nazia Zakir, Syed Mustafa Ali

Persistent Monotypic Plasma Cells with Absence of Neoplastic B Cell Component in a Treated Case of Waldenström Macroglobulinemia: A Sign of Residual Disease? FD12-FD13

Smeeta Gajendra, Ritesh Sachdev, Bhawna Jha, Shalini Goel, Tushar Sahni

Collision Tumours of Ovary: A Very Rare Case Series FD14-FD16

Ajay Kr. Singh, Monika Singh

Effect of Different Doses of Dexmedetomidine as Adjuvant in Bupivacaine -Induced Subarachnoid Block for Traumatized Lower Limb Orthopaedic Surgery: A Prospective, Double-Blinded and Randomized Controlled Study GC01-GC06

Susanta Halder, Anjan Das, Debabrata Mandal, Mainak Chandra, Souradeep Ray, Madhuri Ranjana Biswas , Parthojit Mandal, Tanuka Das

A Randomised Trial Comparing Efficacy, Onset and Duration of Action of Pethidine and Tramadol in Abolition of Shivering in the Intra Operative Period GC07-GC09

Mahesh T, Lavanya Kaparti

A Rare Case of Adult Acquired Tracheo-Oesophageal Fistula with Sub-Glottic Stenosis for Corrective Surgery- An Anesthetic Challenge GD01-GD03

Smita Joshi, Anitha Kulkarni, Roopa S Holkunde

Mannitol an Adjuvant in Local Anaesthetic Solution: Recent Concept & Changing Trends (Review) GE01-GE04

Anand Kumar, Ruchika Khanna, Ram K Srivastava, Iqbal Ali, Puneet Wadhwawani

Potential Drug - Drug Interactions among Medications Prescribed to Hypertensive Patients HC01-HC04

Nitin Kothari, Barna Ganguly

Evaluation of Efficacy and Tolerability of Cefotaxime and Sulbactam Versus Cefepime and Tazobactam in Patients of Urinary Tract Infection-A Prospective Comparative Study HC05-HC08

Kamalpreet Kaur, Anita Gupta, Amarjeet Sharma, Geeta Walia, Bikramdeep Singh, Kiranpreet Kaur

A Study of Utilization of Antimicrobial Agents in Patients on Ventilator in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, India HC09-HC13

Prakash R Shelat, Anuradha M Gandhi, Prakruti P Patel

Effect of Atorvastatin on Memory in Albino Mice HF01-HF04

Rinku Rani Biswas, Das M.C, Srinivasa Rao A.S.R, Sldv Ramana Murty Kadali

Hepatoprotective Role of Caesalpenia bonduc: A Histopathological and Biochemical Study HF05-HF07

Suhani Sumalatha, K Shridhar R Pai, Nitesh Kumar, Kumar MR Bhat

Fixed Drug Eruption due to Fluconazole: Not so uncommon Now-a-days HL01-

Ranjita Santra, Sushobhan Pramanik, Patralekha RayChaudhuri

Importance of Denture Marking for Human Identification in Forensic Odontology IL01-

Rashmi G S Phulari, Rajendrasinh Rathore, Prachi Jariwala

Epidemiological Features of violence-related Injuries in Jamaica JC01-JC04

Tazhmoye V. Crawford, Donovan A. McGrowder, Jasper D. Barnett, Jewel H. Shaw-Sanderson

Extensor Pollicis Longus Injury in Addition to De Quervain’s with Text Messaging on Mobile Phones LC01-LC04

Charu Eapen, Bhaskaranand Kumar, Anil K Bhat, Anand Venugopal

Evaluation of Tibial Condyle Fractures Treated with Ilizarov Fixation, A Prospective Study LC05-LC07

Sandeep Reddy R, Yashavantha Kumar C, Harshad M Shah, Dinesh Kumar Golla, Niranthara Ganesh D J, Ashok Kumar P,

Comparative Study Using Intramedullary K-wire Fixation Over Titanium Elastic Nail in Paediatric Shaft Femur Fractures LC08-LC10

Sanjiv kumar, Tushar Anand, Sudhir Singh

Dual Release Paracetamol in Osteoarthritis of Knee: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial LC11-LC15

Vishwnath Yaligod, D. Gokul Raj, Ateet B. Sharma, Mallikarjun Swami B., Sumit Batra, Apurvrv Acharyrya, Sanjay Kumar H. Maroo, Ketan R. Patel, Vipul Prajapati

A Double-Blind, RCT Testing Beneficial Modulation of BDNF in Middle-Aged, Life Style-Stressed Subjects: A Clue to Brain Protection? MC01-MC06

Chui DH, Marcellino M, Marotta F, Sweed H, Solimene U, Vignali AI, Xiao W, Ayala A, Cagnuolo U, Zerbinati N

Hepatitis B & C Among Farmers – A Seroprevalence Study MC07-MC09

Ravinder Garg, Shaminder Kaur, Rakesh Aseri, Simmi Aggarwal, Jatinder Pal Singh, Simarpreet Mann, Sumit Kumar, Sarabjot Kaur

Occipital Condyle Syndrome in a Young Male: A Rare Presentation of Cranio-Vertebral Tuberculosis MD01-MD03

Chaudhry Neera, Patidar Yogesh, Puri Vinod, Khwaja Geeta A

Senior– Loken Syndrome – A Ciliopathy MD04-MD05

Hemachandar R

Bronchoscopic Removal of Aspergilloma from a Cavitary Lesion of the Lung MD06-MD07

Kalyan Kumar P.V, Gaude G.S, Kannan R, Atharunissa Begum R, Senthil Kumar Aiyappan

An Unusual Association of Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Liver and Dorsal Pancreatic Agenesis Presenting as Reversible Portal Hypertension: A Case Report MD08-MD10

Ankur Jain, Naresh Gupta, Praveen Bharti

Carcinoid Tumors of the Appendix – Last Decade Experience NC01-NC02

Kleanthis Anastasiadis, Chrysostomos Kepertis, Vasilios Lampropoulos, Paschalis Tsioulas, Ioannis Spyridakis

A Comparative Study of RIPASA Score and ALVARADO Score in the Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis NC03-NC05

Nanjundaiah N, Ashfaque Mohammed, Venkatesh Shanbhag, Kalpana Ashfaque, Priya S.A

Mesenteric Fibromatosis (Desmoid Tumour) - A Rare Case Report ND01-ND02

Mukut D, Hemanth Sureshwara Ghalige, Santhosh R, M Birkumar Sharma, Th Sudhir Chandra Singh

Isolated Common Iliac Artery Aneurysm: A Rare Entity ND03-ND04

Vikas Deep Goyal, Sanjay Sood, Bharti Gupta

Chylolymphatic Cyst of Mesentery of Terminal Ileum: A Case Report in 8 Year-old Boy ND05-ND07

Rajendra K Ghritlaharey, Santosh More

Primary Renal Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma in a Young Man ND08-ND09

Cornerstone Wann, Nirmal Thampi John, Ramani Manoj Kumar

Phaeohyphomycotic cyst in the Foot by Exophiala ND10-ND11

Karunakarreddy CH, Poornachandra Thejaswi DS, Hema Kini, Suchitra Shenoy, Shivananda Prabhu

Acute Suppurative Thyroiditis Accompanied by Thyrotoxicosis after Fine-Needle Aspiration: Treatment with Catheter Drainage ND12-ND14

Murat Yildar, Gulen Demirpolat, Mehtap Aydin

Anterior Abdominal Wall Haemangioma with Inguinal Extension ND15-ND16

Priti P Shah, Siddharth P. Dubhashi, Kaushal Choudhary

A case of Chronic Bilateral Axillary Hidradenitis NH01-NH02

Anji Reddy Kallam

Simultaneous Primary Hydatid Cysts of Liver and Spleen with Spontaneous Intraperitoneal Rupture of Liver Cyst NJ01-

Sanjeev Kumar, Shefali Gautam, Ravi Prakash, Suresh Kumar, Vinod Kumar Srivastava

An Unusual Complication of Esophageal Stenting for Corrosive Acid Injury NJ02-

Kirti Katherine Kabeer, N. Ananthakrishnan, S. Manoj Karthik, R. Pajanivel, M. Ravishankar

Alpha- Foetoprotein in the Diagnosis of Prelabour Rupture of Membranes OC01-OC02

Chhavi Rana Singh, Rajeshwari Gurumoorthy Bhat

Impact of Fetal Presentation on Pregnancy Outcome in Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes OC03-OC06

Smitha Joy, Sobha Nair, Radhamany K

Positive Association of Sperm Dysfunction in the Pathogenesis of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss OC07-OC10

Kavitha P, Suttur S. Malini

Herpes Gestationis after Ovodonation: Is Placenta the only Target of the Immune Reaction? OD01-OD02

Isabella Piva, Giuseppe Lo Monte, Angela Graziano, Roberto Marci

Postmenopausal Huge Ovarian Leiomyoma: A Rare Presentation OD03-OD04

Sasikala R., Rupavani K., Rekha R., Erli Amel Ivan

Secondary Vaginal Atresia Treated with Vaginoplasty Using Amnion Graft: A Case Report OD05-OD06

Setu Rathod, Sunil Kumar Samal

Prevalence of Heptavalent Vaccine-related Pneumococcal Serotypes in Nasopharyngeal carrier in children under five years old in Shahrekord, Iran by Multiplex-PCR during 2010- 2011 PC01-PC04

Abolfazl Khoshdel, Reza Imani Rastabi, Abbas Doosti, Shahin Askari, Masoud Hafizi

Waist Circumference, Waist-to-Height Ratio and Body Mass Index of Thai Children: Secular Changes and Updated Reference Standards PC05-PC09

Sanguansak Rerksupp aphol, Lakkana Rerks uppaphol

Neonatal Brain Abscess due to Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae PD01-PD02

Biswajit Biswas, Monojit Mondal, Rajoo Thapa, Debkrishna Mallick, Asok Kumar Datta

Infantile Onset Alexander Disease with Normal Head Circumference: A Genetically Proven Case Report PD03-PD04

Manisha Goyal, Sumit Mehndiratta, Mohammed Faruq, Manish Kumar Dwivedi, Seema Kapoor

Lethal Short Limb Dwarfism: Thanatophoric Dysplasia- Type I PJ01-PJ02

Charusheela Sujit Korday, Ravindra Kumar Sharma, Sonali Paradhi, Sushma Malik

Diffuse Hypopigmentation Followed by Hyperpigmentation in an African American Woman with Hemangiopericytoma Treated with Dasatinib QD01-QD02

Karim Boudadi, Rashmi Chugh

Predicting Lumbar Central Canal Stenosis – A Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study RC01-RC04

Divya Premchandran, Vasudha V Saralaya, Ajith Mahale

Energy Status And Metabolism in Intracranial Space Occupying Lesions: A Prospective 31p Spectroscopic Study RC05-RC08

Ravindra Bhimrao Kamble, Jayakumar Peruvumba N, Ravishankar Shivashankar

Evaluation of Bowel Wall Thickening by Computed Tomography to Differentiate Benign from Malignant Lesions RC09-RC12

Chaitanya Tapasvi, Neeraj Prajapati, Rajneesh Madhok, Ashish K. Gupta, Vichi Taneja, Abhinav Aggarwal

Correlation of Qualitative and Quantitative MRI Parameters with Neurological Status: A Prospective Study on Patients with Spinal Trauma RC13-RC17

Ranjana Gupta, Puneet Mittal, Parambir Sandhu, Kavita Saggar, Kamini Gupta

Malignant Colojejunal Fistula First Discovered on CT: A Case Report RD01-RD03

Griselda Philomena Noronha, Rudresh Hiremath, Aishwarya K.C., Deepthi Tippani, Aruna C.R.

Imaging Diagnosis of Urethral Leiomyoma, usual Tumour at an Unusual Location RD04-RD06

Ritu Verma, Shibani Mehra, U.C.Garga, Nishchint Jain, Krishna Bhardwaj

Congenital Porencephaly in a New Born Child RJ01-RJ02

Nanjundaiah N, Ashfaque Mohammed, Venkatesh Shanbhag, Kalpana Ashfaque, Priya S.A

Images in Medicine: Giant Cell Tumour of the Talus in a 7-Year-old Boy RJ03-

Ravishankar Pillenahalli Maheshwarappa, Amit Gupta, Juhi Bansal, Mangi Lal Meena, Narendra Kardam

Ivacaftor: A Novel Mutation Modulating Drug SE01-SE05

Harit Kapoor, Astha Koolwal, Ankur Singh

A Comparative Study of Clear Corneal Phacoemulsification with Rigid IOL Versus SICS the Preferred Surgical Technique in Low Socio-economic group Patients of Rural Areas VC01-VC03

Jaya Devendra, Smita Agarwal, Pankaj Kumar Singh

Intellectual Disability and Multiple Co Morbid Psychiatric Disorders in a Child: A Case Report WD01-WD02

Priyanka Gautam, M.S.Bhatia, Anubhav Rathi

Effective Factors on Patients’ Satisfaction with Emergency Care Services using Factor Analysis: A Cross Sectional Study XC01-XC04

Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam, Ataollah Hashemian, Ali Delpisheh, Farnaz Sohili, Kourosh Sayehmiri

Emerging Ethical Perspective in Physician-Patient Relationship XI01-XI04

Rangeel Singh Raina, Priyanka Singh, Aditi Chaturvedi, Heenopama Thakur, Deepak Parihar

Maxillary Posterior Teeth Removal Without Palatal Injection –Truth or Myth: A Dilemma for Oral Surgeons ZC001-ZC004

Kopal Sharma, Amit Sharma, ML Aseri, Angelika Batta, Vikas Singh, Dinesh Pilania, Yogesh Kumar Sharma

A Comparitive Evaluation of Sealing Ability, pH and Rheological Properties of Zinc Oxide Eugenol Sealer Combined with Different Antibiotics: An In Vitro Study ZC005-ZC008

D. Binoy, Girija S Sajjan, Suresh Peddireddi, M. Sita Rama Kumar, V. Bhavana, Sita Rama Raju

Domestic Violence and its Effect on Oral Health Behaviour and Oral Health Status ZC009-ZC012

Hansa Kundu, Basavaraj.P, Ashish Singla, Sunder Kote, Shilpi Singh, Swati Jain, Khushboo Singh, Vaibhav Vashishtha

Modifications in Canal Anatomy of Curved Canals of Mandibular First Molars by two Glide Path Instruments using CBCT ZC013-ZC017

Anil Dhingra, Nayasha Manchanda

Comparative Efficacy of Oil Pulling and Chlorhexidine on Oral Malodor : A Randomized Controlled Trial ZC018-ZC021

Poonam Sood, Aruna Devi M, Ridhi Narang, Swathi V, Diljot Kaur Makkar

The Effect of Scaling and Root Planing on Glycaemic Control, Periodontal Status and Gingival Crevicular Fluid TNF-a Levels in an Indian Population-To Reveal the Ambivalent Link ZC022-ZC026

Soorya K V, Suchetha A, Lakshmi P, Sapna N, Apoorva S M, Divya Bhat, Darshan B Mundinamane

Quantification of Plasma Fibrinogen Degradation Products in Areca Nut Chewers with and without Oral Submucous Fibrosis ZC027-ZC030

Sonia Gupta, Manjunath SM, Manveen Kaur Jawanda, Achla Bharti

Detection Of Rankl Positive Cells in Gingival Tissue in Healthy & Chronic Periodontal Disease Patients -A Comparative Study ZC031-ZC034

J. Bhuvaneswarri, Bagavad Gita, S. C.Chandrasekaran

Comparision of Immunohistochemical Expression of CD10 in Odontogenic Cysts ZC035-ZC038

Deepa K, M.S.Munisekhar, Charu Suri, Santosh Kumar Rajalbandi, Pradeep M.R., Pavan Gothe

Evaluating Student’s Perceptions of the Learning Environment in an Indian Dental School ZC039-ZC042

Dolar Doshi, B. Srikanth Reddy, P. Karunakar, Kopparesh Deshpande

Clinical Evaluation of Autologous Platelet Rich Fibrin in Horizontal Alveolar Bony Defects ZC043-ZC047

Rosamma Joseph V, George Sam, Nagrale Vijay Amol

Molecular Docking Study for Inhibitors of Aggregatibacter Actinomycetamcomitans Toxins in Treatment of Aggressive Perioodontitis ZC048-ZC051

Makesh Raj.L.S., Jude. J., Kannan.I., Sai Krishna.P., Shankar.K.A.

Prevalence of Gingivitis among Children of Urban and Rural Areas of Bhopal District, India ZC052-ZC054

Vijayta Sharva, Venugopal Reddy, Ajay Bhambal, Rohit Agrawal

A Comparative Study on Diagnostic Accuracy of Colour Coded Digital Images, Direct Digital Images and Conventional Radiographs for Periapical Lesions – An In Vitro Study ZC055-ZC059

Abhishek Ranjan Pati, Mubeen, Vijayalakshmi K.R, Sanat Kumar Bhuyan, Rajat G Panigrahi, Smita R Priyadarshini, Satya Ranjan Misra , Chandravdravir Singh

An in Vitro Evaluation of Antimicrobial Efficacy of 2% Chlorhexidine Gel, Propolis and Calcium Hydroxide Against Enterococcus faecalis in Human Root Dentin ZC060-ZC063

Sonam Bhandari, Ashwini T S, Chetan R Patil

Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers Among Tobacco Users- Hospital Based Study ZC064-ZC066

Shamaz Mohamed, Chandrashekar Janakiram

Assessment of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) in Disinfection of Deeper Dentinal Tubules in a Root Canal System: An In Vitro Study ZC067-ZC071

Swapnil Sunil Bumb, Dara John Bhaskar, Chandan R Agali, Himanshu Punia, Vipul Gupta, Vikas Singh, Safalya Kadtane, Sneha Chandra

Dental Camp Experience in Lifeline Express (LLE) Train among Rural Population of Central India ZC072-ZC074

Prashant Mishra, Pralhad Dasar, Sandesh. N, Sandeep Kumar, Binti Rani Chand, Bhuvnesh Airen, Deepika Jain, Shilp a Warekar

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Levels in Gingival Crevicular Fluid Before and after Periodontal Therapy ZC075-ZC079

Padma R., Annaji Sreedhara, Indeevar P., Indranil Sarkar, Chetan S Kumar

Association of Root Caries with Oral Habits in Older Individuals Attending a Rural Health Centre of a Dental Hospital in India ZC080-ZC082

Jayanna Vinayaka Bharateesh, Ganganna Kokila

Comparative Evaluation of Microleakage of Lingual Retainer Wires Bonded with Three Different Lingual Retainer Composites: An In Vitro Study ZC083-ZC087

Smita Nimbalkar-Patil, Anna Vaz, Pravinkumar G. Patil

An in Vitro Evaluation of Remineralization Potential of Novamin® on Artificial Enamel Sub-Surface Lesions Around Orthodontic Brackets Using Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (Edx ) ZC088-ZC091

Pritam Mohanty, Sridevi Padmanabhan, Arun B Chitharanjan

Lipid Profile and Metabolic Syndrome Status in Patients with Oral Lichen Planus, Oral Lichenoid Reaction and Healthy Individuals Attending a Dental College in Northern India - A Descriptive Study ZC092-ZC095

Bhuvana Krishnamoorthy, Suma GN, Mamatha N S, Sowbhagya M B, Komali Garlapati

Immunolocalization of CD34 Positive Progenitor Cells in Diabetic and Non Diabetic Periodontitis Patients – A Comparative Study ZC096-ZC099

Characteristics of Medial Depression of the Mandibular Ramus in Patients with Orthodontic Treatment Needs: A Panoramic Radiography Study ZC100-ZC104

Sudhakar S., Naveen Kumar B., Prabhat M.P.V., Nalini J.

Imaging of Temporomandibular Joint: Approach by Direct Volume Rendering ZC105-ZC109

Antonino Marco Cuccia, Carola Caradonna, Daniele Bruschetta, Gianluigi Vaccarino, Demetrio Milardi

A Comparative Evaluation of Gutta Percha Removal and Extrusion of Apical Debris by Rotary and Hand Files ZC110-ZC114

Chandrasekar, A.V.Rajesh Ebenezar, Mohan kumar, A.Sivakumar

Expression of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase in Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumour and Variants of Ameloblastoma – A Comparative Study ZC115-ZC118

Diana.H, Maya.R, Sekar.B, Murali.S, Ramesh . K

Efficacy of Rebamipide and Levamisole in the Treatment of Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer - A Comparative Study ZC119-ZC122

Parvathi Devi M K, Ramesh D N S V, Shrinivas Koppal, Amit R Byatnal, Thriveni Rukmangada, Aditi A Byatnal

Comparative Study of Fracture Resistance of Porcelain in Metal Ceramic Restorations by Using Different Metal Coping Designs- An In Vitro Study ZC123-ZC127

Nilesh Bulbule, B. K. Motwani

Effects of Green Tea on Streptococcus Mutans Counts- A Randomised Control Trail ZC128-ZC130

Rosy Sirisha Neturi, Srinivas R, Vikram Simha B, Sandhya Sree Y, Chandra Shekar T, Siva Kumar P

Relationship of Perceived Stress and Dental Caries among Pre University Students in Bangalore City ZC131-ZC134

Meena Jain, Amitoch Singh, Ankur Sharma

Bacterial Efficacy of Ca(oH)2 Against E.faecalis compared with three Dental Lasers on Root Canal Dentin- An invitro study ZC135-ZC137

Narasimha Reddy Kanumuru, Rama Subbaiah

Comparison of the Source of Introduction to Cariogenic Food Substance and Caries Prevalence in Children ZC138-ZC140

R. Somasundaram, B.N. Rangeeth, Joyson Moses, S. Sivakumar

Gender Determination Using Diagonal Measurements of Maxillary Molar and Canine Teeth in Davangere Population ZC141-ZC144

Ahmed B.R. Mujib, Ratna Kumari V. N. Tarigoppula, Pavan G Kulkarni, Anil BS

Lamellar Icthyosis – A case Report ZD001-ZD002

Pranitha V, Thimma Reddy B.V, Daneswari V, Sudhanwa N Deshmukh

Kabuki Make–up Syndrome – A Case Report with Electromyographic study ZD003-ZD006

Atul Sattur, Pallavi K Deshmukh, Lijoy Abrahim, Venkatesh G Naikmasur

Idiopathic Orofacial Granulomatosis – A Diagnostic and Treatment Challenge ZD007-ZD010

R.Vishwanath Rangdhol, N. Madhulika, A. Dany, S. Jeelani, G. S. Asokan

Biologic Restoration: A Treatment Option for Reconstruction of Anterior Teeth ZD011-ZD013

Prashant Babaji, Priyanka Khanna, Shankar S, Vishwajit Rampratap Chaurasia, Vinaykumar S Masamatti

Remedy for Repeated Implant Retained Denture Fracture-A Challenging Case Report ZD014-ZD015

Ramu Reddy.M, Kiran Kumar Metta, Sudheer Charry.N, Anulekha Avinash .C.K, Chittaranjan.B

Extramedullary Plasmacytoma of Gingiva and Soft Tissue in Neck ZD016-ZD018

Soumya.K.Nair, Mohamed Faizuddin, Jayanthi.D., Suchetha .N.Malleshi, Rashmi Venkatesh

Orbito-Rhino-Antro Access Osteotomy For Anterior Skull Base Lesions ZD019-ZD021

Sumanth K Sreeramaneni, Vivekanand.S.kattimani

A Novel Esthetic Approach using Connective Tissue Graft for Soft Tissue Defect Following Surgical Excision of Gingival Fibrolipoma ZD022-ZD024

Aruna Balas Undaram, Harinath Parthasa Rathy, Praveen Krishna Kumar, Priyalochana Gajendran, Devapriya Appukuttan

Sarcoidosis Presenting as Isolated Gingival Enlargement: A Rare Case Entity ZD025-ZD026

Pragya Tripathi, Jaihans Aggarwal, Deepak Chopra, Sukhchain Bagga, Kanika Sethi

Extra-Oral Approach for Removal of Ectopic Impacted Lower Third Molar: A Case Report ZD027-ZD028

Vandana Shenoy K, Vishnu Priya, Kamal Kannadasan, Srivatsa Kengagsubbiah, Senthil Kumar

Fibre Reinforced Composite: Post and Core Material in a Pediatric Patient - An Alternative to Usual ZD29-ZD31

Sonu Acharya, Shobha Tandon

Unfolding the Hidden Facts of Paediatric Maxillofacial Trauma ZE001-ZE002

Chirag S. Macwan, Anshula N. Deshpande

SWOT Analysis of Dental Health Workforce in India: A Dental alarm ZE003-ZE005

Mythri Halappa, Naveen B H, Santhosh Kumar, Sreenivasa H

Relation Between Psoriasis and Geographic Tongue ZE006-ZE007

Bassel Tarakji, Ayesha Umair, Zynab Babaker, Azzeghaiby SN, Giath Gazal, Faysal Sarraj

Accidental Injection of Formalin: Case Report of Severe Negligence in Dental Office ZL001-ZL002

Ramesh Babu Vaka, Ramasamy Chidambaram, Simhachalam Reddy Nidudur, Gokul Chandra Reddy

Rehabilitation of Edentulous Atrophic Anterior Mandible – The Role of Vertical Alveolar Distraction Osteogenesis ZR001-ZR003

Mathew O Mampilly, Latha P Rao, Joyce Sequiera, B H Sripathi Rao, Jagadish Chandra, Gunachandra Rai


All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.