Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2018 | Month : April | Volume : 12 | Issue : 4
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (108)

Common Trunk Arising from Ansa Cervicalis Innervating Strap Muscles along with Sternocleidomastoid: A Case Report AD01-AD02

Binita Chaudhary, Prabhas Ranjan Tripathy, Manisha Rajanand Gaikwad

Role of Ascorbic Acid in Ameliorating Testicular Tissue Damage Induced by Testicular Torsion and Detorsion: An Animal Model Study AF01-AF04

Anu Vinod Ranade, Yogesh Tripathi, CV Raghuveer, Rajalakshmi Rai

Is there a Correlation between Micronutrients and Cognitive Status: An Exploratory Study of Senile Dementia of Alzheimer’s Type BC01-BC04

Pooja Vashistha, Kulsoom Zahra, Ashok Kumar, Tapan Kumar, Mona Srivastava, Surendra Pratap Mishra

Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin, Cystatin C and Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 as Possible Biomarkers in Early Detection of Acute Kidney Injury after Cardiac Surgery BC05-BC09

Sara Bagheri, Nahid Einollahi, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Hassan Tatari, Hemen Moradi-Sardareh, Nasrin Sheikh

Plasma Omentin-1 Level and its Relationship with Insulin Resistance in Obese Prediabetics BC10-BC14

Nalini Kaushik, Ravi Kaushik, Piyush Dixit, Mool Kumar Tyagi, JK Gambhir, SV Madhu, Rimi Shukla

Role of Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy CC01-CC04

Rahul, Narsingh Verma, Mayank Agarwal, Pravesh Kumar, Sandeep Saxena, Anuj Maheshwari

Electroencephalographic Correlates of Brain Adaptations to Medical School Academic Challenges-A Pilot Study CC05-CC08

Vasavi Rakesh Gorantla, Gina Parsons, Efal Sayed, Aya Fadel, Chrislene Olukoga, Yulia Andreevna Volkova, Sudhakar Pemminati, Richard Mark Millis

Study of Insomnia, Day Time Sleepiness and Sleep Quality among South Indian Nurses CC09-CC12

Yogita Khade, Swikruti Behera, Parvathi R, Sowmya Korradi

Prepulse Modulation of Auditory Startle Reflex with Different Stimulus Onset Asynchronies CC13-CC16

Nikhilesh Singh, Richa Gupta, Sanjay Kumar Sood

Comparative Analysis of Body Fat Measurement Methods in School Children of Central India CC17-CC21

Jyotsana Rajay Bharshankar, Rajay Narayan Bharshankar, Mrunal Suresh Phatak, Durgesh Prasad Sahoo

Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction among Hypertensive Subjects CC22-CC25

Anugya Aparajita Behera, Suresh Kumar Behera, Dipti Mohapatra, Arati Mohanty

Correlation of Personality Traits with Happiness among University Students CC26-CC29

Arash Ziapour, Alireza Khatony, Faranak Jafari, Neda Kianipour

First Outbreak of Dengue in Jorhat District of Assam DC01-DC03

Pallabi Sargiary, Angshurekha Das, Purnima Rajkhowa, Pirbox Rafiqul Hussain, Reema Nath

Effect of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lineage, Drug Resistance and HIV Status on the Outcome of Patients with Tuberculous Meningitis DC04-DC08

Kusum Sharma, Manish Modi, Megha Sharma, Aman Sharma, Sandeep Sharma, Pallab Ray, Manoj Goyal, Subhash Varma

Non Lactational Breast Abscess due to Actinomyces odontolyticus: First Case Report from Asia DD01-DD03

Dinoop Korol Ponnambath, MS Priyadharshini, Appalaraju Boppe

Pseudomonas monteilii an Emerging Pathogen in Meningoencephalitis DD04-DD05

Varsha Gupta, Shiwani Sharma, Lipika Singhal, Ranu Soni, Jagdish Chander

Exudative Pharyngitis by Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum-A Diagnostic Challenge during Diphtheria Epidemic DM01-DM03

Kalpana George, Sohanlal Thiruvoth, Sheena Krishnan, Geetha Raveendran

Grading and Study of Biological Markers in Ductal Carcinoma in situ and Concurrent Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma of Breast EC01-EC04

Lovely George, Muktha Ramesh Pai

Sysmex XN1000 versus Manual Method in Leukopenic Blood Samples EC05-EC10

Divya Pursnani, Surekha B Hippargi

Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma- A Salivary Gland Neoplasm: Case Report of an Exceptionally Rare Tumour ED01-ED02

Shailaja Shukla, Anamika Kashyap, Shuchita Sharma, Lubaba Kamal

Granular Cell Tumour of Breast-An Enigmatic Entity-Case Report with Emphasis on Role of Frozen Section ED03-ED04

Pooja Jain, Geetha Vasudevan, Padmapriya Jaiprakash, Stanley Mathew

Hypocalcaemia Following Transfusion of a Small Volume of Red Blood Cell Concentrate: An Unusual Case EL01-

Lalita Jyotsana Prakhya, Shivali Sehgal, Priti Chatterjee

Modulatory Role of Mucuna pruriens against Aluminium Fluoride Induced Neuronal and Behavioural Alterations in Rats FC01-FC04

Vanishri S Nayak, Nitesh Kumar, Antony Sylvan DSouza, Sunil S Nayak, KSR Pai

Factors Affecting Medical Equipment Maintenance Management: A Systematic Review IC01-IC07

Rona Bahreini, Leila Doshmangir, Ali Imani

Daily Life Challenges in an Earthquake Disaster Situation in Older Adults: A Qualitative Study in Iran IC08-IC12

Shokoufeh Ahmadi, Hamidreza Khankeh, Robab Sahaf, Asghar Dalvandi, Seyed Ali Hosseini

Recent Changes in Health Status of Women in Bihar through National Family Health Survey Window IE01-IE05

Rahul Singh, Alok

Process of Developing of Community Based Medical Education Programme Curriculum in Puducherry, India JA01-JA05

Kalaiselvan Ganapathy, Amol R Dongre

If ‘Express’ is to ‘Say’, then ‘Believe’ is to What? Development of an Aristotelian Styled Analogical Reasoning Task for Indian Adolescents JC01-JC06

Jayashree Sunil Bhat, Sudhin Karuppali

Effects of Continuous Care Model on Blood Pressure in Patients with Type II Diabetes JC07-JC10

Milad Borji, Asma Tarjoman, Reza Seymohammadi, Ebrahim Salimi, Masoumeh Otaghi

From Potpourri to Percipience: Developing Problem Solving Skills in Medical Students through a Computer Assisted Active Learning Strategy JC11-JC14

Maya Roche, Ronald Aloysius Roche, Akshatha Ganesh Nayak, Shashikiran Umakanth

Impact of Counselling Services in Stress Reduction among First Year MBBS Students JC15-JC18

Abraham Jobby, Angela Viswasom

Perception of School Teachers towards Inclusive Education System in Jodhpur City, Rajasthan, India JC19-JC23

Kriti Mishra, V Siddharth, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Abhay Elhence, Divesh Jalan

Perceptions of Patients and Physicians Regarding Need for Taking Ayurveda Therapy KC01-KC05

Yashashri C Shetty, Tushar R Bagle, Padmaja A Marathe, Ashwini G Bodade, Sudatta G Shirole, Armaandeep A Singh, Nirmala N Rege

Gender Bias in Autism Spectrum Disorders- A Review KE01-KE07

Abhinob Baruah, Kajal Singla, Poonam Narwat, Nilanjan Das, Shilpa S Chapadapad Gaonkar

Effect of Opioids on Oral Health Status among Institutionalised Drug Addicts in a District of Rajasthan, India LC01-LC04

Deeksha Gijwani, Simarpreet Singh, Anmol Mathur, Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Aditi Sharma, Nikita Goyal, Salvi Setia

The Effect of Peer Education on Treating Pain in Patients for Burn Debridement LC05-LC07

Bita Kamranfar, Mohammad Heidari, Sara Shahbazi, Mansour Ghafourifard

Quality of Life Among Geriatric Population in an Urban Area of Tripura, India LC08-LC12

Anjan Datta, Kaushik Nag, Nabarun Karmakar, Kaushik Tripura

Determinants of Job Satisfaction amongst Medical Officers of Primary Health Centre in Anand District, Gujarat, India LC13-LC17

Deepak B Sharma, Utkarsh M Shah, Rakesh Patel, Vidushi Gupta, Uday Shankar Singh

Middle Ear Risk Index Scores as a Predictor for Hearing Threshold after Tympanoplasty in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media MC01-MC03

Rina Hayati, Tengku Siti Hajar Haryuna

Cervical Osteophytes: A Missed Cause in Dysphagia? MC04-MC06

Santosh Uttarkar Panduranga Rao, Shraddha Subhash Bhoyar, Supriya Baswaraj Yempalle, Aravind Darga Ramachandra, Sridurga Janarthanan

Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Deceptive Presentation as Deep Neck Space Abscess MD01-MD03

Raghul Sekar, Vignesh Karunakaran, Arun Alexander

Comparative Study of Endothelial Cell Loss after Phacoemulsification in Different Anterior Chamber Depth Groups NC01-NC04

Meghna Solanki, Gargi Verma, Ankur Kumar, Kishor Kumar

Impact of Duration and Control of Diabetes Mellitus on Anterior Segment Parameters in Indian Eyes NC05-NC07

Gnaneswaran Premnath, Chokkalingam Shankar

Ahmed Glaucoma Valve in Refractory Glaucoma: A Retrospective Study NC08-NC11

Suresh Kumar, Sahil Thakur, Madhu Sharma

Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis Causing Orbital Apex Syndrome and Blindness ND01-ND03

Musab Abdulaziz Alsubaie, Saeed Abdullah Alghamdi, Saif Abdulghani Alghamdi, Ahmed Mohammed Abdelaal, Mohamed Bakhit Satti

Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in the Diagnosis of Subclinical Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Hypertensive Patients OC01-OC06

Ivaylo Rilkov Daskalov, Miroslava Georgieva Mladenova, Alexandar Nikolaev Chobanov, Konstantin Nikolov Ramshev

Hyperferritinemia in Dengue Fever-Correlation between Serum Ferritin and Thrombocytopenia OC07-OC09

S Jyothi Visalakshy, Selva Saravanan Saminathan, Sandeep Surendran, MGK Pillai

Competency in Home Blood Pressure Monitoring and Effect of Training Program on Competency OC10-OC14

Shaikat Mondal, Himel Mondal, Rajib Dutta, Amit Pal, Saswata Swakshar Acharya, Chayan Baidya

Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety of Epalrestat (150 mg) Compared to Epalrestat (50 mg) in Patients Suffering from Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy OC15-OC18

Sachin Devendrarao Shende, Mirza Shiraz Baig, Sudhakar Madhukar Doifode

Initial Experience with Grafalon as Induction Agent in Kidney Transplantation OC19-OC23

Divyesh Engineer, Himanshu Patel, Vivek Kute, Pankaj Shah

Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma Presenting as a Perinephric Abscess OD01-OD03

Vinod Kumar, Sushant Nanavati, Luis Carlos Ortiz, Fnu Komal, Monisha Singhal

The Iron Man OD04-OD06

Vikrant Vijan, Anjith Vupputuri, Aniketh Vijay Balegadde, Manav Aggarwal, Rajesh Thachathodiyl

Rituximab Therapy in Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis: A Rare Case Report OD07-OD08

Fatemeh Aghaei Meybodi, Salar Khazani Fard, Mojtaba Babaei Zarch, Mostafa Babai

Extramedullary Plasmacytoma Presenting as Lung Cancer OD09-OD10

Gajanan S Gaude, Avya Bansal

A Difficult Case in Clinical Practice: Combined Polycythaemia Vera and Protein S Deficiency in a Patient with both Thrombotic and Bleeding Complications OD11-OD14

Sushanth Wattal, Ashwal Adamane Jayaram, Padmakumar Ramachandran, Abdul UK Razak, Suheil Dhanse

Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Presenting as a Diagnostic Challenge: A Report of two Cases with Literature Review OD15-OD18

Jahnvi Dhar, Alpana Meena, Mradul Kumar Daga, Sunita Aggarwal

ESC 2016 Heart Failure Guidelines: A Consensus Document from Indian Experts for Adaptation in India OE01-OE07

Vijay Kumar Chopra, Soumitra Kumar, Arup Dasbiswas, Devang Desai, Debanu Ghoshroy, Jagdish Chander Mohan, Srinivasa Rao Maddury

Implications of Postprandial Hyperglycaemia and Role of Voglibose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus OE08-OE12

S R Pattanaik, Parag Shah, Abu Baker, Navin Sinha, Neeraj Kumar, Onkar C Swami

Craniovertebral Junction Compression due to Posterior C1 Arch in Morquio Syndrome: A Diagnostic Dilemma OJ01-OJ02

Basharath Husseni Khan, Ajit Singh, Girish Menon, Tom Devasia

Correspondence: Modulation of Lung Function by Increased Nitric Oxide Production OL01-OL02

Anirban Mandal, Puneet Kaur Sahi

Dengue Co-infections-An Emerging Entity during the Outbreak OR01-OR04

Prasan Kumar Panda, Srikant Mohta, Naveet Wig, Manish Soneja

Clinical Study for Efficacy of Different Diagnostic Tools for the Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis PC01-PC04

Ranendra Hajong, Narang Naku, Malaya Ranjan Dhal, Manash Pratim Boruah, Ojing Komut, Arup Jyoti Baruah, Donkupar Khongwar, Girish Sharma

Correlation of Paediatric Trauma Score, Revised Trauma Score and Injury Severity Score with Length of Hospital Stay in Paediatric Trauma Patients PC05-PC07

Geeta Ghag, Abhijit Jagdale

Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis using Modified Alvarado Score and Abdominal Ultrasound PC08-PC11

Aabhas Mishra, Sukumar Santosh Kumar, Anamika Sinha

Treat the Patient Not the Image: Non-operative Management of High Grade Solid Organ Injuries in Abdominal Trauma PC12-PC15

Ameet Kumar, Sumesh Kaistha

Carcinosarcoma Gallbladder: A Rare Variety of Gallbladder Malignancy PD01-PD02

Koustav Jana, Amit Kumar Das, Suman Saha, Ranajoy Ghosh, Sukanta Ray

Gastric Tuberculous Ulcer Perforation Presenting as Acute Peritonitis PD03-PD04

Zeineb Mzoughi, Slim Zribi, Sana Ben Slama Mallouli, Dhouha Bacha, Mohamed Taher Khalfallah

Excision of Masson’s Haemangioma Following Suspected Liposarcoma on Imaging PD05-PD07

Jayan George, Duncan Meikle, Andrew Whitfield, Susan Hill

Pressure Bandaging for Fingers Using Finger Crepe: An Economic and Effective Method PL01-PL02

Manoj Bachhav, Raghav Shrotriya, Vinita Puri

Congenital Midline Cervical Cleft –Clinical and Pathological Review of Three Cases PR01-PR03

Anjireddy Kallam, M Anantha Satyanarayana

Factors Affecting Adequacy of Prenatal Care in Suburban Women of Southeast Iran: A Cross-sectional Study QC01-QC05

Samira Khayat, Mahrokh Dolatian, Ali Navidian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Amir Kasaeian, Hamed Fanaei

Critical Evaluation of various Sonologic Parameters of Early Foetal Growth Discrepancies in Predicting Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes QC06-QC10

Shripad Hebbar, Lavanya Rai, Zara Ali

A Rare Case of Primary Leiomyosarcoma of the Ovary QD01-QD02

Vishwanath, Neetha M Vyas, Shreeja Goripally, Supriya Rai

Ectopic Ureter Causing Hydrometra in a Case of Cervical Dysgenesis with Vaginal Agenesis QD03-QD04

Vineet V Mishra, Ruchika A Verneker, Priyankur Roy, Sumesh Choudhary, Shaheen A Hokabaj

Advances in Tumour Biomarkers for Screening, Diagnosis and Management of Ovarian Malignancies QE01-QE07

Naina Kumar, Amit Kant Singh

Analysis of Adolescent Idiopathic Thoracic Scoliosis Treated with Posterior Instrumentation and Fusion: Our Experience RC01-RC05

Abhinandan Reddy Mallepally, Raju Sreenivasan Iyengar, Chandra Sekhar Patnala

Primary Intraarticular and Extraarticular Synovial Chondromatosis at Foot and Ankle: A Case Report and Review of Literature RD01-RD03

Raghavendra S Kembhavi, Boblee James

Echocardiography in Transfusion Dependent Beta Thalassaemia Major Egyptian Children: Correlation with Thyroid Function Status and Ferritin Level SC01-SC07

Hanan Mahmoud Fayed, Eman Ahmed Abdel Mawgood, Heba Mohammed Qubaisy

Care Seeking Behaviour of Families for their Sick Infants and Factors Impeding to their Early Care Seeking in Rural Part of Central India SC08-SC12

Vani Mittal, Tushar Jagzape, Priyanka Sachdeva

Left-sided Gastroschisis with Skeletal Deformities SD01-SD02

Rajkumar Motiram Meshram, Amruta Phatak, Balaji Bhise, Avinash Chichkhede, Duhita Sengupta

Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia: An Unusual Manifestation of Kawasaki Disease SD03-SD04

Aashish Gupta, Rahi Raza, Ayush Manchanda, Jacob Puliyel

Sibling Screening of a Case of Pyroglutamic Aciduria Resulting in Normal Development- A Case Report SD05-SD06

Nalini Bhaskaranand, Saritha U Kamath

Dental Anxiety in Children: A Review of the Contributing Factors SG01-SG03

Amerah A Alasmari, Ghadah S Aldossari, Mohammed S Aldossary

Mastoid Air Cell System: Hounsfield Density by Multislice Computed Tomography TC01-TC03

Luciana Munhoz, Christyan Hiroshi Iida, Reinaldo Abdala Júnior, Ronaldo Abdala, Emiko Saito Arita

Transarterial Embolisation of Post-traumatic Uterine AVM-Uterus Salvaging Minimally Invasive Treatment Option TD01-TD02

Udit Chauhan, Jaya Chaturvedi, Mohit Tayal

Aortopulmonary Window: Case Report of Survival in Untreated Adult Patient TD03-TD04

Neha Nischal, Sakshi Arya, Ruchi Gupta, Nayna Goyal, Sunil Kumar Puri

Effect of Multimedia Information on Preoperative Anxiety Levels of Patients Posted for Surgery under Subarachnoid Block UC01-UC03

Anupama Pandey, Gaurav Chopra, Yashwant Singh Payal

Comparison of Physiological Changes between Transperitoneal and Retroperitoneal Approach for Urologic Laparoscopic Surgery UC04-UC07

Rajkiran Shah, Rajnish Nama, Beena Butala, Geeta Parikh, Shivani Pancholi, Raghunandana Gowda

Continuity of Care Following Intraoperative Cardiac Arrest due to Thymoglobulin®-induced Anaphylaxis UD01-UD03

Jose R Navas-Blanco, Stephanie A Cook, David A Rico-Mora, Murali S Patri, Trevor J Szymanski

A Modified Approach for Ultrasound-guided Lumbar Facet Joint Injection: Caudal-to-Cranial Technique UL01-UL02

Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-TingWu

Sociodemographic and Clinical Variables related to Panic Disorder with and without Agoraphobia VC01-VC04

Neha Salhotra, Debajyoti Bhattacharyya, Jag Mohan Wadhawan, Prateek Yadav

Assessment of Internet Addiction among Undergraduate Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Medical College of Kolkata VC05-VC09

Santanu Ghosh, Supantha Chatterjee

Efficacy of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Various Psychiatric Disorders: A Hospital Based Longitudinal Follow-up Study VC10-VC14

Yuman Kawoos, Irfan Ahmad Shah, Yasir H Rather, Zaid A Wani, Waris A Zarger

Arm Function and Quality of Life Among Patients after Mastectomy XC01-XC04

Anu Thomas, Kanmani Job

Cerebral Microbleeds with Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: A Rare complication in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia XD01-XD02

Aravind Yogabalan, Karthick Udupa

Role of Thrombopoietin in the Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer: A Brief Review XE01-XE03

Amar Ranjan, Rajani Anand, Iffat Jamal, Amrendra Kumar, Ritesh Kumar

Abdominal Aggressive Fibromatosis: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Features XR01-XR03

Houcine Maghrebi, Amine Makni, Amine Sebai, Asma Labidi, Feriel Ksantini, Mohamed Jouini, Montassar Kacem, Zoubeir Bensafta

Knowledge, Stress and Coping Patterns of Grandmothers in Child-rearing Practices YC01-YC05

Reena M D’Silva, Ansuya, V Vinish

Neurodynamic Technique for Functional Ankle Instability: A Case Report YD01-YD04

Vinodhkumar Ramalingam, Viswanath Sundar, Saju Joseph

Efficacy of Systemic Administration of Alpha Lipoic Acid and Scaling and Root Planning in Patients with Chronic Periodontitis and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-A Randomised Controlled Trial ZC01-ZC05

Kinnera Surapaneni, Rekha Rani Koduganti, Sastry Nadiminty Ganapathi, Veeredra Nath Reddy Panthula, Surya Prasanna Jammula, Rajashree Dasari, Himabindu Gireddy, Manasa Ambati

The Effect of Saliva Contamination on Shear Bond Strength of Two Universal Bonding Agents-An in vitro Study ZC06-ZC10

Anuja Sanjay Kulkarni, Sharad Kokate, Vibha Hegde, Ushaina Fanibunda

Qualitative Evaluation of ‘BIPP Dressing’ for Intraoral Mucosal Defect ZC11-ZC14

Arun Paul Charlu, Saurabh Kumar, Rabin Chacko

Lower Facial Morphometrics in Children upon the Eruption of First Permanent Molars ZC15-ZC20

Seema Deshmukh, Bhojraj Nandlal

Misdiagnosis: How Uncommonly Common is it? ZC21-ZC24

Mahak C Jain, Uma B Dixit

Assessing the Changes in Cariogram Generated Risk Profiles following the use of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Chewing Gums ZC25-ZC29

Krishnan Padminee, Saravanan Poorni, Cruz Nishanthine, Dasarathan Duraivel, Manali Ramakrishnan Srinivasan

Early Childhood Caries: A Case Report of an Extensive Rehabilitation ZD01-ZD03

Gabriela Maltz Goldenfum, Sofia Conte Dallagnol, Jonas De Almeida Rodrigues

Basal Cell Adenoma Arising in the Minor Salivary Gland of the Hard Palate ZD04-ZD05

Tatsuo Okui, Soichiro Ibaragi, Keisuke Nakano, Yukiko Fujii, Akira Sasaki

Root Canal Treatment of Three Rooted Maxillary First and Second Premolar using CBCT: A Case Report ZD06-ZD08

Parul Mour Agarwal, Sonali Taneja

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.