Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2014 | Month : September | Volume : 8 | Issue : 9 XML
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (141)

Evaluation of Proximal Femoral Geometry in Plain Anterior-Posterior Radiograph in Eastern-Indian Population AC01-AC03

Sanchita Roy, Rajib Kundu, Shyamalendu Medda, Avanish Gupta, Baljit Kaur Nanrah

Morphometric Study of the Styloid Process of Temporal Bone AC04-AC06

Sachin Patil, Suchismita Ghosh, Neelam vasudeva

Anencephaly and its Associated Malformations AC07-AC09

Ravikiran Ashok Gole, Pritee Madan Meshram, Shanta Sunil Hattangdi

Anatomical Study of Pterygospinous and Pterygoalar Bar in Human Skulls with their Phylogeny and Clinical Significance AC10-AC13

Kavitha Kamath. B, Vasantha. K

Premature Ejaculation – Dose and Duration Dependent Effect of Fluoxetine: A Histological Study on Seminal Vesicle of Albino Rats AC14-AC16

Alka Aggarwal, SL. Jethani, RK. Rohatagi, Juhi Kalra

A Lobulated Spleen with Multiple Fissures and Hila AD01-AD02

Satheesha B. Nayak, Prakashchandra Shetty, Deepthinath R, Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla, Surekha D Shetty

A Rare Presentation of Os Odontoideum with Multiple Vertebral Fusion in Type III Klippel–Feil Syndrome (KFS) – A Case Report AD03-AD05

Shabana Begum, Tanushree Roy, Tanwi Ghosal(Sen), Indrajit Gupta

Bilateral Absence of Musculocutaneous Nerve: A Case Report AD06-AD07

Aniruddha Sarkar, Anubha Saha

Effect of Different Phases of Menstrual Cycle on Reflection Index, Stiffness index and Pulse wave velocity in Healthy subjects BC01-BC04

Madhura M, Sandhya TA

“Is there an Association Between Self–Reported Sleep Duration, Body Mass Index and Waist–Hip Ratio in Young Adults? A Cross–Sectional Pilot Study” BC05-BC07

M Ganesh Kamath, Jay Prakash, Sambit Dash, Sudipta Chowdhury, Zuhilmi bin Ahmed, Muhammad Zaim Zharif bin Mohd Yusof

Effect of Isometric Handgrip Exercise Training on Resting Blood Pressure in Normal Healthy Adults BC08-BC10

Rinku Garg, Varun Malhotra, AvAvnish Kumar, Usha Dhar, Yogesh Tripathi

Study of Auditory, Visual Reaction Time and Glycemic Control (Hba1c) in Chronic Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus BC11-BC13

Muhil.M, Um apathy Sembian, Babitha, Ethiya.N, Muthuselvi.K

Reaction time in Stroop test in Nepalese Medical Students BC14-BC16

Nisha Ghimire, Bishnu Hari Paudel, Rita Khadka, P. N. Singh

Electrocardiographic Qrs Axis, Q Wave and T-wave Changes in 2nd and 3rd Trimester of Normal Pregnancy BC17-BC21

Sunitha. M., Chandrasekharappa. S, S.V Brid

Assessment of Bmi , Serum Leptin Levels and Lipid Profile in Patients with Skin Tags CC01-CC03

Sadaf Idris, S. Sunitha.

To Ascertain the Utility of Urinary Methyl Malonic Acid as a Potential Marker of Ischemic Heart Failure CC04-CC07

Sonal Pruthi, Ankur Singh, Chandrawati Kumari, Ashish Goel, Seema Kapoor

Inherent Suppression of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone in Newly Diagnosed Dyslipidemic Patients – Indication for Use of Thyromimetics? CC08-CC10

Sridevi.V.Udupa, Vivian D’Souza, Vinit.A.Udupa, Poornima.A.Manjrekar

Homocysteine, Paraoxonase-1 and Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction: Omnibus viis Romam Pervenitur CE01-CE04

Esin Eren, Hamit Yasar Ellidag, Ozguraydin,Necat Yilmaz

Antibiotic Resistance in Uropathogenic E. Coli Strains Isolated from Non-Hospitalized Patients in Pakistan DC01-DC04

Ihsan Ali, Neeraj Kumar, Safia Ahmed, Javid Iqbal Dasti

Estimation of Recent Transmission of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Strains among Iranian and Afghan Immigrants: A Cluster-Based Study DC05-DC08

Mohammad Reza Allahyar Torkaman, Mohammad Javad Nasiri, Parissa Farnia, Mohammad Hasan Shahhosseiny, Mohadeseh Mozafari, Ali Akbar Velayati

Comparative Prevalence of Antimicrobial Resistance in Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infection Cases from Representative States of Northern and Southern India DC09-DC12

Shivani Gupta, Suman Kapur, DV Padmavathi

Case Report and Literature Review of Carbapenem Resistant Shewanella Putrefaciens Isolated from Ascitic Fluid DD01-DD02

Frincy Khandelwal Baruah, Rajesh Kumar Grover

Morganella Morganii Causing Abscess Over the Anterior Chest Wall- A Case Report DD03-

Vijaya D, Sathish JV, Yashaswini MK, Sulaiman S

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma IgG Antibodies in Hiv Positive Patients in and Around Khammam, Telangana State DL01-DL02

Basavaraju Anuradha, Chilupuri Preethi

Role of FNAC in the Preoperative Diagnosis of Salivary Gland Lesions FC01-FC03

Hilda Fernandes, Clement R S D’souza, Charu Khosla, Lovely George, Namitha Hegde Katte

Clinicopathological Study of Prostatic Biopsies FC04-FC06


Case Series of Skin Adnexal Tumours FC07-FC10

V. Rajalakshmi, Sathish Selvakumar, K.Rajeswari, K.Meenakshisundaram, Veena G, Padmini Ramachandran

Associated Factors with Male Infertility: A Case Control Study FC11-FC13

Mohammad Reza Hafezi Ahmadi, Masood Yasemi, Hadi Peyman, Karim Hemati, Javaher Khajavikhan, Monireh Yaghoubi, Lida Bimanand

A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of AgNORs in Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor, Unicystic Ameloblastoma and Multicystic Ameloblastoma FC14-FC15

Anuradha Ananthaneni, Urmila Udayas hankar, Vijay srinivasvas Guduru, V V S Ramprasad, Sabitha Devi Ramisetty, Srilekha Namala, Kiran Kumar Naik badavaavaavath

Cytopathological Pattern of Tubercular Lymphadenopathy on FNAC: Analysis of 550 Consecutive Cases FC16-FC19

Priyanka Chand, Rajeev Dogra, Nidhi Chauhan, Renu Gupta, Pratima Khare

Haematological Characterisation and Molecular Basis of Asian Indian Inversion Deletions Delta Beta Thalassemia: A Case Report FD01-FD02

Jitender Mohan Khunger, Monika Gupta, Rekha Singh, Rohit Kapoor, Hare Ram Pandey

Malignant Adenomyoepithelioma of Breast Masquerading as Soft Tissue Lytic Lesion of Right Iliac Bone: A Rare Entity FD03-FD04

Kalyani R., Srinivas Murthy V.

Insulinoma: A Comprehensive Summary of Two Cases FD05-FD06

Pankaj Sharma, Sonia Sharma, Shivani Kalhan, Bhanu Pratap Singh, Sonam Sharma

Primary Laryngeal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma – A Rare Entity with Deviant Clinical Presentation FD07-FD08

Hemalatha A. L, Anoosha K, Amita K, Vijay Shankar S, AvAvadhani Geeta K

Tracheobronchial Amyloidosis- A Series of Two Cases FD09-FD10

Kavita V, Palak D. Raiyani, Sunil S.Vyas

Adrenal Cortex Heterotopia in an Undescended Testis–A Case Report FD11-FD12

Thulasi Raman R, Revathi Sree R, Hemanathan G, Nerune M. Savitri, Anuradha S

Koch’s Disease Presenting as an Isolated Testicular Mass- An Unusual Occurance FD13-FD14

Rachna lamichaney, Deepak Das, Mingma Sherpa

Haemoglobin S Interaction with Beta Thalassaemia- A Case Report from Assam, India FD15-FD16

Mauchumi Saikia Pathak, Monalisha Saikia Borah, Dulal Kalita

“Comparative Efficacy of Different Doses of Fentanyl on Cardiovascular Responses to Laryngoscopy and Tracheal Intubation” GC01-GC03

Vinod Hosalli, Adarsh ES, S Y Hulkund, Chhaya Joshi

Comparison of Dexmedetomidine, Propofol and Midazolam for Short-Term Sedation in Postoperatively Mechanically Ventilated Neurosurgical Patients GC04-GC07

Vinit K. Srivastava, Sanjay Agrawal, Sanjay Kumar, Abhishek Mishra, Sunil Sharma, Raj Kumar

Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy in a Patient of Von Hippel Lindau Syndrome with Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunt-Anaesthetic management GD01-GD02

Nagaraj Channappa Mungasuvalli, Vinayak Seenappa Pujari, Jithendra Chinnappa, Sadasivan Shanker Iyer, Prathima Padavarahalli Thammanna

Comparative Study of Efficacy of Oral Ivermectin Versus Some Topical Antiscabies Drugs in the Treatment of Scabies HC01-HC04

Pramod Kumar Manjhi, Rani Indira Sinha, Manish Kumar, Kumari Indu Sinha

Evaluation of Antioxidative and Antidiabetic Activity of Bark of Holarrhena Pubescens Wall HC05-HC08

Anup Bhusal, Nirmala Jamarkattel, Aasmin Shrestha, Nisha Kiran Lamsal, Sangam Shakya, Sneha Rajbhandari

Comparison of Topical Anti- Fungal Agents Sertaconazole and Clotrimazole in the Treatment of Tinea Corporis-An Observational Study HC09-HC12

Raghu Prasada Malladar Shivamurthy, Shashikala Gowdara Hanumantappa Reddy, Ravindra Kallappa, Shankar Achar Somashekar, Deepa Patil, Umakant N patil

Comparing the Efficacy and Influence on the Quality of Life of Three Classes of Drugs Used in Bronchial Asthma - A Prospective Study HC13-HC15

Ajitha Sharma, Shalini Adiga, Bharti Chogtu, Aswini Kumar Mohapa apatra, Rahul Magazine

Can Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 7 (mGluR 7) be a Novel Target for Analgesia? HC16-HC18

Shivaprakash G, Punya Suvarna, Sanjay Hadigal, Priyanka Kamath, Natesh Prabhu, Ashok Shenoy K, Pallavi LC

Anti Hypertensive Prescribing Patterns and Cost Analysis for Primary Hypertension: A Retrospective Study HC19-HC22

Rachana Pr, Anuradha Hv, Mc Shivamurthy

Role of Biochemical Investigations and Diagnostic Tools in Detection of Adverse Drug Reactions HC23-HC26

Vishal R. Tandon, Vijay Khajuria, Kapila Raina, Vivek Mahajan, Aman Sharma Zahid Gillani

Hypersensitivity Reaction Associated with Abacavir Therapy in an Indian HIV Patient – A Case Report HD01-HD02

Manju Janardhanan, Mohan Babu Amberkar V, Sudha Vidyasagar, Meena Kumari K, Sadhana N Holla

Zolpidem Induced Hyponatremia: A Case Report HD03-HD04

Shanmuga Priya S, Britto DL, Saravanan T

Evaluation of Antinociceptive Activity of Aqueous Extract of Bark of Psidium Guajava in Albino Rats and Albino Mice HF01-HF04

N.Chandra Sekhar, T.Jayasree, Shaikh Ubedulla, Rohit Dixit, Manohar V S, Shankar.J

Socio-Demographic and Other Risk Factors of Pre Eclampsia at a Tertiary Care Hospital, Karnataka: Case Control Study JC01-JC04

Ramesh.K , Sangeetha Gandhi, Vishwas Rao

Complications Associated with Blood Donations in a Blood Bank at an Indian Tertiary Care Hospital JC05-JC08

Monika Meena, Tarun Jindal

Prevalence of Osteoarthritis of Knee Among Elderly Persons in Urban Slums Using American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Criteria JC09-JC11

Arvind Kumar Singh, Mani Kalaivani, Anand Krishnan, Praveen Kumar Aggarwal, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta

Conducting Record Review Studies in Clinical Practice JG01-JG04

Siddharth Sarkar, Divya Seshadri

Impact of Amitryptiline on Migraine Disability Assessment Score KC01-KC02

Kuldeep Moras, Hanock Nischal

Alterations in Cochlear Function after Exposure to Short Term Broad Band Noise Assessed by Otoacoustic Emissions KC03-KC05

Chandrashekharayya .S.H, Prasen Reddy, Kavitha M M, Prabhu Khavasi, S S Doddamani

The Efficacy of Thermotherapy and Cryotherapy on Pain Relief in Patients with Acute Low Back Pain, A Clinical Trial Study LC01-LC04

Morteza Dehghan, Farinaz Farahbod

Comparative Study of: Non-Invasive Conservative Treatments with Local Steroid Injection in the Management of Planter Fasciitis LC05-LC07

Ramesh Narula, Aftab Ahmed Iraqi, Kusum Narula, Rashmi Katyal, Mridul Shanker Saxena

FATCO Syndrome Variant – Fibular Hypoplasia, Tibial Campomelia and Oligosyndactyly – A Case Report LD01-LD02

Navendu Goyal, Randeep Kaur, Manu Gupta, Shiraz Bhatty, Rajesh Paul

Prognostic Significance of a Multimarker Strategy of Biomarkers in Acute Heart Failure MC01-MC06

P Srinivas, C N Manjunath, Shaheena Banu, K S Ravindranath

Comparitive Angiographic Profile in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome MC07-MC10

Srinidhi S. Hegde, P. Mallesh, S.M. Yeli, Veeranna M. Gadad, Giri Punja M.

The Effect of Acebrophylline vs Sustained Release Theophylline in Patients of COPD- A Comparative Study MC11-MC14

Sumit Roy Tapadar, Maumita Das, Arunabha Datta Chaudhuri, Santanu Basak, Anil Baran Singha Mahapatra

Multiple Splenic Artery Aneurysms: A Rare Cause of Extrahepatic Portal Hypertension and Massive Splenomegaly MD01-MD02

Akshatha Rao Aroor, Rama Prakasha S, Raghuraj U Nazir Rahim Attar

Symmetrical Peripheral Gangrene Following Snake Bite MD03-MD04

Minal Shastri, Mital Parikh, Dwijal Patel, Ketan Chudasma, Rushad Patell

Pseudohypoparathyroidism ML01-

Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit,

Poor Tolerance of Motor Cortex rTMS in Chronic Migraine MM01-MM02

Wei-Peng Teo, Aravinda Kannan, Pei-Kee Loh, Effie Chew, Vijay Kumar Sharma, Yee-Cheun Chan

Primary Supratentorial Haemorrhage – Surgery or no Surgery in an Indian Setup NC01-NC03

Th Gojendra Singh, Hemanth S Ghalige, Karthik K, Abhilash S, S Ranita Devi, Motilal Singh, Subrata Kishore Deb Berma, Prasanna Kumar N

Embryonal/Fetal Subtype Hepatoblastoma: A Case Report ND01-ND02

I Spyridakis, C Kepertis, V Lampropoulos, V Mouravas, A Filippopoulos

Tandem Rhomboid Flap Repair: A New Technique in Treatment of Extensive Pilonidal Disease of the Natal Cleft ND03-ND04

Naveen N, Kamal Kumar M, Ramesh Babu K, Prema Dhanraj

Acute Abdomen Due to Penicillium Marneffei: An Indicator of HIV Infection in Manipur State ND05-ND06

Hemanth Sureshwara Ghalige, Biswajeet Sahoo, Sanjeeb Sharma, Khuraijam Ranjana Devi, Sudhir Chandra Singh Th

Giant Inguinoscrotal Hernia Repaired by Lichtensteins Technique Without Loss of Domain -A Case Report ND07-ND08

Dinesh HN, Jagadish Kumar CD, Shreyas N

Clinical Outcome of Postplacental Copper T 380A Insertion in Women Delivering by Caesarean Section OC01-OC04

Sunita Singal, Rekha Bharti, Rupali Dewan, Divya,Anjali Dabral,Achla Batra, Manjula Sharma,Pratima Mittal

The Utility of Caesarean Myomectomy as a Safe Procedure: A Retrospective Analysis of 21 Cases with Review of Literature OC05-OC08

Ramesh Kumar.R, Manjula Patil, Shruthi SA

Analysis of Sexual Assault Survivours in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Delhi: A Retrospective Analysis OC09-OC12

Sweta Lal, Al pana Singh, Neelam Bala Vaid, Sanjeeta Behera

Are We Missing Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Pregnancy? Experience of a Tertiary Care Hospital OC13-OC15

Pooja Sikka, Vanita Suri, Neelam Aggarwal, Seema Chopra, Ajay Bahl, Rajesh Vijayverghia

Is Surgical Intervention for Ectopic Pregnancy in a Low Resource Set-Up Avoidable? OC16-OC19

Anindita Sinha Babu, Jayeeta Roy, Dipanwita Das, Dipankar Banerjee

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Emergency Contraception on Nursing Personnel OC20-OC22

Nivedita.k, Fatima Shanthini. N

Diagnosis of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria and Associated Risk Factors Among Pregnant Women in Mangalore, Karnataka State OC23-OC25

Annie Rajaratnam, Neha Maria Baby, Thomas .S. Kuruvilla, Santhosh Machado

Application of Bethesda System for Cervical Cytology in Unhealthy Cervix OC26-OC30

Indu Verma, Veena Jain, Tejinder Kaur

Is Low Dose Vaginal Misoprostol Better Than Dinoprostone Gel For Induction of Labor: A Randomized Controlled Trial OC31-OC34

Monika Madaan, Swati Agrawal, Manju Puri, Aruna Nigam, Harvinder Kaur, Shubha Sagar Trivedi

Non Puerperal Uterine Inversion in A Young Female- A Case Report OD01-OD02

Setu Rathod, Sunil Kumar Samal, P Pallavee, Seetesh Ghose

Perforated Duodenal Ulcer –A Rare Cause of Acute Abdomen in Pregnancy OD03-OD04

Bharti Goel, Jyotsna Rani, Anju Huria, Pratiksha Gupta, Usha Dalal

Plasma D-dimer as a Prognostic Marker in ICU Admitted Egyptian Children with Traumatic Brain Injury PC01-PC05

Hala Mohamed Amin Foaud, John Rene Labib, Hala Gabrmetwally, Khaled Mohamed Abd El -Twab

Relationship between 25-Hydroxy Vitamin-D and Obesity in 2-7 years old Children Referred to a Paediatric Hospital in Iran PC06-PC08

Sakineh Mohammadian, Reyhaneh Mortezazadeh, Hossein Zaeri, Mohammad Ali Vakili

Button Battery Ingestion- Case Report and Review PD01-PD02

SS Kalyanshettar, SV Patil, Gaurav Upadhye

Diagnostic Utility of PET CT in Thymic Tumours with Emphasis on 68Ga-DOTATATE PET CT in Thymic Neuroendocrine Tumour - Experience at a Tertiary Level Hospital in India QC01-QC03

Julie Hephzibah, Nylla Shanthly, Regi Oommen

Synchronous Presentation of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia with Carcinoma Penis: A Rare Presentation QD01-QD02

Abhijeet P.Ganapule, Vivi Srivastava, Ramani Manojkumar, Nirmal T.J, Auro Viswabandya

Prevelance of Haller’s Cells: A Panoramic Radiographic Study RC01-RC04

Jitender Solanki, Sarika Gupta, Neelkant Patil, Venkatesh V Kulkarni, Meenakshi Singh, Sanjeev Laller

Diagnostic Accuracy of High Resolution Ultrasound to Differentiate Neoplastic and Non Neoplastic Causes of Cervical Lymphadenopathy RC05-RC07

Vinayaka U S, Siddharudha Shivalli, Sheethal Rai, Arafat Haris, Rohit Madhurkar, Sandhya Hemraj

Sylvian Fissure Dermoid Cyst - A Rare case RD01-RD02

Deepak Anand, Simmi Aggarwal, Divya Soin, Ravinder Garg

Acute Mesenteric Ischemia with Intrasplenic Gas: A Rare Occurence RJ01-RJ02

Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, Upasana Ranga, Saveetha Veeraiyan

Pneumocystis Pneumonia – A Novel Complication in a Non–HIV Dengue Patient RL01-RL02

Swapndeep Singh Atwal, Swapnil Puranik, Shibani Mehra, Umesh Chandra Garga

Extra Large Temporal Tunnel Cataract Extraction [ETCE] VC01-VC04

Chidanand Kulkarni, Vivekanand U.

Occupational Mental Health: A Study of Work-Related Mental Health among Clinical Nurses WC01-WC03

Hamid Taghinejad, Zainab Suhrabi, Sattar kikhavani, Molouk Jaafarpour, Arman Azadi

Relationship Between Loneliness, Psychiatric Disorders and Physical Health ? A Review on the Psychological Aspects of Loneliness WE01-WE04

Raheel Mushtaq, Sheikh Shoib, Tabindah Shah, Sahil Mushtaq

How to Write Articles That Get Published XG01-XG03

Kirti Nath Jha

Question Vetting: The Process to Ensure Quality in Assessment of Medical Students XM01-XM03

S.Gopalakrishnan, P.M.Udayshankar

Mixed Dentition Space Analysis in Kodava Population: A Comparison of Two Methods ZC01-ZC06

Namitha Ramesh, Mora Sathi Rami Reddy, Biswas Palukunnu, Balakrishna Shetty, Ushass Puthalath

Evaluation of Soft and Hard Tissue Changes after Anterior Segmental Osteotomy ZC07-ZC10

Harshitha.K.R, Srinath.N, Sunil Christopher, H.Nanda Kumar

An Insight Into Research Ethics among Dental Professionals in A Dental Institute, India- A Pilot Study ZC11-ZC14

Shravani G Deolia, KVV Prasad, Kumar Gaurav Chhabra, Ramya Kalyanpur, Shrivardhan Kalghatgi

Tobacco Cessation Counselling Practices and Attitude among the Dentist and the Dental Auxiliaries of Urban and Rural Areas of Modinagar, India ZC15-ZC18

Ashish Singla, Basavaraj Patthi, Khushboo Singh, Swati Jain, Vaibhav Vashishtha, Hansa Kundu, Ravneet Malhi, Venisha Pandita

Estimation of Salivary and Serum Total Sialic Acid Levels in Periodontal Health and Disease ZC19-ZC21

Surekha R Rathod, Farooque Khan, Abhay P Kolte, Madhur Gupta

Evaluation of the Luting Cement Space for Provisional Restoration by using Various Coats of Die Spacer Materials-An Invitro Study ZC22-ZC25

Sandeep Chiramana, Krishna Chaitanya Siddineni, Ravi Rakesh Dev Jyothula, Phani Krishna Gade, Deepthi Bhupathi, Sudheer Kondaka, Zakir Hussain, Geetha Bhavani Paluri

En–masse Retraction of the Maxillary Anterior Teeth by Applying Force from Four Different Levels – A Finite Element Study ZC26-ZC30

Chetan.S, Kanhoba M Kelusk Ar, Vikram N Vasisht, Siddharth Revankar

Perception Towards Serving Rural Population Amongst Interns from Dental Colleges of Haryana ZC31-ZC32

Vatsul Sharma, Nidhi Gupta, N.C. Rao

Oral Hygiene Practices and Dentition Status of Public Transport Workers of India- A Cross-sectional Study ZC33-ZC36

Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Ramandeep Kaur Sohi, Gurminder Singh, Rajdeep Brar, Harpreet Singh, Heena Kakar

Comparative Evaluation of Maximum Bite Force in Dentulous and Edentulous Individuals with Different Facial Forms ZC37-ZC40

Gaurav Tripathi, Ponnanna A.A., Nishant Rajwadha, Nidhi Chhaparia, Abhishek Sharma, Mahendra Anant

Health from the Hive: Propolis as an Adjuvant in the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis - A Clinicomicrobiologic Study ZC41-ZC44

Nehal N Sanghani, Shivaprasad BM, Savita S

Evaluation of Masseter Muscle Hypertrophy in Oral Submucous Fibrosis Patients -An Ultrasonographic Study ZC45-ZC47

Ankkita Chakarvarty, Sunil R Panat, Sangamesh N C, Ashish Aggarwal, Prakash Chandra Jha

Prevalence of Dentin Hypersensitivity and Related Factors Among Adult Patients Visiting a Dental School in Andhra Pradesh, South India ZC48-ZC51

Guntipalli. M. Naidu, Chaitanya Ram. K, N R Sirisha, Sandhya Sree.Y, Raj Kumar Chowdary. Kopuri, Narayana reddy. Satti, Chandrasekar Thatimatla

Histological and Histometrical Evaluation of two Synthetic Hydroxyapatite Based Biomaterials in the Experimental Periodontal Defects in Dogs ZC52-ZC55

Johnson Prakash D’lima, Jose Paul, Plato Palathingal, BRR Varma, Mahalinga Bhat, Mira Mohanty

Dentition Status, Treatment Needs and Risk Predictors for Dental Caries among Institutionalised Disabled Individuals in Central India ZC56-ZC59

Binti Rani Chand, Sadanand Kulkarni, Nanjunda Swamy K.V, Yash Bafna

Dental and Skeletal Maturity- A Biological Indicator of Chronologic Age ZC60-ZC64

Vivek Rai, Sonali Saha, Gunjan Yadav, Abhay Mani Tripathi, Kavita Grover

Effect of Four Surface Treatment Methods on the Shear Bond Strength of Resin Cement to Zirconia Ceramics- A Comparative in Vitro Study ZC65-ZC68

Varsha Murthy, Manoharan, Balaji, David Livingstone

Qualitative Histological Evaluation of Hard and Soft Tissue Components of Human Permanent Teeth Using Various Decalcifying Agents - A Comparative Study ZC69-ZC72

Sonia Gupta, Manveen Kaur Jawanda, Manjunath SM, Achla Bharti

“Evaluation of the Effect of Ultraviolet Disinfection on Dimensional Stability of the Polyvinyl Silioxane Impressions.” an in-Vitro Study ZC73-ZC76

Surekha R.Godbole, Trupti M.Dahane, Nikita A.Patidar, Sharayu V.Nimonkar

Clinical Evaluation of Papilla Reconstruction Using Subepithelial Connective Tissue Graft. ZC77-ZC81

Alka Kaushik, Pal PK, Kshitij Jhamb, Deepak Chopra, Vishwajit Rampratap Chaurasia, Vinaykumar S Masamatti, Suresh DK, Prashant Babaji

Common Matrix Metalloproteinases (Mmp -8, -9, -25, and -26) Cannot Explain Dentigerous Cyst Expansion ZC82-ZC85

Juho Suojanen, Niko Lehtonen, Es a Färkk ilä, Jarkko Hietanen, OlliTeronen, Timo Sorsa, Jaana Hagström

Photoelastic Stress Analysis in Prosthetic Implants of Different Diameters: Mini, Narrow, Standard or Wide ZC86-ZC90

Marcelo Coelho Goiato, Aldiéris Alves Pesqueira, Daniela Micheline dos Santos, Marcela Filié Haddad, Amália Moreno

Expression of Endoglin (CD-105) and Microvessel Density in Oral Dysplasia and Squamous Cell Carcinoma ZC91-ZC94

Maharudrappa Basnaker, Shashikanth SR, Satish BNVS

Rhinomaxillary Mucormycosis with Palatal Perforation: A Case Report ZD01-ZD03

Sreenath G, A. Ravi Prakash, M. Rajni kanth, P. Sreenivas Reddy, Pavani Vidhyadhari

An Infiltrative Angioarchitectural Variant of Arteriovenous Malformation of Temporalis ZD04-ZD06

Aditi Amit Byatnal, Mahima Rakheja, Amit Raghavendra Byatnal, Venkadasalapathy Narayanaswamy, Raghu Radhakrishnan

Single Anterior Tooth Replacement by a Cast Lingual Loop Connector - A Conservative Approach ZD07-ZD08

Shilpa Sudesh Dandekeri, Savita Dandekeri

Dedifferentiated Chondrosarcoma of Temporomandibular Joint: Atypical Features of a Rare Case ZD09-ZD11

Rachna Rath, B. K. Das, Manas Baisakh, S. N. Das

Lymphangioma of the Tongue - A Case Report and Review of Literature ZD12-ZD14

Usha V, T. Sivasankari, S. Jeelani, G. S. Asokan, J. Parthiban

A Prosthodontic Management of Severely Resorbed Anterior Ridge Defect - A Case Report ZD15-ZD17

Rathika Rai, Menaga V, Prabhu R, Geetha Kr, Suprabha R

Restoring the Lost Functional Harmony in A Mutilated Dentition using Hobo’s Twin Stage Concept of Full Mouth Rehabilitation ZD21-ZD23

Anulekha Avinash CK, Chittaranjan B, Sudheer Charry N, Ramu Redd Y, Adityasai Jagini

Electrocautery Assisted Harvesting of Free Gingival Graft to Increase the Width of Attached Gingiva - An Uncommon Case Report ZD24-ZD26

Priyanka.K.Cholan, P.Harinath, Mangaiyarkarasi Subramanian, Niroshini Rajaram, Aravindhan T Ranganathan

Parry-Romberg Syndrome: A Case of Late Onset with Rapid Progression ZD27-ZD28

Senthil Kumar, Dinesh Kumar, Ramesh Kumar, Raj Kumar, Ramachandraprabhakar

Revascularization of Immature Mandibular Premolar with Pulpal Necrosis - A Case Report ZD29-ZD31

S.Murali Krishna Raju, Sarjeev Singh Yadav, Sita Rama Kumar .M

Management of Complicated Crown Fracture and Associated Impacted Mesiodens- Case Report with 3yrs Follow-up ZD32-ZD33

Victor Samuel A, Mahesh R, Mohit Gupta Y

Complete Occlusal Rehabilitation of Patient with Radiation Caries – A Case Report ZD34-ZD36

Zishan Rashid Dangra, Mahesh Arvind Gandhewar

Warthin’s Tumour: A Case Report and Review on Pathogenesis and its Histological Subtypes ZD37-ZD40

Raghu A R, Shweta Rehani, Kundendu Arya Bishen, Shitalkumar Sagari

Extra Corporeal Fixation of Fractured Mandibular Condyle ZD41-ZD43

Kamal Kannadasan, Vandana Shenoy K, Srivatsa Kengagsubbiah, Sathyabhama V, Vishnu Priya

Surgical Margins and Its Evaluation in Oral Cancer: A Review ZE01-ZE05

Spoorthi Banvar Ravi, Saileela. Annavajjula

Enamel Regeneration - Current Progress and Challenges ZE06-ZE09

Jayasudha, Baswaraj, Navin H.K, Prasanna K.B

Social Capital and Oral Health ZE10-ZE11

Manu Batra, Pradeep Tangade, Yogesh Chand Rajwar, Subha Soumya Dany, Prashant Rajput

Drug Induced Erythema Multiforme: Two Case Series with Review of Literature ZH01-ZH04

Shreyas N. Shah, Girish R Chauhan, B.S Manjunatha, Kapil Dagrus

Ameloblastoma Variant ZL01-

Malathi Narasimhan, Sharada Thiagarajan, Ravindran Chinnaswami, Subhashini Ranganathan, Thamizhchelvan Hari

Correction ZZ01-

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.