Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2018 | Month : December | Volume : 12 | Issue : 12
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (112)

Sex Differentiation of Humerus: An Osteometric Study AC01-AC05

Shaikh Siraj Ahmed, Faiza Banu Siddiqui, Sujatha Banglore Bayer

Stature Estimation Utilising Arm Span Measurements in Turkish Adults AC06-AC10


Branching Pattern of Subclavian Artery–A Cadaveric Study AC11-AC15

Janani Maheshwari V Vyas, Ramesh Kumar Subramanian, Senthil Kumar Sampath Kumar

Histological Evaluation of the Effect of Tamra Bhasma (Copper Based Metallic) and Jasada Bhasma (Zinc Based Mineral) Formulations on Testis of Wistar Albino Rats AC16-AC18

Ravi Bhaskar, Megha A Doshi, S Anjana, Shakunthala R Pai, B Ravishankar, Naveen Kumar, Ravi Mundugaru, Savitha Hemalatha

Plasma Neutrophil Elastase and its Endogenous Inhibitors as Differential Inflammatory Markers for Dengue and Pneumonia BC01-BC03

Mamatha Kunder, V Lakshmaiah, AV Moideen Kutty

Bone Turnover Markers: An Emerging Tool to Detect Primary Osteoporosis BC04-BC07

Mayur Rai, Tirthal Rai, Janice D’Sa, Srinidhi Rai

Sympathetic Overactivity Predicts Microalbuminuria in Pregnancy BC08-BC12

Inder Pal Kaur, Sukanya Gangopadhyay, Kiran Singh, Mamta Tyagi, Gautam Sarkar

Poor Quality of Sleep and its Association with Increased Body Mass Index and Mood Disturbances in Young Adults CC01-CC04

Rajasegaran Rajalakshmi, Reddy Srija, Mani Thenmozhi

Role of EEG in Diagnosing Abdominal Epilepsy Patients CC05-CC07

Swati Sunil Jagtap, KC Wingkar, Chandrashekhar Aundhkar, Saswati Boral, Sunil Vitthalrao Jagtap

Ventilatory Defects in Toll Plaza Workers at Sriperumbudur Toll Plaza, Tamil Nadu, India CC08-CC10

VP Sundaravadivel, K Senthil Kumar, Varadharaju, Krishnapriya

Comparison of Spontaneous versus Paced Breathing on Heart Rate Variability at High Altitude CC11-CC15

Christopher John Boos, Kyo Bye, Josh Bakker-Dyos, David Richard Woods, Adrian Mellor

Surveillance of Swine Flu Influenza H1N1 by Chip Based Real Time PCR Technology from the Clinical Specimens in a Tertiary Care Hospital DC01-DC04

J Vijayalakshmi, B Sreekanth Reddy, A Surekha, A Renuka Devi

Genotype Distribution of Human Papillomavirus in Women with Cervical Cancer and Normal Cytology in Malwa Region of Punjab- A Pilot Study DC05-DC07

Shilpa Arora, Avnisha, Pragati Grover, Navneet Kaur, Neerja Jindal, Ratika Gupta

Molecular Analysis of Dengue Virus Serotypes Circulating in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India DC08-DC12

Aridass Dhanasezhian, Seetharaman Srivani, Kalaiselvan Anbarasi, Elangovan Manimegalai, Manisha S Mane

Prevalence of Class I and II Integrons among MDR Enterobacter cloacae Isolates Obtained from Clinical Samples of Children in Kermanshah, Iran DC13-DC16

Seyed Hamidreza Mortazavi, Faizullah Mansouri, Mohsen Azizi, Amirhooshang Alvandi, Ali Karbasfrushan, Nahid Madadi-Goli, Sepideh Fereshteh, Kamal Ahmadi

Seroprevalence of Rubella Antibodies in Infertile and Pregnant Sudanese Women DC17-DC20

Elfadil Abass, Wafaa Abduljalil, Shazali Alnour, Thana Mohammed, Salma Hamid, Shereen Mostafa, Marwa Basheer

Platelets as an Extra-Hepatic Reservoir of Hepatitis C Virus RNA: A Prospective Study DM01-DM03

Pradheer Gupta, Manish Chandra Choudhary, Meenu Bajpai, Ekta Gupta

Cytological Study of Abdominal Lymph Nodes by Fine Needle Aspiration under Image Guidance EC01-EC05

Rajeev Ranjan, Umesh Kumar Paliwal, Abhishek Anand

Can p63 Alone Resolve the Mystery of Suspicious Lesions in Prostate Biopsies?-A Study of Interobserver Agreement EC06-EC09

Hema Kini, Beshwanth V Chowdary, Radha R Pai, Jyoti R Kini

A Comparative Histopathologic Analysis of Prostatic Carcinomas by Conventional and 2005 ISUP Modified Gleason Systems EC10-EC13

Deborah Dalmeida, T Umashankar, Crysle Saldanha

Role of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Guided Brush Cytology in Evaluation of Malignant Biliary Tract Strictures: Experience of a Tertiary Care Teaching Centre in Northern India EC14-EC18

Preeti Agarwal, Shivanjali Raghuvanshi, Sucheta Yadav, Shalini Bhalla, Raj Mehrotra, Sameer Gupta, Vishal Gupta, Madhu Mati Goel

Primary Localised Amyloidosis of Urethra Presenting as a Penile Stricture ED01-ED03

Padmapriya Jaiprakash, Archana Shivmurthy, Manna Valiathan, Arun Chawla

Leiomyomatous Nodule and Ovarian Mucinous Borderline Tumour: A Rare Co-existence ED04-ED06

Sadaf Khan, Swati Sharma, Jyothi Shetty

A Rare Translocation in a Paediatric Myelodysplastic Syndrome ED07-ED09

Rachana Kiran Koppalkar, Purnima S Rao, I Sandhya, Muktha R Pai

Hypocellular Acute Myeloid Leukaemia- A Diagnostic Conundrum ED10-ED12

Sindhura Lakshmi Koulmane Laxminarayana, Chethan Manohar

Osseous Metaplasia in Adenocarcinoma ED13-ED15

Phiza Aggarwal, RPS Punia, Robin Kaushik, Manveen Kaur, Deepak Aggarwal

Sclerosing Extramedullary Haematopoietic Tumour Presenting as Bilateral Gluteal Abscess in a Patient with Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia ED16-ED18

KS Sunil Kumar, N Geetha, L Swetha, Prabu

Primary Lymphoma of the Soft Tissue: A Pathologist’s Perspective ED19-ED20

Madhusmita Jena

Lingual Schwannoma-A Common Tumour at Uncommon Site in a Paediatric Patient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature ED21-ED23

Alka Mary Mathai, K Preetha, S Valsaladevi, C Karthikeyan

Multiple Osteoma Cutis of the Wrist and Hand ED24-ED26

Pallavi Sharma, Sarita Devdhar, Devreshi Kumar Pandey, Sumit Giri, Dushyant Sharma

Evaluation of Analgesic Activity of Extracts of Delphinium denudatum in Animal Models: A Dose-dependent Pre-clinical Trial FC01-FC04

Imran Zaheer, Syed Ziaur Rahman, Rahat Ali Khan, Mehtab Parveen, Mushtaq Ahmad

Effect of Pharmacist Mediated Counselling on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP), Health Related Quality of Life (HR-QoL) and Glycaemic Control in Diabetic Patients on Insulin Therapy FC05-FC10

Charishma Lavu, Meher Priyanka Gonnabathula, Sai Kumar Murakonda, Siva Reddy Challa, C Anjani Kumar, Sravyageethika Dummalapati, Suguna Sajja, Krishna Sri Nalla

Introduction of Feedback for Better Learning FC11-FC15

Jagminder Kaur Bajaj, Kulbir Kaur, Rajiv Arora, Satinder Jit Singh

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Late Diagnosis with a Great Disability: A Case Report ID01-ID02

Oriana Amata, Enrica Scalisi, Alessandro Conti, Giuseppe Umana, Matteo Cioni

Assessment of Healthcare Systems Across BRICS Nations, What India Can Learn from the Rest? IE01-IE04

Sayed Hisham, Brayal Carry Dsouza, Shahina Abdul Rasheed, Rajesh Kamath, Anjali Vinod Mishra

Elements of Integrating Traditional and Complementary Medicine into Primary Healthcare: A Systematic Review IE05-IE11

Ahmad Negahban , Mohammadreza Maleki, Alireza AbbaSsian

Analysis of MRI Slices of Hamstring Avulsion Injury using Histogram KC01-KC04

TR Thamizhvani, KF Tanveer Ahmed, A Josephin Arockia Dhivya, R Chandrasekaran, RJ Hemalatha

Ayurvedic Treatment Protocol for Chronic Pelvic Pain in Endometriosis KD01-KD03

Anjaly Muraleedharan, Parvathy Unnikrishnan, Priyadarshana Narayan,Hemavathi Shivapura Krishnaraja Bhatt

Snake Venom, an Unbeheld Drug for Nipah Virus? A Lead from Ayurveda KM01-KM03

Preethi Mohan

Knowledge and Perceived Health Benefits of Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty among Patients with Coronary Heart Disease LC01-LC05

Katha Mukherjee, Leena Sequira, Charlet Jasmine Vaz

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Smoking among Pharmacy Students: Findings from a Public University LC06-LC09

Abdulkareem Mohammed Al-shami, Tarek Mohamed Elsayed, Ramadan Elkalmi, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Eman Ali Dyab, Mohammad Jamshed Siddiqui, Abdul Rahman Mahmoud Fata Nahas

Assessment of Depression and Social Support in Elderly Subjects Residing in an Old Age Home: A Pilot Study LC10-LC14

Gowthamapura Venkatappa Kavana, Eregodu Manjunath Sparshadeep, Mohammed A Shiyas, Damodar KP Sheeba

The Effect of Group Sexual Counseling Based on Cognitive Behavioural Approach on Sexual Satisfaction of Women LC15-LC18

Masomeh Taravati, Arezoo Shayan, Narges Babakhani, Maryam Garousian, Javad Faradmal, Zahra Masoumi

HPV Risk Factors and Prevention Behaviours: A Review LE01-LE05

Masoumeh Pourmohsen, Masoumeh Simbar, Fatemeh Nahidi, Fereshteh Fakor, Hamid Alavi Majd

Objective Acoustic Analysis and Comparison of Normal and Abnormal Voices MC01-MC04

HT Lathadevi, Suresh Pundalikappa Guggarigoudar

Comparison of Intraoperative and Postoperative Morbidity between Carbondioxide Laser Tonsillectomy and Dissection Tonsillectomy: A Randomised Clinical Trial MC05-MC08

Saranya Thangavel, Sunil Kumar Saxena, Arun Alexander

Assessment of the Self Perceived Hearing Handicap and its Associated Factors in Elderly People with Hearing Loss MC09-MC12

Valli Rajasekaran, RB Gurulakshmi

Analysis of Cough in Post-stroke Individuals with Dysphagia OC01-OC05

Carol Melanie Alvares, Deepa Narayana Devadiga, Medikonda Jeevan, Aravind Prabhu, Sankar Prasad Gorthi

Body Mass Index and Weight Loss Efforts in Middle-Aged Saudi Women: The Mediating Role of Body Appreciation OC06-OC09

Hala Hazam Al Otaibi

Trends in Permanent Pacemaker Implantation in Indian Population: A Single Centre Experience OC10-OC12

Basant Kumar, Jaya Prakash, Savita Kumari, CN Manjunath

Osteoporosis at Distal Radius in Otherwise Healthy Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Does it differ from Routine? OC13-OC16

Balram Sharma, Vijay Kumar Bhavi, Sanjay Saran, Hardeva Ram Nehara, Anshul Kumar Singh, Sandeep Kumar Mathur

Comparative Study of Scores for Prediction of Coronary Artery Disease Severity: Evaluation of a Newly Formulated CHA2DS2-VASc-HSLp(a) Score OC17-OC21

Bhupendra Kumar Sihag, Dharmendra Jain, Geetha Subramanian

Factors Associated with Severe Sepsis or Septic Shock in Patients with Gram Negative Bacteraemia: An Observational Cohort Study OC22-OC25

Mohan V Sumedha Maturu, Chandrashekar Udyavara Kudru, Vandana Kalwaje Eshwara, Vasudeva Guddattu

Takayasu’s Arteritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus-A Rare Coexistence OD01-OD03

Savio Dsouza, Raviraja V Acharya, Ramachandran Padmakumar, Kusugodlu Ramamoorthi, Akshay Kumar

Correspondence: Are Automated Blood Pressure Apparatus Reliable? Automated Versus Manual Measurement of Blood Pressure OL01-OL02

Himel Mondal, Shaikat Mondal

Does Treatment of Fistula-in-Ano by Ligation of Intersphincteric Fistula Tract Offer any Advantage over Standard Fistulectomy or Fistulotomy? PC01-PC04

Pallavi V Ayyar, Satish B Dharap

Foreign Body in Rectum: Case Management and Review of Literature PD01-PD02

Mahim Koshariya, Abhishek Shitole, Anshul Siroliya, Mayank Soni, Sheikh Behram

Phantom Pain after Robotic Cystoprostatectomy for Bladder Pain Syndrome PD03-PD04

Venkatesh Kumar, Malik Abdul Rouf, Rajesh Taneja

Conservative Management of Intraperitoneal Urinary Bladder Perforation with Enterovesical Fistula PD05-PD06

Debansu Sarkar, Akash Agrawal, Dilip Kumar Pal

Biloma Presentation after Six Months of Thoracoabdominal Trauma: A Case Report PD07-PD08

Mojtaba Ahmadinejad, Saman Afrasiabi, Izadmehr Ahmadinejad

Residual Placental Blood Volume Estimation to Measure the Increase in Neonatal Blood Transfer by Delayed Cord Clamping: A Quasi-Experimental Study QC01-QC05

Geetanjali Mahagundappa Katageri, Deepthi Nagaraj

Effect of Socio-Economic Factors on Reproductive Health in Female Heads of Household: A Cross-Sectional Study in Iran QC06-QC09

Somayyeh Khazaeian, Nourossadat Kariman, Abbas Ebadi, Malihe Nasiri

Prenatal Diagnosis of Isolated Type 2 Diastematomyelia at 12 Weeks Using 2D Ultrasound with a Normal Intracranial Translucency QD01-QD03

Megha Pandove, Akhila Vasudeva, Anjali Mundkur, Pratap Kumar

Comparison of Posterior Short-segment Pedicle Screw Fixation with or without Fusion in Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures RC01-RC04

Arvind Bharadwaj, Akshay Rakeshmohan Bhardwaj, Gaurav Mahesh Sharma

Rotational Malalignment after Intramedullary Fixation of Trochanteric Fractures RC05-RC08

Rajendra Annappa, Harramb Mittal, Surendra Umesh Kamath, Santhosh Rai, Pooja Kundapur Suresh, Nabeel Mohammed

Dupuytren’s Contracture: Epidemiological Patterns and Results Following Radical Fasciectomy RC09-RC12

Swagat Mahapatra, Sachin Awasthi, Pankaj Aggarwal, SS Tripathy, Rajiv Ratan Singh Yadav, Chandrasekhar Verma, Siddharth Tiwari

The Relationship of Quadriceps Angle and Anterior Knee Pain RC13-RC16

Chandan Kumar, Sunil Singh Thapa, Arjun Prasad Lamichhane

Higher Risk of Motor Vehicle Accident in Female Motorcyclist with Type 3 Digit Ratio (2D:4D) RC17-RC20

Shaifuzainab-Rahman, Muhammad Azhar Abdullah, Mohd Imran Yusof

Analysis of Xenobiotics Biotransformation and DNA Repair Genes as Factors of Aetiology, Pathogenesis and Criteria of Progression in Children with Congenital Spine Deformities RC21-RC25

Sergei E Khalchitsky, Marina V Sogoyan, Sergei V Vissarionov, Alexei G Baindurashvili, Dmitry N Kokushin, Alexandra N Filippova

Use of a Locking Compression Plate in the Management of Congenital Pseudarthrosis of the Tibia RD01-RD03

Norliyana Mazli, Mohd Yazid Bajuri, Abdul Muhaimin Ali, Srijit Das

Correlation between Blood Glucose Level in Cord Blood and Capillary Blood of Neonates using Glucometer SC01-SC04

Baburaj Stephenson, BA Kannan, C Joseph Johnson, Belgin Premkumar, Cinju Lowarance Chellaswamy, Elwis Elias, Sumi M Pillai, SU Abisha

Health Care Seeking Behaviour and Expenditure for Childhood Illness in Coastal District of India-A Community Based Study SC05-SC08

Kiran Baliga, Shantaram Baliga, K Prashant Kini, Sucheta Rao

Comparative Study between Analgesic Effect of Breast Feeding and Oral Sucrose in Full Term Newborns SC09-SC12

Milind Gajbhiye, Sunil Kumar Rao, H P Singh

Relationship between Attachment Style and Body Mass Index of Children using Ex-Post Facto Research Design SC13-SC17

Aditya Pareek, Uma Joshi

Impact of Maternal Iron and Zinc Status on Foetal Cord Blood Levels: A Pilot Study SC18-SC21

Enas R Abdel Hamid, Dina Abu Zeid, Ahmed F Amer, Nevine R El Baroudy, AMR S Megawer, Hanaa H Ahmed

Consistency of Fractional Anisotropy Values Using Different Combinations of b-Value and Time of Echo (TE) in Diffusion Tensor Imaging of Normal Brain White Matter TC01-TC04

Rahul P Kotian, K Prakashini, Sreekumaran Nair, M Satish Babu

Ultrasound Elastography in Differentiating Benign and Malignant Thyroid Lesions and its Correlation with Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology or Biopsy Results TC05-TC09

Pradeep Madhichettiar Dhayalan, Dilip Shankar Phansalkar, CM Kiran, Himagirish Rao, Prince K Philip, Mohnish Palanisamy, Sabari Ramesh, Archana Koshy

Determination of Range of Quadriceps Angle by Computed Tomography TC10-TC12

Valida Rolin Mendonsa, Winniecia Dkhar, Suresh Sukumar, Arathy Mary John

Role of Ultrasonography and Ultrasound Elastography in the Evaluation of Thyroid Nodules TC13-TC17

Muthiah Nachiappan, Vinaya Poornima, Ashvini Kumar, Sonali D Prabhu, Ravi Raj Singh Chouhan

Ultrasound Evaluation of Foetal Nasal Bone and Maxillary Bone Length in the Second and Third Trimester TC18-TC20

CS Prabhu, VN Amogh, Hiren Kumar Panwala

Primary Myelofibrosis with Mesenteric Extramedullary Haematopoiesis TD01-TD02

Saurabh Kumar, Shaloo shaloo, Juhi Chawla, Subha ashok, Shalini Thapar Laroia

Role of Magnesium as Analgesic Sparing Adjuvant to Ropivacaine in Thoracic Paravertebral Block for Breast Cancer Surgery: A Prospective, Double-Blinded Randomised Controlled Study UC01-UC05

Sandip RoyBasunia, Anjan Das, Tapobrata Mitra, Nairita Mayur, Hirak Biswas, Anindya Mukherjee, Chiranjib Bhattacharyya, Subrata Mandal

Characteristics of Sharp Injuries in Anaesthesia Providers in New York State: A Cross-sectional Study UC06-UC10

Shamantha Reddy, Vilma Joseph, Zhen Liu, Tracey Straker

Are Indian Peacekeepers on Path to Mental Peace? VC01-VC05


The Relationship of Internet Addiction with Quality of Life and Alexithymia in Students in Iran VC06-VC09

Kamal Solati, Mohammad Ghasemi, Darioush Mohammadi

Financial Burden, Depression and Coping Strategies among Parents of Children Admitted to Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) VC10-VC13

Kushal Shah, Jagdish R Varma, Maithily V Patel, Krutika R Tandon, Ajay G Phatak, Somashekhar M Nimbalkar

Molecular Subtypes in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer-Do They Have a Preferential Destination? XC01-XC04

Prarthana Roselil Christopher, Pamela Alice Kingsley, Preety Negi, Sudeep Marcus, Jaineet Sachdeva, Clarence Samuel

Prevalence of Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit and its Association with Scapular Dyskinesia and Rotator Cuff Strength Ratio in Collegiate Athletes Playing Overhead Sports YC01-YC04

Prateek Srivastav, Ganesh Balthillaya, Siddharth Bagrecha

Maintaining ‘V-Contour’ of the Neck after Surgery for Neglected Congenital Muscular Torticollis in an Adult (A New Technique) YD01-YD03

Osama Neyaz, Abhimanyu Vasudeva, S L Yadav

Identifying the Challenges and Cost-effectiveness of Telerehabilitation: A Narrative Review YE01-YE04

Manisha Pramod Shenoy, Pramod Divakara Shenoy

Efficacy of Endurance Exercise on Pain and Disability in Chronic Neck Pain-A Systematic Review YE05-YE13

Rajalaxmi Viswanathan, Jibi Paul, Manoj Abraham Manoharlal, Sasirekha Muthuswamy, Nithya Muthukumar

A Clinical, Randomised, Double-Blind Study on the Use of Nano-Hydroxyapatite and Arginine During at-Home Tooth Bleaching ZC01-ZC05

Ranna Castro da Silva, Cristiane de Melo Alencar, Beatriz Helena Rodrigues Silva, Brennda Lucy Freitas de Paula, Antonia Patricia Oliveira Barros, Ana Daniela Silva da Silveira, Cecy Martins Silva

Cymbopogon Citratus (Lemongrass Oil) Oral Sprays as Inhibitors of Mutans Streptococci Biofilm Formation ZC06-ZC12

Kemthong Mitrakul, Ratchapin Srisatjaluk, Vimol Srisukh, Pattamapan Lomarat, Kadkao Vongsawan, Theerachai Kosanwat

Bone Mapping for Mini-Implant Placement with Various Facial Growth Patterns using Three Dimensional Volumetric Tomography ZC13-ZC18

Kumar B Niwlikar, Vaibhav Khare, Rinku Nathani, Shweta S Bhayade, Akhilesh Shewale

Assessment of Non-surgical Periodontal Therapy on IL-22 and S100A12 Concentration in Gingival Crevicular Fluid ZC19-ZC23

Razieh Nejadi, Mandana Sattari, Ferial Taleghani

Comparative Evaluation of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Chlorhexidine, MTAD and Chitosan as Root Canal Irrigant against Enterococcus faecalis ZC24-ZC27

Bhavani Srikrishna Pillai, Manavalan Madhana Madhubala, Arumugam Velmurugan, Vijay L Amiritharaj, Gangadharan Rajaraman

Analysis of Salivary Protein Profiles and its Viscosity in Early Childhood Caries (A Cross-Sectional Study) ZC28-ZC30

Endang Winiati Bachtiar, Ingetiarani Y Hermawan, Ratna-Farida, Boy M Bachtiar

Comparison of Efficacy of Low Dose (25 mg) with High Dose Diclofenac (50 mg) in Management of Postoperative Pain after Periodontal Flap Surgery: A Randomised Clinical Trial ZC31-ZC35

Kshitij K Karmkar, Dilip D Khambete, Abhijit N Gurav, Rahul A Patil, Abhijeet R Shete, Sumit S Shetgar, Nibha S Kulkarni, Swapneel C Bodele

Patient Satisfaction with Dental Services and Associated Factors in a Saudi Dental Institution ZC36-ZC39

Abdulrahman A Balhaddad, Ahmad Alshammari, Ahmed Alqadi, Muhammad Ashraf Nazir

The South African Dental Schools’ Educational Environment: Final Year Students’ Perceptions at Four Dental Schools ZC40-ZC44

Ahmed Bhayat, Robert Barrie, Pagollang Motloba, Veerasamy Yengopal

Interceptive Treatment of Impacted Maxillary Lateral Incisors- An Outcome of Two Cases ZD01-ZD04

Ali Alqerban

Twain Impaction-A Novel Orthodontic Approach ZD05-ZD07

Karnati Kumar Reddy Praveen, Priyank Seth, Karnati Chaitanya, Gopuvaram Gayathri, Myint Wei

Overjet Reduction with the Use of ELIBA Device: A Case Report ZD08-ZD10

Eleonora Ortu, Davide Pietropaoli, Ruggero Cattaneo, Mario Giannoni, Annalisa Monaco

Role of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Evaluation of a Large Cystic Lesion ZD11-ZD13

Letícia Ângelo Walewski, Luiza Roberta Bin, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini, Angelo José Pavan

Radiographically Detectable Dystrophic Calcinosis of the Cheek: A Case Report and Literature Review ZD14-ZD17

Candice Jacinta Antao, Ajit D Dinkar, Manisha Khorate, Nigel R Figueiredo

Fabrication of Silicone Prosthesis for an Amputated Pollex with Kapandji Score 8: A Case Report ZD18-ZD20

Anshulika Singh, Mayank Singh, Saumyendra V Singh, Pooran Chand, Deeksha Arya

Haemangioma with Multiple Phleboliths-A Rare Case ZD21-ZD23

Sahanaz Praveen Ahmed, Nagarathinam Anbuelangovan, Nandhini Gunasekaran, Ramesh Kumar Annasamy

Surgical Management of Root Canal Perforation Aided by CBCT Scan ZD24-ZD26

Alvaro Henrique Borges, Durvalino Oliveira, Iussif Mamede-Neto, Cyntia Araujo Rodrigues Estrela, Carlos Estrela

Comparative Assessment of the Antibacterial Efficacy of Natural Products and Chlorhexidine Mouthwash against Streptococcus Mutans: A Systematic Review ZE01-ZE07

Benoy Jacob, MS Nivedhitha

Prescription of Metronidazole in Paediatric Dentistry-An Evidence Based Approach ZE08-ZE11

Nuvvula Sivakumar, Saha Anupam, Mallineni Sreekanth Kumar

Three-Dimensional Printing-A Revolutionary Technology ZE12-ZE18

Kanchan Rajkumari, Poornima Chandra, Pachipulusu Balaji

Spindle Cell Tumours of the Head and Neck-A Taxonomic Review ZE19-ZE27

Esha Singh

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.