Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
Knowledge is treasure of a wise man. The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help ones reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journalsNo manuscriptsNo authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2014 | Month : October | Volume : 8 | Issue : 10 XML
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (151)

A Rare Case of Variant Morphology of Peroneus Tertius Muscle AD01-AD02

Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagnadla, Kumar MR Bhat, Satheesha B Nayak, Prakashchandra Shetty, Rajesh Thangarajan

An Unusual ‘W’ Shaped Thyroid Gland with Absence of Isthmus – A Case Report AD03-AD04

Rajan Singla, Ravikant Sharma Kulbir Kaur

Altered Lung Function Test in Asymptomatic Women Using Biomass Fuel for Cooking BC01-BC03

Jeneth Berlin Raj.T

Influence of Rotating Shift Work on Visual Reaction Time and Visual Evoked Potential BC04-BC07

Hemamalini R.V, Krishnamurthy N, Saravanan A

Cold Pressor Response in High Landers Versus Low Landers BC08-BC11

Jagdish Narayan, Archana Ghildiyal, Manish Goyal, Dileep Verma, Shraddha Singh, Sunita Tiwari

Effect of Curcumin Against Oxidation of Biomolecules by Hydroxyl Radicals CC01-CC05

Sai Krishna Borra, Jaideep Mahendra, Prema Gurumurthy, Jayamathi, Shabeer S Iqbal, Little Mahendra

Comparison of Serum Lipid Profile in HIV Positive Patients on ART with ART Naïve Patients CC06-CC09

Indumati V, Vijay.V, M.S.Shekhanawar, Rajeshwari, Amareshwaras.M, Shantala.D

Evaluation of Usefulness of Serum Insulin as Sensitive Predictor of Cardiovascular Dysfunction in Obese Individuals with Normal Lipid Profile CC10-CC12

Amruta A. Bakshi, Jayashree S. Bavikar, Shilpa B. Asegaonkar,Jayashree S. Bardapurkar, Vijay Domple, Pooja SK Rai, Smita Pawar

Prevalence of Elevated Serum Homocysteine and Serum Lipoprotein ‘a’ in Women CC13-CC15

Alka N Sontakke, Mona A Tilak , Vaishali V Dhat, Umesh M More, Sarita A Shinde, Pradnya Phalak , Anita D Deshmukh

Homocysteine levels in Indian women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome CL01-

Mehmet Agilli, Fevzi Nuri Aydin, Tuncer Cayci, Yasemin Gulcan Kurt

Urinary Tract Infection: Aetiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern in Infants From A Tertiary Care Hospital in North India DC01-DC03

Nirmaljit Kaur, Shweta Sharma, Shalini Malhotra, Preeti Madan, Charoo Hans

Possible Role of Curcumin as an Efflux Pump Inhibitor in Multi Drug Resistant Clinical Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa DC04-DC07

Nidhi Negi, Pradyot Prakash, Mohan Lal Gupta, Tribhuban Mohan Mohapatra

Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of ES ß L Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Urine Samples of Pregnant Women in Karnataka DC08-DC11

Manjula N. G., Girish C. Math., Kavita Nagshetty, Shripad A. Patil, Subhashchandra M. Gaddad, Channappa T. Shivannavar

Correlation of CD4 T Cell Count and Plasma Viral Load with Reproductive Tract Infections/Sexually Transmitted Infections in HIV Infected Females DC12-DC14

Sonali Bhattar, Preena Bhalla, Deepti Rawat, Reva Tripathi, Ravinder Kaur, Kabir Sardana

Keratomycosis: Etiology, Risk Factors and Differential Diagnosis- A Mini Review on Trichophyton spp DD01-DD02

Yukti Sharma, Sanjay Jain, Jayachandran

Clinicopathological Profile of Benign Soft Tissue Tumours: A Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Western India FC01-FC04

Bharti G Ramnani, Ashutosh Kumar, Shruti Chandak, Amar Ranjan, Mehul Kumar Patel

Foetal Autopsy-Categories and Causes of Death FC05-FC08

Uroos Fatima, Rana Sherwani, Tamkin Khan, Sufian Zaheer

Squash Cytology in Neurosurgical Practice: A Useful Method in Resource-Limited Setting with Lack of Frozen Section Facility FC09-FC12

Manish Agrawal, Shiv kumar Chandrakar, Dharampal Lokwani, Manju Raj Purohit

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Male Breast Lesions – A Retrospective Study Over a Six Year Period FC13-FC15

Kirana Pailoor, Hilda Fernandes, Jayaprakash C S, Nisha J Marla, Murali Keshava S

Evaluation Profile of Thyroid Nodule by FNAC in the Rural Population of Khanpur Kalan, Sonepat, Haryana FC16-FC18

Hemlata T Kamra, Ruchi Agarwal,Parveen Rana, Rajnish Kalra, Swarn Kaur, Amrita Duhan, Sanjay Verma, Deepti Agarwal

Should We Apply Suction During Fine Needle Cytology of Thyroid Lesions? A Prospective Study of 200 Cases FC19-FC22

Amit Kumar Chowhan, K.V.Sreedhar Babu, Alok Sachan, N.Rukmangdha, Rashmi Patnayak, K.Radhika, B.V.Phaneendra, M.Kumaraswamy Reddy

Study of Proper use of Inhalational Devices by Bronchial Asthma or COPD Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital FC23-FC26

Nandini J. Desai, B. D. Gupta, Pratik Narendrabhai Patel, Vani Santosh Joshi

Isolated Non-Necrotising Granulomatous Vasculitis of the Gall Bladder- A Rare Entity FD01-FD02

Priavadhana Rajan Prasaad, Shubhranshu Shekhar, S. Anu Priyadharshini

Aggressive Lymphoma in a 14 Year Old Indian Boy, Diagnosed on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology FD03-FD05

Smita C. Pathade, Ramkumar Kurpad, Manoj Narayanan, V K Sasikumar, S S Jadhav

Cystic Endosalpingiosis of Uterine Parametrium- A Scarcely Encountered and Sparsely Documented Entity FD06-FD07

Hemalatha A. L, Ash Ok K. P, Anoosh A. K, Indira. C. S

Renal Leiomyoma: An Uncommon Differential Diagnosis of Renal Masses with a Clinical Relevance FD08-FD09

Shaan Khetrapal, Anupam Bhargava, Sujata Jetley, Safia Rana, Zeeba Jairajpuri

Enteropathy Associated T Cell Lymphoma – A Case Report of An Uncommon Extranodal T Cell Lymphoma FD10-FD12

Geetha V, Ranjini Kudva, Anna Joseph Amprayil

Pilomatrixoma Masquerading as Metastatic Adenocarcinoma. A Diagnostic Pitfall on Cytology FD13-FD14

Divya Sharma, Shipra Agarwal, L Shyama Jain, Vinay Kamal

Chondroid Syringoma with Extensive Bone Formation: A Case Report and Review of the Literature FD15-FD17

Recep Bedir, Cuneyt Yurdakul, Ibrahim Sehitoglu, Hasan Gucer, Suphan Tunc

Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumour of Ovary with Menorrhagia: A Rare Case Report FD18-FD20

Umesh Sidheshwar Kanade, Sunita Sanjay Dantkale, Rahul Ravindra Narkhede, Rupali Ramrao Kurawar, Shubhada Yadavrao Bansode

Is it Askin Tumour? A Question You Must Ask Even in Elderly FD21-FD23

Nadeem Tanveer, Navneet Kaur, Kiran Mishra, Neelam Wadhwa, Navjeevan Singh

Riedel’s Thyroiditis in an Elderly Male Patient: A Rare Entity FD24-FD25

Chumila Thinley Bhutia, Deepak Das

Carcinosarcoma Masquerading as Giant Cystic Hematoma FD26-FD27

Surekha B Hippargi, Anita P Javalgi, Anirudh V Kushtagi, Padmaja R Kulkarni, Mamta K

Ovarian Juvenile Granulosa Cell Tumour in Childhood: Uncommon Gynecological Malignancy FL01-FL02

Dhiraj B. Nikumbh, Kishor H.Suryawanshi, Anjali M.Chitale, Poonam Pagare, Akshay Surana

Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA) – Dependent Pseudothrombocytopenia: A Case Report FL03-FL04

Izhar Shabnam, Chuphal D S, Joshi B C

Hemodynamic Responses to Etomidate Versus Ketamine-Thiopental Sodium Combination for Anesthetic Induction in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients with Low Ejection Fraction: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Clinical Trial GC01-GC05

Mohammad Reza Habibi, Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Aria Soleimani, Amir Emami Zeydi, HamId Sharif Nia, Ali Habibi, Naser Onagh

Dexmedetomidine in Current Anaesthesia Practice- A Review GE01-GE04

Shagufta Naaz, Erum Ozair

Anticancer Drug Induced Palmar Plantar Erythrodysesthesia HC01-HC03

Muthiah Palaniappan, Sureshkumar Srinivasamurthy, Biswajit Dubashi, Adithan Chandrasekaran

Study of Proper use of Inhalational Devices by Bronchial Asthma or Copd Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital HC04-HC07

Avijit Ganguly, Anup Kumar Das, Anindya Roy, Anjan Adhikari, Joyashree Banerjee, Sumitra Sen

Evaluation and Comparison of Anticonvulsant Activity of Telmisartan and Olmesartan in Experimentally Induced Animal Models of Epilepsy HC08-HC11

Pushpa V H, Padmaja Shetty K, Suresha R N, Jayanthi M K, Ashwini V, Vaibhavi P S

Adverse Reactions of Ferric Carboxymaltose HD01-HD02

Harish Thanusubramanian, Navin Patil, Smita Shenoy, K L Bairy, Yashdeep Sarma

Nutritional Status of Children Aged 3-6 Years in a Rural Area of Tamilnadu JC01-JC04

Anuradha R, Ranjit Sivanandham, Sam Dashni Salome, Roniya Francis, Roopa D, Sakthi Sampavi, Sabu S R, Ranjit Prasad

Smear Conversion, Treatment Outcomes and the Time of Default in Registered Tuberculosis Patients on RNTCP DOTS in Puducherry, South India JC05-JC08

Kavita Vasudevan, Niranjana Jayakumar, Dhivyalakshmi Gnanasekaran

Awareness and attitudes regarding prenatal sex determination, Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act (PCPNDTA) among pregnant Women in South India JC09-JC11

Nithin Kumar, B B Darshan, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Tanuj Kanchan, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Vaman Kulkarni, Ramesh Holla

An Intervention Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Hiv Positive Individuals in Southern India JM01-JM02

Lalitha Hande, Sambajirao, Sanjeev Badiger

A Study of Anatomical Variations of Osteomeatal Complex in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients-Ct Findings KC01-KC04

Anita Aramani, R.N.Karadi, Saurabh Kumar

Deroofing of Auricular Pseudocyst: Our Experience KC05-KC07

Vinay.S.bhat, Shilpa, Nitha, Ravi K S

Hemi Replacement Arthroplasty for Unstable Inter-Trochanteric Fractures of Femur LC01-LC04

Sudhir Singh, Chetan Shrivastava, Sanjiv Kumar

Multiple Heriditary Exostoses in a Family for Three Generation of Indian Origin with Review of Literature LD01-LD03

Kalyani R, Prabhakar K, Gopinath B, Sheik Naseer B, Krishnamurthy DS

Transient Patellar Dislocation Resulting in Simultaneous Osteochondral Fractures of Patella and Lateral Femoral Condyle – A Case Report LD04-LD05

Divesh Jalan, Vivek Machhindra Morey, Ravi Mittal, Chaitanya Dev Pannu

A Very Rare Presentation of Synovial Cell Sarcoma Arising from the Tendon Sheath of Flexor Hallucislongus Tendon and Causing Secondary Erosion of Calcaneum LD06-LD07

C.J. Mani Kumar, B.S.S.S. Venkateswarlu

Tibialis Anterior Partial Rupture Mimicking Muscle Hernia: A Rare Case Report LD08-LD09

Krishna Mohan Reddy Kotha, Varun Sharma Tandra, G.V.S.Murthy,S.Ravindranath Vutukuri, Y.Vyjayanthi

Non Diabetic and Stress Induced Hyperglycemia [SIH] in Orthopaedic Practice What do we know so Far? LH01-LH03

Navendu Goyal, Randeep Kaur, Ambuj Sud, Nilesh Ghorpade, Manu Gupta

Clinico-Biochemical Correlation to Histological Findings in Alcoholic Liver Disease: A Single Centre Study from Eastern India MC01-MC05

Sayantan Ray, Dibbendhu Khanra, Nikhil Sonthalia, Supratip Kundu, Kaushik Biswas, Arunansu Talukdar, Manjari Saha, Himel Bera

Rheumatologic Manifestations in Iranian Patients with Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases MC06-MC08

Sharabeh Hezarkhani, Sim a Sedighi, Mehrdad Aghaei, Maryam Shamekhi, Mahin Nomali

A Prospective Study of Comparison of Apache-IV & Saps-II Scoring Systems and Calculation of Standardised Mortality Rate in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Patients MC09-MD13

Ajay Somabhai Dabhi, Suhas S Khedekar, Vadivelan Mehalingam

Unusual Cause for Abdominal Pain in Cirrhosis : Thrombosed Intrahepatic Portal Vein Aneurysms MD01-MD02

Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, Upasana Ranga, Saveetha Veeraiyan

Neurorickettsioses: A Rare Presentation with Stroke in a Young Adult MD03-MD04

Praveen Kumar S, Pramod K

Varicose Vein Trauma: A Risk for Pulmonary Embolism MD05-MD07

Parijat S Joy, Creticus P Marak, Anna M Ponea, Achuta K Guddati

Angiomyolipomas, Renal Cell Carcinomas and Pulmonary Lymphangioleiomyomatosis MJ01-

Panagiotis J Vlachostergios, Bahareh Soroori Rad, Kamran Karimi, George Apergis

A Comparative Study of Lateral Sphincterotomy and 2% Diltiazem Gel Local Application in the Treatment of Chronic Fissure in Ano NC01-NC02

Giridhar C. M, Preethitha Babu, K. Seshagiri Rao

Combination of Liechtenstein Repair with Herniorrhaphy in Open Inguinal Hernia Repair- A Prospective Observational Single Center Study NC03-NC08

Mahesh Pukar, Dhairya Lakhani

Triple Test in Carcinoma Breast NC09-NC11

Suman Kharkwal, Sameer, Arindam Mukherjee

Post Burn Contracture Neck: Clinical Profile and Management NC12-NC17

Nikunj Bhavesh Mody, Sanket S. Bankar, Avinash Patil

Versatility of Abbe–Estlander Flap in Lip Reconstruction – A Prospective Clinical Study NC18-NC21

Ashish Kumar, Premlatha M Shetty, Rohan Suhas Bhambar, Shashank Redddy Gattumeedhi, Ram Mohan Kumar, Harsh Kumar

Short and Hypertrophic Ligament of Treitz: A Rare Cause of Superior Mesentric Artery Syndrome ND03-ND04

Suhani, Lalit Aggarwal, Shadan Ali, Ashish jhaketiya, Shaji Thomas

Three Cases of Subungual Glomus Tumours of the Fingers – A Case Series ND05-ND06

Surya Rao R V M, D. Alagar Raja

Testicular Torsion in Cerebral Palsy – Resident´s Grey Area ND07-ND09

Hemanth S Ghalige, Babitha N, Chetan Maibam, M Birkumar Sharma, Th Sudhir Chandra Singh

Bleeding Ureter: Endometriosis Mascarading as a Ureteral Malignancy - A Case Report ND10-ND11

S.M.L. Prakash Babu, Puvvada Sandeep, Amey Pathade, H.K. Nagaraj

Management of Ruptured Occult Left Hydronephrotic Kidney in 7-Year - Old Boy: A Case Report ND12-ND14

Rajendra K Ghritlaharey, Santosh More

Volvulus of Sigmoid Colon During Full Term Pregnancy with Rectovaginal Fistula: A Case Report ND15-ND16

Sanjeev Kumar, Shefali Gautam, Ravi Prakash, Kanishka Sidhartha, Shashikant

Umbilical Metastasis as Primary Manifestation of Cancer: A Small Series and Review of the Literature ND17-ND19

Kyriakos Psarras, Nikolaos Symeonidis, Minas Baltatzis, Athanasios Notopoulos, Christina Nikolaidou

Transthoracic Repair of Paraesophageal Diaphragmatic Hernia Presenting with Symptoms Mimicking Cardiac Disease (Chest Pain and Breathlessness) ND20-ND21

Vikas Deep Goyal, Sanjeev Sharma, Som Mahajan, Ashwani Kumar

Retroperitoneal Schwannoma: An Atypical Presentation ND22-ND23

Siddha. K. Loka Vijayan, Sunil Shetty, Sri Ram Bhat, Suyog Shetty, Urmila N Khadilkar

Asymptomatic Transhiatal Pancreatic Herniation after Oesophagectomy ND24-ND25

Nikhil Agrawal, Sujoy Pal, Nihar Ranjan Dash, KS Madhusudhan, Deep Narayan Srivastava

Waugh’s Syndrome: Blessing in Disguise ND26-ND27

Chinmaya Ranjan Behera, Subrat K Mohanty

Desmoid Tumours: Our Experience of Six Cases and Review of Literature NE01-NE04

Anji reddy Kallam, B.V.Ramakrishna, G.Kishore Roy, K.R.V.Karthik

Primary Anterior Abdominal Wall Leiomyoma- A Diagnostic Enigma NJ01-NJ02

Manojit Midya, Neeraj K. Dewanda

A Rare Case of Round Ligament Leiomyoma: An Inguinal Mass NJ05-NJ06

Harish E, Sowmya N S, Indudhara P B

Laparoscopy: As a First Line Diagnostic Tool for Infertility Evaluation OC01-OC02

Geetika Jain, Ritu Khatuja, Atul Juneja, Sumita Mehta

The Effect of Epidural Analgesia on Labour, Mode of Delivery and Neonatal Outcome in Nullipara of India, 2011-2014 OC03-OC06

Dipti Agrawal, BelaMak hija, Manjeet Arora, Arpana Haritwal, PaPavan Gurha

Study of Helminthiasis in Pregnancy and its Correlation with Haemoglobin Level OC07-OC09

Shrinivas.K., Radhika, Sreelatha.R., Kavitha.K.

The Effect of Antenatal L-Arginine and Antioxidant Supplementation on Oxidative Stress Marker Levels in Newborns OC10-OC12

Shweta Dr, Khanna Anuradha

Effect of Infertility on the Quality of Life, A Cross – Sectional Study OC13-OC15

Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam, Ali Delpisheh, Azadeh Direkvand-Moghadam

Two Rare Presentations of Epidermal Cyst OD01-OD03

Arun Rao, Bharathi Rao, Maria Joseph Kurian, Radha R. Pai

Skin to Serosa: Scar Endometrioma OD04-OD05

Maya Menon, Sridevi. T.A , Chandrika.P.N , Sathish selvakumar.A.

Ovarian Pregnancy: Uncommon Mode of Presentation OD06-OD07

Saubhagya Kumar Jena, Gayatri Kar, Soumya Samal, Basanta Kumar Behera

Successful Pregnancy Outcome in A Case of Eisenmenger Syndrome: A Rare Case Report OD08-OD09

Setu Rathod, Sunil Kumar Samal

A Rare Case of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia in Pregnancy- Unique Maternal-Fetal Challenges OD10-OD12

Shamim Khandaker, Shabana Munshi

A Comparative Study on the Efficacy of Glucose and Sucrose on the Vaccination Pain: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial PC01-PC03

Zainab Suhrabi, Hamid Taghinejad, Kobra Valian, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Safoura Taheri

Vitamin D Levels In Children with Bronchial Asthma PC04-PC07

A. R. Somashekar, Ashwini B Prithvi, M. N.Vanitha Gowda

Pulmonary and Ileal Tuberculosis Presenting as Fever of Undetermined Origin PD01-PD02

Gajanan Surewad, Ivona Lobo, Preeti Shanbag

A Case of Vander Woude Syndrome with Rare Phenotypic Expressions PD03-PD05

Anurag Tripatpatpathi, Brijesh tiwari, Shalini Gupta, Ranjit patpatpatil, Vikram Khanna

Ellis van Creveld Syndrome (EVCS) in an Iranian, Three-Year-old Girl: A Case Report PD06-PD09

Alaee Ehsan, Shirafkan Ali, Hasheminejad Reihane, Tourisa Deilami, Alireza Kia

Traumatic Peripheral Neuropraxias in Neonates: A Case Series PD10-PD12

Sushma Malik, Heena Sudhir Bhandekar, Charusheela Sujit Korday

Infantile Cortical Hyperostosis: Two Cases with Varied Presentations PJ01-PJ02

Pravakar Mishra, Shasanka Shekhar Panda, Manoranjan Tripathy, Meely Panda, Rashmi Ranjan Das

Can a Tight Saree Wear Cause Cancer? – A Rare Case Report QD01-QD02

Subathira Balasundaram, Rathnadevi Ramadas, Janos Stumpf, Khader Hussain A K, Karthikeyan Perumal

An Imaging Panorama of Salivary Gland Lesions as seen on High Resolution Ultrasound RC01-RC03

Siddappa Gurubalappa Gandage, Sushil Ghanshyam Kachewar

Hemodialysis Induced Amyloid Arthropathy of Hip Presenting as Pathological Fracture-A Case Report and Literature Review RD01-RD02

Fahad Alshehri

Neuroblastoma of Posterior Mediastinum: Classical Imaging Findings RJ01-

Swapndeep Singh Atwal

18F-FDG-PET/CT in a Patient with Suspected Large Vessel Vasculitis RJ02-RJ03

Daniele Penna, Claudio Testa, Vincenzo Arena, Ettore Pelosi

Chromosomal Aberrations and Polymorphic Evaluation in Males with Primary Infertility from Indian Population SC01-SC06

Ushang V. Kate, Yamini S. Pokale, Ajinkya M. Jadhav, Suresh D. Gangane

Endocarditis in Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) Syndrome: The First in the Literature SD01-SD02

Mustafa Yolcu, Canan Yolcu, Zekeriya Kaya, Ender Ozgun Cakmak, Yusuf Sezen

Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma with Capilllary Leak Syndrome Following Snake Bite VC01-VC03

Chidanand Kulkarni, Twinkle Ann George, Asha Av, Risha Ravindran

Prevalence of Depression in People Living with HIV/AIDS Undergoing ART and Factors Associated with it WC01-WC04

M.S. Bhatia, Sahil Munjal

Attitudes and Opinions of Medical Students Concerning HIV and AIDS in Malaysia: the Next Steps XL01-

Kieran Walsh

Christ-Siemens-Touraine Syndrome: Case Report of 2 Brothers YD01-YD02

Rita V Vora, Gopikrishnan Anjaneyan, Arvind Chaudhari, Abhishek P Pilani

Efficacy of Dental Floss and Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse as an Adjunct to Toothbrushing in Removing Plaque and Gingival Inflammation – A Three Way Cross Over Trial ZC01-ZC04

Vikram Arora, Pradeep Tangade, Rav Ravishankar T.L., Amit Tirth, Sumit Pal, Vaibhavav Tandon

Chair Side Application of NovaMin for the Treatment of Dentinal Hypersensitivity- A Novel Technique ZC05-ZC08

Shivaprasad BM, Padmavati P, Nehal N Sanghani

Promoter Hypermethylation Profile of Tumour Suppressor Genes in Oral Leukoplakia and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma ZC09-ZC12

G. S. Asokan, S. Jeelani, N.Gnanas undaram

An In-vitro Evaluation of the pH Change Through Root Dentin Using Different Calcium Hydroxide Preparations as an Intracanal Medicament ZC13-ZC16

Suneeth Shetty, M.K.Manjunath, Sunil Tejaswi

Immunohistochemical expression of Type IV Collagen and Autocrine Motility Factor Receptor in Odontogenic Tumours ZC17-ZC21

Harshaminder Kaur Grewal, Sneha Sethi

Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Children and Adolescents of Orphanages in Jodhpur City Rajasthan, India ZC22-ZC25

Rinki Hans, Susan Thomas, Rushabh Dagli, Geetika Arora Bhateja, Akanksh a Sharma, Amarpreet Singh

Assessment of Corticotomy Facilitated Tooth Movement and Changes in Alveolar Bone Thickness - A Ct Scan Study ZC26-ZC30

Preeti Bhattacharya, Hirak Bhattacharya, Arbab Anjum, Ravi Bhandari, D.K.Agarwal, Ankur Gupta, Juhi Ansar

Correlation of Presence of Candida and Epithelial Dysplasia in Oral Mucosal Lesions ZC31-ZC35

Siddharth Kumar Singh, Anjali Gupta, S.Y.Rajan, B.N.Padmavathi, G.P.Mamatha, Hemant Mathur, S. Bhuvaneshwari, S.Soundarya

Prevalence of Malocclusion and its Psycho-Social Impact among 12 To 15-Year-old School Children in Lucknow City ZC36-ZC39

Kunal Jha, Sabyasachi Saha, Jagannatha GV, Ridhi Narang, Gautam Biswas, Poonam Sood, Aarti Garg, Manu Narayan

Comparison of Lip Print Patterns in Two Indian Subpopulations and Its Correlation in ABO Blood Groups ZC40-ZC43

Ashwinirani SR, Girish Suragimath, Abhijeet R Sande, Prasad Kulkarni, Anand Nimbal, T.Shankar , T.Snigdha Gowd, Prajwal K Shetty

Origin of Ameloblastoma From Basal Cells of the Oral Epithelium- Establishing the Relation Using Neuroectodermal Markers ZC44-ZC47

Nagamalini.B.R, S.Suneela, T.V.Narayan, Balasundari Shreedhar, Leeky Mohanty, Sadhana Shenoy, Uma Swaminathan

A Comparative Evaluation of the Dimensional Stability of Three Different Elastomeric Impression Materials after Autoclaving – An Invitro Study ZC48-ZC50

Kiran Kumar Thota, Sujana Jasthi, Rajyalakshmi Ravuri, Suchita Tella

Utility of Extra-Oral Aiming Device in Imaging Periapical Regions of Posterior Teeth ZC51-ZC55

Sudhakar. S, Ramaswamy P, Smitha B, Uday. G

Estimation of Levels of Salivary Mucin, Amylase and Total Protein in Gingivitis and Chronic Periodontitis Patients ZC56-ZC60

Swati Kejriwal, Rahul Bhandary, Biju Thomas, Suchetha Kumari

Evaluation of Ossifi ® as Alloplastic Bone Graft Material in Treatment of Periodontal Infrabony Defects ZC61-ZC65

Sumit Kaushal, Anoop Kapoor, Preetinder Singh, Gulsheen Kochhar, Nitin Khuller, Patthi Basavaraj

Radiographic Evaluation of Mandible to Predict the Gender and Age ZC66-ZC69

Deepti Bhardwaj, Jyothi Shiv Kumar, Vinay Mohan

Comparing Gray and White Mineral Trioxide Aggregate as a Repair Material for Furcation Perforation: An in Vitro Dye Extraction Study ZC70-ZC73

Nishtha Patel, Kiran Patel, Suheel Manzoor Baba, Shikha Jaiswal, Karthik Venkataraghavan, Mehul Jani

Comparison of Nano-Sized Hydroxyapatite and b-Tricalcium Phosphate in the Treatment of Human Periodontal Intrabony Defects ZC74-ZC78

Rohit Jain, Harjit Kaur, Sanjiv Jain, Diljit Kapoor, Tarun Nanda, Megha Jain

Addition of L-dopa to HBSS in enhancing the maintenance of cell viability of Periodontal Ligament (PDL) cells: an in-vitro study ZC79-ZC80

A.V.Rajesh Ebenezar, Mahendran T, Janani Priya

Comparative Evaluation of the Effect of Menstruation, Pregnancy and Menopause on Salivary Flow Rate, pH and Gustatory Function ZC81-ZC85

Pulin Saluja, Vishwaprakash Shetty, Aparna Dave, Manpreet Arora, Vibha Hans, Ajay Madan

Characterization, Localization and Patterning of Lymphatics and Blood Vessels in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Comparative Study Using D2-40 and CD-34 IHC Marker ZC86-ZC89

Deshant Agarwal, Nilesh Pardhe, Manas Bajpai, Shailendra Gupta, Nikunj Mathur, S S VanakI, R S Puranik, Manoj Mittal

Effect of Periodontal Therapy on Salivary Interleukin-12 Levels in Chronic Periodontitis ZC90-ZC92

Anamika Sharma, B.P. Khattak, S Naagtilak, Ganesh Singh, TaTanveer Bano

Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma with Aneurysamal Bone Cyst: A Case Report ZD01-ZD03

A. Vikram simha Reddy, K. Rajeev Kumar Reddy, A. Ravi Prakash, Rajinikanth, Pavaavaavani vidhyadhari

Full Mouth Rehabilitation of a Patient with Extracoronal Attachments and Telescopic Prosthesis - A Case Report ZD04-ZD06

Revathy Gounder, P.Laxman Rao, G.Ajay Kumar, Githanjali M, N.Chandr asekhar

A Novel Approach for Restoration of Hemisectioned Mandibular Second Molar with Modified Tunnel Restoration: A Case Report ZD07-ZD09

Madhu Varma.K, Jyothi Chittem, Kalyan Satish.R, Sita Rama Kumar.M, Girija.S .Sajjan

Diagnosis and Conservative Treatment of Extraoral Submental Sinus Tract of Endodontic Origin: A Case Report ZD10-ZD11

George G. Sotiropoulos, Eleftherios-Terry R. Farmakis

Rehabilitation of a Total Maxillectomy Patient by Three Different Methods ZD12-ZD14

N.Vidyasankari, Ramesh, C.Dinesh Kumar, Neeraj Sharma, Yogesh.S

Cavernous Hemangioma of Tongue: Management of Two Cases ZD15-ZD17

Pranitha V, Niharika Puppala, Sudhanwa N Deshmukh, Jagadesh B, Anuradha S

Assistance of Pressure Conformer for Reconstruction of Lower Fornix ZD18-ZD20

Pokpong Amornvit, Reiyal Goveas, Dinesh Rokaya, Sahana Bajracharya

Benign Osteoblastoma of Maxilla: A Case Report Emphasizing the Histopathological Differential Diagnosis ZD21-ZD23

Deepak Pandiar, Shameena P M, Saaks hi Gulati, Vishal Singh Banyal, Amit Kumar

Oral Cysticercosis: A Diagnostic Difficulty ZD24-ZD25

Jaya Joshi, Manjunatha Bhari Sharanesha, Rameshwar Jatwa, Shaleen Khetrapal

Congenital Mucous Retention Cyst of the Anterior Hard Palate! the First Case Report ZD26-ZD27

Satya Ranjan Misra, Smita Priyadarshini, Abhishek Ranjan Pati, Sanat Kumar Bhuyan, Rajat G Panigrahi

Albright Hereditary Osteodystrophy: A Case Report ZD28-ZD30

Deepa Hugar, Sangameshwar Sajjanshetty, Santosh Hugar, Megha Kadani

Malignant Conversion of Oral Submucous Fibrosis in Surgically Treated Case ZD31-ZD32

Rajendra Arora, Dwarkadas Adwani, Milind Naphad3, Bhushan Bhagat, Abdul Qahar Qureshi

Klestadt’s Cyst with Radiographic Contrast Medium: A Case Report ZD33-ZD34

Vijay Kumar A, Jaishankar H P, Shashidara, Jayanth B S

Gingival Diseases in Childhood – A Review ZE01-ZE04

Arul Pari, Paavai Ilango Venkat Subba Reddy, Vineela Katam Reddy, Harinath Parthasarthy

Role of Vitamin E in Prevention of Oral Cancer:-A Review ZE05-ZE07

Md. Asad Iqubal, Mobeen Khan, Prabhakar Kumar, Anjani Kumar, Kratika Ajai

Escalating Role of Piezosurgery in Dental Therapeutics ZE08-ZE11

Esha Agarwal, Sujata Surendra Masamatti, Ashish Kumar

Role of Unani System of Medicine in Management of Orofacial Diseases: A Review ZE12-ZE15

Hongal Sudhir, Nilesh Arjun Torwane, Goel Pankaj, B.R Chandrashekhar, Abhishek Gouraha

Prosthodontic Perspective to All-On-4® Concept for Dental Implants ZE16-ZE19

M.Taruna, B.Chittaranjan, N.Sudheer, Suchita Tella, Md.Abusaad

Regenerative Endodontics: A Road Less Travelled ZE20-ZE24

Ramta Bansal, Aditya Jain, Sunandan Mittal, Tarun Kumar, Dilpreet Kaur

Colposcopy - A Novel Diagnostic Technique for Oral Mucosal Lesions ZE25-ZE28

Ashwini Kumar, Y.Uday Shankar, Sathyaya Prakash, B.Radhika, Nikhat Fatima

Aloe Vera in Dentistry ZI01-ZI02

G.Sujatha, G.Senthil Kumar, J.Muruganandan, T.Srinivasa Prasad

Impacted Teeth: A Radiographic Pictorial Essay ZJ01-ZJ03

Beena Varma R, Nidhin J Valappila, Nimisha Mathew

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.