Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2013 | Month : December | Volume : 7 | Issue : 12 XML
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (151)

The Volume of the Caudal Space and Sacral Canal in Human Sacrum 2659-2660

Adil Asghar, Shagufta Naaz

Anatomical Variations of Anterior Communicating Artery 2661-2664

Poorwa Baburao Kardile, Jaideo Manohar Ughade, Sudhir Vishnupant Pandit, Manohar Namdeo Ughade

A Unilateral Rectus Sternalis Muscle: Rare But Normal Anatomical Variant of Anterior Chest Wall Musculature 2665-2667

Priyanka Katara, Sangita Chauhan, Rajesh Arora, Pankaj Saini

The Foramen Ovale Morphometry of Sphenoid Bone in South Indian Population 2668-2670

Jyothsna Patil, Naveen Kumar, Mohandas Rao K.G., Swamy Ravindra S., Somayaji S N., Satheesha Nayak B., Sapna Marpalli, Ashwini L.S.

Sex Determination of Human Mandible Using Metrical Parameters 2671-2673

Vinay G., Mangala Gowri S.R., Anbalagan J.

Morphometric Analysis of Superior Articular Facets of Atlas Vertebra and Its Clinical Applications in Ergonomics of Atlanto-Occipital Joints 2674-2676

ManjunathV. Motagi, Vallabhajosyula Ranganath

Establishment of Normative data for Monaural Recordings of Auditory Brainstem Response and its Application in Screening Patients with Hearing Loss: A Cohort Study 2677-2679

Shivaji Chalak, Anita Kale, V K Deshpande, D A Biswas

The Study of Diagnostic Efficacy of Nerve Conduction Study Parameters in Cervical Radiculopathy 2680-2682

Sachin Pawar, Aditi Kashikar, Vinod Shende, Satish Waghmare

Role of Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants in Atopic Dermatitis 2683-2685

N. Sivaranjani, S. Venkata Rao, G. Rajeev

Serum 25(OH) D in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2: Relation to Glycaemic Control 2686-2688

Dhia J. Al-Timimi, Ardawan F. Ali

Quantitative Application of Sigma Metrics in Medical Biochemistry 2689-2691

Sunil Kumar Nanda, Lopamudra Ray

Incresed Non-Enzymatic Glycation of Plasma Proteins and Hemoglobin in Non-Diabetic Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) 2692-2693

V. Parthibane, N. Selvaraj, V. Sathiyapriya, Zachariah Bobby, Medha Rajappa

Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Schizophrenia Patients: A Case Control Study 2694-2696

Kedar B. Joshi, Anup Nillawar, A.P. Thorat

Prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Carriage amongst Health Care Workers of Critical Care Units in Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, India 2697-2700

Radhakrishna M, Monalisa D’Souza, Subbannayya Kotigadde, Vishwas Saralaya K, Shashidar Kotian M

Comparison of Clinical and Gram Stain Diagnosis Methods of Bacterial Vaginosis Among Pregnant Women in Ethiopia 2701-2703

Zemenu Mengistie, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel,Daniel Asrat, Mahlet Yigeremu

Phenotypic Characterization and Antibiogram of CSF Isolates in Acute Bacterial Meningitis 2704-2708

Syamal Modi, Amit Kumar Anand

Determination of Baseline Widal Titres Amongst Apparently Healthy Blood Donors in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India 2709-2711

Shraddha Prasad Gunjal, Prasad Niranjan Gunjal, Narendra Khandu Patil, Nagaraju Vanaparthi, Anil Vasant Nalawade, Swati Banerjee, Kher Sudheer Keshav

Clinico-Microbiological Profile of Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis from a Tertiary Care Centre in Southern India 2712-2715

Kiran Chawla, Kranthi Kosaraju, Sridevi Rayasam, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay

Circulating Serotypes and Trends in Antibiotic Resistance of Invasive Streptococcus Pneumoniae from Children under Five in Bangalore 2716-2720

Ravi Kumar K.L., Feroze Ganaie, Vandana Ashok

Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Typing of Multidrug Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Urinary Isolates from a Tertiary Care Centre, North India 2721-2723

Tuhina Banerjee,

Comparsion of Salmonella typhi and Paratyphi A Occurrence in a Tertiary Care Hospital 2724-2726

Sudeepa Kumar M., Vijaykumar G.S., Prakash R., Prashanth H.V., Raveesh P.M., Nagaraj E.R.

Molecular Characterization of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli : Nalidixic Acid and Ciprofloxacin Resistance, Virulent Factors and Phylogenetic Background 2727-2731

Shreya Basu, Sandip Kumar Mukherjee, Avijit Hazra, Mandira Mukherjee

A Study on the Bacteriological Profile and Antibiogram of Bacteremia in Children Below 10 Years in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangalore, India 2732-2735

Devendra Kumar Tiwari, Saroj Golia, Sangeetha K.T., Vasudha C.L.

blaKPC gene Detection in Clinical Isolates of Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a Tertiary Care Hospital 2736-2738

Priyadarshini Shanmugam, Jeya Meenakshisundaram, Perumal Jayaraman

Method Validation for Analysis of Simvastatin in Human Plasma Using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) 2739-2743

Khaled M. Alakhali

Anti-nociceptive Effect of Entada Phaseoloides Seeds Formulation after Topical Application in Arthritic Wistar Rats 2744-2746

Jayshree Shriram Dawane, Vijaya Anil Pandit, Bhagyashree D. Rajopadhye

Prophylactic Antibiotics and Wound Infection 2747-2751

Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur, Yousif M.A., Ahmed S.A. El-Sayayed, Manar E. Abdel-Rahman

A Study on Factors Affecting Low Back Pain and Safety and Efficacy of NSAIDs in Acute Low Back Pain in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Western Nepal 2752-2758

Srijana Bhattarai, Himal Paudel Chhetri, Kadir Alam, Pabin Thapa

A Drug Utilization Study of Psychotropic Drugs Prescribed in the Psychiatry Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital 2759-2764

Karan B. Thakkar, Mangal M. Jain, Gauri Billa, Abhijit Joshi, Akash A. Khobragade

Causality, Severity and Preventability Assessment of Adverse Cutaneous Drug Reaction: A Prospective Observational Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital 2765-2767

Padmavathi S., Manimekalai K., Ambujam S.

Comparison of Routine Fixation of Tissues with Rapid Tissue Fixation 2768-2773

Meenakshi Tripathi, Rani Bansal, Mamta Gupta, Vinay Bharat

Clinicopathological Spectrum of Endometrial Changes in Peri-menopausal and Post-menopausal Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: A 2 Years Study 2774-2776

Rajshri P. Damle, N.V. Dravid, Kishor H. Suryawanshi, Arundhati S. Gadre, Priya S. Bagale, Neelam Ahire

Utility of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Evaluation of Breast Lesions 2777-2779

Sahil I. Panjvani, Biren J. Parikh, Swati B. Parikh, Bhawana R. Chaudhari, Kazoomi K. Patel, Garima S. Gupta, Ashka H. Kodnani, Garima M. Anandani

Analysis of Expression and Localization of TLR-2 by Immunofluorescent Technique in Healthy and Inflammed Oral Tissues 2780-2783

Romaldin S. D’Souza, Kishore G. Bhat, D. Sailaja, Deepa V. Babji , Tushar K. Bandiwadekar, Ramanand M. Katgalkar

NESTROFT - A Valuable, Cost Effective Screening Test for Beta Thalassemia Trait in North Indian Punjabi Population 2784-2787

Sanjay Piplani, Rahul Manan, Monika Lalit, Mridu Manjari, Tajinder Bhasin, Jasmine Bawa

A Cross-sectional Study of Clinical, Histopathological and Direct Immunofluorescence Spectrum of Vesiculobullous Disorders 2788-2792

Arundhathi S., Ragunatha S., Mahadeva K.C.

Immunohistochemical Detection of p16INK4a in Leukoplakia and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma 2793-2795

Pradyot Prakash, Muktesh Khandare, Mohan Kumar, Rahul Khanna, Gyan Prakash Singh, Gopal Nath, Anil Kumar Gulati

Prevalence and Factors Influencing Perinatal Mortality in Rural Mysore, India 2796-2799

Hugara Siddalingappa, Narayana Murthy.M.R, Praveen Kulkarni, Ashok.N.C

Consumer’s Perception on Design and Layout of Consumer Medical Information Leaflets on Obesity and Lipid Lowering Drugs 2800-2802

Elizabeth M. Mathew, Kingston Rajiah, Krishana Kumar Sharma

A Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Immunization of Children in Urban Slums of Bijapur City, Karnataka, India 2803-2806

M.M. Angadi, Arun Pulikkottil Jose, Rekha Udgiri, K.A. Masali, Vijaya Sorganvi

Prevalence of Goitre in School Children of Chamarajanagar District, Karnataka, India 2807-2809

Syed Yunus Zama, Mansoor Ahmed, Vadiraja N.

Socio-demographic Determinants of Compliance among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Abha, Saudi Arabia 2810-2813

Mohammad Abdul Salam, Aesha Farheen Siddiqui

Legal Awareness and Responsibilities of Nursing Staff in Administration of Patient Care in A Trust Hospital 2814-2817

Hemant Kumar, Gokhale, Kalpana Jain, D.R. Mathur

Significance of Serum L-fucose Glycoprotein as Cancer Biomarker in Head and Neck Malignancies without Distant Metastas 2818-2820

Rathan Shetty K.S., Satheesh Kumar Bhandary, Arunava Kali

Effect of Posterior Sub–Tenon Triamcinolone in Macular Edema Due to Non–Ischemic Vein Occlusions 2821-2824

Murali Mohan Gurram

Conjunctival Autograft in Primary and Recurrent Pterygium: A Study 2825-2827

Kavita Mallikarjun Salagar, Kalyanappa Gurlingappa Biradar

Quantitative Micro-albuminuria Assessment from ‘Random Voided Urinary Albumin: Creatinine Ratio’ Versus ‘24 hours Urinary Albumin Concentration’ for Screening of Diabetic Nephropathy 2828-2831

Monika Pathania, Vyas Kumar Rathaur, Neeraj Yadav, Aparna Jayara, Aditi chaturvedi

Study of Bone Mineral Density in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis 2832-2835

Hatinder Jeet Singh, Kaur Nimarpreet, Ashima, Sibadatta Das, Ashok Kumar, Shesh Prakash

Echocardiography Guided Therapy for Myocarditis after Scorpion Sting Envenomation 2836-2838

Suresh V Sagarad, Sudha Biradar Kerure, Balaramsingh Thakur, S S Reddy, Balasubramanya K, R M Joshi

Comparison of Mean Platelet Volume in Type 2 Diabetics on Insulin Therapy and on Oral Hypoglycaemic Agents 2839-2840

Pradeep V. Vernekar, Kuladeepa Ananda Vaidya

Congenital Clubfoot in Children After Walking Age: Management and Evaluation of 41 Feet with the Dimeglio Score 2841-2843

Zoltan Derzsi, Horea Gozar, Simona Gurzu, Radu Prisca, Ors Nagy

Peak Expiratory Flow Rate In Healthy Rural School Going Children (5-16 Years) of Bellur Region For Construction of Nomogram 2844-2846

Manjunath CB, Kotinatot SC, Manjunatha Babu

Comparison of Ultrasonography and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnosis of Malignant Breast Lesions 2847-2850

Yumjaobabu Singh Takhellambam, Sunil Singh Lourembam, Opendro Singh Sapam, Raju Singh Kshetrimayum, Bhubon Singh Ningthoujam, Tousif Khan

Stress Distribution in Implant Retained Finger Prosthesis: A Finite Element Study 2851-2854

Pokpong Amornvit, Dinesh Rokaya, Konrawee Keawcharoen, Nimit Thongpulsawasdi

ICD Versus VATS as Primary Treatment in Fibrinopurulent Stage of Empyema Thoracis 2855-2858

Nandeesh M., B.J. Sharathchandra, P.B. Thrishuli

Outcome of Surgery for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia-Is It Predictable? 2859-2862

Suhani, Sanjay Gupta, Arun Gupta, Sudipta Saha, Lalatendu Mahapatra, UK Srivastava

Study of Operated Patients of Lateral Internal Anal Sphincterotomy for Chronic Anal Fissure 2863-2865

Harshad Shankarlal Patel, Jagdish Chavda, Jayesh Parikh , Nehal Naik

Comparative Study of Oral and Vaginal Misoprostol for Induction of Labour, Maternal and Foetal Outcome 2866-2869

Kambhampati Komala, Meherlatha Reddy, Iqbal Jehan Quadri, Suneetha B., Ramya V.

Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma Gondii Infection in Women with First Trimester Spontaneous Miscarriage in Qena Governorate, Egypt 2870-2873

Abdelaziz E. Tammam, Mohie A.M.Haridy, Ahmed H. Abdellah, Salah Roshdy Ahmed, Hanan M. Fayed, Mohamed Alkhatim Alsammani

Fetal Outcome in Meconium Stained Deliveries 2874-2876

Rajlaxmi Mundhra, Manika Agarwal

Female Sexual Dysfunction: Prevalence and Risk Factors 2877-2880

Molouk Jaafarpour, Ali Khani, Javaher Khajavikhan, Zeinab Suhrabi

Maternal and Perinatal Outcome in Teenage Vs. Vicenarian Primigravidae - A Clinical Study 2881-2884

Indranil Dutta, Prashant Joshi

Risk Assessment for Psychological Disorders in Postmenopausal Women 2885-2888

Anuradha Tamaria, Rekha Bharti, Manjula Sharma, Rupali Dewan, Garima Kapoor, Abha Aggarwal, Achla Batra, Aruna Batra

Risk for Recurrence of Pre-eclampsia in the Subsequent Pregnancy 2889-2891

Tarakeswari Surapaneni, Vidyavati Patil Bada, C. Praveen Kumar Nirmalan

"Are Medical Students Inclined to do Research?” 2892-2895

Rosmy Jimmy, Princy Louis Palatty, Prajna D’Silva, Manjunath Srinath Baliga, Abhimanyu Singh

Problem Based Learning (PBL) - An Effective Approach to Improve Learning Outcomes in Medical Teaching 2896-2897

Bajaj Preeti, Ahuja Ashish, Gosavi Shriram

“Anaesthesia and Anaesthesiologists: How Famous are We among the General Population?”- A Survey 2898-2900

Uma B.R., Anitha Hanji S.

A Clinical and Epidemiological Study of Psoriasis and its Association with Various Biochemical Parameters in Newly Diagnosed Cases 2901-2903

Gopal M.G., Ankur Talwar, Sharath Kumar B.C., Ramesh M., Nandini A.S., Meena H.B.

A Comparative Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Acyclovir and Famciclovir in the Management of Herpes Zoster 2904-2907

M.G. Gopal, Shannoma, Sharath Kumar B.C., Ramesh M., Nandini A.S., Namrata C. Manjunath

Association of Methylene Tetrahydrofolate Reductase Polymorphism with BMD and Homocysteine in Premenopausal North Indian Women 2908-2911

Sanjeev Kumar Pandey, Ankur Singh, Sunil Kumar Polipalli, Sangeeta Gupta, Seema Kapoor

Do Professional Practices among Malaysian Private Healthcare Providers Differ? A Comparative Study using Simulated Patients 2912-2916

Alamin Hassan M. A. Alabid, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed Azmi Hassali

Anti-mutagenicity Effects of Vitamin E on Oncology and Non-oncology Hospital Nurses by Ames Assay 2917-2921

Majid Rezaei-Basiri, Hassan Rezazadeh, Iraj Aswadi-Kermani Mahmud Ghazi-Khansari

An 8 Years Retrospective Study of Breast Cancer Incidence in Ilam Province, Western Iran 2923-2925

Yasemi M., Hafezi Ahmadi M.R.,Khajavikhan J., Peyman H., Asadollahi K.h.,Yasemi M.R., Hemati K.

Calcium Sulfate as Bone Graft Substitute in the Treatment of Osseous Bone Defects, A Prospective Study. 2926-2928

Yashavantha Kumar C, Nalini K B, Jagdish Menon, Dilip Kumar Patro, Banerji B H

The Effect of Perceived Stress and Family Functioning on People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 2929-2931

Bhagyashree Bhandary, Satheesh Rao, Sanal T.S

Longitudinal Disease Detection Rates for the Evaluation of Disease Detection Technologies with Application in High-Risk Breast Cancer Screening 2932-2935

Jacob Levman

Prevalence and Severity of Erectile Dysfunction as Assessed by IIEF-5 in North Indian Type 2 Diabetic Males and Its Correlation with Variables 2936-2938

Arvind Goyal, Parminder Singh, Ashish Ahuja

Surgical Management of Tibial Plateau Fractures – A Clinical Study 3128-3130

Girish H. Vasanad, S.M. Antin, R.C.Akkimaradi, Prasad Policepatil, Girish. Naikawadi

A Unique Branching Pattern of the Axillary Artery: A Case Report 2939-2940

Ishwar B. Bagoji, Gavishiddappa A. Hadimani, Balappa M. Bannur, B.G. Patil, Ambadasu Bharatha

Capillary Haemangioma of The Right Elbow and Forearm in New Born Child 2941-2942

Arun Kumar S Bilodi, Sabita Singh, David A Ebenezer, Parineeta Suman, Ramkumar M

Accessory Superficial Ulnar Artery: A Case Report 2943-2944

Shweta Solan

Undisplayed Bicarbonate ion Concentration in Arterial Blood Gas Analysis 2945-2946

Aditya Balakrishna Sathe, Manjiri Shashank Bhalkar

Community Acquired Bacteremia by Sphingomonas paucimobilis:Two Rare Case Reports 2947-2949

Shyamasree Nandy, Mridu Dudeja, Ayan kumar Das, Rachna Tiwari

Mycobacterium fortuitum Peritonitis in a Patient on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD): A Case Report 2950-2951

Jyoti Sangwan, Sumit Lathwal, Satish Kumar, Deepak Juyal

Ischaemic fasciitis: A Very Rare entity with Unusual Presentation 2952-2953

Jyotsna Wader, Neha Gajbi, Sujata Kumbhar

Transitional Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report with Clinical, Histological and Cytological Findings 2954-2955

Anureet Kaur, Jasbir Singh, Rimpi Bansal, Rupinderjeet Kaur, Monika Bansal, Puneet Kaur

Myxoid Leiomyoma of Cervix 2956-2957

Hemlata T Kamra, Sunita S Dantkale, Khusboo Birla, Pankaj W Sakinlawar, Rahul R Narkhede

Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumour in a Young Woman with Widespread Metastasis and Peritoneal Caking 2958-2959

Vidya Monappa, Sudha S. Bhat, Manna Valiathan

Soft Tissue Giant Cell Tumour of Low Malignant Potential: A Rare Tumour at a Rare Site 2960-2961

Amoolya Bhat, Geethamani V., Vijaya C.

Spontaneous Hepatocellular Adenoma in Paediatric Age Group – Case Report 2962-2963

Rajalakshmi Vaithianathan,Philipchandran, G.Selvambigai, P.Jayaganesh

Rare Retro–Orbital Intraconal Occurrence Of Benign Schwannoma – A Case Report 2964-2965

A.L. Hemalatha, Vani D, Giripunja M, Bharathi M, Geetanjali S

Eccrine Porocarcinoma: A Case Report 2966-2967

Sharathkumar H.K., Hemalatha A.L., Deepthi B. Ramesh, Ankita Soni, Revathi V.

Solitary Fibrous Tumour of the Kidney: Case Report with Review of the Literature 2968-2969

Sulata Manjunath Kamath, HK Nagaraj, Vijaya V Mysorekar, Geeta V Patil, Mangala Gowri

Extragastrointestinal Stromal Tumour of The Abdominal Wall - A Case Report 2970-2972

A. Sathish Selva Kumar, R. Padmini, G. Veena, N. Murugesan

Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Rhinosinusitis (AECRS) with Orbital Complications in an Atrophic Rhinitis Patient: A Mere Co-incidence? 2973-2975

Mainak Dutta, Soumya Ghatak

An Interesting Case of Relapsing Polychondritis in A Young Girl 2976-2977

Shibani V Anchan, Santosh S Garag, Arunkumar J S, K C Prasad, Poorvi V Sharma

Systemic Sclerosis Presenting with Simultaneous Retinal Vasculitis in One Eye and Optic Neuritis in the other along with Severe Immune Haemolytic Anaemia 2978-2980

Avijit Moulick, Biswanath Sharma Sarkar, Anirban Jana, Pradipta Guha, Anjan Das

Polymicrobial Endocarditis in Intravenous Heroin and Fentanyl Abuse 2981-2985

Raman Mehrzad, Marcus Sublette, Michael Barza,

Ileosigmoid knot – A Surgeon´s Nightmare 2986-2987

Sujit M Chakma, Rahul L. Singh, Mahadev V. Parmekar, K.H. Gojen Singh, Santhosh Rudrappa

A Rare Content in Inguinal Hernial Sac, Masquerading as Scrotal Tumour 2988-2989

Sri Vengadesh Gopal, Ashley Solomon

Pigmented Basal Cell Carcinoma in Marjolin’s Ulcer 2990-2991

Hemanth Sureshwara Ghalige, Karthik K, Sanjeev Somashekar Rathod, Ngangbam Bojen, S Ranita Devi

Acute Retention of Urine, Tubercular Prostatitis: A Rare Case 2992-2993

Prasad Mylarappa, H.C. Srikantaiah

Ileo-ileal Intussusception in an Adult Caused by Vanek’s Tumour: A Rare Case Report 2994-2995

Bhavuray Teli, Madhu CP, Sudhir S, Shreeharsha MV

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) Presented as Massive Hydrothorax 2996-2997

Pradip kumar Saha, Poonam Goel, Rimpy Tandon

Late Postpartum HELLP Syndrome 60 Hours after Delivery Associated with Mild Pre-eclampsia 2998-2999

Bulent Cakmak, Muhammet Toprak, Mehmet Can Nacar, Ahmet Karatas

A Case of Heterotopic Pregnancy with Tubal Rupture 3000-3001

Shraddha K Shetty, Anil K Shetty

Anaesthetic Management of a Neonate with Right Sided Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia 3002-3003

Lavanya Kaparti, Padmaja R.

Anaesthetic Management of a Child with Neurofibromatosis Type 2 for Multiple Tumour Decompressions 3004-3005

Geetha Lakshiminarasimhaiah, Aniruddha Thekkatte Jagannatha, Kulyadi Raghavendra Pai, Ravi Gopal Varma, Alangar Satyaranjandas Hegde

Isolated Absent of Coronary Sinus: Two Cases Report 3006-3007

Mustafa Yolcu, Serdar Turkmen, Alper Sertcelik, Canan Yolcu, Talant Batyraliev

Familial Facial disfigurement in Multiple Familial Trichoepithelioma 3008-3009

Usha Kataria, Deepti Agarwal, Dinesh Chhillar

Pigmented Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Clinical Variant, Report of Two Cases 3010-3011

Deepadarshan K., Mallikarjun M., Noshin N. Abdu

Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency Unmasked by Diabetic Ketoacidosis: An Underrated Phenomenon 3012-3013

Ayushi Agarwal, Deepak Nayak M., Asha Patil, Chethan Manohar

Giant Subcutaneous Synovial Sarcoma: An Interesting Case 3014-3015

Pankaj Kumar Garg, Debajyoti Mohnaty, Bhupendra Kumar Jain, Sunny Goel, Bharat Singh

Carcinoma Stomach: Unwanted Chemotherapeutic Success: A Case Vignette 3016-3017

Sumit Sudhir Hadgaonkar, Sapam Opendro Singh, Khwairakpam Amitkumar Singh, Adithya GK , T.Y.Babu Singh

Ossicular Injury Caused by A Knitting Needle 3018-3019

Amritpal Singh, Maninder Kaur

Leukostasis in an Adult with AML Presenting as Multiple High Attenuation Brain Masses on CT 3020-3022

Abdulaziz Ahmad AlGharras , Alexander Mamourian, Thomas Coyne, Suyash Mohan

Voglibose: An Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitor 3023-3027

Ajay S. Dabhi, Nikita R. Bhatt, Mohit J. Shah

Piceatannol: A Potential Futuristic Natural Stilbene as Fetal Haemoglobin Inducer 3028-3031

Aayush Kukreja, Samarth Tandon, Amit Mishra, Archana Tiwari

An In vitro SEM Study on the Effect of Bleaching Gel Enriched with Novamin on Whitening of Teeth and Dentinal Tubule Occlusion 3032-3035

Gaurangi Kakodkar, Anuj Lavania, Ida De Noronha De Ataide

Oral Rinse as a Simpler Approach to Exfoliative Cytology: A Comparative Study 3036-3038

Shaila Mulki, Pushparaj Shetty, Prakash Pai

Dentascan – Is the Investment Worth the Hype ??? 3039-3043

Monali A. Shah, Sneha S. Shah, Deepak Dave

Ponticulus Posticus on the Posterior Arch of Atlas, Prevalence Analysis in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Patients of Gulbarga Population 3044-3047

Parita K. Chitroda, Girish Katti, Irfan A. Baba, Mohammad Najmudin, Sreenivas Rao Ghali, Bhuvaneshwari Kalmath, Vijay G.

Spirulina and Pentoxyfilline – A Novel Approach for Treatment of Oral Submucous Fibrosis 3048-3050

Bhavana Sujana Mulk, Prasannasrinivas Deshpande, Nagalakshmi Velpula, Vani Chappidi, Raja Lakshmi Chintamaneni, Stuti Goyal

Effects of Simulated Microwave Disinfection on the Mechanical Properties of Three Different Types of Denture Base Resins 3051-3053

Jagadish Konchada, Suma Karthigeyan, Syed Asharaf Ali, Venkateshwaran R, Ramesh Amirisetty, Anurag Dani

Immunohistochemical Ex-pression of p16 in Carcinoma Ex-pleomorphic Adenoma (undifferentiated and Adenocarcinoma Types) 3054-3056

Bassel Tarakji, Mohammed Alsakran Altamimi, Kusai Baroudi, ,Mohammad .Z. Nassain, Faris Q Alenzi

An in Vitro Spectrophotometric Analysis of the Penetration of Bleaching Agent into the Pulp Chamber of Intact and Restored Teeth 3057-3059

Gaurav Patri, Yoshaskam Agnihotri, Saketh Rama Rao, Namratha Lakshmi, Sambarta Das

A Comparative Study of Dermatoglyphics in Individuals with Normal Occlusions and Malocclusions 3060-3065

Boggula Rama Mohan Reddy, Singaraju Gowri Sankar, Roy E.T., Supraja Govulla

Assessment of Blood Glucose Using Gingival Crevicular Blood in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Patients: A Chair Side Method 3066-3069

Harmanpreet Kaur, Bhawanpreet Singh, Anshu Sharma

Effectiveness of Cryogen Tetrfluoroethane on Elimination of Gingival Epithelium and its Clinical Application in Gingival Depigmentation–Histological Findings and Case Series 3070-3072

Santhosh Kumar, G. Subraya Bhat, K. Mahalinga Bhat

Aesthetic Rehabilitation of Discoloured Nonvital Anterior tooth with Carbamide Peroxide Bleaching: Case Series 3073-3076

Gautam P. Badole, Manjusha M. Warhadpande, Rakesh N. Bahadure, Shital G. Badole

Supplemental Mandibular Mesiodens: A Diagnostic Challenge 3077-3078

Manjunath Naganahalli, Ad arsh Honnappa, Nallan CSK Chaitanya

Giant Cell Fibroma: A Case Report with Immunohistochemical Markers 3079-3080

Samson Jimson, Sudha Jimson

Can Accidental Local Application of A Drug Cause Discolouration of Permanent Teeth? 3081-3082

Manoj Kumar Hans, Ajay Nagpal, Shashit Shetty, Rinki Hans

Multidisciplinary Approach for Restoring Function and Esthetics in a Patient with Amelogenesis Imperfecta: A Clinical Report 3083-3085

Vaibhav D. Kamble, Rambhau D. Parkhedkar

Fixed Dentulous Appliance to Replace Primary Upper Anterior Edentulous Span 3086-3087

Paul Chalakkal, Ramisetty Sabitha Devi, G. Vijay Srinivas, Pammi Venkataramana

HIV Associated Intra–oral Burkitt´s Lymphoma: A Case Report 3088-3089

Soujanya Pinisetti, Govind Raj Kumar Nalabolu, Chowdary UVR, Durg a Prasad Tadi

Intraoral Lipoma: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature 3090-3091

Ravi Kiran A., Purnachandrarao Naik N., Samatha Y., Vijay Kumar A., Kalyan Kumar D.

Mandibular Aneurysmal Bone Cyst Associated with Cemento–Ossifying Fibroma – A Case Report 3092-3093

Bhavani S.N., A. Rajesh, Narendranatha Reddy.P., Firoz Kamal

Amyloidosis of the Tongue-Report of A Rare Case 3094-3095

Suresh Babb uri, Ramya B, Subramanyam RV, Aparna V, Gautam Srivastava

Bar and Sleeve Attachment: A Report of Two Cases 3096-3098

Yogesh Rao, Pankaj Yadav, Mariette D’Souza, Jagjeet Singh, Anurag Jain

Anterior Maxillary Intrusion and Retraction with Corticotomy-Facilitated Orthodontic Treatment and Burstone Three Piece Intrusive Arch 3099-3101

Ramachandra Prabhakar, M.K. Karthikeyan, R. Saravanan, K.S. Kannan, M.R. Arun Raj

Supporting the Drive to Thrive in Cleft Lip and Palate Infant- A Case Report 3102-3104

Thabitha Rani S, Manjula M, Sreelakshmi N, Rajendra Reddy E, Rajesh A

Palatal Lipoma: A Case Report 3105-3106

Sreenivasulu Pattipati, M. Naveen Kumar, Ramadevi, B. Praveen Kumar

Impact of School Based Oral Health Education Programmes in India:A Systematic Review 3107-3110

Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Ramandeep Kaursohi, Tarun Nanda, Gurjashan Singh Sawhney, Saniya Setia

Carisolv- An Innovative Method of Caries Removal 3111-3115

Vartika Kathuria, Anil V. Ankola, Mamata Hebbal, Monica Mocherla

Assessment of TMJ Disorders Using Ultrasonography as a Diagnostic Tool: A Review 3116-3120

Hansa Kundu, P. Basavaraj, Sowmya Kote, Ashish Singla, Shilpi Singh

A Case of Chronic Abdominal Pain 3121-3122

Kannan R, Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, Upasana Ranga, Rajendran K

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Cysticercosis 3123-

Jitendra Singh Nigam, Ankit Sharma

Obesity and Overweight Management in Malaysia and Singapore: Progress on Right Track 3124-3125

Rohit Kumar Verma, Grace Chua, Sheba Rani David

Awareness of Dental Treatment Protocol for Pregnant Women and Lactating Mother’s in General Dental Practitioners of Davangere District, Karnataka, India 3126-

Shruthi K. Patil, Mohankumar K.P.

Endodontic Treatment of a Maxillary Second Molar with Two Separate Palatal Roots: A Case Report 3127-

Bonny Paul, Kavita Dube

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.