Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Bhanu K Bhakhri

"The Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) has been in operation since almost a decade. It has contributed a huge number of peer reviewed articles, across a spectrum of medical disciplines, to the medical literature.
Its wide based indexing and open access publications attracts many authors as well as readers
For authors, the manuscripts can be uploaded online through an easily navigable portal, on other hand, reviewers appreciate the systematic handling of all manuscripts. The way JCDR has emerged as an effective medium for publishing wide array of observations in Indian context, I wish the editorial team success in their endeavour"



Dr Bhanu K Bhakhri
Faculty, Pediatric Medicine
Super Speciality Paediatric Hospital and Post Graduate Teaching Institute, Noida
On Sep 2018




Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"



Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dematolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018




Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."



Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018




Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."



Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018




Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."



Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
Lucknow
On Sep 2018




Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."



Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata




Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
Muzaffarnagar.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".



Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
Bengaluru.
On Aug 2018




Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".



Dr. Mamta Gupta
Consultant
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018




Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.


Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."



Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
E-mail: drrajendrak1@rediffmail.com
On May 11,2011




Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."



Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
E-mail: ravi.dr.shankar@gmail.com
On April 2011

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2013 | Month : July | Volume : 7 | Issue : 7
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (75)

Foramen of Civinini: A New Anatomical Guide for Maxillofacial Surgeons 1271-1275

R Sharmila Saran, K Suba Ananthi, Aruna Subramaniam, MS Thotakura Balaji, D Vinaitha, G Vaithianathan

Frequency of Foetal Anomalies in a Tertiary Care Centre 1276-1279

Rameswarapu Suman Babu, Sujatha Pasula

Evaluation of Glycated Albumin and Microalbuminuria as Early Risk Markers of Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 1280-1283

Suresh Babu Kondaveeti,Kumaraswamy D,Shishir Mishra,Aravind Kumar R, I Anand Shaker

The Role of ‘Paraoxonase-1 Activity’ as an Antioxidant in Coronary Artery Diseases 1284-1287

Maharudra Shekhanawar, Sarala M Shekhanawar, D Krisnaswamy, V Indumati, D Satishkumar, V Vijay, T Rajeshwari, M Amareshwar

Nitric Oxide Levels in Patients with Chronic Renal Disease 1288-1290

S. R. Meenakshi, Rajni Agarwal

The Evaluation of Serum Amylase in the Patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, with a Possible Correlation with the Pancreatic Functions 1291-1294

Rakhee Yadav, Jai Prakash Bhartiya, Sunil Kumar Verma, Manoj Kumar Nandkeoliar

Correlation of the Serum Insulin and the Serum Uric Acid Levels with the Glycated Haemoglobin Levels in the Patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 1295-1297

Anju Gill, Sahiba Kukreja, Naresh Malhotra, Namrata Chhabra

A Study on Interleukin —1Beta and Lipid Profile as Markers of Cardiovascular Risk in Rheumatoid Arthritis 1298-1302

Varun kumar D, B.V. Maruthi Prasad, H. L. Vishwanth, Vasantha Kamath

A Study of Serum Apolipoprotein A1, Apolipoprotein B and Lipid Profile in Stroke 1303-1306

Shilpasree AS, Savitri Sahukar, Jayaprakash Murthy, Kiran Kumar

The Effect of Smoking on the Cardiovascular Autonomic Functions: A Cross Sectional Study 1307-1310

Motilal C Tayade, Nandkumar B Kulkarni

Association of Occupational & Prediabetes Statuses with Obesity in middle aged Women 1311-1313

A Pranita, B Balsubramaniyan, A V Phadke, D B Tambe, G M Apte, J S Kharche, Gayatri Godbole, A R Joshi

The Evaluation of Micronutrients and Oxidative Stress and their Relationship with the Lipid Profile in Healthy adults 1314-1318

Narasimha Rai K, N Suchetha Kumari, Damodara Gowda KM, Swathi KR

Urinary Iodine Excretion In Pregnancy: A Pilot Study in The Region of Nepal 1319-1321

Agrawal K, Paudel BH, Singh PN, Majhi S, Pokhrel HP

Postmenopausal Intraocular Pressure Changes in South Indian Females 1322-1324

Panchami, Sheila R Pai, Jnaneshwara P Shenoy, Shivakumar J, Sharad B Kole

Effect of Hb% on Cognitive Skills in UG Medical Students 1325-1327

Ilham Jaleel, P Saikumar, PR Devak

Emergence of NDM – 1 in the Clinical Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in India 1328-1331

Atul Khajuria, Ashok Kumar Praharaj, Mahadevan Kumar, Naveen Grover

A Study of Alternate Biomarkers in HIV Disease and Evaluating their Efficacy in Predicting T CD4+ Cell Counts and Disease Progression in Resource Poor Settings in Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) Era 1332-1335

K V Ramana, V Sabitha, Ratna Rao

Improved Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis using Bleach Microscopy Method 1336-1338

Preeti B Mindolli, Manjunath P Salmani, Prashant K Parandekar

A Comparative Analysis of Community Acquired and Hospital Acquired Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus 1339-1342

Vysakh P R, Jeya M

A Prospective Study on the Antimicrobial Usage in the Medicine Department of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital 1343-1346

Farhan Ahmad Khan, Vinod Kumar Singh, Sanjeev Sharma, Preeti Singh

The Concomitant Consumption of Cod Liver Oil Causes a Reduction in the Daily Diclofenac Sodium Usage in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: A Pilot Study 1347-1351

Vinay Kumar Gupta, Z. Y. Khan Zafer, Mushtaq Ahmad

Effect of Telmisartan on the Regression of the Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in the Patients of Essential Hypertension 1352-1355

Kumar Haraprasad Misra, Mangala Charana Das, Y Roja Ramani

The Prevalence of Depression among the Rural Elderly in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh 1356-1360

Swarnalatha N

Immunohistochemical Profile and Morphology in Triple – Negative Breast Cancers 1361-1365

Chandrika Rao, Jayaprakash Shetty, Kishan Prasad HL

Chronic Lymphoproliferative Disorders at an Indian Tertiary Cancer Centre — The Panel Sufficiency in the Diagnosis of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia 1366-1371

Geeta V Patil Okaly, Ashwini R Nargund, Venkataswamy E, Prashanth K Jayanna, Chandra Rao Juvva, SHILPA PRABHUDESAI

The Spectrum of Histopathological Lesions in Scarring Alopecia: A Prospective Study 1372-1376

Mahesh Kumar U., Balasaheb Ramling Yelikar

The Role of Immunohistochemistry in the Analysis of the Spectrum of Small Round Cell Tumours at a Tertiary Care Centre 1377-1382

Lawrence D’Cruze, Ruma Dutta, Shalinee Rao, Anuradha R, Suresh Varadarajan, Sarah Kuruvilla

The Incidence of Secretory Otitis Media in Cases of Cleft Palate 1383-1386

D Sridhara Narayanan, S Sundara Pandian, S Murugesan, Ramya Kumar

Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Western Indian Type 2 Diabetic Population: A Hospital – Based Cross – Sectional Study 1387-1390

Piyush Rameshchandra Ramavat, Manish Rameshchandra Ramavat, Balaji Wasudeo Ghugare, Rohini G. Vaishnav, Manjiri Uttam Joshi

The Assessment of Sleep Apnoea as a Risk Factor in Glaucoma 1391-1393

Tejaswini Prashant Khandgave, Neelam Puthran, Avinash B. Ingole, Anjali D. Nicholson

Study of Mutations in Beta- Thalassemia Trait among Blood Donors in Eastern Uttar Pradesh 1394-1396

L P Meena, K Kumar, V K Singh, Anju Bharti, S K H Rahman, K Tripathi

Effect of High Dose of Steroid on Plateletcount in Acute Stage of Dengue Fever with Thrombocytopenia 1397-1400

K.C. Shashidhara, K.A. Sudharshan Murthy, H. Basavana Gowdappa, Abhijith Bhograj

Prevalence of the Trichomonas Vaginalis Infection in A Tertiary Care Hospital in Rural Bangalore, Southern India 1401-1403

Dharma Vijaya M N, Umashankar K M, Sudha, Abed Gulab Nagure, Kavitha G.

Tackling the Problems of Tumour Chemotherapy by Optimal Drug Scheduling 1404-1407

Ambili Remesh

The Characteristics and the Pharmacological Management of Cancer Pain and Its Effect on the Patients’ Daily Activities and their Quality of Life: A Cross – Sectional study from Malaysia 1408-1413

Bhuvan K C, Zuraidah Binti Mohd Yusoff, Alian A Alrasheedy, Saad Othman

The Prevalence of the Beta Thalassemia Trait among the Pregnant Women who attended the ANC Clinic in a PHC, by using the NESTROF Test in Bangalore, Karnataka 1414-1417

Praveen Kulkarni, N R Ramesh Masthi, SR Niveditha, R Suvarna

Unexpected Hospitalisations at a 23-Hour Observation Unit in a Paediatric Emergency Department of Northern India 1418-1420

Vidushi Mahajan, Sumant Arora, Tarundeep Kaur, Sorab Gupta, Vishal Guglani

Levator Glandulae Thyroideae, a Fibromusculoglandular Band with Absence of Pyramidal Lobe and Its Innervation: A Case Report 1421-1424

Priti Chaudhary, Zora Singh, Meenakshi khullar, Kamal Arora

Bilateral Aberrant Renal Arteries with Abnormal Left Renal Vein: A Case Report 1425-1426

N B S Parimala

The Incidence of Nocardiosis at Pulmonary and Extra – Pulmonary Sites 1427-1429

Ayan Kumar Das, Shyamasree Nandy, Mridu Dudeja, Rachna Tiwari, Saba Alam

Colletotrichum keratitis: A Rare but Definite Clinical Entity 1430-1433

Shanmuga Vadivoo Natarajan, N. Sasi Rekha, Rewa D. Sharda, Niranjana Mahalingam

A Pure Epidural Spinal Cavernous Hemangioma — With an Innocuous Face But A Perilous Behaviour!! 1434-1435

Hemalatha A L, Ravikumar T, Neelima P Chamarthy, Kunal Puri

Significance of Prophylactic Paratracheal Lymphnode Dissection in A Case of Retrosternal Goitre: A Case Report 1436-1438

Kathir Chandramouleeswari, Shivali Budhiraja, Anita Suryanarayan, Jagdeesh Chandra Bose

Teratocarcinoma In A Non Seminomatous, Mixed Germ Cell Tumour of the Testis-A Rare Entity 1439-1440

Gayathri Malavalli, Shilpa Karra, Bharathi Muniyappa

Low Density Microfilaraemia as a Causative Agent in a Case of Unexplained Ascitis of Suspicious Nature 1441-1443

Rahul Mannan, Tejinder Singh Bhasin, Mridu Manjari, Vatsala Misra

Yolk Sac Tumour of the Cryptorchid Testis, with an Unusual Presentation — Diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology 1444-1446

Dilip Chandra Barman, Aniket Halder, Sumanta Bhattacharya, Krishnendu Mandal, Sanjay Kumar Mallick

A Case of Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhoea: A Surgical Challenge 1447-1449

Sumitha R, P M Hari, S Ramya Kumar, R Hariprasad

Bilateral Ptosis Due to a Rare Cause-Pachydermoperiostosis 1450-1452

Mahesh M, K V K S N Murthy

A Multivessel Umbilical Cord with a Single Umbilical Artery 1453-1454

Subrat Panda, Vandana Jha, Yookarin Khonglah, Biswajit Dey

A Ruputured Left Cornual Pregnancy: A Case Report 1455-1456

Surekha S M, Chamaraja T, Nabakishore Singh N, Bimolchandra Singh N, Neeraja T S

The Sertoli Cell Only Syndrome and Glaucoma in a Sex – Determining Region Y (SRY) Positive XX Infertile Male 1457-1459

Manish Jain, VeeraMohan v, Isha Chaudhary, Ashutosh Halder

Inflammatory Pseudotumour of the Spleen: A Diagnostic Dilemma 1460-1462

Kalaivani V., VijayaKumar H. M., Girish K. S., Nishchit Hegde

Rare Case of Ileal Perforation 1463-1465

Vinod Kumar B, John Joseph S Martis, Sheldon G Mathias, Priyatham Kamath, Vivek Shetty

Median Raphe Cysts of the Prepucial Skin, with Triple Histological Linings: A Case Report and Review of the Literature 1466-1468

Anandhi Amaranathan, Sankappa P. Sinhasan, Simon David Dasiah

Ofloxacin Induced Hypomania 1469-1470

Siddharth Sarkar, Sudhir Kumar Khandelwal

Conjoined Twins: A Rare Case of Thoraco-Omphalopagus 1471-1472

Ankur Aneja, Dayananda Kumar Rajanna, Vikram Narasimha Reddy, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, Poornima Pujar

An Abdominal Flap to Save the Right Forearm and the Hand, Following a High-voltage Electric Burn in a Child: A Case Report 1473-1475

Sharad Khandelwal

Wilson’s Disease with Neurological Presentation, without Hepatic Involvement in Two Siblings 1476-1478

Mani Kant Kumar, Vijay Kumar, Praphul Kumar Singh

A Report of an Indian Boy with a Delayed Diagnosis of Pseudochondroplasia 1479-1481

Ankur Singh,T Abiramalatha,Gaurav Pradhan,Dong- Kyu Jin,Seema Kapoor

Calcific Tendinitis of the Rotator Cuff: A Review 1482-1485

Sushil G Kachewar, Devidas S Kulkarni

Neurotheology-Matters of the Mind or Matters that Mind? 1486-1490

Samarth Shukla, Sourya Acharya, Devendra Rajput

The Self-Reported Knowledge, Attitude and the Practices Regarding the Early Detection of Oral Cancer and Precancerous Lesions among the Practising Dentists of Dakshina Kannada — A Pilot Study 1491-1494

Shaila M, Pushparaj Shetty, Audrey Madonna Decruz, Prakash Pai

The Shear Bond Strengths of Metal and Ceramic Brackets: An in-Vitro Comparative Study 1495-1497

Y G Reddy, Rohit Sharma, Ammandeep Singh, Vishal Agrawal, Vijay Agrawal, Saurab Chaturvedi

Assessment of the Periodontal Status among Kota Stone Workers in Jhalawar, India 1498-1503

Ramesh Nagarajappa, Sudhanshu Sanadhya, Archana J. Sharda, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Mehak Batra, Hemasha Daryani, Gayathri Ramesh

An Epidemiological Study on Supernumerary Teeth: A Survey on 5,000 People 1504-1507

Dara Kalyan Kumar, K Saraswathy Gopal

An Analysis of the Vertical Bone Loss in Edentulous Mandibles by Using the Mental Foramen as a Reference: A Radiographic Study 1508-1510

Anjali Sofat, Virat Galhotra, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Shushant K. Garg

The Maternal Socioeconomic Status and the Caries Experience Among 2-6 Years Old Preschool Children of Lucknow City, India 1511-1513

Ridhi Narang, Sabyasachi Saha, Jagannath G V, Minti Kumari, Shafaat Mohd, Sonali Saha

To Compare Standard Incision and Comma Shaped Incision and Its Influence on Post–Operative Complications in Surgical Removal of Impacted Third Molars 1514-1518

Saravana kumar B, Sarumathi T, Veerabahu M, Uma Raman

The Rosai Dorfman Syndrome-The Report of A Rare Case 1519-1521

Snehalatha R, Senthilnathan P, Prathiba Ramani, Sherlin J Herald

Pathologic Tooth Migration-Spontaneous Repositioning Following a Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy: A Case Report 1522-1523

Punit Vaibhav Patel

Peripheral Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumour — Is It Really Peripheral?: A Case Report 1524-1526

N. Lavanya, M.R.C. Rajeshwari, R. Bharathi, A. Shaheen

“Redefining Smile-A Multidisciplinary Approach” 1527-1529

Prakash Manne, Srujana Zakkula, Jyothi Atla, Suresh Babu Muvva, Anche Sampath

The Possible Role of Fluoxetine in Adenomyosis: An Animal Experiment with Clinical Correlations 1530-1534

ParamaSengupta, Abhishek Sharma, Gautameswar Mazumdar, Indranil Banerjee, Santanu K Tripathi, Chiranjib Bagchi, Nina Das

A Rare Case of Tubercular Pyo–Pneumothorax Herniating through the Inter-Costal Drainage Site 1535-

Peter George, Maroli Roshan, Swapna Ponmaleri Koroth

No Crying Episode after DwPT- A Case of Congenital Hypothyroidism 1536-

MM Patil, SS Kalyanshettar, SV Patil, AS Akki, DV Veeresh Babu

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.