Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2018 | Month : September | Volume : 12 | Issue : 9
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (118)

Sex Determination from Talus among Gujarati Population of Anand Region by Discriminant Function Analysis AC01-AC05

Sumati, Ajay Gajanan Phatak

Effect of Height, Weight and BMI on Foot Postures of Young Adult Individuals AC06-AC08

Ganapathy Arthi, T Sadeesh, Kuppusamy Raghuram

Morphometric Study of Proximal and Distal End of Radius and its Clinical Significance AC09-AC12

A Brite Saghaya Rayna, Yuvaraj Maria Francis, Sujatha B Baskaran, Priyadarshini Gouthaman, Zareena Begum, Karthikeyan Guruswami, PK Sankaran, Gunapriya Raghunath

Variations in the Drainage Pattern of Middle Hepatic Vein and Left Hepatic Vein in the Left Lobe of Liver AC13-AC17

Poonam Shilal, Sneh Agarwal, Anitatuli, Smita Kakkar

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Thyroid Hormone Receptor a Gene can be a Risk of Atherogenic Dyslipidemia BC01-BC04

Satwika Sinha, Kaushik Kar

Pre and Post Dialysis Variations in Serum Lipid Profile among End Stage Renal Disease Patients BC05-BC09

Karra Madhu Latha, Bhongir Aparna Varma

Glycosylated Haemoglobin as a Risk Predictor of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Stable Angina BC10-BC12

Deepak Uppunda, Ranjan K Shetty, Pragna Rao, Abdul Razak, Kiran Shetty, Prasad Narayan Shetty, Ravishanker, Ajit Singh

Simple Spectrophotometric Method for Analysis of Serum Catalase Activity BC13-BC16

Mahmoud Hussein Hadwan, Haider Khabt

Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in patients with Depressive disorder on Antidepressive Medication BC17-BC20

Bhavana Singhal, Suresh Gupta, Vijay Choudhary, Shakuntala Saini

Therapeutic Effect of Momordica charantia on Blood Glucose, Lipid Profile and Oxidative Stress in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Randomised Controlled Trial BC21-BC25

Suchitra Kumari, Ipsita Dash, Kishore Kumar Behera

Relative Leg Length as a Risk Factor for Hypertension and Diabetes in Egyptian Adults BC26-BC29

Azza Sarry El-Din, Moushira Erfan Zaki, Wafaa Kandeel, Sanaa Mohamed

Assessment of eGFR, using Cystatin-C and Creatinine Based Equations for the Early Detection of Renal Injury in Diabetic and Non Diabetic Patients BC30-BC33

S Sangeeta, Jeevan Ambekar, Tunguthurthi Sudhakar, Mohd Shannawaz, Nilima Dongre

Hypolipidemic Effects of Fenugreek and Atorvastatin-Comparative Study on High Fat Fed Dyslipidemic Rats CC01-CC04

Hemavardhini Chennappan Sekar, GV Lathadevi

Lymphocyte Apoptosis in Third Trimester of Pregnancy CC05-CC08

Hanan L Al-omary, Zainab M Alawad, Shoub Yassin Hussein

Genetic Diversity of Rotavirus Strains in the Era of Vaccination: A Pilot Study from Central Kerala, India DC01-DC06

Sincy George, Ozhiparambil A Jagan, Sushama Bai, Sara Chandy

The Prevalence and Profile of Mycobacterial Infections in Liver Diseases from Tertiary Care Hepatobiliary Centre DC07-DC10

Pratibha Kale, Vikas Khillan, Pradheer Gupta, Shiv Kumar Sarin

A Retrospective Epidemiological Analysis of Fungal Infections of Skin and Soft Tissue in a Health Care Setup in Delhi DC11-DC16

Hena Butta, Raman Sardana, Leena Mendiratta, Vyoma Singh, Sanjiv Jasuja, Havind Tandon, Vikas Kashyap

Causative Agents of Mycobacterial Diseases in Aquarium Fish and their Importance for Human Health DC17-DC21

Mahdi Seyfahmadi, Seyyed Reza Moaddab, Azar Sabokbar

Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing Detects HIV Transmission Risk in Serologically-Tested Blood Donor Units DC22-DC24

Isaac Dadzie, Shemau Muniru, Patatrick Adu, Obed Cudjoe

Penicillin Resistant Pneumococcal Meningitis in Paediatric Trauma Patient DD01-DD02

Vijeta Bajpai, Aishwarya Govindaswamy, Sushma Sagar, Purva Mathur

A Rare Urinary Tract Infection by Salmonella Paratyphi A DD03-DD04

Rohit Gupta, KL Shobha, Gowrish S Rao

Fungal Pericarditis due to Aspergillus nidulans: A Rare Case Report DD05-DD06

Sarika P Kombade, Kumar S Abhishek, Vijaya Lakshmi Nag

Molecular Mechanisms of Antifungal Drug Resistance in Candida Species DE01-DE06

Lakshmi Krishnasamy, Sharanya Krishnakumar, Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel, Chitralekha Saikumar

A Study of Progesterone Receptor (PR) Expression in Meningiomas, and its Correlation with Clinicopathological Parameters EC01-EC05

Shenbagam Jeevakarunyam Muthukanagarajan

Haematological Alterations in Initially Diagnosed and Relapse/Recurrent Cases of Malaria: A Comparative Study EC06-EC09

Deepti Arora, Sanjay Kaushik, Sheenam Azad, Anupreet Kaur, Sanjeev Kishore

Granular Cell Tumour: A Clinicopathological Study with Review of Literature EC10-EC12

Geetha Vasudevan, Padmapriya Jaiprakash

The Relationship between Perineural Invasion, Peritumoural Inflammation, and Cervical Lymph Node Metastases in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma EC13-EC16

Mecdi Gurhan Balci, Mahir Tayfur, TĂĽlay Basak

Carcinosarcoma of the Uterus with Microcystic Elongated and Fragmented Pattern: A Rare Histopathological Entity ED01-ED03

Sujata Raychaudhuri, Sheetal Arora, Nimisha Sharma, Deepshikha Rana

Osseous Metaplasia in Oesophageal Leiomyoma-A Rare Case Report ED04-ED06

K Mamatha, BR Yelikar, Deepthi Chandrika Chintalapudi, Anil Reddy Konduru

Subcutaneous Cryptococcosis Mimicking Cold Abscess ED07-ED08

Ranjeev Bhagat, Vinisha Bansal, Uma Handa, Reetu Kundu, Jagdish Chander

The Effects of Oxymorphone on Biochemical Parameters of Male Rats FC01-FC04

Jamil Kheirvari Khezerloo, Tahereh Dianat, Mohsen Tabasi, Ali Salimi

Evaluation of Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Ibuprofen-Pregabalin in Animal Models FC05-FC08

Chidambarann Suthakaran, Gopalakrishnan Senthil

Effect of Atorvastatin on Serum Levels of Lipase and Amylase in Patients of Hyperlipidemia in a Tertiary Care Hospital FC09-FC12

Vipul Navadiya, Anita Sinha, Asif Barejia, Nidhi Gohil, Prakash Malam, Aashal Shah

Hypoglycemic Effect of 70% Ethanolic Extract of Tinosporacrispa L. (Bratawali) Stem from Indonesia in Wistar Rat Induced by Alloxan FF01-FF03

Em Sutrisna, Ligar Hervian, Fahrizal Arrio Sahadewa

Breast Cancer Susceptibility Gene in Base Excision Repair Pathway in a Southern Indian Population GC01-GC06

Andrea Mary Francis, R Ramya, Nalini Ganesan, Solomon FD Paul, AK Munirajan, P Kumarasamy, G Dicky John Davis

Evaluation of Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis in Sudanese GC07-GC10

Nadir Ahmed Ibrahim, Fathelrahman M Hassan Gameel, Mahmoud Mohamed Elgari, Sana Eltahir Abdalla

Evaluation of Greater Sciatic Notch Parameters in Sex Determination of Hip Bone by Three-Dimensional CT Images HC01-HC05

Siamak Soltani, Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Soheila Ghorbani

Inclusion of Forensic Odontologist in Team of Forensic Facial Approximation-A Proposal and Technical Note HM01-HM04

Aman Chowdhry, Priyanka Kapoor, Deepika Bablani Popli, Keya Sircar, Ragini Miglani

The Role of Mother's Early Maladaptive Schema in Predicting Early Maladaptive Schemas and Loneliness of Children Aged 8 to 15 Years in Amol City, Iran IC01-IC03

Fatemeh Rasuli Moghadam, Arezoo Davarinia Motlagh Quchan, Sadighe Khalili Shomia

Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs) for Better Learning in Pre-clinical Medical Education: A Controlled Trial JC01-JC08

Tripti K Srivastava, Vedprakash Mishra, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare

A Study to Assess Awareness and Attitudes of Teachers towards Primary School Children with Stuttering in Dakshina Kannada District JC09-JC13

Arya S Kumar, Aiswarya Liz Varghese

Students’ Satisfaction about the Performance of Advisor Professors JC14-JC18

Fahimeh Moghadam, Somayeh Bagheri

The Virtual Patient Technology for Medical Education JL01-JL02

Yahya Safari, Seyyed Mohsen Azizi, Arash Ziapour

Treatment of Insomnia by Pranic Healing KD01-KD02

Rajani Aithal, Srikanth Nagaraja Jois, Prabhu Prasad Mahadevaiah

Typhoid Diagnostics: Looking Beneath the Surface KE01-KE07

Tarang Sharma, Shinjini Bhatnagar, Ashutosh Tiwari

Evolving a Structural Model in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Influence of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-Management Practices on Glycaemic Control LC01-LC05

Matpady PrabhathKalkura,Shashikiran Umakanth,Arun Gundmi Maiya,Shreemathi Sureshramana Mayya,Krish¬nanda Prabhu Renjala Vasudeva,Mamatha Shivananda Pai,Pallavi PrakashSaraswat,Balkudru Kiran Aithal

Effect of Educational Program on Lifestyle of Myocardial Infarction Patients in Iranian Population LC06-LC10

Ali Khani Jeihooni, Zhila Fereidouni, Pouyan Afzali Harsini, Esmaeil Kavi, Hajar Haghshenas, Leila Akbari

Identification of Skin Tumours using Statistical and Histogram Based Features LC11-LC15

TR Thamizhvani, RJ Hemalatha, Bincy Babu, A Josephin Arockia Dhivya,Josline Elsa Joseph, R Chandrasekaran

Validation of Malaria Antigen Detecting Rapid Diagnostic Test Kit: A Study from Highly Endemic Area in Coastal India LC16-LC20

Nitin Joseph, Aditya Karanth Uchila

Afghan Refugees and Immigrants Health Status in Iran: A Systematic Review LE01-LE04

Nasibeh Roozbeh, Ali Sanati, Fatemeh Abdi

Clinical Profile of Congenital and Developmental Cataract in a Tertiary Care Centre of Southern India NC01-NC04

Sumana J Kamath, Tina Anne John, Kalary Jayanthi

Profile and Causes of Low Vision and Blindness in Children from Two Schools for the Blind in Tamil Nadu, Southern India NC05-NC07

Deepa John, Padma Paul, Lekha Abraham, Malavika Babu, Visalakshi Peravali, Thomas Kuriakose

Effect and Mechanisms of Medicinal Plants on Dry Eye Disease: A Systematic Review NE01-NE04

Ezatollah Memarzadeh, Tahra Luther, Saeid Heidari-Soureshjani

Marital Quality and Erectile Dysfunction among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Cross-sectional Study OC01-OC04

Thomas M Sinoj, Mohan K Manu, Johnson Alex, Aswini Kumar Mohapatra, Asha Kamath

Effect of Age and Hypertension on Cognition: A Cross-sectional Study OC05-OC08

Deepalakshmi Kaliyaperumal, Vijayabas Karan Shanmuga Varadharajan, Varsha Viswanathan, Murali Alagesan

Clinical Competency in Pulse Oximetry among Medical Professionals and Nursing Personnel in a Tertiary Care Hospital OC09-OC13

Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Chintan Labhubhai Patel, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Karamchand Hukumchand Patil, Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Prognostic Significance of First Week NT-ProBNP Levels in Heart Failure OC14-OC17


Variations in Levels of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 with Disease Course in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients OC18-OC21

Vijaya Jawahar Sarithala, Pavel Koroy, Alexander Yagoda

Analysis of Exhaled Breath Condensate pH in Asthma among Indian Population: A Pilot Study OC22-OC24

Manjit Sharad Tendolkar, Amita Athavale, Jairaj Nair, Sneha Tirpude, Rajwardhan Ghatge, Rahul Kendre, Anurag Deshpande, Aditi Punwani

Post-marketing Safety and Efficacy Evaluation of a Novel Drug CSE-1034: A Drug-use Analysis in Paediatric Patients with Hospital-acquired Pneumonia OC25-OC28

Manu Chaudhary, Shiekh Gazalla Ayub, Mohd Amin Mir

EBUS-TBNA-Initial Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in Southern India OC29-OC32

Arun Nair, Nithya Haridas, Subin Ahmed, Pallavi Vijay Borkar

The Effect of Position Change on Arterial Oxygen Saturation in Cardiac and Respiratory Patients: A Randomised Clinical Trial OC33-OC37

Samane Najafi, Shirin Madadkar Dehkordi, Mahdi Basirimog Haddam, Mohsan Abdavi, Mohammad Memarbashi

Double Trouble in Systemic Sclerosis: Complete Heart Block and Systolic Dysfunction OD01-OD02

Akshyaya Pradhan, Sameer Ganpat Vankar, Pravesh Vishwakarma, Rishi Sethi

A Case Report of Rituximab Induced Angioedema OD03-OD04

Dhaivat Shukla, Karan Shah, Sapan Pandya, Supriya Malhotra, Pankaj Patel

Bilateral Pneumothorax-rare Manifestation of Melioidosis OD05-OD06

Allen Aloysius D’silva, Jayasenan Jayannan, Ali Hazan Karnam, Sanjay R Nair, Natarajan Vasanthi

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting with Finger Drop OD07-OD09

Marjan Rahimi Farahani, Samira Alesaeidi

A Case of Infective Pulmonary Endarteritis in a Young Male OJ01-OJ02

Surender Deora, Pawan Garg

An Adult with Bowel Sounds in the Chest OJ03-OJ04

Karanam Gowrinath, Manam Gayatri

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with Acute Pancreatitis as an Initial Presentation OR01-OR03

Indira Bairy, Anupam Berwal, Mukhyaprana Prabhu, Lokvendra Singh Budania

Metachronous Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma in Patient with Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report PD01-PD02

Satya Prakash Jindal, GK Adithya, Varun Madaan, Vivek Tandon, Deepak Govil

Bouveret’s Syndrome: A Rare Case Presentation PD03-PD04

Dhvani Bharat Shah, Hiranya Deka, Priyanka Gopal Chilbule, Rajesh Kumar C Mahley, Divakar Jain

Retroperitoneal Lipoblastoma-A Rare Entity PD05-PD06

Suhitha Gajanthody, Harshavardhan Gowda, Ashraf Ahamed, Anuradha CK Rao, MR Shashidhar

A Rare Coexistence of Papillary Carcinoma, Warthin’s Tumour and Oncocytosis PD07-PD10

Nitin Sharma, Dushyant Mandlik, Purvi Daxesh Patel, Shubhada Apoorva Kanhere, Kaustubh D Patel

The ‘Laterally Inverted’ Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Unlearning the Learning Curve Helps, but Old Habits Die Hard PD11-PD13

Sukumar Santosh Kumar, Anamika Sinha

Dermato-Lymphangitis in Filariasis Resembles Infected Chronic Venous Insufficiency: Two Case Reports and Review of Literature PE01-PE04

Dwijesh Kumar Panda, Devi Prasad Mohapatra

Umbilical Pilonidal Sinus-Experience at a Peripheral (Rural) Hospital PL01-PL02

Piyush Gupta, Pallavi Gupta

Case Series of Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumours: Schwannoma PR01-PR03

Rajat Kapoor, Bharat Rajivkumar Saxena

Traumatic Abdominal Wall Hernias-An Uncommon Case Series PR04-PR05

G Vijayalakshmi, L Arun Kumar

Effectiveness of Prenatal Education Regarding Practice on Antenatal Exercises and Minor Ailments among Pregnant Mothers QC01-QC04

AT Sajitha, Anju T Philip, TK Sarika

Prevalence and Spectrum of Congenital Anomalies in Multiple Births with Analysis of Demographic and Obstetric Risk Factors QC05-QC09

Asaranti Kar, Sony Nanda, Tushar Kar, Ipsita Dhal, Bidyut Prabha Satpathy, Kirtirekha Mohapatra

Impact of High Levels of Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A on Pregnancy QC10-QC13

Krupa Shah, Ruby Sultana, Rajeshwari Bhat, Parvati Bhat, Shashikala Bhat

Risk Factors Associated with Major Neonatal Birth Injuries During Caesarean Section in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India over a Year: A Retrospective Analytical Study QC14-QC17

Deepti Pinto Rosario, Liji Sarah David, Neeraj Kulkarni, Manisha Madhai Beck

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and its Associated Risk Factors during Early Pregnancy in a Tropical Country: A Pilot Study QC18-QC22

Muhammad Azfar Shairazi Mohd Ariffin, Fatin Norhafizah Fazil, Nursabrina Mohd Yassin, Nurul Syahida Junaida, Poh Vien Gan, Rahana Abdul Rahman, Kok-Yong Chin, Nor Haslinda Abdul Aziz

Caesarean Section: Mortality and Morbidity QE01-QE06

Mamta Gupta, Vandana Saini

Efficacy of Antibiotic-loaded Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) Beads in Orthopedic Infections RC01-RC04

Kaushik Bhowmick, Chandrasekeran Gunasekaran, Viju Daniel Varghese, Abel Livingston, Thilak Samuel Jepegnanam, Alfred Job Daniel, PRJVC Boopalan

Anatomical and Morphometric Study of the Pes Anserine Tendons in the Knee RC05-RC07

Marcelode Azevedoe Souza Munhoz, Fernando Bento Cunha, Gliuliano Mestriner, Fauzi Carvalho Ferreira, Rafael Vicentino Leme, Ewerton Alexandre Galdeano, Arthur Marques Alcaraz, Marcelo Rodrigues Cunha

Is Preoperative Anthropometric Data Assessment Reliable Indicator for Estimating Femoral Tunnel Length in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction? RC08-RC10

Nagamanickam Rajendran Sutharsen, Prem Kotian, Rajendra Annappa, Srikanth Mudiganty, Sharan Mallya, Nabeel Mohammed

Osteochondroma in Jordanian Patients: Clinical Manifestations and Management RC11-RC15

Ziyad M Mohaidat, Abed-Allah A Saleh, Mamoon H Al-Omari, Ahmad A Obeidat, Ruba A Khasawneh

Encountering a Rare Implant in the Hip-A Case Report RD01-RD02

Surendra Umesh Kamath, Monesh Kengeri Basavaraj, Shaila Surendra Kamath

Isolated Sacral Extradural Hydatid Cyst with Posterior Paravertebral Extension Presenting as a Cauda Equina Syndrome RD03-RD05

Bigyan Bhandari, Binod Bijukachhe, Prashant Adhikari, Yogesh Acharya

Scrub Typhus Complicated by Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in a Young Patient SD01-SD03

Shveta, Kiran Agarwal, Bhavika Rishi, Khushboo

Dysphagia Lusoria in Twins SJ01-

R Hariharaprakash, Padma Badhe, Amit Dey

Pseudo-bartter Syndrome as the Initial Presentation of Cystic Fibrosis in Infants: A Series of Three cases and Review of Literature SR01-SR03

Prawin Kumar, Neeraj Gupta, Daisy Khera, Kuldeep Singh

Rosai-Dorfman Disease: A Clinico-pathological Presentation of Three Cases and Review of Literature SR04-SR08

Francis Ikechukwu Ukekwe, Uchechukwu Obiora Ezomike, Osita Uchenna Ezenwosu, Christopher Bismarck Eke, Chibueze Onyekachi Nwokoro

Is There Over Use of Computed Tomography Scan in Paediatric Head Injury Patients? TC01-TC04

Sushant Agarwal, Pradipta Ray Choudhury, Abhamoni Baro, Prabahita Baruah

Role of Shear Wave Elastography in Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules TC05-TC08

Khamis Hassan Bakari, Khamis Abdulrahman Simai, Fabian Pius Mghanga, Henry Anselmo Mayala, Xie Mingxing

Correlation of Ultrasound Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography with Sonographic Severity Grading of Fatty Liver Disease TC09-TC12

Varsha P Rangankar, Priya R Bhole, Sarang S Gosavi, Sarang R Rathod

Imaging in Carcinoma Pancreas: A Review of Literature TE01-TE05

Soumil Singhal, Nirmal Kumar Prabhu, Srikanth Moorthy

Recovery Profile Using Modified Aldrete Score in Post Anaesthesia Care Unit After Sevoflurane or Desflurane Anaesthesia: A Prospective Randomised Study UC01-UC04

Sunil Kumar Valasareddy, Siva Kumar Segaran, Sagiev Koshy George, RV Ranjan, Oommen George Titu, Pillai Radhakrishnan Anil

Effect of Ketamine and Fentanyl in Combination with Midazolam and Propofol during Outpatient Colonoscopy-A Randomised Controlled Trial UC05-UC09

Madhusudan Upadya, S Neeta, Gagan Brar, Anand Kulkarni, Jose Chacko

Quality of Sleep among Medical Students: Relationship with Personality Traits VC01-VC04

Anurag Rathi, Ramdas Sarjerao Ransing, Kshiord Kumar Mishra, Neena Narula

C-Reactive Protein in Bipolar Disorder in an Indian Clinical Setting VM01-VM03

Aparna Sundaresh, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Marion Leboyer, Vir Singh Negi, Ryad Tamouza

Prospective Study of Complications Following Surgery for Thyroid Malignancy: A Tertiary Cancer Care Centre Experience XC01-XC04

Virendra Kumar Tiwari, Jency Mathews, PG Balagopal, Nebu Abraham George

Short-Term Effect of “Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy” in the Management of Sacroiliac Joint Pain YC01-YC04

Saumya Srivastava, Dhanesh KU Kumar, Harramb Mittal, Snehil Dixit

Effect of Gong’s Mobilisation versus Muscle Energy Technique on Pain and Functional Ability of Shoulder in Phase II Adhesive Capsulitis YC05-YC08

Yuvarani Gopinath, Santhosh Krithika Seenivasan, Senthil Nathan Celambakkaam Veeraraghavan, Rajalaxmi Viswanathan, Mohan Kumar Govindaraj

The Effect of Anterior Palatal Surface Modifications of Complete Denture on Speech Intelligibility ZC01-ZC06

Saurabh Chaturvedi, Narendra Kumar Gupta, Ashok Kumar Verma, Amrit Tandan

Comparison of Accuracy of Bracket Placement by Direct and Indirect Bonding Technique using Digital Processing - An In-Vitro Study ZC07-ZC11

Ravneet K Kalra, Sanjay Mittal, Chandrashekhar Gandikota, Vikas Sehgal, Rajiv Gupta, Zarina Bali

Association of Dental Caries and Oral Health Impact Profile in 12-Year-Old School Children: A Cross-Sectional Study ZC12-ZC15

Vijay S Kumar, Vineetha Karuveettil, Joe Joseph, Sravan Kumar Yeturu, Rakesh P Suseela, Chandrashekar Janakiram

Validity and Reproducibility of Digital Models Obtained by Cone Beam Computed Tomography Imaging ZC16-ZC19

Apurva Bariar, Fidha Nazeer, Nidhin Philip, Siddarth Shetty

Three-Dimensional Assessment of Pharyngeal Airway Space by MRI in Class II Division 1 Patients Treated by Twin Block Appliance ZC20-ZC23

Ram Gopal, Tulika Tripathi, Priyank Rai, Anup Kanase

Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Evaluation of Vertical Bone Thickness of Midpalatal Suture Area in Young Patients: A Pilot Study ZC24-ZC26

Guilherme Neumann, Daniela Daufenback Pompeo, Ossam Abu El Haje, Gláucia Helena Faraco de Medeiros, A´lvaro Furtado, Henrique Damian Rosario, Luiz Renato Paranhos

Saliva as Forensic Evidence using Fluorescent Spectroscopy: A Pilot Study ZC27-ZC29

Charan K Raj, Komali Garlapati, P Karunakar, Rajkumar Badam, Pratima Soni, Reddy Lavanya

Assessment of Stress and Strain in Alveolar Bone during Upper Midline Diastema Closure using Finite Element Method ZC30-ZC33

Sonal K Javali, Roshan M Sagarkar, Silju Mathew, Prashantha Govinakovi Shivamurthy, Sharanya Sabrish, Madhavi Naidu

Staining Ability of Turmeric-Persica Solution and Turmeric-GC-MI Plus Paste on Remnant Adhesive Resin after Bracket Debonding ZC34-ZC36

Hossein Aghili, Mahmood Golzarian, Soghra Yassaei, Zahra Ebrahiminik, Zahra Moradi

Perforation Repair Using Absorbable Collagen Sponge and Biodentine ZD01-ZD02

Haripriya Subbaiyan, P Ajitha

Rehabilitation of a Hemimandibulectomy Patient with an Overlay Denture- A Case Report ZD03-ZD05

Siva Prakash Dhanaraj, H Annapoorni

Radio-Diagnostic Dilemmas of Submandibular Calcification-An Incidental CBCT Finding ZD06-ZD08

Kavitaa Nedunchezhian, Nalini Aswath

Role of a Prosthodontist in Forensic Dentistry- A Step towards Evolution ZE01-ZE03

Dikshita Ray Barua, Arindom Changmai, Amit Gaurav

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.