Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2021 | Month : May | Volume : 15 | Issue : 5 XML
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (113)

Assessment of Online Learning Procedure through the Eyes of Medical Students in COVID-19 Scenario AC01-AC05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Tanwi Ghosal (Sen), Anirban Sadhu, Parijat Mukherjee, Paramita Mukhopadhyay

Correlation between Second and Fourth Digit Length Ratio with Height, Body Mass Index and Axial Length of Eyeball in Adult Population of Burdwan, West Bengal, India AC06-AC10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Sabari Bhattacharya, Alipta Bhattacharya, Apala Bhattacharya, Kushal Banerjee, Jonaki Das(Sarkar), Mousumi Banerjee

Volumetric Measurement of the Maxillary Sinuses in Normal Sudanese using Computed Tomography: A Retrospective Study AC11-AC15

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Abdalla Ahmed Elamin, Tolgahan Acar, Samih Kajoak, Saadeldin Ahmed Idris, Bushra Abdel Malik, Caroline E Ayad

Quantitative Assessment of Interleukin-6 and Ferritin Levels and its Clinical Correlation among COVID-19 Patients BC01-BC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Susanna Theophilus Yesupatham, Preethi Rathnasabapathy, MP Sujatha, SM Azeem Mohiyuddin, Ravishankar Suryanarayana

Levels of C-reactive Protein, Total Protein and Serum Uric Acid among Cell Phone Addicted and Depressed Individuals: A Case-control Study from Uttar Pradesh, India BC05-BC10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Bhumija Sharma, Pradeep Kumar, Anil Sharma, Bhawani Shankar Modi, Preeti Sharma

Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase and Islet Cell Cytoplasmic Autoantibodies Positivity in Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults: Need for Early Insulinisation BC11-BC15

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

KS Priyadarshini, Deepti Gupta, Prashanth Kumar

Improved Diagnosis of Tuberculous Meningitis Using a Combination of Multiplex Antigens and Antibodies Testing Methods BC16-BC21

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Amit Raju Nayak, Payal Rajendra Khulkhule, Vinita Rajendra Hutke, Arti Ramkumar Mishra, Nitin Harinarayan Chandak, Hatim F Daginawala, Lokendra R Singh, Rajpal Singh Kashyap

Screening of Biochemical Abnormalities in Suicide Attempters Irrespective of Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Cross-sectional Study BC22-BC26

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ashwini Kamble, Vishwak Reddy Vatte, Bheemathati Ranga Rao, Sourya Reddy, C Pradyumna, PV Sai Satyanarayana, Satya Revanth Karri, Praveen Khairkar

Student Perception Regarding the Utility of Information Technology as a Facilitator of Learning in Medical Education BC27-BC30

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Vatsala Khurana, Rashmi Verma, Binita Goswami, Vikas Malhotra

Utility of Nucleic Acid Extraction Free COVID-19 Real Time PCR Protocol in Resource Limited Setting: A Pilot Study DC01-DC03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Santosh Karade, Pratik Thosani, Prashant Patil, Kavita Bala Anand, Sourav Sen, Rajiv Mohan Gupta

Malassezia Species Distribution in Cases of Pityriasis Versicolor and Dandruff in a Tertiary Care Rural Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study DC04-DC07

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Hitendra Dev, Dipak C Thamke, Vijayashri S Deotale

Characterisation and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Enterococci in a Tertiary Care Hospital of North East India DC08-DC11

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Antara Roy, Rajkumar Manojkumar Singh, Supriya Laifangbam

A Prospective Study on Respiratory Viral Pathogens Causing Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Children below Five Years of Age at a Tertiary Care Hospital of India DC12-DC16

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Apoorva T Raju, Rojaleen Das, Nikki Rai, Ajay Kumar, Rajni Gaind

Adenomyosis and Co-existing Gynaecological Pathologies EC01-EC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Parul Garg, Harjot Kaur, Ishwer Tayal, Shilpa, Navjot Kaur

Evaluation of Pathological Response in Post Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Breast Carcinoma Specimens using Residual Cancer Burden System EC05-EC10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Lakshmi Manasa Perubhotla, Suseela Kodandapani, Sudha S Murthy

A Rare Case of Diffuse Intestinal Ganglioneuromatosis in a Child Presenting with Intussusception ED01-ED03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Anuradha Sekaran, Amruta Patil, Mahesh Shetty, Guduru Venkat Rao, Duvvur Nageshwar Reddy

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia Presenting with Pancytopenia: A Rare Haematological Coincidence ED04-ED06

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Iffat Jamal, Shuchi Smita, Ravi Bhushan Raman, Kaushal Kumar, Vijayanand Choudhary

Impact of Drug Information Services on Promotion of Rational Use of Antimicrobial Agents: A Descriptive Retrospective Study FC01-FC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Soanker Radhika, MVS Subbalaxmi, Butul Maleha, Pingali Usharani

Understanding the Hazard Profile and Disaster Preparedness Levels of NABH Accredited Hospitals in North India: Evidence from a Cross-sectional Survey 2016 IC01-IC06

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Nidhi Yadav, Gayatri Vishwakarma, Prahalad Rai Sodani, Preetham Kabbinahithlu, Priyanka Anchalia

Multiple Case Scenarios Based on Integrated Teaching among First Year Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study JC01-JC05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ashwin Kulkarni, Vanitha Gowda, Chandrika Rao, Medha Y Rao

Project-Based Learning in Pharmacology during COVID-19 Lockdown for Second Phase Medical Undergraduates JC06-JC09

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Jinish Jose, Irshad Ali, Dhanya Sasidharan Palappallil

Prevalence and Correlates of Mental Disability among Elderly Population Residing at Rural Block of Cuttack, India LC01-LC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Navin Kumar, Animesh Gupta, Sampriti Samanta, Basant Kumar Behera

Replacement Blood Donation Denials in Children: A Cross-sectional Study LC05-LC08

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Muniba Alim, Rafey Abdul Rahman, Prabudh Goel

Association of Demographic, Clinical and Laboratory Parameters with Clinical Outcome of COVID-19 Patients of Bangalore: A Cross-sectional Study LC09-LC13

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ravi Krishnegowda, Avinash Hanbe Rajanna , B Abhiman Shetty, Rakshit R Desai,Thejaswi K Gurumurthy , Kiran Kumar Navalba, Vallish Shenoy , Bhargav V Bhat

Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease among Tamil Nadu Population- A Cross-sectional Study LC14-LC16

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

R Chandan Bala , M Jayabharathy , S Sheba Yesu Priya , S Ramya

Occupational Stress and Metabolic Syndrome among Bus Drivers: Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases LC17-LC22

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Sanjeev Srinivas Walvekar, Jeevan G Ambekar, Basavaraj B Devaranavadagi, Deepa S Sajjannar

Effectiveness of Foot Exercise and Epsom Salt Water on Reduction of Foot Oedema among Antenatal Mothers LC23-LC26

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Khevna Rameshbhai Macwan, Parasben Krunal Savaliya

A Qualitative Assessment of Stress among Frontline Health Workers during Covid -19 Pandemic LC27-LC30

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Sonali Sain, Shuvankar Mukherjee

Knowledge and Attitude of Nurses in Organ Donation and the Influence of Interventions- A Systematic Review LE01-LE04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Manimuthu Reena, Pothipillai Arumugam, Sony Paul, Iyanar Kannan

Protocol for a Systematic Review of School Based Educational Interventions on Prevention and Control of Malaria LK01-LK03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Chokkara Roja, A Seetha Lakshmi, M Anitha Rani, Alex Eapen

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Medical Students Regarding Self-Medication in Sore Throat: A Cross-sectional Study MC01-MC05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Nilank Saroha, Nitin Tomar, Varun Singh

Recurrent Multinodular Pleomorphic Adenoma of Parotid Gland- A Case Report MD01-MD03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Priya Kanagamuthu, Swetha Thirumurthi, S Rajasekaran, S Prabakaran, RB Namasivaya Navin

Topical Ripasudil as First Line Treatment for Ocular Hypertension in Uveitis Cases: A Prospective Study NC01-NC03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Harvinder Nagpal, Mandeep Kaur

Macular Pigment Optical Density and its Determinants among Adults: A Cross-sectional Study NC04-NC07

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Pooja Goyal, Mitasha Singh, Shashi Vashishth, Satish Jayeria

Risk of COVID-19 among Spectacles Wearing Population of Northern India NC08-NC11

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Amit Kumar Saxena

Correlation between Intraocular Pressure and Visual Field Loss in Primary Open Angle and Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma: A Cross-sectional Study NC12-NC15

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

VR Raji , Susan Philip , S Ambily

Clinical Spectrum of Corneal Epithelial Microsporidiosis ND01-ND03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Prabhakar Singh, Abhishek Gupta, Richa Gupta

Haemorrhagic Retinopathy Associated with Zieve Syndrome ND04-ND06

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Sadafnaz Sabah, Abdul Waris, Mohd Rameez Reza, Syed Asghar Rizvi

There's More to a Bergmeister's Papilla Than Which Meets the Eye NJ01-NJ02

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Shruthy Vaishali Ramesh, Prajnya Ray , Prasanna Venkatesh Ramesh ,Meena Kumari Ramesh , Ramesh Rajasekaran

A Rare Case of Isolated Internuclear Ophthalmoparesis following Head Injury NJ03-NJ04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Teena Mariet Mendonca, Gladys R Rodrigues, Sreelakshmi Salim

Renal Function among HIV Infected Patients on Combination Antiretroviral Therapy: A Longitudinal Cohort Study OC01-OC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Bijaya Kumar Behera, Sritam Acharya, Sukanta Kumar Jena, Keshaba Chandra Budula

Prevalence of Obesity, Dyslipidemia and Diabetes Mellitus in Patients with Gastrojejunostomy OC05-OC07

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

K Sunil Kumar, Abhishek Sasidharan

Association of Portal Vein Indices with Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Findings in Patients with Cirrhosis of Liver OC08-OC10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

MS Revathy , Ajay Kandpal , B Sumathi , S Chitra , M Manimaran , G Sathya

Echocardiographic Assessment of Cardiac Function in Liver Cirrhosis: A Cross-sectional Study OC11-OC14

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Apoorva Nirmal, Gajendra Agrawal, Sunil Kumar, Sourya Acharya, Akshay Dafal, Dwivedi Bhushan

Association of hs-CRP Levels and Medications Adherence Status among Heart Failure Patients at a Cardiac Referral Hospital in Tanzania OC15-OC20

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Gabriel Maganga1, Pilly Chillo, Mohamed Janabi, Appolinary Kamuhabwa

Cross-sectional Study on Myocardial Infarction in Young Adults in the Emergency Department of a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital, Davanagere, Karnataka, India OC21-OC24

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

CH Karthik Reddy, Mahesh Krishnamurthy, Ashray Vasanthapuram, Girish Narayan, SS Narendra

Role of Glycaemic Control in Predicting Severity of Illness in COVID-19 Patients with Diabetes Mellitus OC25-OC27

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Jayanthi Hari Kishan, Vollala Shravan Kumar

Serum Aminotransferase Levels as a Marker in Assessment of Severity of Dengue Fever in Adult Patients- A Cross-sectional Study OC28-OC31

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

CB Bindu, Ravi T Chikkannanavar, K Venugopal, BS Harsha

Hereditary Bisalbuminemia in Sjögren’s Syndrome and Rheumatoid Arthritis OD01-OD02

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Serdal Ugurlu, Bugra Han Egeli, Ibrahim Murat Bolayirli

COVID-19 and Malaria Co-infection Management in Post Liver Transplant- A Case Report OD03-OD05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Saniya Wasim Shaikh, Sampathkumar Mahadevappa Mahendrakar, Sulaiman Sadruddin Ladhani, Azizullah Hafizullah Khan

Endobronchial Hamartoma with Postobstructive Pneumonia- A Case of Successful Treatment with Endobronchial Interventions OD06-OD08

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Jolsana Augustine, Rajesh Venkitakrishnan, VR Pattabhiraman, Arjun Srinivasan

Reversal of Pulmonary Hypertension in a Patient with Chronic Mountain Sickness after Relocation to Low Altitude OD09-OD10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Abdirashit Maripov, Kubatbek Muratali Uulu, Samatbek Satybaldyev, Nadira Kushubakova, Akpay Sarybaev

Atypical Presentation of an Adrenal Mass OD11-OD12

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Krishna Swathi Pavuluri, N Senthil, RB Sudagar Singh, L Suja

Iatrogenic Left Main Coronary Artery Dissection Treated with Bare Metal Stents: A Case with Twelve Years Angiographic Follow-up OD13-OD14

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Shuvanan Ray, Sunil Jain, Sabyasachi Mitra

COVID-19 Reinfection: A Case Series OR01-OR04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Surabhi Jaggi, Varinder Saini, Deepak Aggarwal

Clinical Outcomes of Ventral Hernia Repair with Ventralex Patch- A Retrospective Study from a Tertiary Care Centre PC01-PC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Coelho Victor, DK Titus, Beulah Roopavathana, Abinaya R Nadarajan, Suchita Chase, Sukria Nayak

Management of Breast Abscess by Open Drainage with Primary Closure versus Standard Incision and Drainage- A Randomised Clinical Trial PC05-PC08

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Monish Raj, Satyavrat Arya, Raj Kumar Chejara, Rohit Chaudhary, Vignesh Mani

Outcome of Proximal Hypospadias Repair in Children using Standard Surgical Technique with Intermediate Vascularised Flap- A Retrospective Cohort Study PC09-PC12

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Harish Chandra Tudu, Amaresh Mishra, Subrat Kumar Mohanty, N Prashanthi, Indrani Roy, Piyush Bhardwaj, PS Pujari

A Prospective Longitudinal Study on the Predictability of Quadruple-D Score in the Success Rate of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Renal Stones 1-2 cm in Diameter PC13-PC16

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Soumish Sengupta, Supriya Basu, Kadambari Ghosh

Emphysematous Pyelonephritis: Role and Factors Affecting Renal Conservation- A Cross-sectional Study PC17-PC20

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Amit Kumar Sharma, Sujata Pujari, Shweta Sharma, Suresh Kumar Rulaniya, Biswajit Mohapatra, Gourab Goel

Cystic Lymphangioma: A Rare Cause of Haemorrhagic Ascites PD01-PD02

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Swanit Hemant Deshpande, Vishal Narkhede, Sunny Agarwal, Satish Balkrishna Dharap

The Burden of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Surgical Site Infections: A Review PE01-PE06

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Brajesh B Gupta, KC Soman, Lata Bhoir, Minakshi Gadahire, Bhavin Patel, Jaishid Ahdal

Critical Level of Alanine Transaminase to Predict Foetomaternal Outcome in Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy: A Case-control Study QC01-QC05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Nidhi Ahuja, Anjali Dabral, Sheeba Marwah, Rekha Bharti, Deepti Pachauri, Jyotsna Suri

Effectiveness of Exercises in Glycaemic Control and Maternal Outcome among Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus- A Pilot Study QC06-QC10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Reena Wilma Frank, Kaipangala Raja Gopal, Devina E Rodrigues

Prenatal Invasive Procedures during Peak of COVID-19 Pandemic QI01-QI02

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Chanchal Singh, Gazala Shahnaz, Seema Thakur

Surgical Management of Supracondylar Fractures of the Humerus in Children by Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Pinning with Kirschnner Wires: A Cross-sectional Study RC01-RC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Chavan Pramod Babu, K Shankara, T Lakshmeesha

Zimmer Natural Nails in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures: A Longitudinal Study RC05-RC08

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

C Yashavanth Kumar , P Ashok Kumar , P Rahul , Harshad M Shah , Sandesh Patil , Rahul V Gawalkar

A Comparison between Early and Delayed Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Cohort Study RC09-RC12

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Amarjeet Singh, Manish Singh, Simran Preet Singh, Bhavna Sahni

Cadaveric Dissection to Demonstrate the Segment of the Axillary Nerve at Risk during the Latarjet Procedure RJ01-RJ02

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Gunjar Jain, Rameshwar Datt, Hira Lal Nag, Vijaykumar Digge

Fatal Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia with Co-existent Type-1 Neurofibromatosis SL01-

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Daisy Khera, Siyaram Didel, Abhishek Purohit, Swati Umashanker, Mohammed Ramzan

Interpretation of 24-hour Urinary Protein Level for Diagnosis of Nephrotic Syndrome in Marked Hypoalbuminemia SR01-SR02

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Raghvendra Narayan, Shivani Singh

Prevalence and Grading of Rotator Cuff and Labral Injuries in Shoulder Pain and Instability using MRI: A Cross-sectional Study TC01-TC08

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ashok Srikar Chowdhary, Naresh Babu Lakshmipathi Nikhil, Nidhi Hemendra Chandrakar, Nidhi Raj Buddaraju

Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Epileptic Children and its Association with Electroencephalography and Clinical Findings: A Cross-sectional Study TC09-TC15

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Nilkanth Laxman Pal, Sanjay G Sardes Sai, Anant Lakshmikant Lawande, Swamini Digamber Panandikar

Comparison of Magnetic Resonance Hysterography and Sonohysterography in Women with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: An Interventional Study TC16-TC19

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Tsella Lachungpa, Radha Sarawagi, Sunitha Vellathussery Chakkalakkombil

A Rare Case of Fasciola hepatica and its Treatment TD01-TD03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Harsha Vardhan Mahalingam, Rajoo Ramachandran, Venkatesh Bala Raghu Raji, Prabhu Radhan Radhakrishnan, Venkata Sai

Imaging of Complete Vertebral Duplication with Normal Neurological Status: A Rare Case TD04-TD05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Vishal Thakker, Nisarg Thakker, Manali Arora, Rajan Patel

Anaesthetic Efficacy of Nalbuphine as an Adjuvant to Ropivacaine in Ultrasound Guided Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Blockade: A Randomised Controlled Trial UC01-UC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

BT Arish, B Hariharasudhan, RV Ranjan, S Sivavakumar, Sagiev Koshy George, K Ravravichandran

Clinical Characteristics and Outcome of Critically ill SARS-CoV-2 Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India: A Retrospective Study UC05-UC08

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Reetu Verma, Rajeev Kumar Nishad, Rohit Patawa, Alok Kumar

Intercostal Nerve Block and Peritubal Infiltration with Bupivacaine for Postoperative Analgesia after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: A Randomised Clinical Study UC09-UC12

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Karunakaran Binil, Kaniyil Suvarna, Kannammadathy Poulose Biji

A Randomised Blinded Comparison of Epidural Infusion of Ropivacaine and Ropivacaine with Fentanyl for PONV and Sedation in Elective Lower Abdominal Oncosurgeries UC13-UC15

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

SS Srihari, KS Henjarappa, BH Arathi, NR Rashmi, VB Gowda, Namrata Ranganath, Jeevanthy P Upadhya

A Randomised Clinical Trial to Compare the Efficacy of Tramadol and Nalbuphine for Treatment of Shivering after Spinal Anaesthesia in Patients Posted for Lower Limb Orthopaedic Surgery UC16-UC20

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Sara Mary Thomas, Ananya Pradhan, Dinesh Chauhan

Proseal Laryngeal Mask Gel vs I-gel: A Randomised Clinical Trial among Paediatric Patients UC21-UC25

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

BR Uma, Sridhara

Efficacy of Intravenous Fluid Plasmalyte and 6% Hetastarch in Preventing Spinal Anaesthesia Induced Hypotension in Patients undergoing Lower Abdominal Surgeries: A Randomised Clinical Study UC26-UC30

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Prakriti Gupta, Suraj Kumar, Samiksha Parashar, Manoj Kumar Giri, Sujeet Rai, Deepak Malviya

Effect of Dexamethasone as an Adjunct on Efficacy of Ropivacaine in Caudal Block for Postoperative Analgesia in Paediatric Infra-umbilical Surgeries: A Randomised Double-blind Controlled Study UC31-UC35

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Veena Patodi, Kavita Jain, Mukesh Choudhary, Surendra Kumar Sethi, Neena Jain, Veena Mathur

Outcome of Ulinastatin vs Metabolic Resuscitation using Ascorbic Acid, Thiamine and Glucocorticoid in Early Treatment of Sepsis- A Randomised Controlled Trial UC36-UC39

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Arun Kumar Yadav, Vipin Kumar Singh, GP Singh, Vinita Singh

Airway Management in Hypoxemic Patient using Modified Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway Technique UL01-UL02

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Mohd Mustahsin, Garima Singh

A Case Series of Lung Sequelae and Aspergillus Antigenemia: A Hidden Entity in Post-COVID-19 Critically ill Patients UR01-UR03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Sonali Banwait, Poonam Gupta

A Dosimetric Study of Volumetric Arc Modulation with RapidArc Versus Intensity-modulated Radiotherapy in Cervical Cancer Patients XC01-XC05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Brijesh Gos wami, Rakesh Kumar Jain, Suresh Yadav, Sunil Kumar, Saji Oommen, Sapna Manocha, Ganesh K Jadhav

The Changing Face of Physiotherapy Practice in COVID-19: Perspective of an Indian Physiotherapist YA01-YA03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Zubia Veqar

Comparison Study of Wobble Board and Bosu Ball along with Strength Training on Lower Limb Strength, Dynamic Balance, Agility and Functional Performance of Runners with Lateral Ankle Instability YC01-YC06

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Roshni, Sheetal Kalra, Sajjan Pal, Sonia Pawaria, Joginder Yadav

Effectiveness of Retro Walking and Forward Walking Treadmill Training on Abdominal Adiposity in Untrained Young Adults: A Quasi-experimental Study YC07-YC10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ajith Soman, Muhammad Najeeb Kallidukkil, Bibin Scaria, Khalid Alkhathami

Effect of Migraine on Functional Performance and Self-reported Symptoms in Children with Concussion: A Cross-sectional Study YC11-YC14

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Abdulaziz Abdullah Alkathiry

Immediate Effects of Myofascial Release Technique on Muscle Flexibility, Vertical Jump Height in Recreational Badminton Players YC15-YC19

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Deepak Panwar, Siddhartha Sen

Focal Periphyseal Oedema: A Physiologic Finding in Paediatric Knee Pain YD01-YD03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Susana Rosa, Margarida Freitas, Sara Antunes, Rute Pereira

Effect of Physiotherapy in the Prevention and Relief of Secondary Lymphoedema in Subjects with Postoperative Breast Cancer- A Systematic Review of Randomised Controlled Trials YE01-YE05

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Mitali Naik, Priyanka Nayak, KU Dhanesh Kumar

Whole Body Vibration for Athletes: An Evidence Informed Review YE06-YE10

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Saurabh Sharma, Sana Saifi, Nitin KR Arora, Shalini Sharma

Analysis of Surface Roughness and 3D Scanning Topography of Zirconia Implants Before and After Photofunctionalization by 3D Optical Profilometry- An In-vitro Study ZC01-ZC04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Arunjaikumar Ravindran, Suma Karthigeyan, Ramesh Bhat, Madhulika Naidu, Senthilnathan Natarajan, Shilpa Sinnurkar

Cellular Properties and Expression of Pluripotent Markers in Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells Cultured in Serum-Free Medium ZC05-ZC09

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Chethan Kumar , Basan Gowda Sharanappa Kurkalli , Shishir Shetty , Akshay Bairapura Manjappa , Veena Shetty , Mohana Kumar Basavarajappa

Effect of Surface Characteristics of Different Implant Abutment Materials on the Microbial Adhesion- An In vitro Study ZC10-ZC14

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Vimal Munot, Ramesh P Nayakar, Raghunath Patil

Screening and Allotting Completely Edentulous Patients using Prosthodontic Diagnostic Index in a Dental School, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ZC15-ZC20

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Mohammed Shammas, Nagihan Kuru Muhcu, Elaf Abdullah Alzahrani, Rana Ali Alsaadi, Elaf Mohammed Alshaqha, Jood Ahmed Balkhyoor, VT Abdurahiman, Shaiq Gajdhar

Trends, Awareness and Attitude of Patients Towards Replacement of Missing Teeth in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia ZC21-ZC26

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Karunakar Bhoja Shetty , Elaf Mohammed Alshaqa , Abrar Bakri Koosa , Sara Faiz Jambi , Nouran Omar Jamal

Comparative Evaluation of Cavosurface Marginal Integrity by Assessing Microleakage Scores of Three Different Composites using a Universal Adhesive in Self Etch and Selective Etch Modes- A Stereomicroscopic Study ZC27-ZC31

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Archie Khera, Arvind Shenoy

Assessment of Awareness and Behavioural Patterns among Children Regarding COVID-19 ZC32-ZC37

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ritesh Kalaskar, Shruti Balasubramanian, Ashita Kalaskar

Concepts and Perception of Restoring Endodontically Treated Teeth among Dental Practitioners in Western Region of Saudi Arabia- A Questionnaire Based Study ZC38-ZC42

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Karunakar Shetty, Sara Abdulrhman Shugair, Ghada Saad Alshohaib, Riham Zamil Abulhamayel, Sara Taleb Alshawa, Nowf Nawaf Alturki

Comparative Evaluation of Different Antioxidants on Reversal of Microtensile Bond Strength of Composite Resin in Endodontically Treated Tooth Surface ZC43-ZC46

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ramesh Bharti, Anil Chandra

Evaluation of Salivary C-Reactive Protein and Psychological Factors in Patients with Oral Lichen Planus: A Case-control Study ZC47-ZC51

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Shruti Anand Patil, Amita Aditya, Daya K Jangam

Prevalence of Malocclusion and its Relationship with Socio-demographic Factors, Dental Caries and Oral Hygiene Status in 12- 15 Years Children of Lucknow City ZC52-ZC56

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Avnica Agarwal, Vamsi Krishna Reddy, Mayank Das, Mohsin Khan, Mandar Todkar

Use of Computer Guided Tall and Tilted Pin Hole Immediately Loaded Implants Technique for Severe Atrophic Maxilla Rehabilitation: A One Year Follow-up ZD01-ZD04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Venkata Ratna Nag Puppala, Sarika Puppala, Smitha Daniel

Step Wise Management of Asyndromic Tooth Agenesis with Ankyloglossia: A Case Report ZD05-ZD08

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Vandana R Gadve, Vijaya S Dhote

Lymphangioma of the Tongue: A Review ZE01-ZE03

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ahmed Hassan Mustafa

Accuracy of 3D Curvilinear Measurements on Digital Models Generated by Light Emitting Diode Scanned Impressions: A Cross-sectional Study ZG01-ZG04

Published: May 1, 2021 | DOI:

Ismatfatema Mohsin Nayani, Manish Suresh Agrawal, Jiwanasha Manish Agrawal, Shradhha Shetti, Bhakti Bhalekar, Akash Agarwal

Retracted- 2011, 5(3): 538-541 ZZ01-ZZ01

Retracted- 2021, 15(4): OC37-OC40 ZZ02-ZZ02

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.