Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Issue Statistics View issue wise statistics
Table of Contents - Year : 2022 | Month : August | Volume : 16 | Issue : 8


Non Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhoea and Subsequent Bacterial Meningitis: A Case Report

G Vaishnavadevi, Dayanandan Yoganandan
1238 210 210

An Emerging Neglected Co-infection: Aspergillus fumigatus and Mycobacterium gordonae Co-infection in an Immunocompromised Patient

Rani Kumaravel, Priyadarshini Shanmugam, R Alice Peace Selvabai
1041 194 194

Diagnostic Dilemma in Spindle Cell Lesions of Breast- A Case Report

K Khowsalya Subrajaa, S Preethi, S Balamurugan, S Manjani
1927 304 304

Coexistent Ovarian Tuberculosis with Borderline Serous Cyst Adenoma in an Infertile Young Female: A Case Report

Shweta Verma, Preeti Agarwal, Mithilesh, Nancy Gupta, Vandana Solanki
1244 230 230

Osteosarcoma of Jaw Masquerading as Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumour- A Diagnostic Dilemma

Neha Sethi, Nimisha Devpura, Nitin Khutenta, ML Yadav, Maneesh Vijaywargia
1224 218 218

Unusual Presentation of Aplastic Anaemia: Evolving into Myelodysplastic Syndrome with Excess Blasts 1 and Type III Paroxysmal Nocturnal Haemoglobinuria Clone

Shilpi More, Saroj Rajput, Geetika Sharma, Nimisha Sharma, Tathagata Chatterjee
1555 234 234

Paratyphi Pneumonia- Does What You Eat Matter?

VK Vineeth, P Senthur Nambi, Jagadeesh Chandrasekaran, Aarthee Asokan
1384 239 239

Malignant Hypertension Leading to Non Arteritis Anterior Ischaemic Optic Neuropathy-Unilateral Involvement an Exigency

Ruchita Kabra, Sourya Acharya, Sachin Daigavane, Avi Sharma, Sunil Kumar
1229 236 236

Recurrent Hypokalaemic Paresis in Secondary Sjögren’s Syndrome

Vignessh Raveekumaran, Dhruvi Reddy Sanikommu, Sivashankar
1223 224 224

Long-standing Renal Hydatid Cyst Mimicking an Angiomyolipoma: A Rare Case Report

Ellerhea Shalom Fernandes, Deepak Madhukar Kamle
1337 222 222

An Ectopic Intrathoracic Kidney in an Adult Female: A Case Report

Tharun Ganapathy Chitrambalam, Nidhi Mariam George, Ramyasree Paladugu, Sundeep Selvamuthukumaran, Lokesh Reddy
1089 195 195

A Peculiar Three-way Connection: Colo-urachal-vesical Fistula with Cutaneous Extension

Ankit Vyas, Alhad Mulkalwar, Kamlesh Singh, Bhushan Patil
975 192 192

An Interesting Case of Bell’s Palsy in Pregnancy Associated with COVID-19 Infection

Disket Dolkar, Vinika Nimodia
1449 252 252

Massive Traumatic Postpartum Haemorrhage with Co-incidental Atypical Eclampsia and Abdominal Koch’s- A Maternal Near Miss

Ruby Bhatia, Kartika Pandey, Sukhbir Pal Kaur, Karishma Singh
1279 195 195

Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations in a 18-months-old Child: A Case Report

Hesham Mohamad Fayad, Fatema Chowdhury, Godfred Antony Menezes, Shria Sadhu, Samiha Anjum Hossain
1371 205 205

Dual Origin of Left Vertebral Artery- A Case Report of an Uncommon Vascular Variant

Chandra Sekhar Patil, S Sushmitha Reddy, Raja Kollu, KS Prashanth Kumar
1230 247 247

Nipple Papilloma with Dysplasia: A Case Report

Pratiksha Yadav, Yevvari Sameera, Vanshita Gupta, Varsha Rangankar, Tushar Kambale
1249 196 196

Anaesthetic Management of a Peripartum Cardiomyopathy Patient undergoing Caesarean Section

Monika Sharma, Sanjot Ninave, Aruna Chandak, Vijay Chandak
1287 205 205

Co-existence of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Sinonasal Mucormycosis: Therapeutical Challenges

Nitin Sharma, Dushyant Mandlik, Purvi Patel, Aditya Joshipura, Kaustubh Patel
1048 203 203

Minimalistic Intervention of White Spot Lesions and Dental Fluorosis with Resin Infiltration Technique- A Report of Two Cases

Raji Viola Solomon, Shanti Priya, Mohammed Abdul Wahed, Priyanka Gopishetty, Mallarapu Sathyanvesh
1129 212 212

Pedicled Forehead Flap for Reconstruction of Cheek Defect: A Novel Surgical Case Report

Senthil Kumar, Rinku George, Davidson Rajiah, Deepak Chandrasekaran, Pradeep
1096 192 192

Oral Fibrolipoma Arising from Maxillary Alveolus: A Rare Case Entity

Shreyas N Shah, Garima S Jain, Uday Patel, Arpan Shah
876 194 194


A Harrowing Experience of Pinna Lacerations

RB Namasivaya Navin, S Prabakaran, S Rajasekaran, PN Aswin Vaishali, R Karthika
2052 265 265

Incidentally Detected Anomalous Renal Arteries during Angiogram- A Case Series

Phani Chakravarty Mutnuru, Rammurti Susarla, Rahul Devraj
1427 230 230

Cutaneous Tuberculosis- One Diagnosis, a Plethora of Differentials

NR Vignesh, Sivaramakrishnan Sangaiah, Ashok N Kumar, Arisha Salam
1239 224 224


Sodium Hypochlorite Accident Associated with Endodontic Treatment of Maxillary First Molar

Varun Kumar, Ruchi Juneja, Sneha Priya
1393 213 213

Double Walker of an Infected Dental Follicle

Santana Natarajan, Elamparithi Bujabalan, Pavana Basker, Sathish Kumar Jayagopal
1093 198 198


A Rare Case of Atrial Fibrillation due to Anaphylaxis to Sugammadex

Soundararajan Veluchamy, Stephanie Pauling
1138 203 203


Role of Lipoprotein Associated Phospholipase A2 in Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease

V Veena, M Ganesh, Santhi Silambanan
2559 313 313

Role of Vitamin D and Haemoglobin Levels in Prediabetic Patients- A Retrospective Study

Deepa K Nair, B Shanthi, Giridhar Bupesh
1529 233 233

COVID-19 Pandemic Effect on Psychological Status and Perception towards the Medical Profession among Haryana’s First Year MBBS Students: A Cross-sectional Study

Himanshu Madaan, Meenakshi Puri, Vaneet Kaur, Sumit Dokwal, Savita Chahal
1621 303 303

Six Sigma Metrics: An Evolving Indicator of Quality Assurance for Clinical Biochemistry

Devi Prasad Pradhan, Debasish Pandit, Sibasish Sahoo, Roma Rattan, Sucharita Mohanty
2130 262 262

Correlation of Lipid Profile with Inflammatory Markers among COVID-19 Positive Patients: A Retrospective Study

Asha Kumari, Yuthika Agarwal, Sangeeta Bhattacharya Singh, Shikhaa Mahajan, Vivek Sharma
1744 280 280

Comparison of Serum C-reactive Protein, Parathyroid Hormone, and Calcitonin Levels between Pregnant and Non Pregnant Women from Rural North Gujarat: A Case-control Study

Viral Gopalbhai Solanki, Kinjal Prahaladbhai Patel, Sandip Sanabhai Sendhav, Harshili Rameshbhai Tale, Vinay Patke, Chirag Kanubhai Pandya, Prasad Vitthalrao Khodke
1184 207 207

Study of Nitric Oxide and Lipid Peroxidation in Preterm Labour: A Case-control Study

Monika Nandkumar Chavan, Jayashree Ganu, Sangita Jadkar, Arvind Yadav, Anup N Nillawar
1036 216 216

Effect of Stress on Heart Rate Variability in Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study

Vijaya Y Vageesh, T Bharath
3221 315 315

Evaluation of Self-directed Learning Readiness among Students of Medicine and Allied Branches in South Kashmir, India

Mehak Mufti, Shaugfa Aara, Haneen Beg, Mudasir Dar, Mohsina Mukhtar
1494 265 265

Correlation of Heart Rate Variability and Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Depression: A Cross-sectional Study

Deepti Jangpangi, Sunita Mondal, Rajiv Bandhu, Dinesh Kataria, Jayashree Bhattacharjee
1330 250 250

Physical Fitness Index of Medical Students in Thrissur, Kerala, India: A Cross-sectional Study

Arsha Krishnan, Gokul Suresh Revathy
2677 227 227

Relationship between Autonomic Functional Status and Maximal Aerobic Capacity

Ravi Saini, Sudhanshu Kacker, Reshu Gupta
3441 218 218

Effectiveness of Yoga on Quality of Life among Patients with Depression: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Nitu Kumari, Anuradha Yadav, Namit Garg, Kavita Yadav, Manisha Sankhla, Sai Sailesh Kumar Goothy, Anita Choudhary
1468 210 210

Unmasking the Mask Issues among Healthcare Workers in COVID-19 Era

Neha Gupta, Renu Gur, Shalini Dewan Duggal, Deepak Dhamnetiya, Ravi Prakash Jha
1661 325 325

Clinical Manifestations and Sequelae of COVID-19 in First and Second Wave among Nursing Officers of a Tertiary Care Centre, New Delhi, India

Suman R Kashyap, Suman Luthra, Nishat Hussain Ahmed
1512 315 315

Effect of Interleukin 28B SNP rs12979860 Genotype on Viral Load in Hepatitis C Virus in Kolar Population, Karnataka, India

Devinder Kaur, Prabhakar Kamarthy, Subhashis Das
1305 252 252

Intensive Case Finding of Tuberculosis and Diabetes Mellitus-Bidirectional Screening of Patients Attending a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Rural Telangana, India

Kiranmai Sannithi, Tashita Singh, Neelima Angali, Raghuram Prasad, Rajive Kumar Sureka
1317 228 228

In-vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Green Synthesised Silver Nanoparticles of Leaf Extract of Rhinacanthus nasutus against Bacterial Food Borne Pathogens

V Nagasinduja, S Shahitha
1381 217 217

Diagnostic Characterisation of Various Phenotypic Methods for Class-A Extended Spectrum of β-Lactamase among Multidrug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Diabetic Patients

Bhavana Gupta, Rajni Sharma, Kapil Garg
1592 225 225

Clinical Features and Predisposing Factors Influencing the Outcome of COVID-19 in First and Second Wave at Nanded, Maharashtra- A Retrospective Study

Supriya Madhavrao Emekar, Sanjaykumar Rajaram More, Rohit Sinha, Raghavendra Swamy
1529 300 300

Seroprevalence and Clinicoepidemiological Profile of Leptospirosis in Acute Febrile Illness Cases at a Medical College in Amritsar, Punjab, India

Prabhjot Kaur, Kanwardeep Singh, Loveena Oberoi, Shailpreet Kaur Sidhu, Amandeep Singh
1362 224 222

Neutralising Antibodies in Healthcare Workers after Two Doses of Covishield Vaccine at Three Months and Six Months: A Single-centre Observational Study

J Naveena, MP Nandhini, K Kavitha, CN Manjunath, Amulya Cherukumudi, N Prapulla
1408 210 210

Assessment of Factors Influencing the Positivity of Blood Culture by BacT/ALERT®3D Microbial Detection System: A Cross-sectional Observational Study

Riddhi Patel, Naimikaben Patel, Rupal Patel
1300 206 206

Protective Action of Phosphorus 6CH in SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Induced Pathogenecity in Gallus-gallus Embryo

Debasmita Chatterjee, Krishnendu Paira, Pritam Goswami, Sayak Ghosh, Dharitri Choudhuri, Satadal Das
1160 244 244

Qualitative Assessment of Different Face Masks using Povidone-Iodine in Comparison to Standard Saccharin Method

Amogh Ratnaparkhi, Sapna Malik
1365 212 212

Pattern of Bacterial Infections among Children with Sickle Cell Disease in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Jacinta Lalhmunsangi, Swati Manohar Bhise, Vyantekesh Katkar, Rajendra Surpam, Swagnik Roy
1049 213 213

Clinicopathological Concordance of Paediatric Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy at a Single Centre in India

Shagufta Tahir Mufti, Bharti Parashar
1307 252 252

Immunohistochemical Analysis of TP53 and PTEN Expression in Glioblastoma Multiforme Patients of Western Rajasthan, India: An Observational Study

Garima, Sharad Thanvi, Poonam Elhence, Kishore Khatri, Roshan Verma, Vijay Verma, Hanuman Prasad Toshniwal, Shailendra Sharma
1307 241 241

Estrogen Receptor, Progesterone Receptor Profile in Association with CK 5/6 Immunohistochemical Status in Proliferative, Preinvasive and Malignant Epithelial Neoplasms of Breast

Sneha, Tushar Kanti Das
1198 226 226

Burden of Congenital Haemolytic Anaemias among the Rural Paediatric Population of Central India

Manal Ashraf Ali, Minhajuddin Ahmed, Nitesh Upadhyay
1148 235 235

Spectrum of Haemoglobinopathies Detected on Antenatal Screening and Diagnostic Work-up in an Urban Healthcare Set-up: A Retrospective Study

Susan Cherian, Parul Singh, Soniya Patil, Prashant Bhandarkar, Vaishali R Jadhav
1090 229 229

Study of ER, PR and VEGF Expression in Endometrial Epithelial Neoplasms and its Association with Histological Stage and Grade of Endometrial Carcinoma

SK Samim Rahaman, Rathin Hazra, Nirmalya Chakrabarti, Prasenjit Kumar Bar
1064 200 200

Peritumoural Mast Cell Density in Invasive Breast Carcinoma: Possible Antitumourigenic Effect with Potential Role for Immunotherapy

CD Anand, S Muthu, JJ John, G Shivashekar, A Sundaram, SM Tamaskar
1123 193 193

Para-Adnexal Cysts- A Clinicopathological Study

Shwetha Basavaraj, Sumitha Maniyan Prakash, Nalini Modepalli, Jyothi Ananth Raj, Devayani Chaudhuri, Ravi Saini
1092 207 207

Comparative Assessment of WBC Scattergram, Histogram and Platelet Indices in COVID-19 and Non COVID-19 Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Nikhil, Subhashish Das, Raju Kalyani
1350 256 256

Association between Preoperative RBC Parameters with Serum VEGF in Women Diagnosed with Breast Carcinoma: A Case-control Study

Apoorva P Gowda, TS Rekha, MVSST Subbarao, Venugopal R Bovilla
953 180 180

Micronucleus Scoring in Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Breast Lesions- A Retrospective Analytical Study

Ramya Katta, Kakumanu Nageswara Rao, Badugu Krishna Murthy, Shaik Raja Husne Kalam
952 186 186

Assessment of Bacteriological Quality of Drinking Water in a Rural Tertiary Healthcare Institute of Haryana: A Record-based Descriptive Study

Jai Pal Majra, Ramesh Kumar Verma, Surinder Kumar
2147 265 265

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Tuberculosis among Outpatients of a Rural Field Practice Area: A Cross-sectional Study in Uttar Pradesh, India

Neha Agrawal, Ashok Kumar, Nawazish Ali, Sandeep Kumar Uppadhaya, Hemant Kumar Singh
1499 249 249

Association between Anxiety, COVID-19 Status and Symptoms of Patients attending Fever Clinic of a Tertiary Level COVID-19 Hospital, West Bengal, India: A Cross-sectional Study

Mousumi Datta, Pushpak Das, Abhishek Reja
1445 297 297

Sleep Hygiene Intervention and its Effectiveness in Reduction of Insomnia and Obesity among Undergraduate Medical Students

E Suganya, A Arvinth, DR Vedapriya
1506 226 226

Utilisation of Antenatal Care Services and its Determinants among Pregnant Women Attending Tertiary Care Hospital in Western India: A Cross-sectional Study

Nitin Lodha
2463 239 239

Quarantine of Travellers during the Initial Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic- Experience from a Rural Setting in Kerala, India

Carol Pinheiro, Lakshmi Rajeev Thuruthiyath, Sairu Philip, Anuja Munduvadackal Viswabhadran, Amrutha Mudikunnath Sivadasan
1347 257 257

Retinal Vessel Parameters and Choroidal Thickness using Optical Coherence Tomography and OCT Angiogram in Normal Children: A Cross-sectional Study

Florida Selus, Saban Horo, Thomas Kuriakose, Mahasampath Gowri, Deepa John
1402 229 229

Knowledge of Hand Hygiene among Ophthalmologists in Northern India: A Cross-sectional Survey

Renu Dhasmana, Hennaav Kaur Dhillon, Prasansha Narnoli, Darshika Rawat
1133 234 234

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Dry Eye Disease at a Tertiary Care Centre in Haryana, India: A Cross-sectional Study

Anshul Garg, Sonia Bhargav, Tarun Arora, Ashok Garg
1704 213 213

Hybrid Immunity in SARS-CoV-2: Are Antibody Responses Similar in all Infected and AZD1222 Vaccinated Persons?

Sajitha Musthafa, James Chithra, R Sajithkumar, Kummannoor Venugopal, MS Suma
1587 257 257

Prognostic Value of Long Corrected QT Interval on Electrocardiogram in Acute Organophosphate Poisoning: A Cohort Study

Jayshree Gamit, Archana Gandhi
1495 236 236

COVID-19 Vaccination Status among Patients with Chronic Respiratory Diseases: A Cross-sectional Study from a Tertiary Care Centre in Southern India

Anil Kumar Kodavala, Surekha Tadisetti, MD Badusha, Prasannapurna Kuruganti
1570 305 305

Adverse Drug Reactions to a Daily Fixed-dose Combination Based Antituberculosis Treatment Regime in India’s National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme: A Prospective Cohort Study

Kapil Mate, Gyanshankar Mishra, Radha Munje
2120 228 228

Real World Experience using Cidofovir in BK Polyomavirus Haemorrhagic Cystitis following Stem Cell Transplantation- Are Generics Equally Efficacious?

Sharon Lionel, Sushil Selvarajan, Uday Kulkarni, Aby Abraham, Vikram Mathews, Kavitha M Lakshmi, Asha Mary Abraham, Biju George
1240 239 239

Role of Corticosteroids in Tubercular Pleural Effusion: A Prospective Interventional Study from a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Telangana, India

Sunitha Dubba, Suresh Babu Sayana, Mounika Vadithya,M Sravan Kumar, I Sridhar, Meela Ranjith Kumar
1255 236 236

Anorectal Manometry Profile among Patients with Chronic Constipation and Faecal Incontinence in Western India: A Retrospective Study

Shankar Lal Jat, Pratibha Maan, Utkarsh Sharma, Vivek Mohan Sharma, Amit Mathur, Urvashi Vijay, Nidhi V Shihora
1435 219 219

Clinical and Radiological Profile in Non Hypertensive Intracerebral Haemorrhage- A Prospective Observational Study

Siddaganga, Bharat L Konin, Swathi Bhat
1272 218 218

Correlation between Degree of Desaturation and Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: A Cross-sectional Study

Rashmi Soori, Giridhar Belur Hosmane, Ivor D’sa,
1299 187 187

Lymphovascular Invasion and Ductal In-situ Components in Operable Infiltrating Duct Carcinoma of Breast- A Single Centre Experience

Shyama Sasidharan, Ravindran Chirukandath, Sharath Krishnan, Rinza Nazrin, MS Meera, PB Veeshma
1265 245 245

Urethral Sounding: Experience from Two Tertiary Care Centres in Northern India

Mohd Mubashir Ali Khan, Gyanendra Singh, Mukesh Kumar, Apul Goel
1711 233 233

Effect of Tamsulosin and URSL on Renal Function and Stone Free Rate in Unilateral Solitary Ureteric Stone: A Prospective Interventional Study

Soumya Mondal, Eeshansh Khare, MurariMohan Mandal, Dilip Kumar Pal
1259 229 229

Assessment of Clinical Profiles of the Obstetric Patients Admitted to ICU in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Madhya Pradesh, India: A Longitudinal Study

Priyadarshini Tiwari, Seema Diwar
1489 230 230

Prescription Practices of Antifungal Agents at Gynaecology and Oncology Departments of a Tertiary Hospital in Mwanza, Tanzania: A Retrospective Study

Kayo Hamasaki, Zaomba Hussein, Bernard Okamo, Stanley Mwita, Deogratius Katabaro, Stephen E Mshana, Martha F Mushi
1142 234 234

Adverse Outcomes in Pregnancy with Chronic Hypertension with and without Superimposed Preeclampsia in Urban South Indian Population: A Prospective Observational Study

Niharika Reddy Kallu, Geeta Kolar, Saritha Redishetty, Pradeep Kumar Reddy Kistampally
1203 195 195

Ultrasound Evaluation of the Rotator Cuff after Osteosynthesis of Humeral Shaft Fractures with Interlocking Intramedullary Nail- A Prospective Interventional Study

MS Shashikumar, Gaurav Kishore Shetty, MU Abhishek, Daivik Taranath Shetty
1336 258 258

Comparison of Antegrade Percutaneous Intramedullary K-wire Fixation and Transverse Pinning for Treatment of Unstable Displaced Metacarpal Neck and Shaft Fractures: A Prospective Interventional Study

Ansari Emad Yaqub, Navneet Singh, Punit Tiwari, Sandeep Singh Jaura, Bhupinder Singh Brar
1411 237 237

Determination of Incidence of Soft Tissue Reactions after Total Hip Replacement using Elastography and Role of Elastography in Screening of Periprosthetic Soft Tissue: A Prospective Observational Study

Ruchit Khera, Parvinder Singh Sandhu, Hardas Singh Sandhu, Atul Kapoor
1332 217 217

Does Cementing Influence CRP and ESR Levels after Total Hip Replacement in Early Postoperative Period? A Prospective Interventional Study

Anant Krishna, Vivek Vijayakumar, Tungish Bansal, Sudhir Kumar Garg, Sandeep Gupta, Gunjar Jain
1204 202 202

Dynamic Compression Plate versus Locking Compression Plate Fixation in Adult Forearm Fractures: A Prospective Interventional Study

Ishan Shevate, Gaurav Lalasaheb Patil, Rahul Salunkhe, Ashwin Deshmukh, Ashwinkumar Vasant Khandge, Siddharth Yadav, Sayooj Sukrethan
1073 195 195

Efficacy of Counselling in Improving LATCH Score and Successful Breastfeeding: A Hospital-based Prospective Cohort Study

R Divya, Amar Taksande, M Karthik Balaji, C Sweetline
1596 255 255

Effect of Ionic Calcium and Vitamin D3 in Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density of Paediatric Epileptic Patients on Antiepileptic Drugs

Rahim Sheeja Ajmal, Ghanshyam Singh Sengar, Gogra Keerti
1265 242 242

Effect of Moringa oleifera Leaf Powder Supplementation in Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition in Gwalior District of Central India: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Hemant Yadav, Ajay Gaur, Satvik Chaitanya Bansal
1196 230 230

Clinicolaboratory Profile and Outcome of Serologically Confirmed Scrub Typhus among Children from Sub Himalayan Tribal District of India: A Hospital-based Cross-sectional Study

Raj Kumar Soorya, Mangla Sood, Deepika Dhiman
1116 204 204

Blood Lead Levels in Children Living near Lead Smelting Zone: A Pilot Field Study

Kakali Roy, Surupa Basu, Nabendu Murmu, Jyotirmoy Adhikari, Sumantra Adhikari, Ritabrata Kundu, Apurba Ghosh
1152 208 208

Assessment of Normal Intracranial Parameters of the Sellar Region in Healthy Subjects of South Indian Population: A Retrospective Study

Deepa Rebecca Korula, Sabari S Ramesh, Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, S Vinayagam, Vamsi Krishna Maddineni, Aishwarya Athani
1185 231 231

Non Invasive Assessment of Fibrosis in Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease by Shear Wave Elastography and NAFLD Fibrosis Score: A Cross-sectional Study

BN Vinyasa, Vikram Patil
1400 218 218

Effect of Preoperative Oral Melatonin on Postoperative Sedation and Analgesia among Patients undergoing Elective Surgery under General Anaesthesia: A Randomised Controlled Study

Monika Gandhi, Shrutika Singh, Kishore Kumar Arora, Ravi Barde
1448 272 272

Comparison of the Efficacy of Ultrasound-guided Pectoral versus Erector Spinae Plane Blocks for Postoperative Analgesia in Patients undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy: A Randomised Controlled Trial

V Bhavani, Sangeeta Dhanger, Namrata Gupta, I Joseph Raajesh, Saravanan Pandian
1509 269 269

Mephentermine vs. Phenylephrine for Prevention and Management of Maternal Hypotension during Caesarean Section under Spinal Anaesthesia and their Effects on Foetal Outcome- A Randomised Control Trial

Srinivasan Divyabharathi, Sinam Neetu Devi, Jonan Puni Kay, Rakesh Nongthombam, Balusamy Devanathan, Lakshminarayanan Sowrirajan, Adeenpa Chara, Navaneethapriya Nandinie
1452 230 230

Pre-emptive Analgesic Efficacy of Low Dose Ketamine versus Magnesium Sulfate in Patients undergoing Major Abdominal Surgeries under General Anaesthesia: A Randomised Clinical Study

Kavita Jain, Surendra Kumar Sethi, Sourabh Bagra, Veena Patodi
1161 221 221

Efficacy of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine with Lidocaine versus Intranasal Lidocaine alone in Awake Fiberoptic Nasotracheal Intubation- A Randomised Clinical Study

Mandeep Kaur, Parmod Kumar, Balwinder Kaur Rekhi, K Priyaa Cathrine
1099 205 205

Pattern of Follow-up among Patients Attending the Department of Psychiatry: A Prospective Study

Harsimran Kaur, Pir Dutt Bansal, Arvind Sharma, Akshara Mishra, Bhavneesh Saini, Rakesh Kumar, Priyanka Bansal, Kavita Moria
1050 223 223

Referral Pattern of Inpatients to Psychiatry Department and the Diagnostic Concordance between the Referral Departments and Psychiatry Team- A Retrospective Study

Iniyan Selvamani, Aswin Sasidharan, B Haritha Sree, B Minu Rekha, Sumedha Dondapati
945 187 187

Clinical, Dermoscopic and Histopathologic Features of Cicatricial Alopecia- A Prospective Cohort Study

Priyadharsini Jeyaprakash, Priyavathani Annie Malathy, Samuel Jeyaraj Daniel
1489 226 226

A Clinical Study of Patients with Erythroderma Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in Eastern India

Prerna Raj Gupta, Suchibrata Das, Alok KR Roy
1608 236 236

Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of Lupin’s Pegfilgrastim with Neulastim® as an Adjunct to Chemotherapy in Patients with Non Myeloid Malignancies: A Randomised Phase III Clinical Study

Minish Jain, Sharad Desai, Rajnish Nagarkar, Rakesh Neve, Unmesh Takalkar, Dhananjay Bakhle, Chirag Shah
1323 217 217

Oncological Outcomes of Primary Renal Malignancies other than Clear Cell Renal Carcinoma: A Retrospective Study from a Tertiary Centre in Southern India

Ramanitharan Manikandan, Ketan Mehra, Lalgudi Narayanan Dorairajan
906 181 181

Cross-cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Gujarati Version of Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity

Dharti Shah, Subhash Khatri
1228 218 218

Efficacy of Open versus Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises on Dynamic Balance and Health Status in Individuals with Osteoarthritis of Knee Joint: A Quasi-experimental Study

Roopa Rajendra Desai, Ashwini Ravindranath Damsam, Tushar Jaikrishna Palekar
1273 217 217

Evaluation of Bulk Fill Composite Roughness Polished with Spiral Rubber Discs: An In-vitro Study

Glaucia Danielle Ferreira da Silva, Marlon Ferreira Dias, Cláudio Eufrásio Medeiros Lins, Eric Roberto Soares Xavier de Siqueira, Amina Kadja Martins Cahu, Natália Gomes de Oliveira, Re
1684 243 243

Assessment of Changes in Birefringence and Orientation of Collagen Fibres in Different Grades of Oral Submucous Fibrosis and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma using Picrosirius Red and Polarising Microscopy

Ashwini Chikkanayakanahalli Prabhakar, HC Girish, Varsha Vimal Kumar, Umapathy Thimmegowda, Praveen Mallavalli Nagaraj Shetty
1157 230 230

Evaluation of Alveolar Bony Trabecular Pattern in Subjects with Crossbite Malocclusion using Intraoral Periapical Radiographs: A Cross-sectional Study

Rama Raji Sankaranarayanan, Ravindra Kumar Jain, Nivethigaa Balakrishnan
1211 225 225

Effects of Casting Methods over the Composition Stability of the Dental Casting Alloy

Shubha Joshi, Pronob Kumar Sanyal, Jyotsna Arun Patil
1184 221 221

Evaluation of Antifungal Effectiveness of a Novel Probiotic Toothpaste: An In-vitro Study

Pavita Kataria, Harpreet Singh
1246 217 217

Perception and Attitude of Students and Teaching Faculty on Continuous Cumulative Evaluation System in Dental Education

Rashmi Venkatesh, Seema Bargale, Monali Shah
1101 199 199

Comparison of Rate of Tooth Movement, Root Resorption and Pulp Vitality during En masse Anterior Retraction with Micro-osteoperforation and Low Level Laser Therapy: A Randomised Clinical Trial

Allen Joseph, GS Prashantha, Sharanya Sabrish, Roshan Sagarkar, Silju Mathew
996 950 950


Public and Private Healthcare System in Terms of both Quality and Cost: A Review

Saad AL Kaabi, Betsy Varughese, Rajvir Singh
9474 265 265

Ropivacaine: A Review on the Pharmacological Features, Therapeutic Efficacy and Side-effects When used for Caudal Epidural Analgesia

Shilpa Shankar, Vivek Chakole
1479 258 258

Effectiveness of Tetracycline Drugs in the Non Surgical Treatment of Peri-implantitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Raghavendra S Medikeri, Ashwini Anil Sutar, Marisca A Pereira, Ajay R Bandal, Manjushri Waingade
1434 249 249

Exudative Benign Cementoblastoma with Radiographic Rarities- A Case Report with Review of Literature

CJ Sanjay, Karthikeya Patil, D Saikrishna, Nagabhushana Doggalli, A Shiny
1252 213 213

Enhanced Periodontal Debridement with Periodontal Endoscopy (Perioscopy) for Diagnosis and Treatment in Periodontal Therapy

Aishwarya Deepaksingh Rathod, Priyanka Ganesh Jaiswal, Deepika Ajit Masurkar
1128 192 192


Metagenomic Characterisation of Microorganisms in the Dental Plaque- A Pilot Study

Ashok Veni Baskaran, Aishwarya Dhanalakshmi Jayaraj, Thangam Menon
1004 189 189

Response to an Outbreak of COVID-19 Infection among Undergraduate Medical Students in Mumbai, Maharashtra

Anuradha Kunal Shah, Kosturi Dakshit, Gajanan Dattatray Velhal
1645 299 299


Bisalbuminemia: An Uncommon Finding on Serum Electrophoresis

Archana Dhavale, Deepak Bokankar, Sarika Argade, Bhagwat Kale
1039 205 205

Hereditary Spherocytosis in Pregnancy- A Case Report

Neethu Mathew, Vinitha Wills, NS Sreedevi
1135 205 205
Last Updated : 02 Jan 2016
First Published : 5 Feb 2007