Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Issue Statistics View issue wise statistics
Table of Contents - Year : 2022 | Month : January | Volume : 16 | Issue : 1


Arachnoid Cyst: A Solitary Intracranial Cyst in the Occipital Lobe of the Cerebrum in a Cadaver

MV Ravishankar, CS Vidya, Sapna Patel, MN Suma
445 65 65

Intramedullary Spinal Ependymoma with Signet Ring Cell/Adipocytic Morphology- A Rare Case Report

Sneha Hemant Sisodiya, Chetan Sudhakar Chaudhari, Ashwini Dhondiram Kadam, Nitin Maheshwar Gadgil
505 90 90

Effect of Topical Application of Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) on Hand Warts

B Deenadayalan, V Venugopal, K Maheshkumar, A Akila, C Yoga Priya
802 67 67

Infective Endocarditis of Native Valves due to Aspergillus in an Immunocompetent Host: A Rare Presentation

Pratik Patil , P Senthur Nambi , Pramod Kumar , N Salgunan , Haripriya Reddy
393 68 68

Conservative Management of Traumatic Intercostal Lung Hernia: A Case Report

Sandhya Gupta, Kushal Choksi, Gagandeep Chauhan, Naresh Modi, Digpal Thakore
647 94 94

A Rare Case of Bilateral Paratesticular Malignant Mesothelioma of Tunica Vaginalis with Bilateral Hydrocele

Prakhar Verma, Mohammad Nafees Ahamad, Guljabin Sultana
560 81 81

Pelvic Lipomatosis in a Young Male: A Case Report

Sunirmal Choudhury, Shantanu Gaur, Dilip Kumar Pal
431 73 73

Acute Presentation of Upper Limb Ischaemia Requiring Amputation: A Case Report

Shriya Himmat Thacker , Mukesh Chande , Manish Raval , Navin Gagal
336 61 61

Very Early Onset Severe Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Syndrome with Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome- A Catastrophe

Ruby Bhatia, Sukhbir Pal Kaur, Arshdeep Kaur, Renuka Raina
484 85 85

Nicolau Syndrome in a Child Caused by Penicillin Injection

Rafat Abdulroof Alkadi, Ahmed Saleh Hudna, Mohammed Ali Al-Shehab, Omar Alzomor
320 47 47

Refractory Hypoglycaemia in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated with TACE Leading to Tumour Lysis Syndrome- A Double Trouble

Saurabh Kumar, Ishita B Sen, Vivek Vij, Ashish Singhal, Ajitabh Srivastava
455 51 51

Eagle’s Syndrome- Enigma behind Atypical Orofacial Pain

Pulkit Khandelwal, Harish Saluja, Seemit Shah, Anuj Dadhich
295 52 52


Breakthrough Cases of COVID-19 among Healthcare Workers: A Case Series

Anuradha Mohapatra, Gajanan D Velhal, Uma R Nair, Nived G Sudarson
828 65 65

Ocular Rhinosporidiosis and Recurrence Postsurgery: A Case Series

Anindya Adhikari, Jayanta Dutta, Sanjeev Das, Nabanita Barua, Chandana Chakraborti, Pit Baran Chakraborti
669 94 94

Sacral Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas, a Rare and Underdiagnosed Subtype of Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: A Case Series with Review of Literature

Sarvesh Chandra Mishra, Vivek Singh, Srishti Sharma, Pragya Chaturvedi, Vikrant Mahajan
325 48 48


Carcinocythemia-associated Microangiopathic Haemolysis

Hamza Tariq
450 73 73

A Rare Case of Familial Progressive Ataxia with Palatal Tremors

Abhilash Mishra, Sourya Acharya, Gaurav Jagtap, Praraj Jaiswal, Sunil Kumar
1130 109 108

Pictorial Essay of Named CT Signs in COVID-19 Pneumonia on High Resolution Computed Tomography

Chandrashekar Patil, Raja Kollu, KS Prashanth Kumar, Smitha Yesumalini Ravula
427 63 63


The Need to Emphasise on Confirmatory Test in the Diagnosis of Syphilis in Low and Middle Income Countries

Mariam M Mirambo, Stephen E Mshana
665 82 82


National Conference on Innovations in Health Professions' Education Nov 17-18, 2021

National Conference on Innovations in Health Professions' Education Nov 17-18, 2021
614 58 58

Variations in the Origin of Middle Hepatic Artery in Living Liver Donors using CT Angiography in South Indian Population: A Retrospective Study

P Ashok, Gunapriya Raghunath, V Anantha Kumari, BH Shiny Vinila
874 72 72

An Interventional Study on the Impact of Pictorial Primed Lecture Session towards the Performance at Lower and Higher Cognitive Domain Levels among 1st Year Medical Undergraduates

K Gunanithi, S Sakthidasan
503 74 74

Assessing the Validity of Nine Different Formulae for LDL-C Estimation in a Tertiary Care Centre, Hyderabad, India

Bhavya Sirivelu, Manaswini Namilakonda, Krishnaveni Soma, Sasikala Thallapaneni, Dhana Lakshmi Annavarapu, V Sampath Kumar, DS Jagannadha Phaneendra
443 62 62

Estimation of Ferritin and D-Dimer Levels in COVID-19 Patients with Mucormycosis: A Cross-sectional Study

Susanna Theophilus Yesupatham, SM Azeem Mohiyuddin, Sagayaraj Arokiyaswamy, HS Brindha, PB Anirudh
685 71 71

Diagnostic Accuracy of STANDARD Q COVID-19 Antigen Detection Kit in Comparison with RT-PCR Assay using Nasopharyngeal Samples in India

Seema Aleem, Naziya Zahoor, Asif Jeelani, SM Salim Khan
1288 164 164

Culture Positivity of Cerebrospinal Fluid by Automated Blood Culture System in Neonates: A Cross-sectional Study from Loni, Maharashtra, India

Savita Baban Tajane, Anagha Subhashchandra Vaidya, Deepika Shivaji Bhalerao, Shahriar Bahman Roushani, Sanjeev Gopalrao Kulkarni, Vaibhav Vitthalrao Rajhans, Anita Balakrishnan Nair
544 81 81

Prevalence of Tuberculosis in the North Indian Subcontinent Kashmir Valley: A Cross-sectional Hospital-based Study

Aijaz Nabi Puttoo , Naveed Nazir Shah , Sandeep Tripathi , Ruqeya Nazir , Haamid Bashir , Rehana Kauser , Himanshu Tripathi , Inam Ul Haq
653 63 63

Phenotypic Characterisation of Proteus Species Isolated from Different Clinical Samples with Special Reference to Antibiotic Resistance Pattern in a Tertiary Care Centre

P Snega Priya, Manonmoney, KV Leela
422 50 50

Diagnostic Utility of Bone Marrow Examination in Bicytopenia

V Shulbha Sejekan, K Sree Lakshmi, S Dayananda Biligi, BS Ramya
430 68 68

High Resolution Computed Tomography Findings of Pulmonary Fibrosis in COVID-19 Survivors and its Association with Inflammatory Markers- A Retrospective Study

Tarang Patel , Virendrakumar Meena , Swati JIndal , Anjana Verma , Ashish Sharma , Rishi Sharma
638 90 90

Peritumoural and Tumour Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Breast Carcinoma and their Relation with Tumour Grade, Lymphovascular Emboli and Nodal Metastasis: A Cross-sectional Study

Sreeja Jayalakshmi, Anupama Achyuthan Manjula
445 61 61

Autoantibody Profile of Childhood Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: An Audit of Immunopathology Laboratory of a Tertiary Care Centre, Varanasi, India

Bitan Naik, Mahima Yadav, Anju Bharti, Vikas Kailashiya, Pooja Sharma, Ojas Gupta, Paramita Paul
420 58 58

A Laboratory-based Exploratory Study of Tumour-associated Macrophages and their Subpopulation M1 and M2 by Immunohistochemistry in Primary Breast Carcinoma

Gaurav Khichariya, K Manjula
347 49 49

Effect of Convolvulus pluricaulis and Omega-3 Fatty Acid alone and in Combination on Learning and Memory

Rajendra Nath, Rishi Pal, Rahul Kumar, Pramod Kumar Singh, Rakesh Kumar Dixit, Amod Kumar Sachan
523 85 85

Antifungal Activity of Calliandra haematocephala against Selected Pathogenic Fungi: An In-vitro Study

I Glory Josephine, K Punnagai
425 65 65

Pharmacovigilance in Geriatric Patient-A Prospective Observational Study done in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Odisha, India

Satyabrata Sahoo, Suhasini Dehury, Kaliprasad Pattnaik, Namita Mohapatra, Dhirendra Nath Maharana
467 50 50

MU-Opioid Receptor (OPRM1) Gene Polymorphism and its Association with Alcohol Dependence: A Single Centre Study from Southern India

Navina Suresh, Suvarna Jyothi Kantipudi, K Sandhya, Sathianathan Ramanathan
1015 119 119

Macroscopic Study of Temporoparietal Suture Closure at Autopsy for Estimation of Age

Gagandeep Kalsi, Amandeep Singh, Dasari Harish
718 80 80

Relationship between Stature and Hand Parameters in Adults- An Autopsy Study

Bincy Babu, Krishnan Balendran, CS Sreedevi
451 73 73

Effectiveness of Self-paced and Instructor-led Online Learning: A Study among Phase I Medical Students

Rose Babu, Biju Bahuleyan, Pallavi Panchu, AV Shilpa, CK Sreeja, Dimple John Manjuran
629 86 86

Attitude of Undergraduate Medical Students towards Classroom Lecture Absenteeism and its Association with Academic Performance

Parama Sengupta, Sarmishtha Saha, Tania Sur
486 71 71

Feedback Integrated with Objective Structured Clinical Examination Module- A Teaching Tool in Physiology Department

Shobitha Muthukrishnan, Shreelakshmi Ananthanarayanan, Harleen Kaur, Ashish Kumar Maurya, Monika Sharma
450 54 54

Impact of Training on Knowledge, Attitude and Perceived Barriers for Compliance Regarding use of Personal Protective Equipment Kit among Frontline Healthcare Workers during COVID-19 Pandemic

Jyoti Sangwan, Sumit Lathwal, Kirti Lohan, Kumkum Yadav, Neha Adlakha, Pratibha Mane, Sheetal Gole
542 59 59

In-vitro Study of Macelignan as a Potential Anticancer Drug against Colorectal Cancer using HCT116 Cell Line

M Salma Kausar, BK Manjunath
643 98 98

Factors Affecting Ambulatory Status in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Cross-sectional Study

Annie Mathew, Nonica Laisram
416 70 70

Awareness about Ban on Single-use Plastic Items among Nursing Professionals: A Cross-sectional Survey

Sukhbir Singh, Madan Gopal Vashihst, Mahesh Mahla, Ramesh Verma, Ishwanti Malik
407 62 62

A Novel Custom Fabricated Teeth Guard for Boyle Davis Mouth Gag- A Feasibility Study

Padmanabhan Karthikeyan, Neelima Vijayan, Nikhil Sivanand, Shivasakthy Manivasakan, David Livingstone
372 53 53

A Study to Evaluate the Causes of Delayed Presentation for Cataract Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Centre, Odisha, India

Matuli Das, Saswati Sen, Khushi Agrawal
388 68 68

Reduced sRAGE Production and ADAM10 Gene Expression in Peripheral Blood Samples of Diabetic Nephropathy Patients

Claire Gabriella Dias, Lakshmaiah Venkataswamy, Sharath Balakrishna
611 71 71

Systemic Immune-inflammation Index in Acute Coronary Syndrome and its Role in Predicting Disease Severity: A Cohort Study

Anvith Sherwin Pinto, Akshatha Rao Aroor, Pradeep Pereira
395 63 63

Angiographic Localisation of Culprit Vessel in Non ST Elevated Acute Coronary Syndrome

Chandrakanta Mishra, Archana Mishra, Biswajit Das, Ritesh Acharya, Satyanarayan Routray
627 57 57

Real-world Retrospective Assessment of Initiation and Effectiveness of Dual Combination Therapy with Metformin and Teneligliptin in Drug Naïve Indian Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients (INITIATE)

Manoj Chadha, Subodh Banzal, S Sridhar, Soumik Goswami, Hanmant Barkate, Sachin Suryawanshi, Mayur Jadhav, Manasi Brid
462 50 50

Left Ventricular and Right Ventricular Functional Changes in Cases of COPD and its Correlation with Severity-A Cross-sectional Study

Keertivardhan D Kulkarni, PA Mahesh
339 51 51

Bronchial Hyper-responsiveness in Post-tubercular Patients: A Case-control Study

Shamshad Ahmed, Zuber Ahmed, Ummul Baneen, Imrana Masood, Rakesh Bhargava
326 54 54

Hepatitis B and C Viral Infections among Dialysis Patients and Related Factors of Dialysis Centres in Saudi Arabia

Badr M Aljarallah
514 58 58

Robot Assisted Laparoscopic Repair of Vesicovaginal Fistula: A Retrospective Study at a Tertiary Care Centre, Chennai, India

Mohsin Quadri, G Thirumalai, B Arun Kumar, K Ramesh, Deepak Raghavan, KS Ananth, Nitesh Jain
568 76 76

Maternal Mortality: A Five Years Retrospective Analysis from a Tertiary Care Hospital, Rajasthan, India

Madhureema Verma, Gulshan Bano, Teena Nagar, Ajay Kumar Singh, Rajendra Prasad Nagar
515 93 93

Evaluation of Protein Carbonyl and Vitamin C in Seminal Plasma of Infertile Male: A Hospital-based Study in Bengali Population

Kesab Rakshit, Jayanta Kumar Rout, Tulika Jha, Sandeep Jain, Anil Baran Singha Mahapatra
621 84 84

Evaluation and Management of Suspicious Adnexal Masses in Pregnancy- A Retrospective Study

Kavitha Sukumar, Delphin Supriya, P Usha
445 65 65

Foetomaternal Outcomes in COVID-19 Positive Obstetric Patients: An Observational Study

Sahana Gowda, KB Suma
510 75 75

A Bolt from the Blue for an Obstetrician: A Case Series of Life Threatening Surgical Emergencies following Evacuation of Unwanted Pregnancy

Anandhita Neelakandan, Rachna Agarwal, Shilpa Singh, Kusum Dogra, Kavita Sharma
944 118 117

Surface Electromyography of Perianal Muscles in Children with and without Enuresis: A Cross-sectional Study

Vidhi Shah, Tushar Palekar, Padmaja Guruprasad
617 90 90

Comparison of Paediatric Index of Mortality 3, Paediatric Risk of Mortality III, Paediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 for Assessing Patient Mortality: A Prospective Observational Study

SV Kishore, Anil Kumar Mohanty
271 46 46

Sequential Shock Index as a Prognostic Marker in Children with Septic Shock- A Cohort Study

Gulnaz Nadri, Deepti Jain, Vineeta Wadhwa
335 44 44

Comparison of Percutaneous Instillation of Aqueous Jelly with Intravenous Contrast for Magnetic Resonance Fistulography- A Prospective Cohort Study

Shyam N Kumar, B Padmini, Lokesh T Kumar, Saravana S Kumar
503 85 85

Assessment of Foetal Nuchal Translucency and its Relationship with Crown Rump Length in Normal Foetuses using Ultrasonography in a Subset of South Indian Population

Meenakshi Kochuvilayil Rajeev, Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, Vinayagam Shanmugam, Shanmuga Priya Krishnaswamy, Nishaanth Sridhar, Srestha Khan
427 73 73

Multiparametric Cranial Ultrasound Evaluation of Normal Neonatal Cerebral Ventricular Dimensions to Establish Nomograms in the Eastern Indian Population: A Cross-sectional Study

Alayna Reddy Kandadhi , Satyaswarup Jena , Niranjan Sahu
683 66 66

Correlation between Pain, Disability and Levels of Disc Herniation in Michigan State University Grade-3 Disc Prolapsed Patients using Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Cross-sectional Study

Qurain T Alshammari, Leo Rathinaraj Antony Soundararajan, Sreeja Mannickal Thankappan, Meshari T Alshammari
364 59 59

Evaluation of Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Newborns with Suspected Hypoxic Ischaemic Injury and its Association with Clinical Staging: A Cross-sectional Study

Parinita Sadhanidar, Nabanita Deka, Sushant Agarwal
384 61 61

Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Diabetic Foot: A Cross-sectional Study

Shriram Thamaraiselvan, Jayakrishnan Ramankutty Jayakumar, Shibu Pottayil, Srikanth Moorthy, Uma Narayanamurthy
344 43 43

Effect of Saline Irrigation for Transurethral Resection of Prostate on Acid Base and Electrolyte Status- A Prospective Cohort Study

Nilam Dharma Virkar, Aparna Ashay Nerurkar, Geeta Anant Patkar
658 95 95

A Randomised Clinical Study on Haemodynamic Effects of Thiopentone and Etomidate as Induction Agents in General Anaesthesia

Priyanka Kumari, Arunava Biswas, Sankar Roy
851 94 94

Effect of Preoperative Ketamine Nebulisation on Attenuation of Incidence and Severity of Postoperative Sore Throat, Hoarseness of Voice and Cough: A Randomised Double-blind Study

Veena Patodi, Naveen Kumar Jangid, Meera Kumari, Surendra Kumar Sethi, Neena Jain, Kavita Jain
609 83 83

Efficacy of Different Doses of 1% of 2-Chloroprocaine in Spinal Anaesthesia for below Umbilicus Surgery: A Randomised Clinical Trial

Nikhil Maruthi Pallath, Siri Kandavar, Neevan D Souza, Rashmi Soori, Varun Bhaskar, Gandeeva Ramesh
567 82 82

Intraperitoneal Instillation of Magnesium Sulphate and Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Analgesia after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy- A Randomised Clinical Study

Manju Lata Shakya , Dinesh Kumar Patidar , Hansraj Baghel
589 64 64

Factors Associated with Mortality among COVID-19 Patients Admitted in an Intensive Care Unit at a Tertiary Care Setting: A Retrospective Study from Mizoram, India

Lalnunmawii Sailo, Lalnundiki, Saidingpuii Sailo, Micky Zodinpuia, Ganesh Shanmugasundaram Anusuya, Israel Lalramthara, Zoengmawia
671 71 71

Effectiveness of Preoperative Multimedia Video-based Education on Anxiety and Haemodynamic Stability of Oncosurgery Patients Undergoing Spinal AnaesthesiaA Randomised Controlled Trial

Kavitha Lakshman, HS Mamatha, ND Rachana, CS Sumitha, Namrata Ranganath, VB Gowda, BH Arathi
384 53 53

Behavioural Disturbances Related with Febrile Illnesses: A Hospital-based Longitudinal Study

Amrendra Kumar Singh, Umesh Pathak, Rajesh Singh, Sunil Kumar Ahuja
506 69 69

Prevalence of Anxiety and its Severity among Different Specialities of Healthcare Professionals during COVID-19 Pandemic

Meghna Gupta, Vitull Kumar Gupta, Parneet Kaur Hari, Kashish Goyal, Harry Goyal
530 76 76

Correlational Analysis of Socio-demographic and Clinical Profile in Determining the Treatment Response in Patients with Catatonia in the Psychiatric Inpatient Department of a Rural Tertiary Care Centre in Eastern India

Avik Kumar Layek, Uttam Majumder, Parthasarathy Biswas
413 45 45

Clinicoepidemiological Study on Patients with Dermatosis Papulosa Nigras and Acrochordons- A Longitudinal Study

Rajkumar Kannan, Samuel Jeyaraj Daniel, A Ramesh, P Deepavarshini
648 98 98

Efficacy and Safety of Oral Terbinafine with Itraconazole or Griseofulvin Combination Therapy in the Management of Dermatophytosis- A Randomised Clinical Trial

A Ramesh, S Devasena, Dhanyamol Mathew
608 81 81

Illness Perception and Quality of Life in Patients with Environmental Dermatoses: A Cross-sectional Study

Savana Waikhom, Rajashekar Talari Srinivas, Hanumanthayya Keloji, Suresh Kumar Kuppuswamy, Uday Kumar Sonappa, Nishi Nagaria
427 64 64

Role of Tzanck Smear Cytology in Dermatology: A Clinicopathological Study

Hn Shruthi, Bn Kumarguru, As Ramaswamy, V Shivakumar
332 52 52

Evaluation of Clinical and Pathological Response in Breast Cancer Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy- A Single Institution Experience

Anju Farzana Abdul Gafoor, Priya Balakrishnan, KM Jagathnath Krishna, Asha Arjunan
353 58 58

Effect of Periglossal Electrical Stimulation on Haemodynamic Parameters in Stroke Patients- An Experimental Study

Jayaprakash Jayavelu, Jasobanta Sethi, Sahil Kohli, Sachin Gupta, Tariq Matin
540 75 75

Effect of Water-based Inspiratory Muscle Training on Lung Functions and Respiratory Muscle Strength in Parkinson’s Disease: A Longitudinal Study

Priya Chauhan, SD Shahanawaz, Gaurav Kapoor, Hardik Dogra
494 68 68

Correlation between Age and Modified Star Excursion Balance Test in Healthcare Workers: A Cross-sectional Study

Ahmad Dhahawi Alanazi
459 62 62

Impact of Knee Osteoarthritis on Physical Performance and Quality of Life in Obese Adults: A Cross-sectional Study

B Keerthana, N Malasree, R Angeline, N Venkatesh, K Soundararajan
425 44 44

Comparison of Stress and Periodontal Health Status among Individuals Practicing Yoga with Age and Gender Matched Controls in Hyderabad City

Siva Kumar Patanapu, Nagarani Veeraboina, Swetha Meruva, Syeda Farha Fatima, Sunkari Nikhitha, Kandadi Vasavi Reddy, Sreenivas Voruganti, Vangala Veda Naga Priya
758 88 88

Comparative Evaluation of Flexural Strength and Surface Roughness of Three Different Commercially Available Provisional Restorative Materials: An In-vitro Study

Rashmi Rajput, Anurag Hasti, Ashish Choudhary, Surabhi Duggal, Sheeba Ali
442 80 80

Effects of Sintering Temperature and Finishing Procedure on Surface Roughness of Different Yttria Content Zirconia

Canan Dogdu, Gulsum Ceylan
500 67 67

Dexamethasone Induced Perineal Pruritus in Patients Undergoing Minor Oral Surgical Procedures- A Prospective Cohort Study

Sukhvinder Bindra, Vinitha Annavarjula, David Tyro
522 65 65

Evaluation of the Awareness and Knowledge of Orthodontic Treatment in Purvanchal Region (Uttar Pradesh): A Questionnaire-based Cross-sectional Study

Neelam Mittal, Ashish Agrawal, Tej Bali Singh, Ankita Singh, Manami Das
433 66 66

Referral Patterns for Furcation Management among Dental Clinicians in an Academic Setting- A Preliminary Study

Deepavalli Arumuganainar, Kurumathur Vasudevan Arun, Swarna Alamelu, Sahana Soundari Elango, Priyanka Kodaganallur Pitchumani, Kaviya Ponnusamy
500 47 47

Furcation Anatomy Revisited: A Twodimensional Radiographic Evaluation of Healthy Mandibular Molars

Tarona Azem Subba, Raghavendra Vamsi Anegundi, Biju Thomas, Sudhir Rama Varma, Rahul Bhandary, Amitha Ramesh
292 45 45


Cardiovascular and Metabolic Adverse Reactions Associated with the Use of Antipsychotic Drugs: A Narrative Review

Priya C Patel, Preeti L Navik, Manish J Barvaliya, Tejas K Patel, Hemangi A Virani
446 43 43

Will AETCOM Resurrect Empathy in Medical Profession? A Lost Touch of Compassionate Communication

Niraj Rathod, Seema Rawat, Uttam Kumar Solanki, Komal Makwana
568 81 81

An Insight into the Conventional and Ayurvedic Therapies for the Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease

Tulika Dey, Kulsoom Zahra, Parmeswarappa Shivappa Byadgi, Anup Singh, Surendra Pratap Mishra
432 60 60

Contributing Factors of Hypothyroidism- A Systematic Review

Salina Sunil, KC Leena
619 116 116

Influence of Protein Diet on Weight Change in Obesity: A Systematic Review

Keng Sue Yin, Nur Aishah Che Roos, Justin Gnanou, Brinnell Caszo
616 75 75

A Review of Hyperuricaemia Management with Febuxostat: Dosage Titration, Monitoring and Maintenance

Deepak Shankar Ray, Tiny Nair, Ramesh Dargad, Verinder Dhar
462 64 64

Sarcopenia- A Growing Geriatric Giant of Society

Kairavi Kishorbhai Trivedi, Subhash Khatri
539 71 71

Postoperative Outcomes Following Preoperative Respiratory Muscle Exercises in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery: A Narrative Review

Prakashkumar Jayantibhai Patel, VP Hathila
461 61 61

Biosensors in the Field of Dentistry

Pallavi Ammu Thomas , Rekha P Shenoy , Praveen Jodalli , Imran Pasha , Junaid
439 57 57

Low Intensity Pulsating Electromagnetic Field as an Adjunctive Therapy for Bone Regeneration around Fractures, Dental Implants and Orthodontic Therapy- A Clinical Update

Munna Khan, Mohammad Faisal, Syed Ansar Ahmaad, Lubna Ahmad, Shaila Parveen Sirdeshmukh
436 54 54


A Case of Dengue Co-infection with Microfilaria

K Sarika, K Anbukkarasi, M Sai Sudha, Mary Lilly
631 67 67

Fracture in a Person with Spinal Cord Injury with Heterotopic Ossification due to Improper Exercise in Pandemic: A Case Report

Raktim Swarnakar, Shreya Santra, SL Yadav
435 70 70

Congenital Absence of Stapedius Muscle and Tendon: Case Report with Review of Literature

Samyadipta Dey, Mainak Dutta, Saibal Misra
670 92 92


Correction: 2016 Apr:10(4): NC15-NC17

369 81 81
Last Updated : 02 Jan 2016
First Published : 5 Feb 2007