Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Issue Statistics View issue wise statistics
Table of Contents - Year : 2021 | Month : March | Volume : 15 | Issue : 3


An Infrequent Adenosarcoma Mimicking other Uterine Rhabdoid Tumours

B Archana, Sandhya Sundaram, Lawrence D Cruze, KS Rajeshwari
1353 268 267

Carcinosarcoma Stomach with Biphasic Nodal Metastasis: A Rare Entity

Renu Sukumaran, Jayasree Katoor, Arun Peter Mathew
1036 232 231

Haemoglobin Olympia {β Codon 20 (B2) GA, ValMet}: A Silent Haemoglobin Variant

Abhay A Bhave, Lakshmi Iyer, Nawal Kazi, Manju Gorivale, Anita Nadkarni
1272 231 230

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Presenting with Recurrent Pleural Effusion: A Rare Case Report

Kusum V Shah , Jerin James Dsilva , Saket Kumar , Arti D Shah , Yash Rana
1293 252 251

A Rare Case of Pericardial Tuberculoma with Impending Tamponade in a 52-Year Old Woman: A Case Report

Clement `C Kabakama, Zahra Daudi Khan, Pilly Chillo, Amos Rodger Mwakigonja
1245 249 248

Concurrent Occurrence of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis and Oesophagitis in an Immunocompromised Male Patient

Aishwarya Dilip Ghule, Sourya Acharya, Samarth Shukla, Yogendra Oke, Sree Kartik Pratapa
1174 234 233

Pulmonary Lymphangioleiomyomatosis and Role of Pleurodesis: Rare Case Reports

Kusum V Shah, Sonal Goyal, Saket Kumar, Arti D Shah, Yash Rana
1026 241 240

Locally Advanced Bladder Paraganglioma Managed with Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy with Intracorporeal Neobladder- A Case Report

Anoop Handa, Sharat Chandra Dash, Nimit Solanki, Gagandeep Singh
1483 258 257

A Rare Case of Malignant Transformation of Keratinous Cyst in Gluteal Region

BS Balapriya, R Anantharamakrishnan, K Senthil Kumar, Femela Muniraj, Vijayashree Raghavan
1207 252 251

A Rare Case of Hypothenar Hammer Syndrome Triggering Guyon’s Canal Syndrome

Guruprasad Rai, Ganesh Sevagur Kamath, Vaishnavi Kavirayani, Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Revanth Reddy
1249 242 241

Unpredictable Outcome of Large Traumatic Oesophageal Injury: An Experience and Challenges

Mahaveer Singh Rodha, Satya Prakash Meena, Subhash Chandra Soni,Pawan Kumar Garg, Althea Vency Cardoz
1189 232 231

Isolated Fracture of the Corpus Spongiosum- A Rare Case with Atypical Presentation and Diagnostic Role of MRI

Selvin Theodore Jayanth, Vivek Venkatramani, Rajiv Paul Mukha
1528 245 244

Vanishing Non-immune Hydrops in Giant Chorioangioma of Placenta

Sunita Dubey, Aayushi Kaushal, HN Pavithra
1365 257 256

Isolated Fallopian Tubal Torsion Complicated by a Large Hydrosalpinx in a Perimenopausal Woman

Masanori Kanemura, Atsushi Yoshida, Akihiko Toji, Yumi Murayama, Emi Iwai
1724 277 276

Cerebral Cysticercosis Masquerading as Eclampsia: A Case Report

Amanjot Kaur, Beant Singh
1116 218 217

Diminished Bone Marrow Oedema and Healing of Insufficiency Fractures in a HIV Patient after Switching Antiviral Therapies

Sebastian Radmer, Julian Ramin Andresen, Reimer Andresen
1054 205 204

Rare Association of Semilobar Holoprosencephaly and Frontonasal Encephalocoele in a Neonate of Twin Pregnancy

Varsha Rangankar, Anmol Singh, Sanjay Khaladkar
1114 224 223

Spontaneous Rupture of Spleen in Acute Pancreatites: A Rare Case

Sharvari Shashikant Gulve, Pratap Singh H Parihar, Rutuja Pratap Singh Parihar
856 217 216

Anaesthesia for Caesarean Section of Primigravida with Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Malini Mehta, D Chandini, Jigisha Mehta, Tejash Sharma
1790 279 278

Sciatic Nerve and Lumbar Plexus Block for Below Knee Amputation- Newer Approach for Better Haemodynamic Stability and Patient Safety

Jigisha Bharatbhai Mehta, Ganesh Naik, Dinesh Chauhan
1399 228 227

Role of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation in SAPHO Syndrome- A Rare Condition

Shail Sachdeva, Sonia Pawaria
1198 243 242

Effect of Kapalabhati in a Patient with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome- A Case Report

AP Rashmitha, KU Dhanesh Kumar, P Shilna Rani, GS Pooja
1740 223 222


Central Acetabular Roof Defect-More than Just a Normal Variant?

Muhammad Adeel Akhtar, Joanne Edwards, Rebecca Tate, Ian Curzon, Richard J Montgomery
1349 239 238


Glomus Tumour- Knowledge Update and Issues

Sharat Agarwal
1031 218 217

Correspondence: CT Imaging in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour: A Case Series

Ram Gopal Karumuri, Harshavardhan Balaganesan, Anila Punchiry
925 207 206


Exposure of 4-Nonylphenol: Effect on Physiology and Reproductivity of Male Mice

Kusum Kusum, Ashish Ashish, Royana Singh, Radha Chaube
1454 249 248

Prevalence of Seropositivity to SARS-CoV-2 among Health Care Workers in Tertiary COVID-19 Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Jemil S Makadia, Mukesh G Gohel, Chandan Chakrabarti, Jayshree D Pethani
1976 319 318

Diagnostic Value of Circulating MicroRNAs for Middle Aged Coronary Artery Disease Patients: A Case-control Study

Wahid Ali, Sridhar Mishra, Aliya Rizvi, Marco A Perrone, Mohd Tasleem, Mohd Wamique, Rishi Sethi, Akshay Pradhan
1436 247 246

Lipid Accumulation Product as a Marker of Cardiovascular Disease Risk among Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome- A Hospital Based Case-control Study

Roshni H Babu, Rakhi S Nair, Neelima Chakrapani
1410 233 232

Decreased Serum Cholinesterase Activity- A Reliable Diagnostic Aid for Tuberculosis

Dipak Kumar Chattopadhyay
2519 363 357

Sigma Metrics: A Powerful Tool for Performance Evaluation and Quality Control Planning in a Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory

Trupti Diwan Ramteke, Anita Shivaji Chalak, Shalini Nitin Maksane
1358 219 218

Changes in Inspiratory and Expiratory Flow Rates with Sustained Hand Grip and their Correlation with Fat Free Mass Index in Healthy Young Adults

Aparajita Priyadarshini, Snigdha Prava Mishra, Akshaya Kumar Mishra
1420 258 257

Correlation of Body Mass Index, Mean Arterial Pressure with Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Healthy Individuals- A Descriptive Study

Tanuj Mathur, Dileep Kumar Verma, Sunita Tiwari, Narsingh Verma, Ranjana Singh
1024 238 237

Comparison of MGIT 960 with Lowenstein Jensen Media for Recovery of Mycobacteria from Extrapulmonary Specimens in Southern India

Kalpana Thangavelu, Imola Jamir, Kalaiarasan Ellappan, Krishnapriya Krishnakumariamma, Pallam Gopichand, Sindhusuta Das, Noyal Mariya Joseph
1385 248 247

Prevalence and Susceptibility Profiles of Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus from Community and Hospital Associated Infections

Preeja, Sanath Kumar, Veena A Shetty
1456 265 264

Prevalence of Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Gujarat, India

Chirag Manojkumar Modi, Suman Praveen Singh, Yagnesh Gajanand Pandya, Chirag Premjibhai Patel, Rupal Minesh Patel
1306 250 249

Epidemiological and Microbiological Study of Onychomycosis

Sunita Kabi, Bichitrananda Swain, Swati Jain
1288 248 247

Circulating MicroRNA-29a: An Evolving Biomarker for Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Jaya Garg, Atul Garg, Anand Kumar
986 212 211

Demystifying Breast FNAC's Based on the International Academy of Cytology, Yokohama Breast Cytopathology System- A Retrospective Study

Ashwini Nargund, Rakshitha Hosur Mohan, Malathi Mukunda Pai, Baalu Sadasivan, Priya Dharmalingam, Premalata Chennagiri, C Ramachandra
1784 271 270

Expression of HER2/neu and Ki-67 in Urothelial Carcinoma and their Relation to Clinicopathological Data: An Egyptian Study

Badawia B Ibrahim, Samira A Mahmoud, Alzahraa A Mohamed, Hala M El hanbuli
1192 258 257

Myeloid Sarcoma: Evaluation of Histopathology, Immunoprofile and Cytogenetics

Sanjiban Patra, Biren P Parikh, Kanwalpreet Kaur
1221 239 238

Gastric Schwannoma: The Masquerader amongst Gastric Mesenchymal Tumours

Rijo Issac, Dipti Masih, Betty Simon, Inian Samarasam, Anna Benjamin Pulimood
1192 225 224

Relationship of Bone Marrow Plasma Cell Morphology with Cytogenetic Abnormalities in Patients with Multiple Myeloma

Vikram Narang, Maneet Luthra, Avantika Garg, Amit Dhiman, Neena Sood
1030 219 218

Histopathological Study of Lower Gastrointestinal Tract Biopsies in 600 Cases

Jasmin Haridas Jasani, Shivani Bhaveshbhai Vora, Nidhi Amrutlal Patel
981 235 234

Introduction and Evaluation of Objective Structured Practical Examination as an Assessment Tool in Pharmacology for Second Year Medical Students

Shipra Jain, Ruchika Kalra, Pushkar Mani, Prerna Shiv Goswami
1438 254 253

Clinico-Biochemical Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) with Special Reference to SSRI Induced Hyponatremia in Humans and Animals

Suhena Sarkar, Uttam Kumar Roy, Supreeti Biswas, Asim Kumar Mallick, Purnendu Mandal
1422 257 256

Oestrogen Receptor Alpha, Beta Genes and CYP17A Gene Polymorphism Analysis in Women with Uterine Leiomyoma

Ravindra Goswami, Sukanya Gangopadhyay, Bhaskar Charana Kabi
1420 238 237

COVID-19 Pandemic: Assessment of Stress and Perception of E-Learning amongst First Year Undergraduate Medical Students

Shikha Gautam, Salamah Parveen Imteyaz, Mohammed Iqbal Alam
2695 360 359

Emotional Intelligence Assessment in Undergraduate Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study

Tushar Ramesh Bagle, Pooja Ashok Baviskar, Anukant K Mital, Vijay A Vare, Rohankumar C Hire, Vivek S Chincholkar
1403 227 226

Quantification of Musculoskeletal Discomfort among Automobile Garage Workers: A Cross-sectional Analytical Study in Chetla, Kolkata, West Bengal

Sayanti Bandyopadhyay, Lina Bandyopadhyay, Aparajita Dasgupta, Bobby Paul, Soumit Roy, Mukesh Kumar
1362 265 264

From Knowledge to Practice: Are we Prepared to Handle COVID-19 Pandemic? A Health Centre Based Cross-sectional Study

Surinderpal Singh, Anurag Chaudhary, Mahesh Satija, Pranjl Sharma
1877 336 334

A Study on Immunisation Coverage among Children in Hosakote, Mysuru

Harshini Suresh, Mansoor Ahmed
1316 265 264

Nurses’ Challenges in Wound Care Management- A Qualitative Study

Nahla A Tayyib, Pushpamala Ramaiah
1773 252 251

Behavioural Changes in the Personal and Professional Lives of Doctors during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Observational Study

Vivek Parasher, Kamlesh Kanwar Shekhawat, Sonal Bhati, Mansi Sharma
1649 311 310

An Observational Study to Assess Anxiety Disorder among Women during COVID-19 Pandemic

Sonali Sain, Indira Dey
1656 311 310

Sexual Practices and Misconceptions Regarding Condom Usage and Status of Voluntary HIV Testing among Truck Drivers Employed in Transport Sector of Haryana- A Cross-sectional Study

Pooja Goyal, Mitasha Singh, Abhishek Singh
1124 228 227

Risk Factors, Epidemiological and Clinical Outcome of Close Contacts of COVID-19 Cases in a Tertiary Hospital in Southern India

Binu Areekal, Sajna Mathumkunnath Vijayan, Mini Sreedharan Suseela, MA Andrews, Rajesh Koothupalakkal Ravi, Sudhiraj Thiruthara Sukumaran, Rajany Jose, Fathima Thasleema Thoombath Edappanatt
1980 300 299

Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Vision Hazards while Playing Online Games among Junior College Students

Sheetal Namdeorao Sakharkar, Payal Chandrashekhar Wankhede, Rupali Prakash Teltumbade, Supriya Haridasthool, Pallavi Dipakrao Wankhede, Bhushan Vidyadhar Wandile
1011 238 237

Ocular Parameters Evaluation in Relation to the Refractive Error using Optical Coherence Topography

Farah Maqsood, Menwah Al-Matrafi, Nourah Al-Muaither
1359 267 266

Prevalence of Dry Eye Disease in Medical Students in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study

Rajni Sethia, Samiksha Modi, Aarushi Shah, Jay Mehta
1396 265 264

Coronary Angiogram using Distal Radial Access: A Retrospective Observational Study

S Lalitha, Vijay Sai, Siddarth
1610 263 262

Bronchodilator Response in Airflow Obstruction after Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis- A Retrospective Analysis

Marina Pires Nishi, Silvana Spindolade Miranda, Eduardo Martins Netto, Eliane Viana Mancuzo
1299 264 263

Diagnostic Validity of Computed Tomography Thorax in Comparison with Fibreoptic Bronchoscopy for Endobronchial Lesions

S Mamatha, Alamelu Haran, S Ashwini, Ranganath T Ganga, H Ajit
1309 239 238

Clinical and Endoscopic Profile of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed: A Cross-sectional Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India

Manju Surendran, K Sunil Kumar
1292 256 255

Role of Helicobacter pylori Infection on Diabetic and Lipid Profile in Pre-diabetic Patients

Akash Chaudhary, Abdullah Ansari
1239 238 237

Clinical Significance of Hypocalcaemia in Malaria: An Experience from Coastal Karnataka, India

Avinash N Shetty, Akshatha Rao Aroor, Archana Bhat
1204 235 234

Clinical and Diagnostic Profile and Management of Inferior Vena Cava Obstruction- A Descriptive Study at a Tertiary Care Centre, Hyderabad

Syed Imamuddin, Chamarti Venkata Arunavalli, Parvat Hareddy Krishnamala Konda Reddy, Malladi Ramakrishna Reddy
1147 230 229

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Rural Population of Developing Country- A Cross-sectional Study

Atul Tiwari, SK Piruwa, SK Agrawaal, GN Srivastava, Deepak Shah
1144 230 229

A Retrospective Observational Study for Prediction of Stone Free Status after Single-session of Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery for Renal Stones

Mayank Jain, CS Manohar, KN Rajendra Prasad, Abhishek Umesh Bhalerao, R Keshavamurthy
1342 254 253

Mortality Rates of EUS-Guided Biliary Drainage (EUS-BD) in Malignant Biliary Obstruction Patients in EUS-BD Era versus Non-EUS-BD Era: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Chaloemphon Boonmee, Ueamporn Summart, Apichat Tantraworasin, Jiraporn Khorana,Pachararin Meesoi, Niramon Arayajarernwong, Wattana Pareesri, Tuangpraj Srikoolwong
1332 243 241

Spectrum of Clinical Presentation and Surgical Outcome in Patients with Chronic Subdural Haemorrhage: A Retrospective Study

Malaya Patel , Acharya Suryakant Pattajoshi , Harish Chandra Dhamudia ,A Unnikrishnan , J Paul , Prathima Nuthalapati
1146 223 222

Analysis of Scoring System to Identify High Risk Patients and their Outcome in Isolated Blunt Chest Trauma- A Prospective Observational Study

Annrish Tan Baby, Anuraj Appukuttan, Harihara Jothi, Reema Sajan
895 226 225

Association and Determinants of Decision Delivery Interval of Emergency Caesarean Sections and Perinatal Outcome in a Tertiary Institution

Peace Chinyere Igwe, John Okafor Egede, Emeka Onwe Ogah, Chidebe Christian Anikwe,Matthew Igwe Nwali, Lucky Osaheni Lawani
1483 259 258

The Effects of Ovulation Documentation before Insemination on Intrauterine Insemination Cycle Outcomes: A Retrospective Analysis

Sujata Pradhan, Padmalaya Thakur
1278 255 254

A Structured Maternity Case Record to Improve Quality of Documentation in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Delhi

AG Radhika, Chetna Dengri, Abhishek Kumar, Shalini Singh
1437 230 229

Comparison of Visual Inspection using Acetic Acid and Liquid Based Cytology for Cervical Cancer Screening in Rural Area: A Cross-sectional Study

Pragya Shree, Nupur Mittal, Vandana Verma
1291 241 240

Urinary Effects of Routine Urethral Catheterisation during Elective Caesarean Section in Enugu, Nigeria: A Randomised Controlled Study

Elijah Nduka Onwudiwe, Hyginus Uzo Ezegwui, Cyril Chukwudi Dim, Chibuike Ogwuegbu Chigbu,Chinyere Florence Onwudiwe, Joseph Tochukwu Enebe
1310 219 218

Analysis of Caesarean Section Rates Using the Robson Ten-group Classification at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Eastern India: A Cross-sectional Study

Hiralal Konar, Madhutandra Sarkar, Sisir Kumar Chowdhury
1220 239 238

Effectiveness of Short Form-36 Health Status Questionnaire Versus WOMAC Arthritis Index Questionnaire on Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis Patients

Ankita Jain, R Raja, K Santosh Kumar
2371 301 300

Evaluation of Efficacy of Femoral Nerve Block on Pain and Anxiety in Acute Fractures of the Femur in the Emergency Department

Shiv Shanker Tripathi, Suruchi Ambasta, Swagat Mahapatra, Anurag Agarwal, Shivani Rastogi
1251 227 226

Effectiveness of Hot Pack with Caudal Glide and Antero-posterior Glide Mobilisation to Improve Shoulder Abduction Range in Adhesive Capsulitis

Ramamurthy Raja, Mitali Shekadar, VN Ravish
953 234 233

Role of HRCT Chest and Artificial Intelligence in Evaluation of COVID-19 Patients: An Observational Study

Sangram Panda, Kamal Kumar Sen, Suneeti S Kanyari, Sudhansu Sekhar Mohanty, G Manoj Kumar, Jagadeesh Kuniyil, Mayank Goyal, Adarsh Aavula
1823 323 322

Radiological Red Flags of Triple Negative Breast Cancer on Mammography and Ultrasonography: A Case-control Study

Anjum Syed, Manali Arora, Vimugdha Premi, Prateek Sharda, Reshma Varghese, Nilotpal Chaudhary, Shalinee Rao, Bina Ravi
1219 260 259

Sonographic Measurement of Visceral Fat Thickness as a Correlate of Existing Metabolic Syndrome- A Cross-sectional Study

Deep Yadav, Akhilesh Rao, Aneesh Mohimen, Yayati Pimpalwar
1094 213 212

Effect of Carotid Stenting on Neurocognitive Function in Patients with Atherosclerotic Carotid Stenosis

Brijesh Kumar Soni, Rajneesh Kumar Patel, Rochan Pant, Mukesh Khatri
1199 219 218

Foetal Nasal Bone Length Measurement and Evolving Normogram in Southern Indian Population in Normal Pregnancies: A Cross-sectional Study

RB Prakash Jain, Sanket M Kotnis, HN Roopa
1001 202 201

Postoperative Analgesia with Epidural Infusion of Buprenorphine Versus Transdermal Buprenorphine in Total Abdominal Hysterectomy: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study

Anju Krishnan, Binu Sajid, Rekha Krishnan Kutty
1539 275 274

Comparison of Levobupivacaine and Levobupivacaine with Dexmedetomidine for Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries-A Randomised Controlled Trial

Balraj Hariharasudhan , Sridhar Savithasree , Rajesh S Mane , S Sivakumar , BT Arish
1280 266 265

Comparison between Nebulised versus Intravenous Lignocaine to Suppress the Haemodyamic Response to Laryngoscopy and Tracheal Intubation: A Randomised Control Study

Om Prakash Kashyap, Atit Kumar, Dheer Singh, Swati Srivastava
1306 237 236

Effect of Anaesthesiologists’ Experience on Preferred Technique and Volume of Local Anaesthetic Administered for Brachial Plexus Nerve Block: A Retrospective Observational Analysis

Depinder Kaur, Reena Mahajan, Shiv Kumar Singh, Suchitra Malhotra
1192 236 235

A Prospective, Longitudinal Study on Effectiveness of King Vision® Video Assisted Laryngoscope and McCoy Laryngoscope in Patients with Simulated Restricted Neck Mobility

Amit Kumar Dey, Paramita Pandit, Sankar Roy, Arunava Biswas, Dipasri Bhattacharya
1042 220 219

Efficacy of Priming Principle in Propofol Induction-A Randomised Controlled Trial

Sri Sowmiya Dhanapalan, Manisha B Vyas
968 216 215

A Cross-sectional Study of Antipsychotic Drugs Induced Sexual Dysfunction among Married Males with Remitted Schizophrenia Attending Tertiary Health Care Centre from Central India

Rameez Abdul Karim Shaikh, Ajinkya Sureshrao Ghogare, Parul Prasad, Shrikant Deshmukh
1390 266 265

Development of Quality of Life Tool for Children Diagnosed with Epilepsy- A Pilot Trial

Vipin Vageriya, Anil Sharma
1268 252 251

Psychometric Analysis of Undergraduate Nursing Students using Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale: A Cross-sectional Study

Sunil Chouhan, Akriti Gupta, Ruchi Singh, Anzar B Alvi
1349 235 234

Chronic Pain and Depression: A Community Based Study in a Rural Area of West Bengal

Niladri Banerjee, Rajesh DE, Rivu Basu
947 220 219

Incidence of Malignant Diseases in Punjab: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Level Government Hospital in Punjab

Deeksha Singla, Anand Singla, Manpreet Kaur, Darshanjit Singh Walia
1263 251 250

Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer: A Dosimetric and Treatment Planning Comparison with Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy Techniques

Brijesh Goswami, Suresh Yadav, Rakesh Kumar Jain, Pradeep Goswami
1250 245 244

Mantle Cell Lymphoma: An Immunomorphologic Study with SOX11 from a Tertiary Care Cancer Centre in Southern India

Shankaranand S Bharatnur, Chennagiri S Premalata, Prashant Kumar, MC Suresh Babu, KC Lakshmaiah
5392 220 219

Adaptation to Online Technology for Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study of Effectiveness and Student’s Perception in Various Universities

Saurabh Kumar, Ankush Sharma, Shveta Sharma, Sajjan Pal, Anand Kumar Singh
2531 340 339

Bone Mineral Density in Stroke Survivors: An Observational Study

Sujatha Gorle, BD Athani, Sakshi Jain, Shweta Jain
1059 296 295

Effect of Bleaching with Strawberry Extract and Hydrogen Peroxide on Colour Change, Surface Morphology and Micro-Shear Bond Strength of Resin Composite to Enamel Surface

Rajith Radhakrishnan, Ravikumar Nesamani, Kavitha Sanjeev, Mahalaxmi Sekar
1256 266 265

Effect of Type of Malocclusion on the Surface Pattern of Caries on Molars and DMFT Index in Primary and Mixed Dentition Period- A Pilot Study

Adhishree Singh Chib, Vishal Sharma, Shalini Garg, Shikha Dogra,Anil Gupta, Ankit Srivastava, Sakshi Joshi
1344 249 248

Dental Practice during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study

Aalap Sureshkumar Prajapati
1804 314 313

Determination of Combination Factor as an Aid in Orthodontic Treatment Planning in Western Region of Saudi Arabian Young Male Population- A Retrospective Cephalometric Study

Raghu Devanna, Nayef H Felemban, Yousef Althomali, Puneet Gupta
1440 230 229

Prevalence of Dental Caries and Periodontal Diseases among Secondary School Students in Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Nasreen Hamarash Hamonari, Samim Ahmed AL Dabbagh, Anees Mahmood Mudhir
1344 225 224

Association between Lifestyle Factors and Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders among People of Bangalore: A Case-control Study

Jyoti Raghavendra Byakodi, Pushpanjali Krishnappa
1359 232 231

Estimation of Calcium and Iron Levels in Gingival Crevicular Fluid and Serum in Periodontal Health and Disease

Sridevi Sivarama Krishnan, Vignesh Vikram, Bhagavatham Meenakshi, Chitraa R Chandran
965 218 217

Orthodontic Practice in the Times of COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Survey

Suman, Maninder Singh Sidhu, Seema Grover, Ashish Dabas, Namrata Dogra, Archana Jaglan
1855 280 279


Impact of Electrotherapy or Muscle Training on Quality of Life in Urinary Incontinence of Male Geriatric Population- A Protocol

Ashish Wasudeorao Bele, Mohd Irshad Qureshi
1493 240 239


Obesity, Cardiovascular Diseases and COVID-19

Utpal Jagdish Dongre
2934 287 286

A Sneak Peek into COVID-19 Vaccines-Present Status

Swathi Gurajala
2021 280 279

Review of Latest Potential Treatment Modalities in SARS-CoV-2

Pratyush Kumar, Shivani Tyagi
1335 240 239

Ten Challenges Associated with Management of Paracetamol Overdose: An Update on Current Practice and Relevant Evidence from Epidemiological and Clinical Studies

Ahmed Ibrahim Fathelrahman
1775 256 255

Current Status of Y Chromosome Microdeletions: Prevalence, Distribution, Implication and Association with Male Infertility in Indian Men- A Review

Mandava V Rao, Nidhi P Shah, Rutvik J Raval, Pooja P Solanki, Parth S Shah, Sandip C Shah
1562 256 255

Varieties of Mushrooms and their Nutraceutical Importance: A Systematic Review

Debasmita Chatterjee, Dipankar Halder, Satadal Das
1360 248 247

Development Across the World on Vaccines for COVID-19: A Primer for Primary Care Physicians

Rahulkumar Jiteshbhai Amrutiya, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
1303 272 271

Dorsolumbar Vertebroplasty- A Retrospective Study

Murat Yilmaz, Nihat Acar, Ahmet Aybar, Ahmet Karakasli
931 210 209

Prediction of the One Repetition Maximum to Design Strength Training Protocol

Swapna Sugat Jawade
1183 216 215


Awareness and Practices about Skin Care among Medical Students: A cross-sectional study

Henil Upadhyay, Charmy Parikh, Pragya Ashok Nair
1372 247 246

Estimation of Total Fluoride Concentration, Total Soluble Fluoride Concentration and pH among Various Brands of Toothpastes

Praneetha D Rani, Vijaya Hegde
1313 228 227


Conflict between Patient and Health Care Professionals: Identify and Resolve: An Indian Perspective

Nitish Kumar, Anu Shree, Atil Kumar Lal, Sudhir Shyam Kushwaha, Ajay Bharti
1425 271 270

Evolution of Objective Structured Clinical Examination- Actual to Virtual

Tripti K Srivastava Waghmare, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare
1343 249 248


Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis: An Anatomical Case Report

Anjali Singal, Tulika Gupta, Daisy Sahni
1608 268 267
Last Updated : 02 Jan 2016
First Published : 5 Feb 2007