Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Past issue
Table of Contents - Year : 2021 | Month : March | Volume : 15 | Issue : 3
Select Speciality from the list below
All Articles (124)

Exposure of 4-Nonylphenol: Effect on Physiology and Reproductivity of Male Mice AC01-AC05

Kusum Kusum, Ashish Ashish, Royana Singh, Radha Chaube

Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis: An Anatomical Case Report AD01-AD03

Anjali Singal, Tulika Gupta, Daisy Sahni

Prevalence of Seropositivity to SARS-CoV-2 among Health Care Workers in Tertiary COVID-19 Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat BC01-BC04

Jemil S Makadia, Mukesh G Gohel, Chandan Chakrabarti, Jayshree D Pethani

Diagnostic Value of Circulating MicroRNAs for Middle Aged Coronary Artery Disease Patients: A Case-control Study BC05-BC10

Wahid Ali, Sridhar Mishra, Aliya Rizvi, Marco A Perrone, Mohd Tasleem, Mohd Wamique, Rishi Sethi, Akshay Pradhan

Lipid Accumulation Product as a Marker of Cardiovascular Disease Risk among Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome- A Hospital Based Case-control Study BC11-BC15

Roshni H Babu, Rakhi S Nair, Neelima Chakrapani

Decreased Serum Cholinesterase Activity- A Reliable Diagnostic Aid for Tuberculosis BC16-BC19

Dipak Kumar Chattopadhyay

Sigma Metrics: A Powerful Tool for Performance Evaluation and Quality Control Planning in a Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory BC20-BC23

Trupti Diwan Ramteke, Anita Shivaji Chalak, Shalini Nitin Maksane

Obesity, Cardiovascular Diseases and COVID-19 BE01-BE04

Utpal Jagdish Dongre

Changes in Inspiratory and Expiratory Flow Rates with Sustained Hand Grip and their Correlation with Fat Free Mass Index in Healthy Young Adults CC01-CC04

Aparajita Priyadarshini, Snigdha Prava Mishra, Akshaya Kumar Mishra

Correlation of Body Mass Index, Mean Arterial Pressure with Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Healthy Individuals- A Descriptive Study CC05-CC07

Tanuj Mathur, Dileep Kumar Verma, Sunita Tiwari, Narsingh Verma, Ranjana Singh

Comparison of MGIT 960 with Lowenstein Jensen Media for Recovery of Mycobacteria from Extrapulmonary Specimens in Southern India DC01-DC04

Kalpana Thangavelu, Imola Jamir, Kalaiarasan Ellappan, Krishnapriya Krishnakumariamma, Pallam Gopichand, Sindhusuta Das, Noyal Mariya Joseph

Prevalence and Susceptibility Profiles of Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus from Community and Hospital Associated Infections DC05-DC10

Preeja, Sanath Kumar, Veena A Shetty

Prevalence of Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Gujarat, India DC11-DC14

Chirag Manojkumar Modi, Suman Praveen Singh, Yagnesh Gajanand Pandya, Chirag Premjibhai Patel, Rupal Minesh Patel

Epidemiological and Microbiological Study of Onychomycosis DC15-DC18

Sunita Kabi, Bichitrananda Swain, Swati Jain

Circulating MicroRNA-29a: An Evolving Biomarker for Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis DC19-DC23

Jaya Garg, Atul Garg, Anand Kumar

A Sneak Peek into COVID-19 Vaccines-Present Status DE01-DE05

Swathi Gurajala

Review of Latest Potential Treatment Modalities in SARS-CoV-2 DE06-DE11

Pratyush Kumar, Shivani Tyagi

Demystifying Breast FNAC's Based on the International Academy of Cytology, Yokohama Breast Cytopathology System- A Retrospective Study EC01-EC05

Ashwini Nargund, Rakshitha Hosur Mohan, Malathi Mukunda Pai, Baalu Sadasivan, Priya Dharmalingam, Premalata Chennagiri, C Ramachandra

Expression of HER2/neu and Ki-67 in Urothelial Carcinoma and their Relation to Clinicopathological Data: An Egyptian Study EC06-EC09

Badawia B Ibrahim, Samira A Mahmoud, Alzahraa A Mohamed, Hala M El hanbuli

Myeloid Sarcoma: Evaluation of Histopathology, Immunoprofile and Cytogenetics EC10-EC14

Sanjiban Patra, Biren P Parikh, Kanwalpreet Kaur

Gastric Schwannoma: The Masquerader amongst Gastric Mesenchymal Tumours EC15-EC18

Rijo Issac, Dipti Masih, Betty Simon, Inian Samarasam, Anna Benjamin Pulimood

Relationship of Bone Marrow Plasma Cell Morphology with Cytogenetic Abnormalities in Patients with Multiple Myeloma EC19-EC22

Vikram Narang, Maneet Luthra, Avantika Garg, Amit Dhiman, Neena Sood

Histopathological Study of Lower Gastrointestinal Tract Biopsies in 600 Cases EC23-EC26

Jasmin Haridas Jasani, Shivani Bhaveshbhai Vora, Nidhi Amrutlal Patel

An Infrequent Adenosarcoma Mimicking other Uterine Rhabdoid Tumours ED01-ED03

B Archana, Sandhya Sundaram, Lawrence D Cruze, KS Rajeshwari

Carcinosarcoma Stomach with Biphasic Nodal Metastasis: A Rare Entity ED04-ED06

Renu Sukumaran, Jayasree Katoor, Arun Peter Mathew

Haemoglobin Olympia {β Codon 20 (B2) GA, ValMet}: A Silent Haemoglobin Variant ED07-ED09

Abhay A Bhave, Lakshmi Iyer, Nawal Kazi, Manju Gorivale, Anita Nadkarni

Introduction and Evaluation of Objective Structured Practical Examination as an Assessment Tool in Pharmacology for Second Year Medical Students FC01-FC04

Shipra Jain, Ruchika Kalra, Pushkar Mani, Prerna Shiv Goswami

Clinico-Biochemical Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) with Special Reference to SSRI Induced Hyponatremia in Humans and Animals FC05-FC09

Suhena Sarkar, Uttam Kumar Roy, Supreeti Biswas, Asim Kumar Mallick, Purnendu Mandal

Ten Challenges Associated with Management of Paracetamol Overdose: An Update on Current Practice and Relevant Evidence from Epidemiological and Clinical Studies FE01-FE06

Ahmed Ibrahim Fathelrahman

Oestrogen Receptor Alpha, Beta Genes and CYP17A Gene Polymorphism Analysis in Women with Uterine Leiomyoma GC01-GC04

Ravindra Goswami, Sukanya Gangopadhyay, Bhaskar Charana Kabi

Current Status of Y Chromosome Microdeletions: Prevalence, Distribution, Implication and Association with Male Infertility in Indian Men- A Review GE01-GE09

Mandava V Rao, Nidhi P Shah, Rutvik J Raval, Pooja P Solanki, Parth S Shah, Sandip C Shah

Conflict between Patient and Health Care Professionals: Identify and Resolve: An Indian Perspective II01-II03

Nitish Kumar, Anu Shree, Atil Kumar Lal, Sudhir Shyam Kushwaha, Ajay Bharti

COVID-19 Pandemic: Assessment of Stress and Perception of E-Learning amongst First Year Undergraduate Medical Students JC01-JC04

Shikha Gautam, Salamah Parveen Imteyaz, Mohammed Iqbal Alam

Emotional Intelligence Assessment in Undergraduate Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study JC05-JC08

Tushar Ramesh Bagle, Pooja Ashok Baviskar, Anukant K Mital, Vijay A Vare, Rohankumar C Hire, Vivek S Chincholkar

Evolution of Objective Structured Clinical Examination- Actual to Virtual JI01-JI04

Tripti K Srivastava Waghmare, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare

Quantification of Musculoskeletal Discomfort among Automobile Garage Workers: A Cross-sectional Analytical Study in Chetla, Kolkata, West Bengal LC01-LC05

Sayanti Bandyopadhyay, Lina Bandyopadhyay, Aparajita Dasgupta, Bobby Paul, Soumit Roy, Mukesh Kumar

From Knowledge to Practice: Are we Prepared to Handle COVID-19 Pandemic? A Health Centre Based Cross-sectional Study LC06-LC12

Surinderpal Singh, Anurag Chaudhary, Mahesh Satija, Pranjl Sharma

A Study on Immunisation Coverage among Children in Hosakote, Mysuru LC13-LC16

Harshini Suresh, Mansoor Ahmed

Nurses’ Challenges in Wound Care Management- A Qualitative Study LC17-LC20

Nahla A Tayyib, Pushpamala Ramaiah

Behavioural Changes in the Personal and Professional Lives of Doctors during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Observational Study LC21-LC24

Vivek Parasher, Kamlesh Kanwar Shekhawat, Sonal Bhati, Mansi Sharma

An Observational Study to Assess Anxiety Disorder among Women during COVID-19 Pandemic LC25-LC29

Sonali Sain, Indira Dey

Sexual Practices and Misconceptions Regarding Condom Usage and Status of Voluntary HIV Testing among Truck Drivers Employed in Transport Sector of Haryana- A Cross-sectional Study LC30-LC33

Pooja Goyal, Mitasha Singh, Abhishek Singh

Risk Factors, Epidemiological and Clinical Outcome of Close Contacts of COVID-19 Cases in a Tertiary Hospital in Southern India LC34-LC37

Binu Areekal, Sajna Mathumkunnath Vijayan, Mini Sreedharan Suseela, MA Andrews, Rajesh Koothupalakkal Ravi, Sudhiraj Thiruthara Sukumaran, Rajany Jose, Fathima Thasleema Thoombath Edappanatt

Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Vision Hazards while Playing Online Games among Junior College Students LC38-LC43

Sheetal Namdeorao Sakharkar, Payal Chandrashekhar Wankhede, Rupali Prakash Teltumbade, Supriya Haridasthool, Pallavi Dipakrao Wankhede, Bhushan Vidyadhar Wandile

Ocular Parameters Evaluation in Relation to the Refractive Error using Optical Coherence Topography NC01-NC04

Farah Maqsood, Menwah Al-Matrafi, Nourah Al-Muaither

Prevalence of Dry Eye Disease in Medical Students in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study NC05-NC08

Rajni Sethia, Samiksha Modi, Aarushi Shah, Jay Mehta

Coronary Angiogram using Distal Radial Access: A Retrospective Observational Study OC01-OC04

S Lalitha, Vijay Sai, Siddarth

Bronchodilator Response in Airflow Obstruction after Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis- A Retrospective Analysis OC05-OC08

Marina Pires Nishi, Silvana Spindolade Miranda, Eduardo Martins Netto, Eliane Viana Mancuzo

Diagnostic Validity of Computed Tomography Thorax in Comparison with Fibreoptic Bronchoscopy for Endobronchial Lesions OC09-OC13

S Mamatha, Alamelu Haran, S Ashwini, Ranganath T Ganga, H Ajit

Clinical and Endoscopic Profile of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed: A Cross-sectional Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India OC14-OC17

Manju Surendran, K Sunil Kumar

Role of Helicobacter pylori Infection on Diabetic and Lipid Profile in Pre-diabetic Patients OC18-OC21

Akash Chaudhary, Abdullah Ansari

Clinical Significance of Hypocalcaemia in Malaria: An Experience from Coastal Karnataka, India OC22-OC25

Avinash N Shetty, Akshatha Rao Aroor, Archana Bhat

Clinical and Diagnostic Profile and Management of Inferior Vena Cava Obstruction- A Descriptive Study at a Tertiary Care Centre, Hyderabad OC26-OC29

Syed Imamuddin, Chamarti Venkata Arunavalli, Parvat Hareddy Krishnamala Konda Reddy, Malladi Ramakrishna Reddy

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Rural Population of Developing Country- A Cross-sectional Study OC30-OC33

Atul Tiwari, SK Piruwa, SK Agrawaal, GN Srivastava, Deepak Shah

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Presenting with Recurrent Pleural Effusion: A Rare Case Report OD01-OD02

Kusum V Shah , Jerin James Dsilva , Saket Kumar , Arti D Shah , Yash Rana

A Rare Case of Pericardial Tuberculoma with Impending Tamponade in a 52-Year Old Woman: A Case Report OD03-OD05

Clement `C Kabakama, Zahra Daudi Khan, Pilly Chillo, Amos Rodger Mwakigonja

Concurrent Occurrence of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis and Oesophagitis in an Immunocompromised Male Patient OD06-OD08

Aishwarya Dilip Ghule, Sourya Acharya, Samarth Shukla, Yogendra Oke, Sree Kartik Pratapa

Pulmonary Lymphangioleiomyomatosis and Role of Pleurodesis: Rare Case Reports OD09-OD11

Kusum V Shah, Sonal Goyal, Saket Kumar, Arti D Shah, Yash Rana

Varieties of Mushrooms and their Nutraceutical Importance: A Systematic Review OE01-OE06

Debasmita Chatterjee, Dipankar Halder, Satadal Das

Development Across the World on Vaccines for COVID-19: A Primer for Primary Care Physicians OE07-OE13

Rahulkumar Jiteshbhai Amrutiya, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar

A Retrospective Observational Study for Prediction of Stone Free Status after Single-session of Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery for Renal Stones PC01-PC03

Mayank Jain, CS Manohar, KN Rajendra Prasad, Abhishek Umesh Bhalerao, R Keshavamurthy

Mortality Rates of EUS-Guided Biliary Drainage (EUS-BD) in Malignant Biliary Obstruction Patients in EUS-BD Era versus Non-EUS-BD Era: A Retrospective Cohort Study PC04-PC07

Chaloemphon Boonmee, Ueamporn Summart, Apichat Tantraworasin, Jiraporn Khorana,Pachararin Meesoi, Niramon Arayajarernwong, Wattana Pareesri, Tuangpraj Srikoolwong

Spectrum of Clinical Presentation and Surgical Outcome in Patients with Chronic Subdural Haemorrhage: A Retrospective Study PC08-PC12

Malaya Patel , Acharya Suryakant Pattajoshi , Harish Chandra Dhamudia ,A Unnikrishnan , J Paul , Prathima Nuthalapati

Analysis of Scoring System to Identify High Risk Patients and their Outcome in Isolated Blunt Chest Trauma- A Prospective Observational Study PC13-PC17

Annrish Tan Baby, Anuraj Appukuttan, Harihara Jothi, Reema Sajan

Locally Advanced Bladder Paraganglioma Managed with Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy with Intracorporeal Neobladder- A Case Report PD01-PD03

Anoop Handa, Sharat Chandra Dash, Nimit Solanki, Gagandeep Singh

A Rare Case of Malignant Transformation of Keratinous Cyst in Gluteal Region PD04-PD06

BS Balapriya, R Anantharamakrishnan, K Senthil Kumar, Femela Muniraj, Vijayashree Raghavan

A Rare Case of Hypothenar Hammer Syndrome Triggering Guyon’s Canal Syndrome PD07-PD08

Guruprasad Rai, Ganesh Sevagur Kamath, Vaishnavi Kavirayani, Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Revanth Reddy

Unpredictable Outcome of Large Traumatic Oesophageal Injury: An Experience and Challenges PD09-PD10

Mahaveer Singh Rodha, Satya Prakash Meena, Subhash Chandra Soni,Pawan Kumar Garg, Althea Vency Cardoz

Isolated Fracture of the Corpus Spongiosum- A Rare Case with Atypical Presentation and Diagnostic Role of MRI PD11-PD12

Selvin Theodore Jayanth, Vivek Venkatramani, Rajiv Paul Mukha

Association and Determinants of Decision Delivery Interval of Emergency Caesarean Sections and Perinatal Outcome in a Tertiary Institution QC01-QC05

Peace Chinyere Igwe, John Okafor Egede, Emeka Onwe Ogah, Chidebe Christian Anikwe,Matthew Igwe Nwali, Lucky Osaheni Lawani

The Effects of Ovulation Documentation before Insemination on Intrauterine Insemination Cycle Outcomes: A Retrospective Analysis QC06-QC08

Sujata Pradhan, Padmalaya Thakur

A Structured Maternity Case Record to Improve Quality of Documentation in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Delhi QC09-QC13

AG Radhika, Chetna Dengri, Abhishek Kumar, Shalini Singh

Comparison of Visual Inspection using Acetic Acid and Liquid Based Cytology for Cervical Cancer Screening in Rural Area: A Cross-sectional Study QC14-QC18

Pragya Shree, Nupur Mittal, Vandana Verma

Urinary Effects of Routine Urethral Catheterisation during Elective Caesarean Section in Enugu, Nigeria: A Randomised Controlled Study QC19-QC23

Elijah Nduka Onwudiwe, Hyginus Uzo Ezegwui, Cyril Chukwudi Dim, Chibuike Ogwuegbu Chigbu,Chinyere Florence Onwudiwe, Joseph Tochukwu Enebe

Analysis of Caesarean Section Rates Using the Robson Ten-group Classification at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Eastern India: A Cross-sectional Study QC24-QC28

Hiralal Konar, Madhutandra Sarkar, Sisir Kumar Chowdhury

Vanishing Non-immune Hydrops in Giant Chorioangioma of Placenta QD01-QD03

Sunita Dubey, Aayushi Kaushal, HN Pavithra

Isolated Fallopian Tubal Torsion Complicated by a Large Hydrosalpinx in a Perimenopausal Woman QD04-QD06

Masanori Kanemura, Atsushi Yoshida, Akihiko Toji, Yumi Murayama, Emi Iwai

Cerebral Cysticercosis Masquerading as Eclampsia: A Case Report QD07-QD09

Amanjot Kaur, Beant Singh

Effectiveness of Short Form-36 Health Status Questionnaire Versus WOMAC Arthritis Index Questionnaire on Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis Patients RC01-RC05

Ankita Jain, R Raja, K Santosh Kumar

Evaluation of Efficacy of Femoral Nerve Block on Pain and Anxiety in Acute Fractures of the Femur in the Emergency Department RC06-RC10

Shiv Shanker Tripathi, Suruchi Ambasta, Swagat Mahapatra, Anurag Agarwal, Shivani Rastogi

Effectiveness of Hot Pack with Caudal Glide and Antero-posterior Glide Mobilisation to Improve Shoulder Abduction Range in Adhesive Capsulitis RC11-RC15

Ramamurthy Raja, Mitali Shekadar, VN Ravish

Diminished Bone Marrow Oedema and Healing of Insufficiency Fractures in a HIV Patient after Switching Antiviral Therapies RD01-RD02

Sebastian Radmer, Julian Ramin Andresen, Reimer Andresen

Dorsolumbar Vertebroplasty- A Retrospective Study RE01-RE04

Murat Yilmaz, Nihat Acar, Ahmet Aybar, Ahmet Karakasli

Glomus Tumour- Knowledge Update and Issues RL01-RL02

Sharat Agarwal

Role of HRCT Chest and Artificial Intelligence in Evaluation of COVID-19 Patients: An Observational Study TC01-TC05

Sangram Panda, Kamal Kumar Sen, Suneeti S Kanyari, Sudhansu Sekhar Mohanty, G Manoj Kumar, Jagadeesh Kuniyil, Mayank Goyal, Adarsh Aavula

Radiological Red Flags of Triple Negative Breast Cancer on Mammography and Ultrasonography: A Case-control Study TC06-TC12

Anjum Syed, Manali Arora, Vimugdha Premi, Prateek Sharda, Reshma Varghese, Nilotpal Chaudhary, Shalinee Rao, Bina Ravi

Sonographic Measurement of Visceral Fat Thickness as a Correlate of Existing Metabolic Syndrome- A Cross-sectional Study TC13-TC15

Deep Yadav, Akhilesh Rao, Aneesh Mohimen, Yayati Pimpalwar

Effect of Carotid Stenting on Neurocognitive Function in Patients with Atherosclerotic Carotid Stenosis TC16-TC20

Brijesh Kumar Soni, Rajneesh Kumar Patel, Rochan Pant, Mukesh Khatri

Foetal Nasal Bone Length Measurement and Evolving Normogram in Southern Indian Population in Normal Pregnancies: A Cross-sectional Study TC21-TC24

RB Prakash Jain, Sanket M Kotnis, HN Roopa

Rare Association of Semilobar Holoprosencephaly and Frontonasal Encephalocoele in a Neonate of Twin Pregnancy TD01-TD03

Varsha Rangankar, Anmol Singh, Sanjay Khaladkar

Spontaneous Rupture of Spleen in Acute Pancreatites: A Rare Case TD04-TD06

Sharvari Shashikant Gulve, Pratap Singh H Parihar, Rutuja Pratap Singh Parihar

Correspondence: CT Imaging in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour: A Case Series TL01-

Ram Gopal Karumuri, Harshavardhan Balaganesan, Anila Punchiry

Central Acetabular Roof Defect-More than Just a Normal Variant? TR01-TR04

Muhammad Adeel Akhtar, Joanne Edwards, Rebecca Tate, Ian Curzon, Richard J Montgomery

Postoperative Analgesia with Epidural Infusion of Buprenorphine Versus Transdermal Buprenorphine in Total Abdominal Hysterectomy: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study UC01-UC05

Anju Krishnan, Binu Sajid, Rekha Krishnan Kutty

Comparison of Levobupivacaine and Levobupivacaine with Dexmedetomidine for Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries-A Randomised Controlled Trial UC06-UC09

Balraj Hariharasudhan , Sridhar Savithasree , Rajesh S Mane , S Sivakumar , BT Arish

Comparison between Nebulised versus Intravenous Lignocaine to Suppress the Haemodyamic Response to Laryngoscopy and Tracheal Intubation: A Randomised Control Study UC10-UC16

Om Prakash Kashyap, Atit Kumar, Dheer Singh, Swati Srivastava

Effect of Anaesthesiologists’ Experience on Preferred Technique and Volume of Local Anaesthetic Administered for Brachial Plexus Nerve Block: A Retrospective Observational Analysis UC17-UC20

Depinder Kaur, Reena Mahajan, Shiv Kumar Singh, Suchitra Malhotra

A Prospective, Longitudinal Study on Effectiveness of King Vision® Video Assisted Laryngoscope and McCoy Laryngoscope in Patients with Simulated Restricted Neck Mobility UC21-UC24

Amit Kumar Dey, Paramita Pandit, Sankar Roy, Arunava Biswas, Dipasri Bhattacharya

Efficacy of Priming Principle in Propofol Induction-A Randomised Controlled Trial UC25-UC28

Sri Sowmiya Dhanapalan, Manisha B Vyas

Anaesthesia for Caesarean Section of Primigravida with Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura UD01-UD02

Malini Mehta, D Chandini, Jigisha Mehta, Tejash Sharma

Sciatic Nerve and Lumbar Plexus Block for Below Knee Amputation- Newer Approach for Better Haemodynamic Stability and Patient Safety UD03-UD05

Jigisha Bharatbhai Mehta, Ganesh Naik, Dinesh Chauhan

A Cross-sectional Study of Antipsychotic Drugs Induced Sexual Dysfunction among Married Males with Remitted Schizophrenia Attending Tertiary Health Care Centre from Central India VC01-VC07

Rameez Abdul Karim Shaikh, Ajinkya Sureshrao Ghogare, Parul Prasad, Shrikant Deshmukh

Development of Quality of Life Tool for Children Diagnosed with Epilepsy- A Pilot Trial VC08-VC12

Vipin Vageriya, Anil Sharma

Psychometric Analysis of Undergraduate Nursing Students using Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale: A Cross-sectional Study VC13-VC16

Sunil Chouhan, Akriti Gupta, Ruchi Singh, Anzar B Alvi

Chronic Pain and Depression: A Community Based Study in a Rural Area of West Bengal VC17-VC20

Niladri Banerjee, Rajesh DE, Rivu Basu

Awareness and Practices about Skin Care among Medical Students: A cross-sectional study WM01-WM03

Henil Upadhyay, Charmy Parikh, Pragya Ashok Nair

Incidence of Malignant Diseases in Punjab: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Level Government Hospital in Punjab XC01-XC04

Deeksha Singla, Anand Singla, Manpreet Kaur, Darshanjit Singh Walia

Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer: A Dosimetric and Treatment Planning Comparison with Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy Techniques XC05-XC09

Brijesh Goswami, Suresh Yadav, Rakesh Kumar Jain, Pradeep Goswami

Mantle Cell Lymphoma: An Immunomorphologic Study with SOX11 from a Tertiary Care Cancer Centre in Southern India XC10-XC14

Shankaranand S Bharatnur, Chennagiri S Premalata, Prashant Kumar, MC Suresh Babu, KC Lakshmaiah

Adaptation to Online Technology for Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study of Effectiveness and Student’s Perception in Various Universities YC01-YC04

Saurabh Kumar, Ankush Sharma, Shveta Sharma, Sajjan Pal, Anand Kumar Singh

Bone Mineral Density in Stroke Survivors: An Observational Study YC05-YC08

Sujatha Gorle, BD Athani, Sakshi Jain, Shweta Jain

Role of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation in SAPHO Syndrome- A Rare Condition YD01-YD03

Shail Sachdeva, Sonia Pawaria

Effect of Kapalabhati in a Patient with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome- A Case Report YD04-YD05

AP Rashmitha, KU Dhanesh Kumar, P Shilna Rani, GS Pooja

Prediction of the One Repetition Maximum to Design Strength Training Protocol YE01-YE04

Swapna Sugat Jawade

Impact of Electrotherapy or Muscle Training on Quality of Life in Urinary Incontinence of Male Geriatric Population- A Protocol YK01-YK03

Ashish Wasudeorao Bele, Mohd Irshad Qureshi

Effect of Bleaching with Strawberry Extract and Hydrogen Peroxide on Colour Change, Surface Morphology and Micro-Shear Bond Strength of Resin Composite to Enamel Surface ZC01-ZC06

Rajith Radhakrishnan, Ravikumar Nesamani, Kavitha Sanjeev, Mahalaxmi Sekar

Effect of Type of Malocclusion on the Surface Pattern of Caries on Molars and DMFT Index in Primary and Mixed Dentition Period- A Pilot Study ZC07-ZC12

Adhishree Singh Chib, Vishal Sharma, Shalini Garg, Shikha Dogra,Anil Gupta, Ankit Srivastava, Sakshi Joshi

Dental Practice during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study ZC13-ZC16

Aalap Sureshkumar Prajapati

Determination of Combination Factor as an Aid in Orthodontic Treatment Planning in Western Region of Saudi Arabian Young Male Population- A Retrospective Cephalometric Study ZC17-ZC20

Raghu Devanna, Nayef H Felemban, Yousef Althomali, Puneet Gupta

Prevalence of Dental Caries and Periodontal Diseases among Secondary School Students in Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq ZC21-ZC26

Nasreen Hamarash Hamonari, Samim Ahmed AL Dabbagh, Anees Mahmood Mudhir

Association between Lifestyle Factors and Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders among People of Bangalore: A Case-control Study ZC27-ZC31

Jyoti Raghavendra Byakodi, Pushpanjali Krishnappa

Estimation of Calcium and Iron Levels in Gingival Crevicular Fluid and Serum in Periodontal Health and Disease ZC32-ZC35

Sridevi Sivarama Krishnan, Vignesh Vikram, Bhagavatham Meenakshi, Chitraa R Chandran

Orthodontic Practice in the Times of COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Survey ZC36-ZC44

Suman, Maninder Singh Sidhu, Seema Grover, Ashish Dabas, Namrata Dogra, Archana Jaglan

Estimation of Total Fluoride Concentration, Total Soluble Fluoride Concentration and pH among Various Brands of Toothpastes ZM01-ZM04

Praneetha D Rani, Vijaya Hegde

All the research studies published were performed in accordance to the Declaration of Helsinki. Written consent was obtained from all the included subjects (or the responsible next kin), where ever applicable. In case reports or any article which includes patients images, permission was sought from the patient (or the responsible next kin) for publication. Whether or not this has been explicitly stated in the manuscript, this was declared by the authors at the time of submission of manuscript to the journal. In a rare event, if the consent could not be obtained due to loss of patient for follow up or death or loss of contact, even after reasonable effort, the editors then decided on case by case basis, weighing on the individual contribution the report will make to advancement of medical literature.