Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Issue Statistics View issue wise statistics
Table of Contents - Year : 2021 | Month : August | Volume : 15 | Issue : 8


Bilateral Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: A Case Report

NB Pushpa, MV Ravishankar, K Pushpalatha
1768 336 335

Nodular Subcutaneous Phaeohyphomycosis due to Medicopsis romeroi in an Immunocompetent Patient

Smita Deshkar, Niranjan Patil, Ashish Lad, Shraddha Amberkar, Swati Sharan
1687 345 344

Axillary Lymph Nodal Metastasis from Carcinoma of Unknown Primary (Cupaupax)- An Orphan Disease

Renuka Bangalore Nagaraj, MD Khursid Alam Ansari
1627 328 327

Melanosis of the Uterine Cervix: A Rare Case Report

Nikhil Sanjay Deshpande, Aditi Mittal, Anil B Munemane, Ravindra Raosaheb Karle
1603 320 319

Diffuse Strong Membrane Expression of MIC2 (CD99) in Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: A Diagnostic Challenge

Renu Sukumaran, Jayasudha A Vasudevan, Jayasree Kattoor, Sugeeth M Thambi, Jiju George Zachariah
1561 321 320

Unusual Presentations of a Benign Cartilaginous Tumour- An Interesting and Extremely Rare Case Report

Subhransu Kumar Hota, Subhasis Mishra, Sagarika Samantaray,Rabi Narayan Mallik, Bibhudutta Sahoo
1869 310 309

Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma in Middle Ear: A Rare Case Report

Anita Omhare, Sanjeev Kumar Singh, Geeta Maurya, Roopak Aggarwal, Sanjay Kannaujia
1687 343 342

Folliculosebaceous Cystic Hamartoma: A Rare Entity

Manjari Kishore, Avinash Kumar, Sarita Devdhar, Monisha Choudhury
1665 325 324

Carcinoma Rectum with Prostate and Urinary Bladder Metastasis- A Rare Case Report

Rabbavijaya Sowjanya Lakshmi, Shilpa Manigatta Doddagowda, Kalyani Raju, Abhay K Kattepur
1513 327 326

Hairy Projections on Non Hairy Cells- A Case Report

Rhituparna Das, Sriranjan Mukherjee, Moumita Sengupta
1519 308 307

Rare Case of Multilocular Cystic Renal Neoplasm of Low Malignant Potential with Chronic Pyelonephritis

Mrunal Kesari, Shweta Agrawal, Yoganand Patil, Indranil Bhattacharya, Monica Dholpure
1357 309 308

A Case of Partial Trisomy of 10q and Partial Monosomy of 6p Resulting from Maternal t(6;10) (p23;q24

Anjali Satyen Sabnis, Anurita S Pais, Gauri Pradhan
1341 320 318

Long-term Implication of Metronidazole Induced Reversible Cerebellar Toxicity and Peripheral Neuropathy- A Case Report

Parmendra Sirohi, Hardeva Ram Nehara, Avadusidda Arakeri, Atma Ram Chhimpa, IH Sunil
1715 302 301

Snake Bite Presenting as Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome: A Rare Case Report

Parth Godhiwala, Sourya Acharya, Amol Andhale, Samarth Shukla, Sunil Kumar
1593 295 294

Foot Drop: A Rare Post COVID-19 Complication

Parag Rameshrao Aradhey, Jiwan Kinkar, Neeta Dilip Gade, Kedar Takalkar, Tushar Patil
2655 379 378

Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease in the Craniovertebral Junction: An Unusual Cause of Neck Pain

Nestor Barreto-Neto, Edgard Torres dos Reis-Neto, Murillo Dório, Ricardo Fuller, Marcelo de Medeiros Pinheiro, Diogo Souza Domiciano
1498 329 328

Gastroduodenal Artery Pseudoaneurysm as a Complication of Pancreatitis Presenting with Lower Gastrointestinal Bleed

Gursimran Nayyar, Ashish Behera
1555 272 271

Co-infection of SARS-CoV-2 with Dengue Fever-A Case Report

Shreya Reddy Singireddy, Swamy Miryala, Srikrishna Raghavendra Boddu, Suresh Inugurthi
2020 298 296

Tuberculous Perforation of Meckel’s Diverticulum

JB Dharmesh , Abhishek Mahna , Parth M Khanpara , Marmik Sheth , Vanshika Munjal
1690 451 450

Placental Pathology in a COVID-19 Positive Patient with Abruptio Placentae- A Case Report

Nishtha Jaiswal, Reena Yadav, Prerna Tayal, Lalita Jyotsna Prakhya
2147 380 378

Ruptured Cervicoisthmic Pregnancy with 20 Weeks Intrauterine Foetal Death Lying in Left Broad Ligament- A Case Report

Ruby Bhatia, Khyati Sharma, Trisha Arora, Surbhi Gupta, Disha Jindal
1379 289 288

Large Lactobezoars Causing Postoperative Small Bowel Obstruction in a Neonate- A Case Report and Review of Literature

Usha Devi, Giridhar, Vembar, Logavengatesh
1448 305 304

Hand Full of Sausages-Forme Frustae of Severe Psoriatic Arthritis: A Case Report

A Ramesh, C Vijayabhasar, Rajkumar Kannan, Samuel Jeyaraj Daniel, P Deepavarshini
1599 314 313

Hepatoid Adenocarcinoma of Lung Presenting as Unknown Primary with Cervical Lymphadenopathy: A Rare Case Report

Gandhavalli Anusha, Bala Venkat Subramanian, Pranabandhu Das, TC Kalawat, Aruna K Prayaga
1525 324 323

Post-COVID-19 Physiotherapy Rehabilitation: A Case Report

Reema Joshi, Manisha Rathi, Jidnyasa Thakur
2312 411 410

Management of Histologically Proven Oral Submucous Fibrosis with Intralesional Steroids and Hyaluronidase- A Report of Two Cases

R Preethi, S Aravind Warrier, CV Divyambika
1421 299 298


Neonatal Outcome of Choanal Atresia Surgical Corrections- Experience from a Tertiary Care Centre from Eastern India

Bhabesh Kant Chowdhry, Ambrin Akhtar, Kranti Bhavana, Bhartendu Bharti, Chandra Mohan Kumar
1550 327 326

Diarrhoea in COVID-19 with Emphasis on Non Respiratory Presentation: A Case Series

Rahul Tyagi, Manu Madan, Saurabh Mittal, Anant Mohan, Pawan Tiwari
2148 397 396

Hyponatremic Unconsciousness as a Presenting Symptom of COVID-19: A Case Series

Ajay Chauhan, Asmita Gupta, Kari Suguna, Shashikant Shukla, Parul Goyal
1943 378 377

Tubeless Supine Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Calyceal Diverticular Stone

Sandeep Gupta, Ankit Verma, Dilip Kumar Pal
1692 292 291

Scalp Reconstruction with Novel Unopposing Double Hatchet Flaps- A Case Series

Naveen Narayan, Ravi Hullamballi Shivaiah, Purushotham Tiruganahalli Shivaraju, Suhas Narayana Swamy Gowda, Raghunandan Manjappa Kanmani
1546 295 294

Protocol Based Blood Management in Major Obstetric Haemorrhage- A Case Series

Kannammadathy Poulose Biji, Ravindran Rashmi, Krishnankutty Rekha, Prabhakaran Vineetha, Bengalath Abida
1708 284 283


Potentially Misleading Radiograph: Neglected Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

Takafumi Obara, Tsuyoshi Nojima, Takenori Uehara, Atsunori Nakao, Hiromichi Naito
2129 317 316

Custom Made Finger Prosthesis to Rehabilitate Partially Amputated Finger

Neha Hajira, Atulya Sharma, Krutika Dang, HS Shashidhara, Pulkit Khandelwal
1692 285 284


Multinucleated Cells in PAP Smear- An Institutional Experience

Aarthi Kannan, Vijayashree Raghavan, Jane Betsy Isaac, Ayeesha Sithika
2545 299 298

Xerostomia in Coronavirus Disease-19 Pandemic: Causes and Prevention

Kaveh Nasiri, Aleksandra Dimitrova
2339 416 415


Determining New Anthropometric Markers for Screening Hypertension in the Caribbean Region

Amruta Rajput , Upendra Gupta , Rekha Parashar , Guri Tzivion , Ravindrasingh Rajput
2124 336 335

Effect of Colours on Perception and Cognition of Students Belonging to Two Different Age Groups: A Cross-sectional Study

Shubham Gupta Lalbabuprasad, Anita Rahul Gune
2511 321 319

Correlation of Serum Zinc Levels with Postpartum Depression- A Case control Study in North Karnataka

MM Kavitha, Shravya Dharambhat, Narayan Mutalik, SH Chandrashekaraya, SV Kashinakunti
2040 338 337

Microalbuminuria and Serum Cystatin C Correlation as Early Markers of Kidney Dysfunction in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

K Anuja, R Kalaivani, MP Saravanan
1521 317 316

Influence of Renal Impairment on Serum Parathyroid Hormone and Vitamin D Status and their Association with Serum Creatinine in Patients Undergoing Haemodialysis: A Case-control Study

Nida Suhail, Baraah Tomah Abualsel, Shiza Batool
1584 295 294

Assessing the Relationship between Digit Ratio as a Marker for Prenatal Androgen Exposure and Different Blood Pressure Components among North Indian Males: A Pilot Study

Arjun Maitra, Vinita Ailani, Nitin Srivastava, Sajjan Lal Verma
1762 325 323

Effect of Short Term Resistance and Endurance Exercise Training on Resting Heart Rate and Inflammatory Marker in Young Adults: A Cross-sectional Study

Shivam Bishnoi, Neena Srivastava†, Sunita Tiwari, Archana Ghildiyal, Wahid Ali, Monisha Banerjee
2239 325 324

Polysomnographic Study to Evaluate Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome in Obese and Non Obese Adolescents

HP Arun Kumar, K Pushpa
1500 285 284

Electromyography Scanning in the Diagnosis of Tension Headache

Lata Sachan, Parth Sarthi, Namita Pal
1434 266 265

Phenotypic and Genotypic Study of Klebsiella species with Reference to Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase

Rakesh Prasad Sah, Rakesh Kumar Mukhia, AD Urhekar, Kshitija Rane
2012 334 332

Trend of Dengue Virus Infection with Seasonal Variation at HIMS, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Hari Om Trivedi, Asim Kumar Singh, Mukesh Kumar Singh
1630 319 317

Effectiveness of Sabouraud’s Dextrose Agar and Dermatophyte Test Medium in Detection of Candidiasis and Dermatophytosis in Superficial Skin Lesion

V Geethalakshmi, KA Jasmine, Anu P John, Priya Prathap
1829 309 308

Guiding Antimicrobial Therapy using Gram Stain in Patients with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia- An Effective Preliminary Diagnostic Tool

Nivedita Thass, Shweta Singh, Sonal Saxena, Ravinder Kaur
1554 291 290

A Study on Requirement of Cold Chain Maintenance for Reliable Testing of SARS-CoV-2 Samples

Varunika Vijayvergia, Aruna Vyas, Nazneen Pathan, Rajni Sharma, Snigdha Purohit, Akriti Aggarwal, Neha Sharma, Nitya Vyas
1606 321 320

Expression of B-type RAF V600E in Thyroid Carcinoma and its Association with Histological Type

Sonia Kumari, Turuvekere Narayanrao Suresh, SM Azeem Mohiyuddin
1641 302 301

Primary Ovarian Non-Hodgkin LymphomaA Diagnostic Challenge with Clinicopathological Study of Eight Cases

Nikita Mulchandani, Suma Mysore Narayana, Chennagiri S Premalata, Mohit Agrawal, Venkateshaiah Reddihalli Pallavi
1606 319 318

Serological Characterisation of Auto-antibodies in Patients with Direct Antiglobulin Test Positive Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tirupati, India

Chinthapeta Keerthi, Rajendran Arun, Bandi Suresh Babu, Kinnera Vijaya Sreedhar Babu, Alladi Mohan, Chodimella Chandrasekhar, Nandyala Rukmangadha, MM Suchitra
1506 286 285

Role of Squash Cytology in Intraoperative Diagnosis of Meningioma

Gowri Prakasam, K Karkuzhali, Veeraraghavan Gurusamy
1490 295 294

Efficacy of Oral Bilastine in Comparison with Levocetirizine in Allergic Rhinitis-A Randomised Clinical Study

M Vanitha, K Sowmini, K Santha Sheela Kumari, Resu Neha Reddy
2299 334 333

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Clinicians, Nurses and Pharmacists Regarding Antimicrobial Stewardship: A Five Center Survey from India

Akshata Mane, Shweta Kamat, Harish Thanusubramanian
2178 320 319

Efficacy and Safety of Linagliptin and Insulin in Patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Grade 3-5 Chronic Kidney Disease in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Saajid Hameed, Pankaj Kumar, Ved Prakash, Manish Kumar, Harihar Dikshit
1746 290 289

Effect of Stress due to COVID-19 Pandemic on Time Management Skills among University Professionals

Manjunatha BK Goud, Tarig H Merghani, Joan Bryant Kumar, Laxminarayana Kurady Bairy
2377 399 398

Assessment of Intensive Inpatient Rehabilitation Program in Acquired Brain Injury Patients using UK FIM+FAM Scale: A Retrospective Study

Harleen Uppal, Shipra Chaudhary, Siddharth Rai
1771 318 317

Blood Gas Analysis among COVID-19 Patients: A Single Centre Retrospective Observational Study

Soumitra Mondal, Tarun Kumar Das, Saikat Bhattacharya, Shibasish Banerjee, Debopam Hazra
2722 419 418

Difficulties Faced by the Healthcare Workers Wearing Personal Protective Equipments in COVID-19 Pandemic during Summers of Mumbai City

Swanit Hemant Deshpande, Sudatta Waghmare, Hiteshi Jain, Swarika Hemant Deshpande
2382 428 427

Impact of Enforcing Lockdown in Spread of COVID-19 Infection in Central India: An Observational Study

Padma Bhatia, Anshuli Trivedi, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Ashish Wadhwani, Dinesh Kumar Pal
2414 391 390

Factors Facilitating Hand Hygiene Practices in Eateries of Coimbatore: A Cross-sectional Study

Gaayathri Krishnan, Dharaniya Rathinasabapathy, Ganesh Kumar Natarajan, Dipika Balasubramanian, Dinesh Shankar, LEaswar, L Firthous Fathima, AM Gayathiri
1658 332 331

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and its Associated Risk Factors on Osteoarthritis: A Cross-sectional Survey

Ramadevi Kundur, Ramaiah Itumalla, Eitimad Hashim Abdel-Rahman, Malak Saad Althawainy
1497 300 299

Seasonal Variation and Time Trend Analysis of Dog Bite Cases Attending the Anti Rabies Clinic in Delhi using ARIMA Model Forecasting

Neha Taneja, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan, Sujata Gupta, Rajesh Gupta, AY Nirupama
1353 289 288

Comparison of Growth in Children of 6 to 59 Months of Age According to Birth Order: Insights from the National Family Health Survey-4

Aravind Dharmaraj, Ananta Ghimire, Saravanan Chinnaiyan, Amrendra Kumar Tiwari, Rajendra Kumar Barik
1344 287 286

Effectiveness of Add-on Emotional Freedom Technique on Reduction of Depression: A Quasi-experimental Study

Deepak Krishnamurthy, Anil Kumar Sharma
2059 317 316

Ability of Optical Coherence Tomography in Early Detection of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Pinky Jewariya, Manish Sharma, Sandeep Parwal, Kamlesh Khilnani
1888 335 333

Comparison of Central Corneal Thickness and Endothelial Cell Density in Patients with Various Types of Glaucoma and Patients without Glaucoma: A Case-control Study

Khushboo Chawla, Shailesh Gadaginamath, Ashish Kumar Shah
1643 305 304

An Observational Study of Corneal Endothelial Alterations in Eyes with Unilateral Pseudoexfoliation

Archana Thool, Rashmi Ramani, Pravin Tidake
1722 293 292

Determination of Corneal Endothelial Cell Count and Morphology in Patients with Pseudoexfoliation: A Cross-control Study

Purva Shailesh Nagle, Varsha Nitin Kulkarni
1629 308 307

Efficacy of Ascitic Fluid Dipstick Leukocyte Esterase Activity in Early Diagnosis of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

Sanjay Gupta, Heerak Singh
1577 311 310

CSF Neurofilament-H Levels as a Potential Prognostic Marker in Patients of Guillain-Barré Syndrome- A Cohort Study

Tanveer Hassan, Rayees Ahmad Tarray, Tanzeel Ahmad Wani, Mushtaq Ahmad Wani, Zaffar Amin Shah, Imtiyaz Ahmad Bhat
1738 283 282

Predictors of Mortality in Patients of COVID-19 Pneumonia in Intensive Care Unit: An Observational Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Lucknow, India

Hemant Kumar, Preeti Gupta, Shobhit Shakya, Sumeet Dixit, Manoj Kumar Pandey, Nikhil Gupta, Amiya Pandey
2264 401 400

Brixia Chest X-ray Scoring System in Critically Ill Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia for Determining Outcomes

Nishant Agrawal, Samruddhi Dhanaji Chougale, Prashant Jedge, Shivakumar Iyer, John Dsouza
2357 425 423

Can the 12-Lead Electrocardiogram Predict Myocardial Viability?

Arpudh Michael Anandaraj, Lijo Varghese, Jesu Krupa, Binita Riya Chacko, Aparna Irodi, Leena Robinson Vimala, Oommen Kattunilam George
1464 295 294

Clinico-epidemiological Profile and Outcomes of COVID-19 Patients Admitted in Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital: A Retrospective Study

Syed Haider Mehdi Husaini, Shaad Abqari, Obaid Ahmad Siddiqui, Abu Nadeem, Urfi, Shah Mohammad Abbas Waseem, Shahid Ali Siddiqui, Haris Manzoor Khan
2054 382 381

The Relationship of Vitamin D Level with Renal Prognosis in Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis Patients- A Retrospective Study

Cagdas Kucukerdogan, Ebru Gok Oguz, Gulay Ulusal Okyay, Hatice Sahin, Tamer Selen, Mehmet Deniz AylI
1573 286 285

To Assess Relationship of Lipoprotein (a) with Severity of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Hospital based Cross-sectional Study

Gaurav Bhandari, Girish Rajadhyaksha, Meghav Shah
1440 326 324

Clinical Profile, Need for Dialysis and Mortality of Community Acquired versus Hospital Acquired Acute Kidney Injury

B Dushyanth, Archana Dambal, Siddaganga, CP Vrushabhveer, CS Hithashree
1582 245 244

Clinical, Angiographic Profile and Short-term Prognosis in Patients with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction- A Cross-sectional Study

Bijay Kumar Dash, Nirmal Kumar Mohanty, Chhabi Satpathy, Satya Narayan Routray, Shantanu
1495 294 293

Current Practice of Branched Chain Amino Acids Administration in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: A Physician Survey

Vaishali Bhargava, Kushal Sarda, Srirupa Das
1472 320 319

Upper and Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Lesions in Patients with Unexplained Iron Deficiency Anaemia- A Cross-sectional Study

Shrigouri Reddy, Bhumika Vaishnav, Pragya Sharma, Tushar Tonde, Arvind Bamanikar, Dasaradha Ramu Barla, Farhanulla Basha
1452 285 284

Effect of Serum Uric Acid Level on Acute Ischaemic Stroke Patients in South Indian Population: A Prospective Cohort Study

Karri Vijaya Phani Vardhan Reddy, Subramaniam Murugesan, Thangavelu Arun Prakash, Balasubramani Soorya Narayanan
1475 321 320

A Cross-sectional Study to Assess Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio as a Predictor of Microvascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Sutanay Bhattacharyya, Neelima Jain, Himanshu Verma, Kavish Sharma
1395 300 298

Prevalence and Involvement of Different Valves in Rheumatic Heart Disease- An Observational Echocardiographic Study in a Tertiary Care Centre, Bengaluru, India

S Lalitha, Vijay Sai, Prajith Pasam, V Bhargavi
1738 294 293

Predictive Value of Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio in Immediate Outcomes of ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Cross-sectional Study

Sneha Barkur Sadashiva, KS Chenthil
1683 280 279

Designing a National Haemodialysis Registry Model for Iran

Farkhondeh Asadi, Roya Rezaei, Azamossadat Hosseini, Hamid Moghaddasi
1318 275 274

Study of Trauma Profile and its Outcomes at a Tertiary Care Centre: Cohort Study of 1000 Cases

Bhupinder Singh Walia, Pankaj Dugg, Kanwaldeep Singh Aulakh, Sanjeev Sharma, Venita Kapur
1476 320 319

A Prospective Cohort Study of Catheter Drainage versus Percutaneous Needle Aspiration in Treatment of Liver Abscess

RK Vineeth Kumar, Ashish Pratap Singh, Ashish Singh, Priyank Sharma
1626 302 301

Clinico-epidemiological and Outcome Analysis of Anogenital Injuries in Children: Retrospective Study from a Tertiary Care Centre, Central India

Umesh Bahadur Singh, Dileep Garg, Manoj Kumar Joshi, Vinay Mathur, Jitendra Grover
1489 298 297

Outcome of Pregnancy in COVID-19 Positive Pregnant Women: A Retrospective Observational Study

Shreetoma Datta, Sonali Jitendra Ingole, Jitendra R Ingole
2223 410 409

Effect of Maternal Body Mass Index on Intrapartum and Neonatal Outcome in Nulliparous Women in North Karnataka: A Prospective Cohort Study

Krutika Sainath Andola, Hema Sinhasane, Ravikumar Subhash Kurle, Umadevi Sainath Andola, Shruthi Sainath Andola
1782 303 302

Perinatal Outcome Following Gentiourinary Tract Infection in Preterm Labour: A Hospital Based Cross-sectional Study

Mangala Gowri, Shahina Begum
1388 318 317

Oral Health Awareness and Practices among Pregnant Women Receiving Antenatal Care in a Low Resource Setting: A Cross-sectional Study of Antenatal Attendees in Enugu, Southeastern Nigeria

Chidinma Ifechi Onwuka, Peter Chukwudi Udealor, Emeka Iloghalu, Chidozie Ifechi Onwuka, Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu, Ifeanyi Emmanuel Menuba
1299 274 273

Cerebroplacental Ratio as a Predictor of Fetal Growth Restriction and Perinatal Outcome in Women with Hypertensive Disorder in Pregnancy: A Prospective Cohort Study

Upma Saxena, Alka
1791 279 278

Role of High Dose Calcium Supplementation in Pre-eclampsia: A Pilot Study

Rahul Chaudhuri, Mriganka Mouli Saha, Jayeeta Mukherjee, Nayan Chandra Sarkar, Sweta Pathak
1422 281 280

Management of Extra-articular Proximal-third Tibia Fractures by Expert Tibia Nail and its Functional Outcome: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

Faisal A Saleem Mohammad , Sumeet Sharad Patil , Vikram Kumar , Sourav Mandal , Parag Sevakram Bhelke
1753 314 313

Incidence, Clinical Signs and Co-morbidities of Feeding Intolerance among Preterm Infants Aged 28-34 Weeks of Gestation in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Western Nepal- A Prospective Observational Study

Binod Kumar Gupta, Ranjana Bista, Sandeep Shrestha, Deepak Raj Bhandari, Raju Kaphle, Dinesh Chaudhary, Nagendra Chaudhary
1995 317 316

Correlation of Oxygen Saturation Index and Oxygenation Index in Hypoxaemic Respiratory Failure among Neonates

B Sunil, E Nithya
1300 307 306

Paediatric Blood Lead Levels and its Correlation with Anaemia: A Study from Central India

Usha Banga, Pawan Kumar Sharma, Jyoti Gupta, Ashok Banga, Puneet Agrawal, Abhishek Mehta, Rajesh Gupta
1426 302 301

Correlation of Nutrition with Parental Literacy Status among School Going Adolescent Children in Telangana: A Cross-sectional Study

Preethi Subramanian, Sandhya Dasari, Srinath Devulapalli, Sudharshan Raj Chitgupiker
1385 281 280

Efficacy of Spectral Doppler Indices in Predicting Malignancy in BI-RADS 3 Breast Lesions: A Prospective Cohort Study

Naganarasimharaju Jukuri, Mary Varunya Jehendran, Mahathi Thotakura, Ramakrishna Narra, Yeruva Yeshwanth Reddy
1577 316 315

A Study of Anatomical Pattern of Inferior Phrenic Artery using Multidetector CT

Anil Kumar Singh, Archna Gupta, Zafar Neyaz, Prabhakar Mishra
1439 308 307

Ultrasound Assessment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Comparison with Nerve Conduction Study: A Case-control Study

Raja Kollu, Sindhu Vasireddy, Sreekanta Swamy, Nataraju Boraiah, H Ramprakash, Seema Uligada, Anees Dudekua
1566 295 294

Emerging Role of Prenatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Placental Adhesion Disorders and its Relation with Intraoperative Findings- A Cross-sectional Study

Saryu Gupta, Preetkanwal Sibia, Sarabhjit Kaur, Puneet Gambhir
1531 292 291

Correlation of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Determined Infarct Volume with Clinically Assessed National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale in Patients of Acute Stroke: A Cross-sectional Study

Bhavya Kataria, Shibani Mehra
2113 273 271

Uncommon High Resolution Computed Tomography Features of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Case Series

Swarna, Anuradha Sharma, Reeta Kanaujia, Shalabh Jain, Rohit Sharma
1559 291 290

Epidural Ropivacaine and Dexmedetomidine with that of Epidural Ropivacaine and Fentanyl for Postoperative Analgesia in Lumbar Spine Surgeries- A Randomised Double-Blinded Study

G Prashanth, Sulochana Dash, Sudeep Mohapatra, Nupur Moda
1966 314 313

Intravenous Propofol and Inhalational Sevoflurane for Ease of Classic Laryngeal Mask Airway Insertion in Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery: A Randomised Clinical Trial

Nilanjan Chakraborty, Prosenjit Mukherjee, Rita Pal
1512 299 298

Comparison of Dexmedetomidine vs Midazolam for Sedation during Awake Fiberoptic Intubation in Oral Cancer Surgeries- A Randomised Clinical Study

Reema Meena, Adhokshaj Joshi, KM Sherbina, Purbali Singha Roy
1333 296 295

Comparison of Intrathecal Dexmedetomidine and Fentanyl as Adjuvants to Hyperbaric Bupivacaine: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Anuradha Deotale, Sandeep S Kadam
1384 288 287

Positive Emotion Induction for Pain Associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis- A Quasi-experimental Study

Nidhal A Amanullah, Dushad Ram, Subramanian Ramaswami, Muath Alammar
1711 308 307

A Cross-sectional Study to Determine the Factors Affecting the Quality of Life in Patients with Grand Mal Epilepsy

Jagriti Yadav, Priti Singh, Surekha Dabla, Rajiv Gupta
1670 319 318

Impact of Jacobson’s Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Stress Levels of Exam Going MBBS Students of a Medical College in South Gujarat, India

Devashish Palkar, Sanjibani Panigrahi, Pooja Shatadal, Ritambhara Mehta
1632 291 289

Association of Human Leukocyte Antigen-Cw6 in Psoriasis Patients with Disease Severity and Morphological Patterns: A Cross-control Study in a Tertiary Care Referral Centre in Eastern India

Akhilesh Behra, Gobinda Chatterjee, Aditi Chandra, Raghunath Chatterjee
1637 322 321

A Prospective Interventional Study of Xanthelasma Palpebrarum Treated with Ultrapulse Carbon Dioxide Laser

Manjeet Naresh Ramteke, Usha Naraindas Khemani
1395 303 302

Drug Utilisation Pattern and Adverse Drug Reactions in Stage II Breast Cancer Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre of Odisha- An Observational Study

Anima Rout, Priti Das, Ratikanta Tripathy, Dillip Kumar Agarwalla, Vedvyas Mishra
1771 313 312

Orthodontic Diagnostic Tools and Material Usage in Saudi Arabia

Laila Fawzi Baidas, Lubna Faleh Alfaleh
1629 324 323

The Multifaceted Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Dentists in Tamil Nadu, India: A Qualitative Study

Nesa Aurlene, R Sindhu, A Haripriya
2281 424 423

Anneroth’s Histopathological Grading System in Non Metastatic and Metastatic Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma- A Pilot Study

Ambika Murugesan, Sekar Balakrishnan, Manoj Chandrasekar, K Indrapriyadharshini, Ravi Saranyan, E Manivannan, M Rajmohan
1835 292 291

A Morphometric Analysis of Intra-articular Disc of Temporomandibular Joints in Cadavers

Pratik Ashokkumar Agrawal, Navin S Shah, Ramnarayan A Gandotra, Karan Vasantray Panchal, Rishabh Navin Shah
1556 282 281

Coronectomy versus Extraction of Third Molar with Inferior Alveolar Nerve Proximity: A Cross-sectional Study

Bhavesh Maheshwari, Ram Parshad, Kashif Ali Channar, Ajeet Kumar Rathi, Rajesh Mali, Ishrat Begum, Narendar Parkash
1558 273 272

Evaluation of Secondary Chronic Suppurative Osteomyelitis of Jaw in 15 Cases: A Retrospective Analysis

Varsha Manekar, Vandana Gadve, Vijaya Dhote, Sulabha Radke
1463 280 279

The Ergonomic Challenges Students Face during Operative Dentistry Treatment

Marius G Bud, Sergiu Spataru, Razvan Pop, Razvan Pricope, Ondine Lucaciu, Sanda Campean, Ada Delean
1554 282 281

Comparison of Nitrous Oxide-Oxygen as Inhalation Agent, Midazolam, Ketamine alone and in Combination as Oral Sedative Agents for In-office Paediatric PatientsA Randomised Control Trial

Monika Nagpal, Mohan Lal Khatri, Anil Gupta, Ankit Srivastava, Shalini Garg
1609 305 304

A Comparative Analysis of Force Deflection Property of Nickel-Titanium Wires of Four Manufacturers using Five Point Bending Test: An In-vitro Study

Georgy John, Vaishali Vadgaonkar, Parag Gangurde
1434 290 289

Aerodontalgia among Airline Pilots of India: A Cross-sectional Survey

Sabreen Gujral, Shruti Chopra, Shveta Sood, Naresh Sharma, Akshara Singh
1480 270 269


Prenatal Markers of Foetal Complications

Hanan L Al-Omary, Zainab M Alawad
1503 284 283

Need Based Role of E-Learning in Current Medical Education Environment: Skepticism to Acceptability

Prerna Agarwal, Aarti Sood Mahajan
1853 315 314

Hype and Hope of Emerging Therapies to Safeguard against COVID-19 Pandemic

Sunil Shewale, Vaishali Undale, Sameer Parekh, Pramod Pujari, Maruti Shelar, Sohan Chitlange
2101 406 405

Cervicogenic and Vestibular Vertigo-Bridging the Gap

Aditya Ranjan, Shraddha Jain, Shyam Jungade
1505 304 303

Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection with Antioxidants and Anti-inflammatory Action of Indian Spices: Light at the End of the Tunnel

Sandeep Negi, Sonal Bhatt, Lakshmi Bala
2065 316 315

A Systematic Review of Studies Comparing Actigraphy Indices in Patients with Depression and Schizophrenia

Ramdas Ransing, Pradeep Patil, Anurag Khapri, Aditya Mahindru
1313 271 270

Salivary Metabolic Profiling of Systemic Disorders and Oral Neoplastic and Preneoplastic Conditions- A Narrative Review

Ramya Mahalingam, Vasanthi Vinoth, Ramya Ramadas, Amritha James, Preethi Arunachalam
1461 296 295

Oral and Periodontal Manifestations of COVID-19 and its Plausible Association with Periodontal Disease

Narayane Ramkumar, Hanumanth Sankar
1970 408 407

Microimplant Assisted Rapid Palatal Expansion: A Comprehensive Review

Tamanna Hoque, Dilip Srinivasan, Sangeetha Morekonda Gnaneswar, Sushil Chakravarthi, Krishnaraj Rajaram
1948 272 271


The Relevance of Freud in the Modern World

Utpreksha Gaude
4732 293 292


Jejunojejunal Intussusception in an Adult- Secondary to Lipoma

Annie Nitisha, Shobana, Mary Lilly
1665 289 288


Book Review on “Essentials of Biostatistics and Research Methodology”

Shilpa S Kottoor
1425 275 274
Last Updated : 02 Jan 2016
First Published : 5 Feb 2007