Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Issue Statistics View issue wise statistics
Table of Contents - Year : 2022 | Month : September | Volume : 16 | Issue : 9


Cytodiagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Lymph Node Aspirate: A Rare Case Report

Ruchi Agarwal, Prachi Garg
1012 177 177

Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia of Nasal Mucosa- A Case Report

A Raghvi, K Gowthame, S Rajasekaran, VK Raghavan
1274 237 237

Malignant Transformation in a Case of Recurrent Sinonasal Inverted Papilloma

Farhat Qamruddin Khan, Prasad T Deshmukh, Sagar S Gaurkar
1195 184 184

Mucormycosis, Acute Necrotising Pancreatitis and Haemorrhagic Stroke Occuring Simultaneously in an Immunocompetent Male: The Unwarned Apocalypse

Neha Phate, Dhruv Talwar, Sunil Kumar, Sourya Acharya, Samarth Shukla
1278 233 233

Out of Site, Out of Mind- A Rare Case of Adrenal Histoplasmosis from a Non Endemic Area

Dhruvi Reddy Sanikommu, Chandni Chandramouli, KS Chenthil, K Bhavani, S Sowmya
1320 227 227

Bilateral Abducens Nerve Paresis: A Rare Manifestation of Dengue Fever

Pragati Garg, Swarastra P Singh, Archana Verma, Abhay Singh, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan
1319 230 230

SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination Associated Transverse Myelitis: A Case Report

Bhargavi Kumar, Saravanan Thangavelu, Sakthivel Selvam, Vikranth Raja, Aditya Chandran
1163 220 220

Incidental Diagnosis of Swyer-James-MacLeod Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Shweta Ramnarayan Borkar, Ajay Vasant Lanjewar, Anil Inamdar, Anshu Agarwal, Atul Sudhakar Madhikar
967 182 182

Frequent Fall: Seizure or Weakness? A Case Report of Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood

Sundari Subramanian, Ramya Ramanathan, Srinithi Ravikumar
936 209 209

Salmonella Sepsis in a Preterm Neonate- A Case Report

Rakesh Kumar, Sanober Wasim, Girish Gupta, Suraj Singh
1063 195 195

Rowell Syndrome: A True Entity or a Diagnostic Challenge?

S Sivaramakrishnan, K Manoharan, G Sukanya, Richa Jotwani
1062 198 198

Oral Etoposide for Dengue Induced Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Presented as Acute Liver Failure

Bharat Patodiya, Souwmya Iyengar, Padaki Nagaraja Rao, Anuradha Sekaran, Duvvu Nageshwar Reddy Reddy
923 175 175

Tailor-made Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program Aiding Return to Preinfection Fitness in Massive Cavitatory Lung Abscess: A Case Report

Gayatri Surendra Kaple, Vaishnavi Yadav, Moli Jain, Pallavi Bhakney, Vishnu Vardhan
1348 241 241

Minimally Invasive Therapy for Smile Correction using Gingivoplasty, Tooth Bleaching and Resin Composite Restorations

Eric Roberto Soares Xavier de Siqueira, Marlon Ferreira Dias, Paulo Victor Cardoso de Oliveira, Cláudio Eufrásio Medeiros Lins, Luís Felipe Espíndola-Castro
1239 228 228

Invisalign Therapy in a Case of Mandibular Incisor Extraction

Sergio Luiz Mota-Júnior, Robert Willer Farinazzo Vitral, Matheus Melo Pithon, Gil Guilherme Gasparello, Orlando Motohiro Tanaka
974 191 191

Management of External Cervical Resorption in Maxillary Central Incisor with Biodentine and Collagen Membrane: A Case Report

Akansha Tilokani, Prasanti Kumari Pradhan, Gaurav Patri, Asutosh Das
946 187 186


Ectopic Enigma- A Case Series of Unusual Presentations of Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy

Sowmya Shree Thimmappa, S Mamatha
1411 214 214

Thinking Beyond Adenocarcinoma of Prostate: A Case Series of T2W Hyperintense Prostatic Lesions

Swarna, Rohit Sharma, Shalabh Jain, Anuradha Sharma, Reeta Kanaujia
1227 245 245

Facial Nerve Weakness Following Retromandibular Transparotid Approach for Subcondylar Fractures of Mandible- A Series of Five Cases

K Bharathraj, D Durairaj, G Suresh Kumar, D Karthikeyan, Davidson Rajiah, Mugdha Budhkar
1263 238 238


Multifocal Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder: A Classic Case Image

Avinash Parashuram Dhok, Nitin Ratanrao Rathod, Prashant Onkar, Nikhil Shrirang Laturkar, Tushar Suresh Yadav
1138 199 199


Quantification of Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein in Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Mayuri Shukla, Mamatha Kunder, Prabhakar Kamarthy, Sharath Balakrishna
2268 275 275

Evaluation of Urinary Calcium, Creatinine and their Ratio in Preeclampsia: A Case-control Study

Sonia Jindal, Sunita Manhas, Monika Rathee
1306 224 224

Comparison of Uric Acid Levels in Hypertensive Patients with and without Heart Disease: A Case-control Study

Prathivadi Bhayankara Prathyusha, A Pullaiah, V Ratna Kumari
1031 201 201

Hypoalbuminaemia and Blood Urea Nitrogen/Creatinine Ratio as Early Markers of Acute Kidney Injury in Postoperative Cardiac Patients- A Prospective Study

KA Arul Senghor, Kopuri Manohar, VM Vinodhini, P Renuka
1393 209 209

Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Mood States of Junior Residents in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department: A Prospective Observational Study

Swati Sagarika Panda, Raksha Jaipurkar, Rajesh Kumar Mishra
1450 238 238

Hand Grip Muscle Strength, Endurance and Anthropometric Parameters in Healthy Young Adults: A Cross-sectional Study

Jolly Bhattacharjya, Bobyjeet Goswami
3984 244 244

Serum Levels of Inflammatory Markers in Newly Diagnosed Hypothyroid Patients Before and After Levothyroxine Therapy

Shilpi Goyal, Abhinav Dixit, Neelam Vaney, SV Madhu
1620 190 190

Short-term Heart Rate Variability to Evaluate Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Priyanka Banerjee, Joyashree Banerjee, Suranjan Banerjee, Jayanta Bhattacharya, Bulbul Mukhopadhyay
1008 199 199

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards COVID-19 Vaccination among Medical Students in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Southern India

K Vanathy, Ramya Priyadarshini, Namrata K Bhosale, Srirangaraj Sreenivasan, Joshy M Easow
2292 303 303

Awareness and Practice Concerning Biomedical Waste Management with Special Reference to COVID-19 among Healthcare Providers at a Tertiary Care Centre in Karnataka, India

BI Vedavati, Nazeema Tabaseera, MR Vathsalya, Rahul Attavar
1507 276 276

Safety and Immunogenicity Outcomes of an Inactivated Viral Vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 (Covaxin®)

Parul Sinha, Megha Gupta, Varunika Vijayvergia, Sushil ZKumar Jain, Dinesh Kumar Jain, Sandeep Gupta, Monika Rathore, Nitya Vyas
1735 243 243

Community Acquired Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus Species and Inappropriate Antibiotics use among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Enugu, Nigeria

Chukwuemeka Nwangwu, Emmanuel Chike Amadi, Stella Tochukwu Chukwuma, Promise Chidiebere Ndubueze, Nwaeze Ezenwaeze Malachy
1130 207 206

Perception and Experience of Medical Students Regarding Hybrid Problem-based Learning Technique at a Medical College in West Bengal, India: A Cross-sectional Study

Susmita Bhattacharya, Nandita Pal, Koushik Ghosh, Parthasarathi Chakrabarty, Sipra Saha, Debalina Das
1032 208 208

Achromobacter xylosoxidans Subspecies denitrificans Endocarditis in a Patient with Prosthetic Aortic Valve: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Mitra Kar, Romya Singh, Akanksha Dubey, Chinmoy Sahu, Sangram Singh Patel
1256 184 184

Assessment of Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition Markers in Breast Carcinoma and its Association with Histopathological Grading, Size and Metastasis

Hage Nobin, Sayeedul Hasan Arif, Afzal Anees, Mohd Khalid
1258 243 243

Formalin Sediment Cytology of Small Biopsy Samples: An Adjunct to Histopathology

Jahnvi Vijay, B Deepak Kumar, V Srinivasa Murthy
1231 235 235

Evaluation of Histomorphological Spectrum of Skin Lesions at a Teaching Institute in Agra: A Cross-sectional Study

Chandrakanta, Pooja Nagayach, Lalit Kumar, Deepak Rawal, Prashant Singh, Harendra Kumar, Yatendra Chahar
1265 237 237

Nucleic Acid Test versus Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Screening of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Donated Blood Units: A Comparative Study at a Blood Centre in Western Rajasthan, India

Rishi Mathur, NL Mahawar, DR Arya, Arun Bharti
1541 222 222

Significance of HER2/neu Expression in Oesophageal Carcinomas and its Association with the Histopathological Grading

Saranya, Suriya Prabha, Surekha Bantumilli, Megala Chandrasekar
3286 212 212

Neutrophil-lymphocyte Ratio as Independent Prognostic Factor among Breast Cancer Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Kolkata, India

Nabanita Mayur, Anup Kumar Roy, Lahari Banik
1450 204 204

The Importance of Estrogen Receptors in Aetiopathogenesis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Postmenopausal Women

Ayse Nur Deger, Hakki Deger, Mahir Tayfur, Ozlem Arik, Mehmet Fatih Ekici, Mecdi Gurhan Balci
1138 206 206

Determination of Reference Intervals for Platelet Parameters using Sysmex XN-1000 among South Indian Population

Santiago Gnanadeepam, Packiaraj Selvajothi, MuthuPonnuswamy Sumathy, Subramanian Kuzhali, Anandan Sujatha
1469 203 203

Role of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Gallbladder Carcinoma and its Association with Various Clinicopathological Parameters: A Cross-sectional Study

Tatton Perme, Malti Kumari Maurya, Preeti Agarwal, Madhu Kumar, Mala Sagar, Madhu Mati Goel, Abhijit Chandra
1060 204 204

COVID-19 Infection in a Sickle Cell Anaemia Patient from Sudan

Abdel Rahim Mahmoud Muddathir
1432 266 266

Antibacterial and Antibiofilm Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Synthesised by Beetroot Containing Betalains Pigment on Clinical Bacterial Isolates

D Vijaya, N Thanga Raj
1766 255 255

Characterisation and Evaluation of Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Antibiofilm Activities of Silver Nanoparticles Biosynthesised from Harpullia arborea Bark Extract

Ramasamy Rajeswari, Shunmugasundaram Murugesh, Dhanasekaran Jegadeesh Kumar, B Prakash, Kasirajan Gayathri
1156 223 222

Prescription Pattern for Antimicrobials and the Potential Predictors for Antibiotics among Patients with COVID-19: A Retrospective Observational Study

Chaitali Ashish Chindhalore, Ganesh Natthuji Dakhale, Snehalata Vijayanand Gajbhiye, Ashish V Gupta
1516 263 263

Effect of Oral Contraceptive Pill and Metformin on Metabolic and Endocrine Parameters in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Prospective Interventional Study

Mustafa Asad, Manab Nandy, Manasi Banerjee, Mayukh Mukherjee
1143 196 196

Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of Pharmacovigilance Awareness among Interns at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Andhra Pradesh, India

G Ravindrakumar, Lakshmi Sativada, Dineshkanth Vudayana, Kirankanth Vudayana
964 183 183

Continued Mentorship Program for MBBS Students during COVID-19 Pandemic in Virtual Mode: A Questionnaire-based Observational Study

MD Shashikala, Kruttika Naik, K Narayana, CK Deepa
1715 310 310

Flipped Classroom Approach in Undergraduate Medical Education: The Need of the Hour

Smita Priyadarshan Jategaonkar, Sachin Damke, Manish Jain
1072 217 217

Assessment of Performance in Cognitive vs Affective Domain among First Year MBBS Students: A Cross-sectional Study

Sharmila Aristotle, Balaji Ramraj
1308 207 207

Effect of Matrix Rhythm Therapy on Subjects with Asymptomatic Hamstring Tightness: A Quasi-experimental Study

Varun Chandrakant Naik, Vanshi Parekh, Shivani Patil
957 211 211

Advancing Pulmonary Rehabilitation Approach in Improving Well-being in a Long COVID-19 Syndrome Case

Pallavi Rajeshwar Bhakaney, Vishnu Vardhan
2049 255 255

Factors Influencing Particulate Matter 2.5 Levels in Indoor Areas of Rural Houses: A Cross-sectional Study

Rajeev Roy Neelakanta, Anusha Raja Jagadeesan, Lakshmi Goudhaman, Meriton Stanly Athisayaraj
2243 220 220

Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Risk of Psychological Distress among Frontline Healthcare Workers Towards COVID-19 in Second Wave

Ram Milan Prasot, Malik Faizan Ahmad, Anand Bihari, Ankit Srivastava, Madhu Khan
1381 288 288

Effectiveness of Educational Programme on Knowledge regarding Abuse and Age-related Changes among Elderly Population

Embhah Dkhar, Venkatesan Balu, Sonia Kamei
1066 174 174

Prevalence of Asymptomatic Otitis Media with Effusion in Children with Adenoid Hypertrophy and its Relation to Adenoid Size: A Cross-sectional Study

Sherin Maria Augustian, Rajan Kezhaeplackal Vasu, Anjana Mary Reynolds
1060 192 192

Effect of Consanguinity on the Audio Profile of Non Syndromic Sensorineural Hearing Impaired Children: A Cross-sectional Study

KS Gangadhara, Geetha Bhaktha, B Manjula, S Nirupama
892 176 176

Analysis of Conjunctival Bacterial Flora among Patients Undergoing Multiple Intravitreal Injections for Diabetic Macular Oedema: A Cohort Study

Roopashree Kamisetty, SM Rudresh
1245 235 234

Assessment of Choroidal Thickness in Acute Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Using Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography: A Case-control study

Arjun Bamel, Parag K Shah, Rahul Bharadwaj, Aeshvarya Dhawan, Anupam Singh
1236 240 240

Assessment of Reliability of Advanced Lipid Parameters for Premature Coronary Artery Disease in Young Indians: A Case-control Study

Rahul Patil, Sheetal Kudineerakatte, Vikrant Vijan, Dimpu Edwin
1475 230 230

Comparative Study of Clinical and Radiological Profile and Outcome of COVID-19 Patients with and without Co-morbidities: A Cross-sectional Study

Ummul Baneen, Mohammad Arif, Imrana Masood, Nader Abdul Razak, Zuber Ahmad
1641 281 281

Clinico-aetiological Profile of Meningoencephalitis: A Prospective Observational Study in a Tertiary Care Centre, Hubli, Karnataka, India

Amruth, Sushma Shetty, Geeta Chintamani, G Krupashree
1297 226 226

Safety and Efficacy of Enalapril Combined with Metoprolol in Patients of Hypertension Complicated with Coronary Heart Disease: A Randomised Clinical Trial

Ping Wang, Lijun Wang, Zhihui Liu, JI Feng
1323 213 213

Correlation between NEWS, CT Severity Score and RT-PCR Cycle Threshold Value among Mild and Moderate COVID-19 Patients

Sricharan Vijayakumar, Sandeep Garg, Anju Garg, Sunita Aggarwal, Vikas Manchanda, Ranvijay Singh, Sanjit Kumar
1508 273 273

SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Response in Patients with Co-morbidities in Kashmir’s Ethnic Population: An Observational Cohort Study

Aaliya Mohi-Ud-Din Azad, Naveed Nazir Shah, Haamid Bashir, Adnan Hamza, Khurshid Ahmad Dar, Mir Shahnawaz
1263 212 212

Correlation of Suppression of Tumourigenicity 2 with hsCRP, NT-proBNP and Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction in Patients with Myocardial Infarction

Mainuddin Khan, Arun Bahulikar, Ajit Tambolkar, Divya Patel, Deepak Sadashiv Phalgune
963 188 188

A Longitudinal Study Evaluating Indications, Efficacy and Complications of Bronchial Artery Embolisation

Ganesh Nilpatrewar, Nagsen Ramraje, Vishwanath Pujari, Sanchit Mohan, Priti Meshram
948 178 178

Neutrophil-lymphocyte Count Ratio as an Indicator of Culture Positive versus Culture Negative Sepsis: A Single-centre Cross-sectional Study

Meka Minni, G Rakesh Kumar, BN Raghavendra Prasad, A Raveesha
864 177 177

Ilioinguinal Nerve Neurectomy vs Nerve Preservation in Lichtenstein Tension Free Mesh Hernioplasty: A Randomised Clinical Trial at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Urmil Kumar Labana, Nilesh Mehta, Yashasvi Patel, Mitkumar V Patel, Ajay Chauhan
1256 209 209

Lateral Thoracic Flap in Axillary Hidradenitis Suppurativa- A Prospective Interventional Study

KK Malar, Jayakrishnan Kolady, Anjali Ravikumar, Dakshin Sitaram Padmanabhan
1402 185 184

Design and Development of a 3D Printable Neck Brace- A Finite Element Approach

R Dhanush Babu, Mahesh Veezhinathan, S Siva Adithya, Nandhini Jagadeesan
1873 190 190

First Trimester Prediction of Gestational Diabetes using a Predictive Model of Biochemical Parameters- A Longitudinal Study

Yegu Palaniappan, Sunita Samal, Muthu Lakshmi, Karthiga Prabhu
1342 233 233

Role of Anterior Colporrhaphy in Post Void Residual Urine Volume and Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Prospective Interventional Study

Nishtha Handa, Kamna Datta, Neha Pruthi Tandon, Bani Sarkar
1085 215 215

Evaluation of Pregnancy Outcome in Women with First Trimester Vaginal Bleeding: A Longitudinal Study at a Tertiary Care Hospital, Kolkata, India

Animesh Naskar, Rupsha Chowdhury, Pradip Kumar Saha, Rup Kamal Das
1094 205 205

A Prospective Study Comparing Arthroscopic Release, Intra-articular Steroid and Physical Therapy for Frozen Shoulder

Hemant Kumar Pippal, Anant Krishna, Shekhar Tank, Gunjar Jain, Manoj Kumar, Vinod Kumar
1458 234 234

Efficacy of Vitamin D Supplementation among Newly Diagnosed Cases of Rheumatoid Arthritis Proposed to be Managed by Methotrexate Monotherapy: A Randomised Controlled Study

Yashasvi Bansal, Pulkesh Singh, Prateek Agrawal, Hemraj Saini
1291 226 226

Utility of Umbilical Cord Blood Culture in the Diagnosis of Early Onset Sepsis: A Cross-sectional Study

Sujit Mulay, Rajib Chatterjee, Rahul Holkar, Deepika Bhalerao
1382 245 245

Urine Spot Protein Creatinine Ratio as a Predictor of Disease Severity and Adverse Outcome in Children with Dengue: A Cross-sectional Study

Edinta Joseph, Senthilmurugan Sivaraman, Kamalanathan Padmanabhan, Selvakumar Shanmugam, Lakshmi Velmurugan
1268 207 207

Effect of Counselling on Compliance of Hydroxyurea Therapy and Frequency of Hospital Admissions among Patients with Sickle Cell Disease- A Longitudinal Study

Gaurav Kumar Prajapati, Shweta Sharma, Jyotsna Shrivastava
1172 197 197

Effect of Antiepileptic Drugs on Serum Lipid Profile among Children with Epilepsy at a Tertiary Care Hospital, Chennai, India

Pon Divya, R Suresh Kumar, Velmurugan Lakshmi, Sivasambo Kalpana
983 171 171

Can Perinephric Fat Stranding be used as a Predictor of Renal Dysfunction in COVID-19 Patients? A Retrospective Study

NSL Susmitha, Anu Kapoor, Ramakrishna Narayanan
1439 238 238

Utility of 3D Double Inversion Recovery Sequence in Paediatric Epilepsy and its Comparison to 3D Fluid Attenuation Inversion Recovery Sequence and T1 Inversion Recovery Sequence: A Cross-sectional Study

Amarnath Chelladurai, Chirtrarasan Paraman, Sivakumar Kannappan, Priya Muthaiyan, Guhan Ramasamy Velappan, Pradeebha Thiyagarajan
894 183 183

Effects of Pregabalin versus Gabapentin on their Opioid Sparing Effects among Patients Undergoing Laproscopic Cholecystectomy: A Randomised Controlled Study

Kishore Kumar Arora, Sushma Handattu, Deepali Valecha, Nidhi Sharma
1150 224 224

Awareness of the Role of Anaesthetists and Importance of Preanaesthetic Check-up among Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Lata D Shetty, Kailash Veerareddy Reddy
1240 230 230

Comparison between Plain Ropivacaine, Ropivacaine with Buprenorphine and Ropivacaine with Clonidine for Intrathecal use in Lower Limb Orthopaedic Surgeries: A Randomised Controlled Trial

D Vasanth, Vijay Narayanan, SA Senthil Kumar
1325 212 212

A Comparison of Tracheal Intubation with Ambu® AuraGainTM, Fastrach® and BlockBuster® Laryngeal Mask Airway: A Randomised Clinical Trial

LK Raiger, Bhawesh Sharma, Ravindra Kumar Gehlot, Swati Dhania, Hemant Kumar Meena
1511 239 237

Effectiveness of Low Dose Dexmedetomidine for an Oligaemic Field in Middle Ear Surgery: A Randomised Control Trial

Nitin Agrawal, Smriti Sinha, Reena R Kadni, Shekhar Ramkrishnan
1785 225 225

Postoperative Analgesia in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy following Intraperitoneal Magnesium Sulphate: A Prospective Cohort Study

Jose Jijo, Ravindran Rashmi, Komu Fijul
1157 212 212

Comparison of Efficacy of Combination Therapy with Chlorpromazine and Olanzapine with Chlorpromazine alone for Treatment of Hiccups in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients- A Randomised Control Trial

Meera Srinivasan, Ghanshyam Yadav, Yashpal Singh, Anurag Sahu, Sarita Kumari, Anup Singh
1163 227 227

Comparison of Preoperative Assessment of Gastric Volume and pH in Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery with Prior Two Hour Fasting versus Overnight Fasting- A Randomised Clinical Trial

Ajit Singh Baghela, Fateh Singh Bhati, Manish Jha, Manish Singh Chauhan
1267 200 200

Clinical Evaluation of Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of IV Nalbuphine versus IV Butorphanol in Patients Undergoing Tympanoplasty: A Randomised Clinical Study

Shruti Hazari, Mankeerat Kaur, Anjali Sathish, Varsha Vyas, Srinivas Gadde, Jayshree Vaswani
942 204 204

Effect of Head Rotation on Efficiency of Face Mask Ventilation among Apnoeic Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Amol Singam, Matturu Soumya, Ashok Chaudhary
885 177 177

Effect of Fentanyl and Dexmedetomidine as Additives to 0.5% Ropivacaine in Ultrasound Guided Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block for Elective Upper Limb Surgeries: A Randomised Clinical Trial

M Umamaheshwar, KM Shwetha, Ramarao Bhogadi
905 184 184

Incidence and Severity of Postdural Puncture Headache following Subarachanoid Block using 25G Quincke and 25G Whitacre Spinal Needles: A Double-blinded, Randomised Control Study

Devanathan Balusamy, Surmila Khoirom, Nameirakpam Charan, Sonia Nahakpam, Ningombam Joenna Devi, Srinivasan Divyabharathi, Laishram Rani Devi, Mohd Ayub Ali
996 190 190

Comparison of the Effect of Pretreatment with Cisatracurium and Rocuronium on Succinylcholine Induced Fasciculation for Patients undergoing Surgery under General Anaesthesia: A Randomised Clinical Study

Saptadeepa Gupta, Bani Parvati Magda Hembrom, Suchismita Mallick, Arpita Choudhury, Sarmila Ghosh
1078 176 176

Intravenous Labetalol vs Intravenous Clonidine for Attenuation of Haemodynamic Responses during Laryngoscopy and Intubation in Controlled Hypertensive Patients Undergoing General Anaesthesia- A Randomised Clinical Trial

Vijay Singh, Baisakhi Laha, Tapobrata Mitra, Debasish Bhar, Rita Pal
844 175 175

PRISM-III and SNAPPE-II to Predict Outcome in Neonates undergoing Surgery under General Anaesthesia- A Prospective Cohort Study

Mohit Kumar Tyagi, Garima Daga, Maitree Pandey
881 178 178

E-Sports, Anxiety, Aggression and Psychological Well-being: A Cross-sectional Study

Lata Kumari, Usha Sharma, Sukhmani Singh
2038 226 226

Recognising Nail Changes Induced by Chemotherapy with Taxane-based Regimens and their Dermoscopic Confirmation: A Prospective Observational Study from Northern India

Rupinder Walia, Shivali Aggarwal, Dimple Chopra, Shayna Aulakh, Anushruti Aggarwal, Sharang Gupta, Preeyati
1145 215 215

WhatsApp Mobile Application as a Learning Tool for Teaching Dermatology to Undergraduates

Abhilasha Williams, Emy Abi Thomas, Anuradha Bhatia
1157 211 211

Differential Expression of E-cadherin Gene by Real Time RT-PCR and Exon 1 Sequence Analysis in Invasive Breast Carcinoma

Malathi Veeramani, Anand C Damodaran, Sundaram Arunachalam, Tehmin Raj, Subramanian Sundaram, Sandeep Koka Padma
1097 208 208

Survival of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia Patients- A Retrospective Study from the Yopougon University Hospital, Abidjan, Ivory Coast

Alexis Dohoma Silue, Emeuraude Ndhatz, Romeo Ayemou, Boidy Kouakou, Clotaire Danho Nanho, A Ismael Kamar, Ndogomo Meite, Gustave Kouassi Koffi
1253 207 207

Reliability and Validity of Gujarati Version of SARC-F Tool Used as Screening of Sarcopenia: A Cross-sectional Study

Kairavi Trivedi, Subhash Khatri
1211 232 232

Comparative Evaluation of Apical Extrusion of Debris Using Hand and Rotary Assisted Instrumentation in Primary Single Rooted Teeth: An In-vitro Study

Faizal C Peedikayil, AR Avaneethram, Soni Kottayi, Chandru T Premkumar, TP Aparna, Athira Aravind
1636 224 224

Effect of Mouthwash on Release of Elements from Dental Casting Alloys: An In-vitro Study

Shubha Joshi, Pronob Sanyal, Jyotsna Arun Patil
1144 216 216

Parents Attitude Towards Approaching the Paediatric Dentists During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Study

Varshitha Yendodu, SVSG Nirmala, Sivakumar Nuvvula
1376 250 249

Comparison of Clinical and Radiological Parameters around Microthread Implants in Patients with and without History of Treated Periodontitis

Swathi Ramananda, Raghavendra Vamsianegundi, Avaneendra Talwar, Santhosh B Shenoy, Kumuda Rao
985 190 190

Efficacy of Rotary Retreatment Techniques Assisted with Passive Ultrasonic Activation of Resin Solvent in Removal of Gutta-percha with Epoxy Resin and MTA Based Root Canal Sealers: An In-vitro Study

Akash Kiran More, MV Sumanthini, Vanitha U Shenoy
1031 193 193

Comparative Efficacy of Lag Screw and 3D Plate in Fixation of Symphysis and Parasymphysis Fractures of Mandible- A Prospective Interventional Study

Ravi S Patil, Chitra Chakravarthy, MU Aishwarya, Shivaraj S Wagdargi
890 174 174

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown on Oral Health and Behaviour Change among Children in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

Tarek Ezzeldin, Yasmin Alzayer, Jawhara Aljandan, Bayan Alsahwan, Intisar Ahmad Siddiqui
1287 234 234

Comparative Evaluation of Salivary Flow Rate in Smokers and Non Smokers: A Cross-sectional Study

Anushka Devidas Bhargave, Nilima Prakash, Amit Agrawal
1057 168 168

Evaluation of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Titanium Dioxide on Dental Plaque Colonisers: An In-vitro Study

Kapil Raju, Shanmuganathan Natrajan, Preetha Krishnamurthy
910 175 175


Comparative Study of Efficacy of Kutaja Beeja Churna and Ayurvedic Herbal Compound in the Management of Mutrashmari (Urolithiasis)- A Research Protocol

Akshay Kumar, Devyani Dasar
1546 204 203

Implementation of Modified Peyton’s Method for Skill Training among Undergraduate Students in Prosthodontics

Ashika Singhania, Sweta Kale Pisulkar
1194 219 219


A Review on COVID-19 Pandemic

Vinita Choudhary, Chetan Choudhary, Ayushi Sharma, Vinod Sharma, Pushpendra Saraswat
1385 248 248

Pathophysiology of High Output Arteriovenous Fistula with Heart Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Anusuya Premjithlal Bhaskaran, India Premjithlal Bhaskaran, Premjithlal Bhaskaran
884 184 184

Role of High Mobility Group Box 1 and Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products in the Periodontal Disease Pathogenesis- A Review

R Ramya, Devapriya Appukuttan, Sangeetha Subramanian, PSG Prakash
1248 221 221

Smear Layer Removal Efficacy of Natural Root Canal Irrigants- A Literature Review

Seema Deshmukh, Indira Mysore Devraj, Arundhati Banerjee
1396 224 224

Non-syndromic Concomitant Hypo-Hyperodontia in the Anterior Region of Mandible- An Extremely Rare Phenomenon: Literature Review with Recent Updates

Resmije Ademi Abdyli, Genc Abdyli, Nora Berisha, Zana Agani, Jehona Ahmedi
858 169 169


Pattern of Non Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease: A Prospective Observational Study From a Tertiary Care Centre, Bihar, India

Anand Kumar Rai, Abhay Ranjan, Sanaullah Mudassir, Ashok Kumar
1229 213 213


Struma Ovarii: A Rare Presentation in a Paediatric Patient

Manjari Kishore, Avinash Kumar, Vandana Mohan
948 177 177

Difference Between Erector Spinae Plane Block and Paraspinal Interfascial Plane Block in Analgesia after Posterior Cervical Laminectomy

R Arunkumar, V Sathyaprabu, S Parthasarathy
1137 203 203

Haematological Malignancy Presenting in an Unusual Manner

Ponvijaya Muthuswamy Yadav, Rupesh Shivkumar Parati, Vijayashree S Gokhale, Keyuri Mehta, Chirag Gurbani
1700 236 236


Effectiveness of the Structured and Conventional Methods of Viva Examination in Medical Education: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

K Anbarasi, JV Karunakaran, Latha Ravichandran, B Arthi
1314 175 175

A Review on Palliative Care Challenges and Benefits

Amit Agrawal, Dalwinder Singh, Roshan Chanchlani, Alejandro Pando
1265 195 195


Histomorphological Spectrum and Immunohistochemical Features of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour: A Series of Eight Cases

Sneha Samir Babaria, Anupama Dayal, Himali P Thakkar, Deepak S Joshi
1467 207 207
Last Updated : 02 Jan 2016
First Published : 5 Feb 2007